Saturday, July 3, 2010

PASTI TIADA PILIH KASIH?

PASTI TIADA PILIH KASIH?


PASTI TIADA PILIH KASIH?

Posted: 03 Jul 2010 04:15 AM PDT

My deepest apologies for this late sopo post. I was busy earlier in the afternoon because I was the organizer for a reunion with my former colleagues and then had to run around chauffeuring my younger boy to and fro art class and also piano class. By the time I settled down, I came across two articles which prompted me to write this post.

The Malaysian Insider carried a post HERE headlined Hisham: Tiada pilih kasih antara Suara Keadilan, Suara Perkasa. You can get a translation of the article at Google Translator HERE.

The second paragraph of that article when translated into English:

Home Minister Datuk Seri Hishammuddin Tun Hussein said the ministry would not compromise on any party that tried to create turmoil and polemics racial and religious prejudice.

Another article in Malaysiakini reported HERE that our Home Minister said the ministry would not compromise with anyone who tried to slander and create a polemic on racial and religious issues. Hishammuddin said the Home Ministry was responsible for taking action against anyone who posed a threat to national security.

I applaud our Home Minister for those statements made to the press after opening the Hulu Terengganu Umno division meeting today. However, I am sure many of us can recall MANY instances when there seemed to be differences in the way certain MSM reported statements which could be perceived as being able to incite racial sentiments and offending other groups. How come no action was taken against them?

You can also read MP Teresa Kok's blog HERE to see the MANY objections she raised wrt Utusan Malaysia.

THIS VIDEO is one rare clip which shows how DAP secretary-general Lim Guan Eng and Minister in the Prime Minister's Department Mohd Nazri Abdul Aziz agreed with regards to the TYPE and BRAND of Utusan Malaysia which can be perceived to be insidious with subtle slants that have enraged many Malaysians in the past few years.

Lim Kit Siang's blog post HERE also discusses the concerns he had wrt Utusan Malaysia but to date, has any action been taken???

Bintulu.org also carried a post HERE headlined Why Utusan Malaysia's 'Bangkitlah Melayu' not racist? BN should explain.

Bernama reported HERE that the Home Ministry had earlier decided not to renew the publication permit for Suara Keadilan which ended at the end of last month as it was dissatisfied with the clarification given by the newspapers' management on several issues.

Malaysiakini reported HERE that Malay rights group Perkasa's official organ has landed in hot soup barely a day after its maiden issue had hit the streets.

Excerpt from Malaysiakini:

According to Suara Perkasa chief editor Daud Ibrahim, the publication's editor, Amirudin Mohamad, was called for questioning by the Home Ministry in Putrajaya at 5pm today.

Daud said the publication was being probed for two articles - a front page report titled 'Arrest Ka Siong under ISA' and 'Chinese newspapers... why is the Home Ministry afraid to act'.

He added that he has also been called for questioning and would present himself at the Home Ministry headquarters at noon on Monday.

"I take this as a challenge because there is yet to be a newspaper that is based on the concept on defending the Malays. I will grant my fullest cooperation," Daud said when contacted.

He said that he was not worried about the Home Ministry's investigation.

"All the articles which were panas (sensitive) have been vetted by a legal adviser," he said.

According to China Press, Amirudin met Home Ministry secretary-general Mahmood Adam at the meeting.

Despite being vetted by a legal adviser as reported above, note that in The Malay Mail HERE, Khairy Jamaluddin also asked the Home Ministry to investigate 'Suara Perkasa' over its front-page article which called for Deputy Education Minister Datuk Dr Wee Ka Siong to be arrested under the Internal Security Act.

"I'm not doing this because I want to defend Ka Siong but this article is an incitement and is wrong, and should be investigated," he told reporters at the parliament lobby today.

Can the suspension of Suara Keadilan be perceived as an attempt to curb public scrutiny of the government? Some argue that publications that fanned racial sentiments, such as Suara Perkasa, and UM appeared to enjoy immunity.

The Malaysian Insider article reported that the Home Minister said "Tindakan kita jelas. Memang (editor) Suara Perkasa, bila kita minta datang, mereka datang tepat pada masanya. Masih tak puas hati (dengan menjelasan mereka) kita minta mereka datang hari Isnin ini."

So is there pilih kasih? We will know by Monday.


Nurul Izzah wants speed camera contract reviewed

Posted: 03 Jul 2010 04:08 AM PDT

Free Malaysia Today

By Teoh El Sen  SAT, 03 JUL 2010 00:58

PETALING JAYA: Lembah Pantai MP Nurul Izzah Anwar today urged the Transport Ministry to review an "unfair" decision it made to award two companies a multi-million-ringgit contract for a nationwide implementation of a speed camera system to catch traffic offenders.

