Thursday, March 11, 2010

the demonic perkasa

the demonic perkasa


the demonic perkasa

Posted: 11 Mar 2010 08:59 AM PST

… with the chief demon, who wants it all, heading it.

well, it was not me who came up with the word 'demon'. i read this article by AB sulaiman on malaysiakini entitled 'perkasa – rebirth of a demon', so i borrowed from sulaiman to use it.

why the 'rebirth'? apparently, according to sulaiman the target, philosophy, idealogoy of perkasa is the same as what the malay leadership had adopted ever since independence and named it ketuanan melayu (malay superiority).  sulaiman also hinted at katak ibrahim ali might have a hidden agenda for starting perkosa. read further what he had to say by clicking on 'read more' (for those who don't subscribe to malaysiakini).

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Malaysiakini
Perkasa – rebirth of a demon
AB Sulaiman
Mar 10, 10, 7.31pm

The birth of Malay NGO Perkasa is obviously causing a stir in the Malaysian social, intellectual and political landscape.

It has declared intention of acting as a "shield against those who question Malay rights, the royalty and Islam", according to its founding head and Independent MP Ibrahim Ali.

The target and philosophy is thereby made clear – to protect and promote the sanctity of Islam, the martabat (dignity and honour) of the Malay people, and the spirit of nationalism. This falls under the ideology and banner of untuk agama, bangsa dan negara (for religion, race and nation).

But hasn't the same philosophy and ideology been used by the Malay leadership in governing the country ever since Independence in 1957? Wasn't it adopted in the interests of ketuanan Melayu (KM) after the launch of the New Economic Policy (NEP) in 1970?

To be sure it is the same. Yet, over the last 52 years, it has not seen much success.

So what's the idea of creating Perkasa now and making the defence and propagation of religion and race sound like a newfound revelation that must be pursued with such immediacy and enthusiasm? Against what threat is the shield designed to protect? From where does this come from anyway? It is indeed a puzzle.

The truth of the matter is that people today are tired of KM leadership. It is so blatantly racist and theological that even Malays are embarrassed by it. Today's citizens think, listen, read, travel and demand more – they are better informed and knowledgeable, and reject racism and religious extremism.

They are also more aware of the situation around them. They are aware of the abuse of power, abuse of the NEP, corruption and the breakdown of institutions of governance. Civil society movements are agitating and demanding liberty and respect for universal human rights.

All this does not bode well for KM leadership, considering the realisation that KM has not really fought for Malay dignity and honour. It has been fighting more to fill the pockets of a few and to protect a small number of politically-connected individuals.

The disenchantment was amply demonstrated by the results of the 2008 election, leading to BN and Umno – the latter being the most active front for KM – losing the two-thirds majority in Parliament, and the Opposition gaining control of five states.

The influence of Umno is waning. Malays are running away from Umno, as are Chinese from MCA and Indians from MIC.

In other words, BN is in tatters. This is why Perkasa was hastily created – to stem this erosion of support.

Inherent illusions

This quick analysis and conclusion may or may not be right but, to me, it is entirely consistent with the facts and situations surrounding the formation of Perkasa.

I question why it is re-using the religion, race and nationalism card when this has been proven to be obsolete and irrelevant in bringing progress and change to Malay social and economic development. My scepticism is based on the following observations on KM-based thinking and its inherent prejudices and illusions:

* It claims to hold the monopoly on truth. Such thinking holds the view that Islam is the only religion approved by god and that other religions are false. This perception of exclusivity is, of course absurd, for religion is a matter of faith between an individual and his or her god.
* It caries the illusion that the Malay culture is the world's foremost culture, with its pristine budi bahasa and sopan santun coupled with a high sense of morality. Again this is an absurd, unilateral claim, for any culture has its etiquette and morality, no better nor worse than any other. It can be seen therefore that the KM norm is decked with hyperbolism – that being Malay and Muslim is the luckiest draw in the lottery of life.
* It can also be arrogant and has little or no tolerance for alternatives. Indeed its parameters have no avenue to realise its own mistakes. In short, it is black-and-white thinking: 'I am right therefore you are wrong. If you are not for me then you are against me.'
* It is a world of collective delusion of the superiority of the Malay culture and the uniqueness of Islam.

Well, the record of Malay governance has shown fairly conclusively that the religion- and race- based philosophy of governance has not worked. This is hardly surprising for any economics textbook will explain that the factors of economic production (or the creation of national wealth) are land, labour, capital and entrepreneurship. Of late, knowledge has been included. Further factors favouring the development of a civilisation are secularism, materialism and intellectualism.

Of these eight factors, none refer to race or religion. In concept and reality therefore, the KM formula for social and economic success is way off the mark. Indeed it has been a colossal mistake. The failure of the NEP is proof enough of this sobering contention.

I do not share the euphoria surround the formation of Perkasa. I do not see how its claim to protect race and religion can promote Malay socio-economic progress. Ibrahim's declared intentions show all the promise of repeating the mistake and are an exercise in futility.

Given that this philosophy is no longer viable, it is still a wonder why Ibrahim still resorts to it. Can there be any reason for this? I have a hypothesis explaining his loyalty to a failed philosophy and ideology.

There is a denial syndrome inherent in KM thinking, particularly since it lacks an avenue for self-realisation of mistakes. It will go on thinking that it has been right all along, and that other alternatives are figments of the imagination of anti-Malay elements.

KM brooks no dissent. Liberal and liberated Malays are quickly branded as ungrateful and 'mudah lupa' (forgetful). Non-Malays are also branded as ungrateful for not appreciating the hospitality of the Malays in giving them citizenship.

KM then states that non-Malays wish to deprive Malays of their rights, hence the birth of Perkasa.

Hidden agenda

Perkasa has claimed an immediate membership of 5,000, with another 50,000 ahead. It has the direct support of former premier Dr Mahathir Mohamad and incumbent deputy premier Muhyiddin Yassin. And barely a week ago, the Home Ministry issued a permit for its newsletter.

Based on all this, the suspicion is growing that Ibrahim may have a hidden agenda. As to what this is, only he can say for sure.

In any event, Perkasa's future terms of reference are to recapture and nurture yesterday's status quo:

* Develop a herd mentality among Malays.
* Delay or deny the sense of individual from developing in Malay psychology.
* Promote the prevailing dependence mentality among Malays.
* Nurture the sense of insecurity normally felt by the KM polity, namely political leaders, the ulama, civil servants and officials in government agencies such as the police, military, customs, immigration, and even the police and AG's chambers.
* Make all of them feel that the Malay ethnic group is still not ready to compete against the non-Malays and the rest of the world on a level plain.

With all this revitalised, Ibrahim can put his secret agenda into action.

All said and done, Perkasa's birth reflects the real or perceived sense of desperation and paranoia of conservative and orthodox Malay thinking. Or, it is the rebirth of the spirit of 'Malayness' that has apparently dwindled over the past few decades due to the process of change.

It is the rebirth of the religion and race-based KM demon that does not know its game is up. And sad to note, in the name of religion and race, the KM does not want to learn from its own mistakes.