FMT yesterday reported that local company Tess Capital Sdn Bhd claimed that it has been sidelined in the award of the RM700 million contract for the Automated Enforcement System (AES). The deal went to the two companies whose AES is based on foreign technology.

The AES is made up of cameras installed at accident-prone areas and traffic light junctions. The devices can detect speeding vehicles and those who beat the red light.

Tess Capital claimed that its AES, the product of its homegrown technology, is equal, if not better, than its competitors.

Its executive director Soh Joon Hang said he has lodged a report with the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC) to investigate what he claimed was the abuse of power and "manipulation" by Road Transport Department over the tender process in 2007.

Tess Capital was established in 2004 and later given an MSC (Multimedia Super Corridor) status a year later. Soh said his company was officially recognised as AES supplier by the New South Wales government after it had passed a stringent 18-month trial in 2008.


'Make dealings transparent'

Said Nurul Izzah: "I think Transport Minister Kong Cho Ha should seriously address this issue (awarding the contract) and find out how this could have taken place. This is wrong."

She added that Tess Capital deserved to know why it was not chosen or least be treated fairly.

"It is hard enough to research and develop something locally with your own funds. If your own government doesn't support your initiative, it will eventually discourage other local companies

from developing their own technology," she said.

Nurul Izzah said it is widely known that the Transport Ministry has "always given priority" to certain companies, and urged for transparency in its dealings.

"One of the points in the 10th Malaysia Plan was to support innovation to spur economic growth. In the last stimulus package, the government allocated RM10 billion for the Working Capital Guarantee Scheme and invariably the funds will be given to government-tendered projects — meaning crony companies. But only RM150 million was set aside for the creation of innovative high-tech companies. Why?"

"If we are really supporting innovation, the ones in need of backing are companies like Tess Capital. I am glad that Tess Capital is brave enough to lodge a report with the MACC," she said.

"But now we must ensure that the MACC will investigate this matter properly. Is the tender process in accordance with international standards?"

Nurul Izzah also questioned whether the ministry had taken into account Tess Capital's MSC status.

"What's the use of awarding that status if it doesn't help our local companies win a tender? The Science, Technology and Innovation Ministry has complained that many companies have not survived long; is this because of our government's attitude?"

Nurul Izzah said the Tess Capital case was only the tip of the iceberg, adding that the same problem also plagues all small and medium enterprises in the country.

"It (awarding contracts) is really skewed towards those 'special' companies," she said.


Scott Neeson: From former film executive to founder of Cambodian Children's Fund - www.cambodianchildrensfund.org

Posted: 03 Jul 2010 03:24 AM PDT

Just read an inspiring story entitled 'Great Scott' in Reader's Digest, March 2010 edition. It's all about this guy, dubbed 'Mr Hollywood', who left his job at Sony Pictures and started an orphanage named 'Cambodian Children's Fund'.

Click here to read the story: Great Scott


Terror — and Candor by Charles Krauthammer

Posted: 03 Jul 2010 02:35 AM PDT

The administration's denial of "radical Islam" is dangerous, dishonest, and demoralizing.

The Fort Hood shooter, the Christmas Day bomber, the Times Square attacker. On May 13, the following exchange occurred at a hearing of the House Judiciary Committee:

Rep. Lamar Smith (R.,Texas): Do you feel that these individuals might have been incited to take the actions that they did because of radical Islam?

Attorney General Eric Holder: There are a variety of reasons why I think people have taken these actions. . . .

Smith: Okay, but radical Islam could have been one of the reasons?

Holder: There are a variety of reasons why people—

Smith: But was radical Islam one of them?

Holder: There are a variety of reasons why people do these things. Some of them are potentially religious-based.

Potentially, mind you. This went on until the questioner gave up in exasperation.

A similar question arose last week in U.S. District Court when Faisal Shahzad, the Times Square attacker, pleaded guilty. Explained Shahzad: "One has to understand where I'm coming from. . . . I consider myself a mujahid, a Muslim soldier."

Well, that is clarifying. As was the self-printed business card of Maj. Nidal Malik Hasan, the Fort Hood shooter, identifying himself as "SoA": Soldier of Allah.

Holder's avoidance of the obvious continues the absurd and embarrassing refusal of the Obama administration to acknowledge who out there is trying to kill Americans and why. In fact, it has banned from its official vocabulary the terms "jihadist," "Islamist," and "Islamic terrorism."

Instead, President Obama's National Security Strategy insists on calling the enemy — how else do you define those seeking your destruction? — "a loose network of violent extremists." But this is utterly meaningless. This is not an anger-management therapy group gone rogue. These are people professing a powerful ideology rooted in a radical interpretation of Islam, in whose name they propagandize, proselytize, terrorize, and kill.

Why is this important? Because the first rule of war is to know your enemy. If you don't, you wander into intellectual cul-de-sacs and ignore the real causes that might allow you to prevent recurrences. The Pentagon report on the Fort Hood shooter runs 86 pages with not a single mention of Hasan's Islamism. It contains such politically correct inanities as "religious fundamentalism alone is not a risk factor."

Of course it is. Indeed, Islamist fundamentalism is not only a risk factor. It is the risk factor, the common denominator linking all the great terror attacks of this century — from 9/11 to Mumbai, from Fort Hood to Times Square, from London to Madrid to Bali. The attackers were of various national origin, occupation, age, social class, native tongue, and race. The one thing that united them was the jihadist vision in whose name they acted.

To deny this undeniable truth leads to further absurdities. Remember the wave of speculation about Hasan's supposedly secondary post-traumatic stress disorder — that he was so deeply affected by the heart-rending stories of his war-traumatized patients that he became radicalized? On the contrary. He was moved not by their suffering but by the suffering they (and the rest of the U.S. military) inflicted on Hasan's fellow Muslims, in whose name he gunned down 12 American soldiers while shouting "Allahu Akbar."

With Shahzad, we find the equivalent ridiculous — and exculpating — speculation that perhaps he was driven over the edge by the foreclosure of his home. Good grief. Of course his home went into foreclosure — so would yours if you voluntarily quit your job and stopped house payments to go to Pakistan for jihadist training. As the Washington Post's Charles Lane pointed out, foreclosure was a result of Shahzad's radicalism, not the cause.

There's a final reason why the administration's cowardice about identifying those trying to kill us cannot be allowed to pass. It is demoralizing. It trivializes the war between jihadi barbarism and Western decency, and diminishes the memory of those (including thousands of brave Muslims — Iraqi, Pakistani, Afghan, and Western) who have died fighting it.

Churchill famously mobilized the English language and sent it into battle. But his greatness lay not just in eloquence but in his appeal to the moral core of a decent people to rise against an ideology the nature of which Churchill never hesitated to define and describe — and to pronounce ("Nahhhhzzzzi") in an accent dripping with loathing and contempt. No one is asking Obama or Holder to match Churchill's rhetoric — just Shahzad's candor. National Review


So long Reve Moine - a true friend of unwanted and unloved animals.

Posted: 03 Jul 2010 02:30 AM PDT

PETPOSITIVE NEWSFLASH!
We just heard the sad news that longtime SPCA Selangor volunteer Reve Moine has died. 
In addition of being a terrific animal activist Reve was also a great supporter of Petpositive. 
"We would regularly have chats at midnight about homeless animals and about animal cruelty," said a shocked Anthony SB Thanasayan, President of Petpositive to PET+BLOGSPOT.  "She was such an


Terror — and Candor by Charles Krauthammer

Posted: 03 Jul 2010 02:29 AM PDT

The administration's denial of "radical Islam" is dangerous, dishonest, and demoralizing.

Rep. Lamar Smith (R.,Texas): Do you feel that these individuals might have been incited to take the actions that they did because of radical Islam?

Attorney General Eric Holder: There are a variety of reasons why I think people have taken these actions. . . .

Smith: Okay, but radical Islam could have been one of the reasons?

Holder: There are a variety of reasons why people—

Smith: But was radical Islam one of them?

Holder: There are a variety of reasons why people do these things. Some of them are potentially religious-based.

Potentially, mind you. This went on until the questioner gave up in exasperation.

A similar question arose last week in U.S. District Court when Faisal Shahzad, the Times Square attacker, pleaded guilty. Explained Shahzad: "One has to understand where I'm coming from. . . . I consider myself a mujahid, a Muslim soldier."

Well, that is clarifying. As was the self-printed business card of Maj. Nidal Malik Hasan, the Fort Hood shooter, identifying himself as "SoA": Soldier of Allah.

Holder's avoidance of the obvious continues the absurd and embarrassing refusal of the Obama administration to acknowledge who out there is trying to kill Americans and why. In fact, it has banned from its official vocabulary the terms "jihadist," "Islamist," and "Islamic terrorism."

Instead, President Obama's National Security Strategy insists on calling the enemy — how else do you define those seeking your destruction? — "a loose network of violent extremists." But this is utterly meaningless. This is not an anger-management therapy group gone rogue. These are people professing a powerful ideology rooted in a radical interpretation of Islam, in whose name they propagandize, proselytize, terrorize, and kill.