* It claims to hold the monopoly on truth. Such thinking holds the view that Islam is the only religion approved by god and that other religions are false. This perception of exclusivity is, of course absurd, for religion is a matter of faith between an individual and his or her god.
* It caries the illusion that the Malay culture is the world's foremost culture, with its pristine budi bahasa and sopan santun coupled with a high sense of morality. Again this is an absurd, unilateral claim, for any culture has its etiquette and morality, no better nor worse than any other. It can be seen therefore that the KM norm is decked with hyperbolism – that being Malay and Muslim is the luckiest draw in the lottery of life.
* It can also be arrogant and has little or no tolerance for alternatives. Indeed its parameters have no avenue to realise its own mistakes. In short, it is black-and-white thinking: 'I am right therefore you are wrong. If you are not for me then you are against me.'
* It is a world of collective delusion of the superiority of the Malay culture and the uniqueness of Islam.

Well, the record of Malay governance has shown fairly conclusively that the religion- and race- based philosophy of governance has not worked. This is hardly surprising for any economics textbook will explain that the factors of economic production (or the creation of national wealth) are land, labour, capital and entrepreneurship. Of late, knowledge has been included. Further factors favouring the development of a civilisation are secularism, materialism and intellectualism.

Of these eight factors, none refer to race or religion. In concept and reality therefore, the KM formula for social and economic success is way off the mark. Indeed it has been a colossal mistake. The failure of the NEP is proof enough of this sobering contention.

I do not share the euphoria surround the formation of Perkasa. I do not see how its claim to protect race and religion can promote Malay socio-economic progress. Ibrahim's declared intentions show all the promise of repeating the mistake and are an exercise in futility.

Given that this philosophy is no longer viable, it is still a wonder why Ibrahim still resorts to it. Can there be any reason for this? I have a hypothesis explaining his loyalty to a failed philosophy and ideology.

There is a denial syndrome inherent in KM thinking, particularly since it lacks an avenue for self-realisation of mistakes. It will go on thinking that it has been right all along, and that other alternatives are figments of the imagination of anti-Malay elements.

KM brooks no dissent. Liberal and liberated Malays are quickly branded as ungrateful and 'mudah lupa' (forgetful). Non-Malays are also branded as ungrateful for not appreciating the hospitality of the Malays in giving them citizenship.

KM then states that non-Malays wish to deprive Malays of their rights, hence the birth of Perkasa.

Hidden agenda

Perkasa has claimed an immediate membership of 5,000, with another 50,000 ahead. It has the direct support of former premier Dr Mahathir Mohamad and incumbent deputy premier Muhyiddin Yassin. And barely a week ago, the Home Ministry issued a permit for its newsletter.

Based on all this, the suspicion is growing that Ibrahim may have a hidden agenda. As to what this is, only he can say for sure.

In any event, Perkasa's future terms of reference are to recapture and nurture yesterday's status quo:

* Develop a herd mentality among Malays.
* Delay or deny the sense of individual from developing in Malay psychology.
* Promote the prevailing dependence mentality among Malays.
* Nurture the sense of insecurity normally felt by the KM polity, namely political leaders, the ulama, civil servants and officials in government agencies such as the police, military, customs, immigration, and even the police and AG's chambers.
* Make all of them feel that the Malay ethnic group is still not ready to compete against the non-Malays and the rest of the world on a level plain.

With all this revitalised, Ibrahim can put his secret agenda into action.

All said and done, Perkasa's birth reflects the real or perceived sense of desperation and paranoia of conservative and orthodox Malay thinking. Or, it is the rebirth of the spirit of 'Malayness' that has apparently dwindled over the past few decades due to the process of change.

It is the rebirth of the religion and race-based KM demon that does not know its game is up. And sad to note, in the name of religion and race, the KM does not want to learn from its own mistakes.

AB SULAIMAN is an observer of human traits and foibles, especially within the context of religion and culture. As a liberal, he marvels at the way orthodoxy fights to maintain its credibility in a devilishly fast-changing world. He hopes to provide some understanding to the issues at hand and wherever possible, suggest some solutions. He holds a Bachelor in Social Sciences (Leicester, UK) and a Diploma in Public Administration, Universiti Malaya.



GO Penang International 2010 and support Petpositive this weekend!

Posted: 11 Mar 2010 08:00 AM PST

DATELINE PENANG: 

A TRULY MEGA FESTIVAL has dawned in this friendly pearl of the orient island this weekend. 

And the adrenaline-pumping action promptly kicks off today! 

Called GO Penang International 2010 and endorsed by the Penang State Tourism Development and Culture, the occasion will showcase the finest elements of Penang.
These include an array of colourful cultural and heritage


Landmark ruling: Court orders Muslim convert husband to return baby to wife

Posted: 11 Mar 2010 08:08 AM PST

Published: Thursday March 11, 2010 MYT 2:14:00 PM

Updated: Thursday March 11, 2010 MYT 2:28:28 PM

Court orders Muslim convert husband to return baby to wife

By SYLVIA LOOI

IPOH: Kindergarten teacher M. Indira Gandhi, embroiled in a bitter custody battle with her Muslim convert husband, was given custody of her 22-month-old toddler by the High Court here.
Justice Wan Afrah Wan Ibrahim, who made the decision in her chambers Thursday, ordered that Prasana Diksa be handed over to Indira Gandhi, 35, immediately.
Indira Gandhi's lead counsel M. Kulasegaran said the order stated that Indira Gandhi's husband, now known as Mohd Ridzuan Abdullah, or anyone having custody of the child must return to the mother immediately.
"The judge said as Indira Gandhi's two other children are with her now, it is in the family's best interest that the toddler be returned to her," he said, adding that the court also ruled that Mohd Ridzuan was entitled to once-a-week visitation rights.
The judge, said Kulasegaran, also remarked that Mohd Ridzuan do not have a steady job.
Earlier, Kulasegaran said lawyers from the state Religious Department had objected to Justice Wan Afrah listening to the case.
"But the court said Indira Gandhi being a non-Muslim, she has no right to go to the Syariah Court therefore giving the High Court jurisdiction to hear the matter," he said.
Speaking to reporters outside of the courtroom, Indira Gandhi, who was at the court with her two elder children, Tevi Darsiny, 13, and Karan Dinish, 12, wept upon hearing the decision.
She thanked her lawyers for doing a good job.
"I hope he will return my baby to me as soon as possible," she said, adding that the last time she saw Prasana Diksa was in January.
Mohd Ridzuan did not speak to reporters after the decision and left the court accompanied by personnel of the state Religious Department.
Meanwhile in a separate court, the decision on Indira Gandhi's application for leave for a judicial review to quash the conversion of her three children to Islam was postponed to April 3.
Kulasegaran said the judge wanted to seek clarification on several issues first before deciding on the matter.


Najib Terdesak, Mahkamah Diperalatkan

Posted: 11 Mar 2010 07:55 AM PST

Tindakan Perdana Menteri, Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak memperalatkan aspek perundangan bagi memberi tekanan kepada kemaraan Pakatan Rakyat hanya akan memakan diri kelak.