Why is this important? Because the first rule of war is to know your enemy. If you don't, you wander into intellectual cul-de-sacs and ignore the real causes that might allow you to prevent recurrences.

The Pentagon report on the Fort Hood shooter runs 86 pages with not a single mention of Hasan's Islamism. It contains such politically correct inanities as "religious fundamentalism alone is not a risk factor."

Of course it is. Indeed, Islamist fundamentalism is not only a risk factor. It is the risk factor, the common denominator linking all the great terror attacks of this century — from 9/11 to Mumbai, from Fort Hood to Times Square, from London to Madrid to Bali. The attackers were of various national origin, occupation, age, social class, native tongue, and race. The one thing that united them was the jihadist vision in whose name they acted.

To deny this undeniable truth leads to further absurdities. Remember the wave of speculation about Hasan's supposedly secondary post-traumatic stress disorder — that he was so deeply affected by the heart-rending stories of his war-traumatized patients that he became radicalized? On the contrary. He was moved not by their suffering but by the suffering they (and the rest of the U.S. military) inflicted on Hasan's fellow Muslims, in whose name he gunned down 12 American soldiers while shouting "Allahu Akbar."

With Shahzad, we find the equivalent ridiculous — and exculpating — speculation that perhaps he was driven over the edge by the foreclosure of his home. Good grief. Of course his home went into foreclosure — so would yours if you voluntarily quit your job and stopped house payments to go to Pakistan for jihadist training. As the Washington Post's Charles Lane pointed out, foreclosure was a result of Shahzad's radicalism, not the cause.

There's a final reason why the administration's cowardice about identifying those trying to kill us cannot be allowed to pass. It is demoralizing. It trivializes the war between jihadi barbarism and Western decency, and diminishes the memory of those (including thousands of brave Muslims — Iraqi, Pakistani, Afghan, and Western) who have died fighting it.

Churchill famously mobilized the English language and sent it into battle. But his greatness lay not just in eloquence but in his appeal to the moral core of a decent people to rise against an ideology the nature of which Churchill never hesitated to define and describe — and to pronounce ("Nahhhhzzzzi") in an accent dripping with loathing and contempt. No one is asking Obama or Holder to match Churchill's rhetoric — just Shahzad's candor. National Review


PI Bala can come home but will Bala end up as another Teoh Beng Hock?

Posted: 03 Jul 2010 01:37 AM PDT

PETALING JAYA: P. Balasubramaniam has been urged to return to Malaysia and assist the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Agency over his claims that there was conspiracy behind Altantuya Shaariibuu's murder.
MACC advisory board member Tan Sri Megat Najmuddin Megat Khas said there was no need for commission officers to interview the private investigator in London as he is not a suspect.
"Since Bala is willing to talk to MACC and tell his side of the story, he can return to Malaysia and give his statement," he said yesterday.

Scary indeed! What happened to Teoh Beng Hock who was not a suspect yet he was found dead hours after a date with MACC? The death of Teoh Beng Hock is proof that any suspect who is not aligned to the powers that be may not end up alive after being interviewed by MACC!


Parents group campaigns to keep Maths, Science in English

Posted: 03 Jul 2010 01:11 AM PDT

KUALA LUMPUR, July 3 — The Parent Action Group for Education (Page) announced today that it has gone national to recruit more members to pressure the government to keep teaching mathematics and science in English (PPSMI).

It has also ironically linked up with Malay rights umbrella group Malay Consultative Council (MPM) and Perkasa to get the government to overturn its decision to revert the medium of instruction for both subjects to Bahasa Malaysia by 2012.

Page chairman Datin Noor Azimah Abdul Rahim said it aims to be the voice of parents on national educational policies with its new status as a national society.

"We want Page to be the voice in the future not just on PPSMI but to go beyond PPSMI. Now that we have registered, we have decided to address national concerns. This will be the platform for parents to voice their concerns on education.

"For instance, now the hot topic is the abolishment of UPSR and PMR papers so we would like parents to tell us how they feel then we could prepare a roundtable discussion with the ministry of education," she told reporters here after announcing its new status.

Read all here_ Parents group campaigns to keep Maths, Science in English By Asrul Hadi Abdullah Sani



Entertainment roundup (July 3, 2010)

Posted: 03 Jul 2010 12:35 AM PDT

Korean model Han Ga-eunEntertainment snippets from various sources…

[1] Gigi Lai expecting soon.

[2] Former F4 hunk Jerry Yan published biography.

[3] Misaki Ito gives birth to baby girl.

[4] Han Ga-eun (pic) at KOBA 2010.

[5] Teen Top, another K-pop boyband debuting soon.

[6] Kpop and Culture Fest in the Phillipines.

[7] Lee Min-ho to meet fans in Singapore (limited tix).

[8] Paris Hilton arrested at World Cup for doping. Drama queen strikes again.

Entertainment roundup (July 3, 2010) from YeinJee's Asian Blog


KDN Tak Puas Hati Jawapan SK, Rakyat Tak Puashati Tindakan KDN

Posted: 03 Jul 2010 12:08 AM PDT

Pergantungan permit penerbitan Suara Keadilan perlu dibatalkan segera kerana ia akan menggambarkan keihklasan Perdana Menteri, Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak mewujudkan pentadbiran terbuka dan sistem yang lebih toleran serta bertanggungjawab.

Ketua Parlimen DAP, Lim Kit Siang menyifatkan tindakan yang dikenakan terhadap organ rasmi KEADILAN itu sebagai satu tindakan pilih kasih sedangkan akhbar seperti Suara Perkasa yang bersifat menghasut dan berbaur perkauman dibenarkan penerbitannya.

Beliau merujuk kepada penerbitan Suara Perkasa beberapa hari lepas dengan tajuk muka hadapannya meminta kerajaan mengambil tindakan Akta Keselamatan Negeri (ISA) terhadap Ketua Pemuda MCA, Datuk Dr Wee Ka Siong.

Beliau menyifatkan tindakan yang dikenakan terhadap Suara Keadilan merupakan satu kemenangan kepada kumpulan pelampau perkauman seperti Perkasa yang diterajui oleh pemimpinnya, Datuk Ibrahim Ali.

Katanya, penggantungan permit Suara Keadilan bercanggah dengan jaminan perdana menteri kononnya untuk mewujudkan pentadbiran telus dan terbuka, sedangkan penerbitan bersifat perkauman dan menghasut seperti Suara Perkasa dibiarkan edarannya secara meluas.

"Pergantungan permit organ KEADILAN, Suara Keadilan oleh Kementerian Dalam Negeri menggunakan Akta Penerbitan dan Mesin Cetak perlu dibuat secara munasabah kerana ia bertentangan dengan ikrar Perdana Menteri untuk mewujudkan satu sistem yang lebih terbuka, toleran, telus dan bertanggungjawab dalam pentadbirannya," ujar beliau dalam satu kenyataan semalam.

Tegasnya, memandangkan Felda telah mengambil tindakan undang-undang terhadap Suara Keadilan, adalah tidak wajar bagi pihak KDN meneruskan intimidasinya terhadap akhbar itu kerana perkara itu telah di bawa ke mahkamah.

"Satu daripada isu yang digunakan untuk menjustifikasi penggantungan Suara Keadilan ialah laporannya mengenai status kewangan Felda.

"Bagaimanapun, oleh kerana Felda telah memulakan saman RM200 juta dan tindakan undang-undang terhadap Suara Keadilan mengenai laporan itu, ia tidak sepatutnya menjadi asas untuk mana-mana tindakan oleh Kementerian Dalam Negeri," kata Kit Siang lagi. -SK


Gantung Suara Keadilan Langkah Pertama Tekan Media Malaysia

Ketua Umum KEADILAN, Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim berkata isu permohonan memperbaharui permit penerbitan lidah rasmi parti, Suara Keadilan yang ditolak Kementerian Dalam Negeri semalam menunjukkan betapa pentingnya Malaysia menggubal atau meminda dasar yang dapat memahami dan mencerminkan keadaan global negara.

"Pagi tadi Suara Keadilan diharamkan, esok program saya di Johor dibatalkan. Nasib baik mereka tak sempat tahu pasal program Mitchell Kapoor hari ini, kalau tidak dibatalkan sekali lagi," kata beliau membidas tindakan kerajaan Umno-Barisan Nasional yang berusaha mengekang aktiviti KEADILAN.

Permohonan tersebut tidak dipertimbangkan KDN atas alasan jawapan kepada surat tunjuk sebab yang diberi kepada Suara Keadilan pada 28 Jun lalu tidak memuaskan.

Tindakan KDN ini dipercayai berhubung tajuk laporan 'Felda Bankrap' yang disiarkan dalam edisi 22-29 Jun akhbar tersebut.

Ekoran itu, semalam Felda telah menghantar surat tuntutan ganti rugi sebanyak RM200 juta serta permohonan maaf daripada Suara Keadilan Anwar berkata kini tiada berita penting dan utama dipaparkan di media arus perdana kerana kesemuanya dikawal oleh kerajaan.

Sebelum itu ketika berucap di forum Inovasi dan Keusahawanan di Bangunan SUK, di sini hari ini, Anwar berkata Malaysia mempunyai tabungan simpanan tertinggi tetapi pelaburan asing terendah di Asia.