Ahli Parlimen Balik Pulau, Yusmadi Yusof berkata kerakusan jentera pemerintah mencengkam pimpinan Pakatan Rakyat dalam belenggu perundangan hanya membusukkan nilai institusi itu.

Ia berikutan apa sahaja yang dikaitkan dengan Pakatan Rakyat, baik prosedur mahupun keputusan penghakiman, ia jauh menyimpang dari peruntukan Perlembagaan Persekutuan.

"Tindakan terdesak pihak tidak bertanggungjawab ini akan memakan diri," kata Yusmadi.

"Ini merupakan satu contoh yang tidak baik kepada perundangan negara kerana apa yang diputuskan kelak akan menjadi kes contoh yang akan membina sistem perundangan itu sendiri," tegas beliau.

Kes-kes terdahulu menjadi bukti betapa pimpinan Pakatan Rakyat ditekan secara hebat dan melampau melalui institusi perundangan yang patuh pada telunjuk kerajaan Umno BN.

Ia termasuk kes konspirasi ke-2 terhadap Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim selain banyak kes lain yang menyaksikan satu demi satu keputusan tidak menyebelahinya.

Begitu juga keputusan mahkamah dalam menentukan siapa menteri besar Perak yang sah hingga menonjolkan kepincangan antara hakim mahkamah tinggi dengan hakim mahkamah rayuan.

Semuanya semata-mata bagi memberi kemenangan bergaya kepada UMNO Barisan Nasional.

Kes saman anwar terhadap mantan perdana menteri Tun Dr Mahathir Mohammad yang memecatnya dari Kabinet juga diramal bakal dipolitikkan sepertimana lazim.

"disini yang kita lihat adalah rakyat. bagaimana institusi perundangan telah disalahguna dan yang lebih malang dari segi tafsiran undang- undang itu sendiri apabila ianya digunapakai terhadap pimpinan pembangkang ia seolah- olah mempunyai satu tafsiran yang berbeza," katanya.

Yusmadi memberi amaran kepada jentera pemerintah supaya menghentikan corak pemerintahan yang menghalalkan undang- undang demi kepentingan politik.

"Saya menggesa pihak bertanggungjawab supaya lebih berhati- hati menggunakan perkataan ini kerana yang akan merugikan besok adalah bukan kami orang politik tapi negara dan rakyat secara keseluruhannya," tambah beliau.




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BUKIT BOTAK, SELAYANG LAND FRAUD – THE MISDEEDS OF PAST SELANGOR STATE GOVERNMENT

Posted: 11 Mar 2010 07:34 AM PST

Being a thoroughbred Selangorean, I am compel to say my piece regarding the Bukit Botak, Selayang land fraud affecting some 2,000 odd settlers who are predominantly the poor Malays. I simply cannot fathom how the past Selangor state government that was led by predominantly Malay leaders could have the heart to ignore the plight of the poor Malays who were promised homes; a promise made dating back 23 years ago.

Four Menteri Besar's (MB) of the previous state government have come and gone, and not a single roof has been constructed. Instead millions in public funds have been disbursed by successive MBs to companies (cronies I suppose), on the pretext of starting the housing development project, but all end up in failures. There is no sense of remorse on the part of anyone; neither is there any sense of responsibility and accountability, knowing that public funds in the millions have been lost, and the poor Malays left in a lurch. How naïve can the poor Malays be?

I would like to ask all the past Selangor MBs if ever they had the slightest thought of seriously wanting to revive the project during their time as the head of government? How could you all ever go to sleep, knowing that there are some 2,000 odd poor Malay settlers are still without homes, that were promised to them 23 years ago? Yet you all can go around enjoying the luxuries provided to you at public expense; living in palatial homes and going on and all expense paid overseas trips with your families and with one particular MB even taking along a maid as well. What utter rubbish is this, and he claims to have done so many good things for the state.

As a military person, I am proud to be a leader; a leader of men. But I am always conscious of the fact that with leadership come responsibility and that responsibility extends to the families of those whom i command. I thank Allah swt for throughout my entire service in the military, I was never involved with contractors, and hence I am freed from the evil temptations of greed and money. I only survived on my salary, and at times it was tough going, but I still survive. And driving my new Proton Saga then was the only car that I can afford with my government loan. But I suppose today, things have changed and military officers can be seen driving better and larger cars, and enjoying many more luxuries that I could ill afford during my time. I pray to Allah swt to constantly guide our military officers to not act like all past Selangor MBs; rather to care for their soldiers they command, and never, never for once be tempted to emulate some of the corrupt practices of the MBs.

My only hope now is to see how the new PR Selangor state government will act against all the previous MB's, and if indeed there was the slightest element of corruption involved in the Bukit Botak land fraud, the prison cell is the only place where they all should be send to spend the remaining years of their life. At least we know that the prison cell is the place where they can seek solace, and repent their sins and misdeeds.

CRUSADE AGAINST CORRUPTION


Really Broken Down

Posted: 11 Mar 2010 07:24 AM PST

An update from my previous post. My right arm got even worse this evening and it hurts like crazy! After coming back from IKEA, I tried to be a macho man and install a table we bought from there which really wasn't all that hard to install, at least not for someone with two good working hands.

Suffice to say, I ignored wifey's warning about taking it easy and installing the table once my arm heals. Well, I learned my lesson well cos half way through the installation, I started screaming in pain so much so that my younger boy who is a member of the Red Crescent in school ran upstairs to get his sling and help me wrap my arm up.

God, I really was in pain that wifey was on the verge of dragging me to the doctors. I couldn't even lift my arm or straighten it without suffering in agony. After getting my arm in the sling made by the little fellow, wifey gave it a massage and though it's still hurting like crazy, it was a little more bearable.

I'm really hoping the pain will at least subside by tomorrow cos I have a busy afternoon supervising another signage installation and I don't want to be suffering in pain. In fact, I hope I can drive tomorrow. Worse still, I think I shouldn't be blogging now cos it sure isn't helping my arm one bit and typing with only one hand is taking forever!

Besides I'd better log off before wifey bops me on the head for being a stubborn headed donkey!
.


Ku Li calls for review of federal-state relations

Posted: 11 Mar 2010 06:57 AM PST

Ku Li calls for review of federal-state relations: "Tengku Razaleigh Hamzah has called for a review of the federal and state relations, in order to keep up with recent developments. He said when the Malay Rulers signed the Federation of Malaya agreement in 1947, they did not foresee future circumstances.Full story"


Live in the moment

Posted: 11 Mar 2010 06:48 AM PST

I don't want to argue
I don't want to talk
I don't want to dwell about the past
Nor do I want to worry about the future

I'm no God
Alas, I'm just human trying to play God
Trying to force the universe to conform to my needs

I just want to live in the moment
Wrapped tightly in your arms
Locked in your kisses
Drowned in your cuddles
Smile a little
Laugh a little
Love a little
And let the universe takes it course
In it's own natural way

I will at least, try.