Beliau membidas akhbar seperti Utusan Malaysia yang menyorokkan komen beliau tentang Rancangan Malaysia Ke-10 yang mendedahkan kepincangan Malaysia yang mempunyai tabungan simpanan tertinggi tetapi pelaburan asing terendah di Asia.

Sebaliknya media arus perdana sibuk memburukkan beliau sebagai agen Yahudi dan Amerika.

Komen beliau mengenai kelemahah RMK-10 tidak akan dipaparkan langsung di dalam mana-mana media arus perdana yang dikawal kerajaan Umno-BN kerana takutkan kebenaran daripada diketahui umum.

Beliau juga mengulas mengenai lawatannya ke Amerika Syarikat baru-baru ini untuk menyampaikan syarahan.

"Saya telah dipanggil ke AS untuk berucap di Pusat Woodrow Wilson berkenaan hak asasi manusia dan telah berjumpa dengan beberapa sahabat yang masa telah dikritik oleh media arus perdana seolah-olah saya cuba membaiki hubungan dengan Yahudi.

"Sahabat saya terdiri daripada pelbagai kaum dan saya sendiri tidak tahu samada mereka Yahudi atau tidak. Ada antara mereka yang mengenali saya tetapi saya tidak begitu mengenali mereka. Yang penting di sini ialah saya tidak melihat mereka dari aspek perkauman tetapi perjuangan mereka dan begitu juga sebaliknya, mereka bukannya berkawan dengan saya kerana saya Melayu," tegas beliau lagi. -SK


Ulasan GB

Begitu mudah KDN untuk menarik balik permit Suara Keadilan hanya kerana tak berpuashati jawapan dari SK didalam balasan surat tunjuk sebab.

Kita ingin nyatakan rakyat tak berpuas hati dengan tindakan diskriminasi dan pilih kasih KDN mengharamkan SK tetapi pada masa yang sama membisu dan membiarkan akhbar Suara Perkasa yang jelas mewujudkan ketegangan kaum.

Letak jawatan kamu-kamu semua di KDN sebelum kamu dicampak keluar oleh rakyat nanti!


Umno Mamak Mahathir started 'Daulat Rakyat' movement against royalty!!