Jack Neo aka Singapore's Tiger Woods: 11 No Enough! - Jack Neo involved with 11 women

Posted: 11 Mar 2010 06:37 AM PST


Two days ago:
Today:
Is this a closure for Jack Neo's shameful saga? Maybe not. After all, he is 'Being Human'.
Incidentally, 'Being Human' is Jack Neo's latest movie that is now showing in Singapore!!


Neha “Mia” Dalvi’s Seasons India saree photoshoot

Posted: 11 Mar 2010 06:28 AM PST

Old photos, 2009 collection from Seasons India, a Mumbai based fashion house specialises in traditional Indian saree dress…

Fake Indian model Neha Dalvi Seasons India fashion photoshoot

Read the rest of this post »

Neha "Mia" Dalvi's Seasons India saree photoshoot from YeinJee's Asian Blog


The exhibition

Posted: 11 Mar 2010 05:44 AM PST


The exhibition at Kinta City in conjunction with International Women's Day, which was launched on Monday, 8th March, is still on. For Buddies, today was our first day at the exhibition.

I had initially wanted to get all the materials from our centre yesterday, after the meeting. But since the meeting ended quite late, I decided to get the things this morning before going to my office.

So yep, that was what I did. The centre is not that far from my home anyway, so it didn't really cause me any inconvenience to drop by. I then went straight to my office, only to leave again at 9.30 am to head to Kinta City to set up our booth. Although my shift today was from 2 - 6pm, I still had to go in the morning to set up the booth.

Since the main doors to the shopping complex only opens at 10 am, the exact time that the exhibition starts, I had to go in through the loading bay. There I was carrying the buntings, posters, and 3 bags of pamphlets/brochures/bookmarks - all at one go - to save me the trouble of having to make a few trips to my car.

The 2 who was on duty for this morning's shift came in at 10 am, after the doors to the public opened. I then left them and headed back to my office, and only came back to Kinta City at 2 pm after my lunch and zuhr prayer.


A rep of the Bar Council Legal Aid Centre (Perak Branch) with one of our volunteers (in the red vest) posing in front of our booth.


We didn't have enough space to put up all our posters, so we used up the space at back of our buntings. Yep that's Siti Nurhaliza and Umie Aida (their posters lah, not them in person!). Maybe tomorrow I'll bring Dayang Nurfaizah along (her poster lah!).

The stamp of support for equal rights and equal opportunities. As of today, 3 pieces of the above have already been stamped and signed by members of the public.

Today being a working day, we didn't really expect many people to turn up. But hey, it wasn't so bad. It was after all, a shopping complex, and so yes, we did have some interested people turning up at our booth. 2 ladies even inquired about how to go for testing, claiming that "a friend" is constantly worried about being infected because her ex-husband (divorced about 4 years ago) was an IVDU. They even showed some interest in volunteering. I hope they eventually will.

It was during my shift that we got our brand new red vest (as in one of the pics above) which we plan to wear during all our awareness programmes. So yeah, the 2 of us in the afternoon shift were the first 2 to wear the vest.

My shift ended at 6 pm when another colleague, the vice-chair came over right after work. Tomorrow I will have to go through the same routine again. Go to centre to get more brochures and bookmarks. And oh, some condoms too. Leave office by 9.30 to set up booth before rushing back to office again. Then after lunch, rush to Kinta City for my shift at the booth.

Oh by the way, Halimah called me up today to tell me that she had already given birth last Saturday. My mind was too occupied with the exhibition I forgot to ask if it was a boy or a girl...


BBC: Pregnancy timeline

Posted: 11 Mar 2010 05:39 AM PST

 

BBC: A timeline of some of the key changes

to mother and baby during pregnancy

WEEKS 1-9

Image of foetus at 10 weeks
Foetus at 10 weeks

In the UK pregnancy is calculated from the first day of the woman's last period so for as much as three weeks of this first month she might not be actually pregnant.

The fertilized egg begins as a single cell which quickly multiplies to form an embryo as it travels towards the womb. The embryo attaches itself to the womb lining, which is already thickening to support it. For many women the first sign of pregnancy is a missed period in week five.

Shop-bought tests are considered largely reliable so the mother-to-be does not have to have her pregnancy confirmed by her GP. If a first test is negative a second one a few days later may prove positive as hormone levels in the urine rise.

The embryo is now about the size of a baked bean and its spine and nervous system begin to form.

It already has its own blood system and may be a different blood group from its mother. Blood vessels are forming in what will become the umbilical cord and tiny buds which will become limbs

The baby´s heart is beginning to develop by week seven. Around this time many women find they experience the side-effects of early pregnancy including needing to urinate more often nausea and vomiting and feeling a bit weepy and irritable.

All medication including supplements need to be carefully checked as the baby is undergoing vital development in the first 12 weeks. If the woman has not told her GP or community midwife she is pregnant yet, now is a good time to do so.

It is quite common to have a first scan at week eight if the woman has had a previous miscarriage or bleeding. At about this time the embryo officially becomes a foetus.

An early scan is often done through the vagina and is used to check the pregnancy is not ectopic. It should show up the baby´s heartbeat. The nervous system is also developing rapidly especially the brain. The head gets bigger and eyes form under the skin of the face. The foetus' limbs are growing and look more like arms and legs. All internal organs are developing and becoming more complex.

Women who may be at higher risk of passing on sickle cell anaemia and thalassaemia should be offered a blood test before 10 weeks.

These conditions are rare but serious inherited blood disorders. They are more common in people of certain ethnic backgrounds including African, Caribbean and some Asian and Mediterranean communities. If the mother is found to carry the gene for either condition, the father is offered a test. If both parents are found to be carriers then they are offered the option of testing the foetus in the womb.

WEEK 10-19

Foetus at 14 weeks
Foetus at 14 weeks

A scan at 10-13 weeks is recommended to estimate when the baby is due and to check whether there is more than one baby. This scan may also be part of a screening test for Down's syndrome.

Testing for Down's Syndrome can take place between now and 13 weeks. The nuchal translucency scan is used to measure the amount of fluid under the skin at the back of the baby's neck. If it is increased this raises the risk of Down's syndrome. A blood test is taken at the same time which measures two hormones in the blood. The combined results of both tests will be used to give the mother a statistical guide to her chances of having a baby with Down's Syndrome.

The umbilical cord is fully formed providing nourishment and removing waste products. The foetus looks fully human now.

By week 12 the threat of miscarriage is much reduced. By now the foetus is fully formed and many women announce their pregnancy to friends and colleagues.

The foetus is growing in length much more quickly, by now it is about eight cm long and weighs about 60 grams. The placenta is also well formed though it's not yet doing its full job it takes over fully in week 14. The mother is likely to have her first scan this week.

The woman's uterus is becoming larger and is starting to rise out of the pelvis and the pregnancy is probably beginning to show. The foetus can move its head quite easily although the mother may not feel any movement yet.

Week 14 is one third of the way through. The average pregnancy lasts 266 days or 280 days from the first day of last period.

If screening for Downs syndrome wasn't carried out earlier, it is offered about week 15. A simple blood test is carried out first then further tests may be offered.

On the basis of the blood test results the woman may opt for a Chorionic Villus sample or an amniocentesis which would diagnose Down's syndrome or other chromosomal abnormalities. However these diagnostic tests have a small risk of subsequent miscarriage. An alternative to blood tests is a nuchal translucency scan a new scan offered by some larger hospitals. But again an amniocentisis would be required for firm diagnosis.

The foetus has toe and finger nails eyebrows and eyelashes by week 16. It is also covered with very fine, downy hair, called lanugo. This hair probably serves as some form of insulation and protection for the skin and it disappears before birth or shortly after.

Most women who've been suffering from morning sickness are usually feeling better by now.

In week 17 the foetus can hear noises from the outside world. By this stage the mother is visibly pregnant and the uterus is rising.

Ultrasound scan or anomaly scan to check the physical development of the baby, is made during weeks 18-20. The scan can show the foetus in fine detail and often reveal if the baby is a boy or a girl. However not all hospitals offer to tell parents the sex of the child – and not all parents want to know.

By this stage the foetus is moving around a lot – probably enough to be felt.

At week 19 the foetus is now about 15-20cm long and weighs about 300g. Milk teeth have formed in the gums.

WEEKS 20-29

Foetus at 20 weeks
Foetus at 20 weeks

Half way through pregnancy now. Some women experience a surge of energy. The foetus develops a waxy coating called vernix, which is probably provides protection for the skin as the baby floats in amniotic fluid.

The mother's uterus begins to push against her diaphragm leaving less space for the lungs. Feeling slightly short of breath can be normal at this stage, but the mother should seek medical advice if she experiences these symptoms.

The foetus's senses begin to develop at about week 22: taste buds have started to form on the tongue and the foetus starts to feel touch.

The skeleton continues to develop and bones that form the skull begin to harden – but not fully.

In week 24, an antenatal checkup and scan will check the baby´s position. A baby born this early can now survive with medical help, although it may be prone to breathing difficulties as its lungs would not be strong enough to cope. It would also be very thin lightweight and susceptible to infections.

At week 25 all organs are now in place and the rest of the pregnancy is for growth. Preeclampsia is a risk from here onwards.

This potentially fatal condition causes high blood pressure protein in the urine and swelling caused by fluid retention. The causes are unclear but research suggests it may be linked to an immune reaction to the foetus or the placenta. If the condition is serious women may be advised to take drugs to lower their blood pressure and in some cases an early caesarean or induction may be performed. Serious complications of pregnancy

The foetus skin is gradually becoming more opaque than transparent.

The foetus measures about 34cm and weighs about 800g by week 27.

In week 28 a routine checkup will test for preeclampsia. Women with Rhesus negative blood will also be tested for antibodies.

If the mother has Rh negative blood but the baby is Rh positive she can develop antibodies to her baby´s blood during labour. This is not a problem in the first birth but can affect subsequent pregnancies and result in stillbirth. Fortunately treatment is simple and effective. BBC Health: Ask the doctor – Rhesus disease

In week 29, some women develop restless leg syndrome in their third trimester.

This is sensations such as crawling tingling or even cramps and burning inside the foot or leg – often in the evening and at night disturbing sleep and making the mother feel she needs to get up and walk around. No-one knows what causes this harmless but irritating condition.

WEEKS 30-BIRTH

Mum and newborn baby
Mother and newborn baby

Braxton Hicks contractions may begin around now. They are practice contractions which don't usually hurt.

These are irregular, painless contractions which feel like a squeezing sensation near the top of the uterus. If contractions become painful or occur four times an hour or more, the woman should call a doctor as she may be in early labour.

By week 31 the foetus can see now and tell light from dark. The mother's breasts start to produce colostrum about now

This high calorie milk is produced by the mother to feed the baby for the first few days after birth before normal milk starts.

Week 32 – another antenatal appointment. The foetus is about 42cm and weighs 2.2kg. A baby born now has a good chance of survival.

From week 33 the baby should become settled in a head downwards position. A midwife can help to move it if necessary.

The mother may find it more difficult to eat full meals as the expanded uterus presses on her stomach.

If the mother has been told she may need a planned caesarean, week 35 is probably a good time to discuss it further.

From about week 36 the baby´s head may engage in the pelvis any time now.

Any baby born after week 37 is considered to be full term.

The baby´s lungs are practically mature now and it can survive unaided. The final weeks in the womb are to put on weight.

Another ante-natal appointment. By week 39 the mother has reached her full size and weight by now.

In theory the baby should be born in week 40. The mother´s cervix prepares for the birth by softening.

First babies are often up to a week late but if there are signs of distress to mother or child the birth will be induced.

Source: BBC: Pregnancy timeline



‘Taste bud’ for fatty foods found

Posted: 11 Mar 2010 05:23 AM PST

Source: BBC, 'Taste bud' for fatty foods found,

Scientists have found that the tongue has taste receptors for fat, which might explain why we like fried foods.Conventionally, experts have thought that the tongue detects five tastes – sweet, salty, sour, bitter and umami taste for protein rich foods.

But tests on rodents showed a receptor on the tongue tastes fat – it is not known if it is the same for humans.

The work by French researchers from the University of Burgundy appears in the Journal of Clinical Investigation.

Taste for fat

Investigator Philippe Besnard and his team believe the CD36 receptors that they found were important for evolutionary reasons – to ensure animals ate a high energy diet when foods were scarce.

But in the current Western climate, where food is in abundance and about 40% of the energy we consume comes from fat, this may be a disadvantage for the waistline if the same receptor is present in humans.

The CD36 receptor is already known to exist in many tissues involved in fat storage.

As we gain more information regarding the function of this receptor, we may be able to devise better strategies to address the addictive potential of dietary fat
Professor Nada Abumrad of Washington University School of Medicine

To see whether the receptor might be the tongue's fat detector, the researchers studied rats and mice that were normal or had the gene for CD36 "knocked out" so that the receptor no longer worked.

The normal rodents showed a preference for fatty foods when offered them, yet the knock out mice did not.

Also, when the researchers put a fatty liquid onto the tongues of the normal rats, this triggered a release of fat-processing substances from the digestive organs. This reaction did not happen in the knock out mice.

Professor Nada Abumrad of Washington University School of Medicine in St Louis, the US, said in an accompanying commentary in the same medical journal: "As we gain more information regarding the function of this receptor, we may be able to devise better strategies to address the addictive potential of dietary fat."

She said people varied in their ability to taste different foods – some barely perceive one or more flavours, while others are super-tasters and find some flavours too intense.

This might explain why some people are more prone to crave certain foods than others and even why some people put on weight, she said.

"There is evidence that obesity may be associated with an abnormal brain response to the sensory perception of a meal."

Professor Tim Jacob, an expert in smell and taste research at Cardiff University, said conclusive evidence was still needed to say that the CD36 receptor was a true taste bud for fat in the same way that there are taste buds for sweet and sour because it did not appear to work in precisely the same way as these other taste buds.

He also questioned whether fat was a "taste" or an oral sensation.

"Fats taste because of the interesting molecules that are fat soluble – marbled beef with fat streaks is much more tasty than lean beef because all the interesting flavours from the animal's diet dissolve in the fat and are retained," he said.