Posted: 03 Jul 2010 12:03 AM PDT

Sunday May 4, 2008

Mahathir vs the Malay Rulers

WIDE ANGLE
By HUZIR SULAIMAN

In the concluding instalment of the three-part series, Ruling the Rulers, our columnist looks at the outcome of Dr Mahathir's 1983 standoff with the Sultans.
BY October 1983, Malaysians were becoming aware that a constitutional crisis was in full swing. The Constitution (Amendment) Bill 1983 had been passed by both houses of Parliament, but the King, under pressure from his fellow rulers, was refusing to give his Royal Assent to it.
The bill would remove the need for the King to assent to legislation, and would similarly do away with the need for Sultans to assent to State laws. It would also take away the King's power to declare an Emergency and give it to the Prime Minister.
The Rulers publicly rejected these amendments after a meeting in Selangor on Nov 20, 1983. When the public became aware that a storm was brewing, Dr Mahathir's administration initiated a propaganda war to put pressure on the Rulers.
There took place a "series of illegal public rallies held by Umno in Alor Star, Bagan Datoh, Seremban, Batu Pahat, Malacca, for the Prime Minister with reports of officially inflated crowd figures?." as Lim Kit Siang would later describe them in the Dewan Rakyat.
These rallies, staged in order to generate sympathy for the Government's cause, were illegal in the sense that police permits were neither sought nor granted.
Whether or not the crowd figures were inflated by the Umno-aligned media – it is true that they generally reported these events in positive terms – it is clear that the 1983 rallies were exciting evenings, with republican sentiments on everyone's minds, if not exactly on their lips. One of the most arresting images in Rais Yatim's Faces in the Corridor of Power is a photograph of two youths at one such rally. They are wearing T-shirts bearing Dr Mahathir's picture and the words "DAULAT RAKYAT".
Although the Prime Minister denied wanting to abolish the monarchy, at these rallies "the historical moment of unfolding Malay nationalism was relived as a continuing battle of Malay popular sovereignty against royal hegemony," as Khoo Boo Teik writes in Paradoxes of Mahathirism.
At a rally in Alor Star on Nov 26, Dr Mahathir declared that "It was the rakyat who had protested against the Malayan Union after the Second World War; it was the rakyat who wanted a democratic system that would enable them to choose their own leaders. It was always the people who had fought for their destiny."
At the largest rally, in Batu Pahat, Dr Mahathir told the crowds, in a thinly veiled dig at hereditary rulers, "We weren't born Ministers ? We're up here because we were chosen by all of you."
The propaganda war continued, with tales of royal extravagance and impropriety emerging. The Government leaked the fact that they were compiling dossiers on the Sultans. RTM announced they were preparing a year-long TV series on the Rulers and the Constitution.
Yet pro-royal rallies took place too – especially in Kelantan and Terengganu, where Tengku Razaleigh Hamzah was rumoured to be responsible for them – and they drew large crowds, although they went unreported by the media.
Upping the ante, the Umno Youth executive council called for the Government to gazette the Constitution (Amendment) Bill without waiting for the King's assent, effectively daring the Rulers to challenge it in court. Dr Mahathir did not immediately adopt this strategy, but held this "nuclear option" in reserve while behind-the-scenes negotiations continued with the Rulers.
Public opinion was divided over the issue. Rural Malays tended to support the Rulers; urban Malays, while not uncritical of Mahathir's strategies and motives, were more ready to accept egalitarian ideas.
As for the Chinese community, R.S. Milne and Diane K. Mauzy note in Malaysian Politics Under Mahathir that "One might have expected that, since the rulers and the Agung were symbols of 'Malayness' the Chinese would feel little loyalty to them. Paradoxically, they were quite pro-royalty, because they did not really trust Malay politicians. Indeed, they viewed the Agung and the rulers as protectors of their vital interests."
There seemed to be no way out of the impasse except by compromise – which is what happened. The Rulers agreed to the Constitutional (Amendment) Bill 1983 on the condition that many of its provisions were modified or repealed immediately with the introduction of the Constitution (Amendment) Bill 1984.
The new bill, passed in January 1984, meant that the King could now only delay a piece of non-money legislation for a month. It then had to be sent back to Parliament with his objections. If the King still opposed it in the form in which Parliament then passed it, he could only delay it for another month before it was gazetted as law.
The King could therefore only delay legislation for up to two months before it became the law of the land.
But this principle was no longer extended to the State level: Sultans still needed to assent to State bills before they became law, which was an important symbolic victory. Most importantly for those who feared Dr Mahathir's supposed plan to concentrate power in his own hands, the bill removed the proposed ability of the Prime Minister to declare an Emergency by himself, and restored it to the King.
Nonetheless, Dr Mahathir saw himself as having won, declaring at a victory rally in Malacca that the feudal system had ended. He had brought his theatrical, confrontational, unapologetically antagonistic style to a high-stakes arena and had, by some accounts at least, triumphed over the Malay Rulers.
He quickly moved to consolidate his gains. Stories had been circulating that the head of the army, Jen Tan Sri Mohd Zain Hashim, was opposed to Mahathir's approach and believed the armed force's loyalty lay with the Rulers. Mohd Zain took early retirement. This was followed by a reorganisation of the army and some 500 other early retirements and dismissals.
When the independent-minded Sultan of Johor took over as Yang di-Pertuan Agong in 1984, some feared (and some hoped) that royal activism would reassert itself.
As Roger Kershaw writes in Monarchy In South-East Asia: Faces of Tradition in Transition, "From the beginning, the Agong had made no secret of his contempt for Mahathir on the grounds of his mixed blood, calling him, to his face, 'Mamak' (a derogatory nickname for those of Indian Muslim ancestry). [?] But Dr Mahathir had proved more than a match for this difficult sovereign. Having got the measure of the King's essential vanity and exhibitionism, he prudently pandered to it, even to the extent of placing a more convenient Royal Malaysian Airforce helicopter at his permanent disposal?."
Through this and other measures, Dr Mahathir maintained good relations with the new King, enlisting him in his 1987 move against the judiciary, the effects of which are still felt today.
The Prime Minister's campaign continued. He silenced the Rulers over the issue of the 1987 ISA detentions; staged a hostile debate on the monarchy in the 1990 Umno general assembly after the loss of Kelantan to PAS; removed the Rulers' immunity to prosecution following the constitutional crisis of 1992-93; stripped away their flights, outriders, and special hospital wards; and in 1994, with little opposition, finally removed the need to obtain the Rulers' assent for State laws.
Looking back, we can see how the bars of the yellow silk cage began to go up in 1983, closing in year after year.
Should we find it surprising, then, that after 25 years the tigers within should want to break free? Can we not understand that the Rulers might want to regain what has been lost?
And here is the hardest question of all: without giving up our democratic ideals, in a cynical and disloyal age, can we find a way to let our Rulers rule?
Huzir Sulaiman writes for theatre, film, television, and newspapers.


Argentina vs Germany - who will be the winner?