Signifikan "Gempa Bumi Di Kenyir Mungkin Berkait Kejadian 1980 an"

Posted: 11 Mar 2010 05:03 AM PST

Gempa bumi lemah yang berlaku di empangan Kenyir semalam mungkin mempunyai kaitan dengan kejadian yang sama di kawasan itu lebih 20 tahun lalu atau proses pelepasan gas tektonik.

Pengarah Bahagian Geofizik dan Tsunami Jabatan Meteorologi Malaysia, Dr Rosaidi Che Abas, berkata Kenyir dilanda gempa bumi kekuatan 4.6 pada skala Richter sekitar 1980 an ketika proses pengisian air empangan berkenaan.

Semalam, satu gempa bumi berukuran 2.6 pada skala Richter berlaku di situ, berpusat 43 kilometer barat daya Kuala Terengganu dan 22 kilometer barat Kuala Berang, Terengganu. "Jadi gempa bumi yang berlaku semalam mempunyai dua kemungkinan, sama ada disebabkan kejadian empangan 20 tahun lalu, ataupun proses pelepasan gas tektonik dari garis sesar ataupun garisan gempa bumi Terengganu," katanya ketika dihubungi hari ini

"Kes semalam adalah kes yang pertama selepas tahun 80-an, dan kita akan bekerjasama dengan Jabatan Mineral dan Geosains (JMG) untuk mengenal pasti punca sebenar kejadian semalam," katanya.

Rosaidi berkata, orang ramai tidak perlu bimbang kerana gempa bumi berskala 2.6 dianggap lemah. - Bernama



Ulasan GB

Setiap kejadian yang Allah jadikan itu ada pengajaran dan maknanya untuk golongan yang berfikir. Ayat manzurah sentiasa ada setiap masa dan yang bersih dan yang tajam mata hatinya dapat merenung dan memahami ayat manzurah itu.

BERITA INI JUGA IBARAT "GEMPA KECIL" HARI INI BERLAKU SERENTAK DENGAN GEMPA DI TASIK KENYIR ITU

Kezaliman BN Menyamai Kerajaan Firaun
Oleh Qayum Rahman

SEBERANG JAYA 11 Mac - Presiden PAS Datuk Seri Abdul Hadi Awang berkata kerajaan Umno-Barisan Nasional pada masa sekarang boleh disamakan dengan kerajaan Firaun yang sentiasa mengamalkan perkara bertentangan agama dan juga penyelewengan besar yang memberi kesan buruk pada rakyat.

"Jangan mereka (BN) terlalu berhasad dengki menjatuhkan orang lain dengan kekuasaan yang diberikan dan jangan juga lupa kezaliman mereka tidak akan mampu bertahan lama.

"Kerajaan BN tidak akan mampu bertahan lama lagi berikutan pelbagai kegagalan telah dibalaskan oleh Allah akibat kezaliman yang diamalkan tetapi tetap masih lagi meneruskan kejahatan tanpa batasan," kata Abdul Hadipada ceramah sambutan ulangtahun kedua Kerajaan Negeri Pakatan Rakyat Pulau Pinang di Seberang Jaya, Pulau Pinang semalam.

Sehubungan itu tambah beliau kerajaan Pakatan Rakyat yang kukuh dan kuat bukan terletak pada bangunan pencakar langit atau jambatan tersergam yang dibanggakan tetapi atas kepimpinan yang bersih dan telus.

Abdul Hadi Awang berkata kerajaan Pakatan Rakyat berjaya mewujudkan kerajaan berkarisma yang mempunyai ciri-ciri lengkap bukan sahaja untuk mentadbir kerajaan negeri malah kerajaan pusat kerana tidak mengamalkan kezaliman dan penyelewengan yang diharamkan Allah.

"Ikatan Pakatan Rakyat semakin teguh walaupun baru dua tahun mentadbir empat kerajaan negeri tetapi mampu membuat pelbagai perubahan tidak seperti kerajaan BN yang telah mentadbir kerajaan pusat dan negeri lebih 52 tahun tetapi masih gagal.

"Mereka(BN) hanya pentingkan pembangunan baru yang boleh memberi keuntungan kepada mereka dan tidak mementingkan pentadbiran yang telus dan bersih. Ini menyebabkan mereka sentiasa terdedah dengan pelbagai penyelewengan dan rasuah," kata Abdul Hadi.

Beliau turut menyatakan bangga dengan kemampuan Pakatan Rakyat kini yang terus maju dan progresif walaupun terpaksa mengharungi bermacam-macam serangan dan dugaan yang sengaja dicipta oleh BN sebagai aktiviti khianat mereka.

"Kita Pakatan Rakyat tidak akan takut dan gentar dengan serangan bertubi-tubi BN dan Umno tetapi akan terus merancang pelbagai dasar baru yang akan terus memberi manfaat kepada rakyat.

"Walaupun kerajaan BN boleh memerintah beratusan tahun, kerajaan BN yang penuh kezaliman dan kejahatan tidak akan direstui dan diterima Allah. Rakyat sepatutnya diberi hak sama rata dan bukannya tertumpu pada kepentingan seseorang individu," tegas beliau lagi. -SK


GEMPA SEDEMIKIAN ADA KAITAN DENGAN "GEMPA" YANG PERNAH MENGGEGAR NEGARA PADA TAHUN 1980AN


Saudara-saudara sekelian percayalah,

Kita menentang UMNO, bukan kerana nama dia UMNO. Kita menentang Barisan Nasional bukan kerana dia lama memerintah kerajaan. Kita menentang dia ialah kerana dia mengekalkan perlembagaan penjajah, mengekalkan undang-undang kafir, mengekalkan peraturan jahiliyah. Oleh kerana itulah kita menentang mereka. Oleh kerana itulah kita menghadapi mereka. Oleh itulah kita cuba berlawan dengan mereka.

Percayalah saudara-saudara sekelian,

Perjuangan kita adalah jihad, ucapan kita adalah jihad, derma kita adalah jihad. Bergantunglah kita kepada Allah dengan (menghadapi) puak-puak ini kerana kalau kita mati melawan puak-puak ini, mati kita adalah syahid. Mati kita adalah Islam. Kita tidak perlu masuk Buddha, Kita tidak perlu masuk Hindu, Kita tidak perlu masuk Kristian, Tapi kita menjadi kafir dengan mengamalkan 'politik suku, agama suku'.



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nampak hantu

Posted: 11 Mar 2010 04:09 AM PST



pernah x korang nampak hantu...ape perasaan korang...
bukan ape ari tu akak lepak2 alfa..then lepas lepak akak pun anta lah hotmam balik..dah lah mase kat alfa td lepak2 cerita hantu..dah tentu lah teringat2 uolssss...
sampai je kat umah akak kuar kete...nak bukak gate...enjin mati ..tp kepala masih teringat cerita2 seram kawan duk cerita..akak ni nampak je macam berani..kadang tu penakut jugak uolsss...
sedap je akak duk bukak gate ..feeling2 woman...tetiba akak terpandang satu lembaga kat tepi pagar...mase tu kul 1 pagi...akak tengok umah sewa sebelah umah akak tu lampu dia tutup...



berderau akak tengok lembaga tu...kurus..rambut panjang gila sampai lutut...tengah terbongkok2 depan umah sewa tu...dah rupa macam nenek kebayan...

astagfirullahalazim...bulu roma semua naik..akak rase kaku..x leh nak menjerit...

then akak jalan pelan2 menuju ke kereta akak..buat2 x takut.. then dia toleh akak..


ahhhhhh hantu...akak jerit suara pompuan..halhal suara akak cam hon lori

ahhhhhhhaaaaaggggggg... dia menjerit tengok akak....akak pun menjerit tengok dia..kiranya macam battle of the voice lah....

rupanya ..dia bini orang sewa sebelah umah akak....dia terperanjat tengok akak akak terperanjat tengok dia...

then leh dia cakap..."terperanjat saya..saya ingat hantu td..."...akak punya lah gelak bagai nak gila...

selama ni akak tengok dia duk siput rambut dia je..rupa2nya rambut sampai lutut...

sentap x dia kata akak macam hantu..wal hal muka dia yang macam hantu....hanj kan...

esok paginya akak cerita lah ngan mak akak..mak akak gelak bagai nak gila...yang sentap tu dia cakap kat akak....

" mmg rupa ko macam hantu..dengan cukur keningnya..aku suruh potong rambut tu kemas sikit ko x nak...kan orang dah kata ko hantu..elok lah tu hantu kata orang lain hantu"...

sentap lah....

..


企图打击华文考生?

Posted: 11 Mar 2010 04:30 AM PST

大部份考生无法摘A+ 新计分制为难华文科?

二零一零年三月十一日 下午五时二十五分

(槟城李秋缘11日讯)2009年大马教育文凭华文科特别难?抑或是新计分制度为难华文科分数?

在刚刚公布的2009年大马教育文凭成绩内,大部分考生在华文科成绩都无法如愿摘下A+佳绩。据本报记者向各校查询,槟州内部分国民型中学考生在华文科中,都无法顺利考到A+的佳绩。

根据资料显示,州内国民型中学往年在大马教育文凭考试的华文科中,都获得很好的成绩,惟在采用新计分制度后,每间学校在华文科获得A+的考生平均没有超过5位。

槟华女中是华文科成绩最佳的国民型中学,共有8人考到A+,钟灵以5人次之。

据了解,华文科考卷分为理解及作文,而理解试卷较往年艰难,学生的作答也无法符合考试官要求,拉低分数而导致考获A+考生人数不多。

同时,每当更换新计分制度后,华文科往往都会成为焦点,因为分数等级都会较以往更低。

槟州国民型中学在华文科考获A+学生人数:

槟华女子中学:8

钟灵国民型中学:5

恒毅中学:2

日新国民型中学:2

北海钟灵中学:1菩提国民型中学:0

协和国民型中学:0

柑仔园修道院国民型中学:0

浮罗山背圣心中学:0


Polis Diperalat Untuk Kekang Kemaraan PR

Posted: 11 Mar 2010 04:19 AM PST

Pihak polis di Malaysia sentiasa digunakan sebagai hamba dan alat politik kepada kerajaan untuk menganggu dan melemahkan keutuhan Pakatan Rakyat yang semakin mengancam kedudukan kuasa Umno dan Barisan Nasional.

Ketua Umum KEADILAN Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim berkata Umno-BN menyalahguna polis agar mengekang pengaruh besar Pakatan Rakyat dan menakut-nakutkan rakyat supaya tidak menentang mereka.

"Polis dipaksa mengikut perintah sebagai hamba abdi kepada kerajaan yang digunakan untuk menyerang pemimpin Pakatan Rakyat Mereka sebenarnya tidak mampu menyerang kita.

"Banyak pemimpin Pakatan Rakyat sedang disiasat tetapi seorang pun tidak pernah gentar bersemuka dengan polis yang dianggap semut bawahan yang mengikut rajanya," kata beliau kepada lebih 20,000 penyokong pada ceramah sambutan ulangtahun kedua kerajaan negeri Pakatan Rakyat Pulau Pinang di Tapak Expo Seberang Jaya, Pulau Pinang malam tadi.

Anwar berkata tindakan kerajaan menggunakan polis membuatkan rakyat terus membenci mereka sehinggakan polis juga tidak lagi dihormati dan tidak diharapkan mampu menjaga ketenteraman awam.

Muslihat jahat kerajaan pimpinan Perdana Menteri Datuk Seri Najib Razak dan isteri beliau, Datin Seri Rosmah Mansor sudah lama diketahui rakyat tetapi konspirasi mereka masih tidak mampu menundukkan Pakatan Rakyat.

Ini kerana Pakatan Rakyat berkaya mewujudkan corak kepimpinan yang telus dan bersih serta bebas rasuah disamping membawa perubahan yang meberi manfaat kepada rakyat.

Ahli Parlimen Pematang Pauh itu kesal pihak polis sentiasa akur dengan arahan Umno-BN walaupun mereka menyalahi undang-undang yang negara.

"Pihak berkuasa menyiasat pemimpin-pemimpin Pakatan Rakyat yang dikatakan melanggar Akta Hasutan tetapi mereka (polis) tidak berani langsung mengambil sebarang tindakan terhadap menteri-menteri yang sentiasa ganas melanggar Akta Hasutan.

"Polis takut akan kezaliman pimpinan Najib dan juga terpaksa berikrar mengikut telunjuk Najib dan Rosmah yang menyalahguna kuasa mereka untuk mengkhianati pemimpin-pemimpin Pakatan Rakyat," kata Ketua Pembangkang itu lagi. -SK




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日新国中2009 SPM 成绩

Posted: 11 Mar 2010 04:03 AM PST

此报道摘自光华电子新闻。

I'm still unable to get a copy SMJK Jit Sin's 2009 SPM candidate name list. I'd update it as soon as I receive one. Congratulations to all Jit Sin students for the fabulous results!

日新国中维持佳绩 100%及格率

(大山脚11日讯)2009大马教育文凭(SPM)放榜,大山脚日新国民型中学再考获辉煌成绩,保持100%及格率,其中李昱苇考获13A;张可林及巫靖忆横扫全科特优成绩(A+),成为全槟最优秀考生之一。

日新国中有591考生,考获5A以上学生有421名,占了总考生的71.24%。其中考获13A的有一名,12A的有14名,11A的有81名,10A的97名,9A的有62名,8A的42名,7A的有43名,6A的有42名,5A的39名。

校长陈金忠强调,中六先修班并不是升上大学或大专最后的选择,他提醒考生在筛选科系要特别小心,也可以向校方辅导处向相关负责老师作出询问。

他说,今次能考获如此骄人成绩,有赖于全体老师的教导,学生们的努力,同时也不忘校方3大机构,即董家教及校友会的配合与支持。

他重申,中五升上中六也并不是终站,还有机会上大学升造,日新每年都有85%以上的学生升上大专就读。

李昱苇表示,平时是靠与同学一起温习功课,在家就不停的复习。父母亲都是教师,课外书都是由他们所指导。

他表示,在学校内也参与课外活动,包括华乐团、学长团、网球队及像棋。

巫靖忆表示,平时是靠与同学在学校内复习功课,对于将来会筛选什么科系还未作出决定!

对于生于小康之家的巫靖忆,由于家里不富俗,所以希望考出好成绩,申请奖学金作为升学之用。



C Guevara


SPM 2009

Posted: 11 Mar 2010 03:54 AM PST

This article was taken from Kwongwah Online.

SPM近半考生全科及格 全国214人获全A+

二零一零年三月十一日 晚上七时二十八分


(吉隆坡11日讯)2009年大马教育文凭(SPM)考试成绩今日放榜,共有214人获得全科A+等级优越成绩,以报考10科以内的考生居多,教育局总监丹斯里阿里慕丁一再强调大马教育文凭10+2方案可行度高,更可让学生获得更好的成绩!


09年成绩傲人


他 周四在布城教育部公布2009年大马教育文凭成绩时指出,2009年大马教育文凭考试成绩令人感到骄傲,在46万5853名考生中,共有36万4046名 或90.8%的考生成功考获文凭;其中19万9155名(49.6%)考生获得全科及格,当中6万8131(17%)名考生则全科至少考获C优等成绩。


"惟不及格考生的数目则提高,从去年的2589人(0.67%)提升至4626人(1.15%)。而今年报考9至10科的考生更是具冠,分别有16万27人(36.6%)和11万7550人(26.9%)。"


而在首次采用的大马教育文凭成绩分级制,新增等级A+作为最高成绩下,共有214名来自获得全科A+成绩,而考获全科特优(A+、A、A-)等级成绩考生高达7773人,两者以报考10科至11科的考生居多。


他披露,与去年大马教育文凭成绩相比,考获全科特优考生数目提升了1710人或27.27%,涨幅非常令人满意。


依据上述数据,他也指出除了报考不超过12科的考生外居多外,考获全科特优成绩考生,都是以报考不超过12科居冠。


"由此可见教育部推出的10+2教育方案可行度非常地高,学生能够更专注考试,以考获优越成绩。"



城市乡区考生成绩拉近

另一方面,阿里慕丁表示城市与乡区考生成绩距离拉近,尤其是英语、科学和道德教育科目;惟在国语、历史、数学和回教科目则需多加努力,再拉近两地的教育水平。


而于提升大马教育文凭国语和英语水平方面,则获得令人鼓舞的提升,获得国语特优等级成绩百分率,从2008年的25.4%增至31.3%;考获英语科及格巴仙率则从2008年的73.9%,稍微增长至75.6%。


教育总监:及格率上升0.8%


教育部总监丹斯里阿里慕丁宣布,2009大马宗教高等文凭考试(STAM)整体成绩令人满意,在6920名考生中,共有3138名考生所有科目都及格,与2009微升0.8%。


大马宗教高级文凭考试是于去年10月19日至21日,及10月26日至27日在全国98个考试中心进行

他 表示,所有科目都及格的考生中,共有422名考生考获优等成绩(Mumtaz),608名的成绩非常良好(Jayyid Jiddan),1407名成绩良好(Jayyid)及701名考获及格(Maqbul)。其中,最多考生考获特优的科目是哈菲兹可兰经诵经学 (Hifzil Quaran dan Tajwid),共有1217名。


他也恭喜成功考获该文凭考生,因有关成就将促使他们顺利进入著名回教大学如Al Azhar、Mesir及其他国内国际大学。


无论如何,他希望进入大学的学生们能够维持优越表现,尤其在掌控阿拉伯文上。



残障考生成绩胜往年 4人获全科特优

2009年大马教育文凭成绩放榜,成功考获该文凭的残障考生多达251人(51.9%),较去年208人(47.8%)来得多,而1名拥有严重视力障碍问题的考生,考获4A+、3A及4A-的优越成绩!


在538名残障考生,共有251名考生成功考取该文凭,当中90人考获全科及格成绩,而获得全科特优考生则有4人。


阿里慕丁说道,1名拥有严重视力障碍问题的考生,考获4科A+、3A及4A-的优越成绩;另一名报考11科考生则成功获得4A+、3A及3A-成绩。


"同时也有两名身体残缺考生考获8A+,2A的优越成绩,这可是令人感到敬佩。"



10大年度状元排行榜 科学中学傲视群校

2009年大马教育文凭10大年度"状元"排行榜中,以华裔考生居多,共有6名华裔学校挤入榜内!


阿 里慕丁公布2009年大马教育文凭10甲学生名单,来自砂州的陈义沁(译音)成为年度"最佳状元",接着则是来自雪州的邱诗恩(译音)、森州卡蒂再、玻璃 市艾玛希达亚、森州莎美娜、雪州李薇龄(译音)、丹州努苏谷哈达、甲州赖义英(译音)、雪州古慧敏(译音)以及霹雳胡美琪(译音)。


至于最佳大马教育文凭"秀才"中学则由芙蓉科学中学获得,成为年度最佳"秀才"培育所。


接下来则有雪州巴生苏丹阿兰沙回教学院、雪兰莪鹅唛寄宿学校(SBPI)、新山敦法蒂玛中学、隆市阿兰沙科学中学、雪州万扰寄宿学校、柔佛马坡科学中学、彭亨淡马路全寄宿学校、芙蓉东姑古希亚学院,以及新山耶稣修道院中学。


另一方面,阿里慕丁也说道今年首次以学校平均等级(GPS),区分不同学校在大马教育文凭的等级,而2141间学校当中共有66(3.1%)间学校获得卓越、278间学校则获得特优、1654所中学获得优等,及143所学校获得及格。


"这是为了官员往后可依据不同等级学校,给予有关学校适当的辅助,以提升学校的教学水平,培育更多优等栋梁。"



C Guevara


Deep Fried Bitter Gourd At Passions Of Kerala Penang

Posted: 11 Mar 2010 03:51 AM PST

Deep fried bitter gourd
Deep fried bitter gourd – Passions of Kerala, New World Park, Penang.

How can something bitter be delicious? That was what I used to think about bitter gourd until I was initiated into eating bitter gourd omelette many years ago. I then progressed to drinking bitter gourd and pork ribs soup. That was less palatable but Mum said that it was cooling for the body. I used to run around under the sun and that was supposed to help.

Much later when Wuan and I were dating, we used to share a cup of bitter gourd and green apple juice whenever we were at Jusco Supermarket. This combination made the drink bitter and sour at the same time. Still we drank like it was nectar from heaven as bitter gourd was believed to be detoxifying as well. I have also grown to love bitter gourd yong tau foo, preferably deep fried and served with some gravy instead of in soup.

The one dish that keeps me wanting more is the deep fried bitter gourd from Passions of Kerala in Penang. It was love at first bite for me. Whenever we ate there, it was a must have dish. The batter that coated the thinly sliced bitter gourd gave it crispness and aroma. It was delicious whether eaten as is or with banana leaf rice. I have not found another place that makes it as nice as at Passions of Kerala. No prize for guessing correctly where I will head to the next time I am in Penang. Bitter can be delicious. You better believe it!

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