Posted: 02 Jul 2010 08:43 PM PDT

Everyone is doing their own prediction on who is going to win for the game Argentina vs Germany... So which team do you think will win?

What do you think about Paul say?...


There are so many reports regarding how accurate Paul predictions but there is another report regarding the life saving dolphin Sayco in Argentina say differently... the dolphin in Mar del Plata, Argentina has made his choice by hopping one of two country - colored balls. He chose the blue and white ball.


So now who would you believe? Paul the octopus or Sayco the dolphin or yourself?
Who will win ? Argentina or Germany
What is your score for today match?


Ned vs Bra

Posted: 02 Jul 2010 07:24 PM PDT

My boss has organized a football team building with his team last night. This is not really an official team building, just a night out on drink and balls. BTW, this is the first match that i really watched from the beginning till the end.

I posted a status update on my facebook

TZ is watching football with his boss and the rest of his colleagues :p
My friend added comment : I'm gonna buy the lottery tomoro! wakakaka

So anyone wanna to buy lottery or 4D today? the lucky number is 2111

Anyway, i was having a fun time with my boss and the team... we were shouting, cheering and drinking... My boss, few of my colleagues and I were supported Ned from the beginning till the end. Only one of my colleagues supported Bra... 4 vs 1 :p

Guess what? my boss got a free jug of beer from the house for guessing the exact right score for Ned vs Bra game.

Go Ned go ...



iPhone 4: Steve Jobs offers 'fix', no more "Just avoid holding it that way." - Watch on YouTube: iPhone 3g Poor Reception

Posted: 02 Jul 2010 11:08 PM PDT


Have you been having trouble with your iPhone 4's reception? We told you about it yesterday, and even tried to replicate the problem ourselves. While we indeed saw bars drop when we held the iPhone 4 naturally in our left hand, we could still make calls. Steve Jobs has acknowledged the issue, and he's got a "fix" for you.
From Apple's head honcho himself (or, at least, from someone using his email account):
Gripping any phone will result in some attenuation of its antenna performance, with certain places being worse than others depending on the placement of the antennas. This is a fact of life for every wireless phone. If you ever experience this on your iPhone 4, avoid gripping it in the lower left corner in a way that covers both sides of the black strip in the metal band, or simply use one of many available cases.
Jobs emailed in response to to blogger C.K. Sample of Sample the Web. Sample, a lefty himself, questions the note's veracity when, thirty minutes later, he received a double reply. "Form letter that he's broadcasting to all lefties in reply to emails similar to mine?" Sample wrote. "Also, Steve Jobs or Steve Jobs' assistant?"
Either way, it definitely seems to be Apple's official line for the moment. Like a doctor that tells you not to do something that hurts, Jobs responded to Engadget with a similar line, writing, "Just avoid holding it that way."
Well, hey, thanks, Jobs! Here we thought it was a problem with the phone, but the problem has been with our hands all along! I've asked it once and I'll ask it again: Does Apple really not have any left-handed engineers?
The jury's still out on just how widespread or inhibiting this left-handed business is. Have you had any dropped calls because of it? We found that in an area such as Wisconsin, where 3G isn't as overloaded as in New York or California, calls worked just fine. AT&T is already known for spotty service in metropolitan areas, though, so poor reception when holding an iPhone left-handed can't be helping that.


While waiting for your iPhone 4 3G poor reception to be fixed, you can opt for this temp solution:


Sex and the Muslim woman: New Asian mag pushes limits

Posted: 02 Jul 2010 10:42 PM PDT

Publisher Liana Rosnita (centre) holding a copy of Aquila Asia magazine poses with the staff at the publication's editorial office in Jakarta. - AFP pic

Read all here_ Sex and the Muslim woman: New Asian mag pushes limits



HOW TO TELL IF A MAN IS A VIRGIN? LOOK FOR A SPOT ON THE EAR

Posted: 02 Jul 2010 10:23 PM PDT

'Virginity test' helps free 3 in Vietnam rape case

By TRAN VAN MINH

Associated Press Writer

In this photo taken Monday, June 28, 2010, Vietnamese  acupuncturist Pham Thi Hong performs point acupuncture on Nguyen Dinh  Kien, 30, at her home in Hanoi, Vietnam. Hong who claims she can detect a  man's virginity based on a small dot on the ear has become a minor  celebrity in Vietnam, where she is credited with helping to free three  convicted rapists from prison.
Tran Van Minh
In this photo taken Monday, June 28, 2010, Vietnamese acupuncturist Pham Thi Hong performs point acupuncture on Nguyen Dinh Kien, 30, at her home in Hanoi, Vietnam. Hong who claims she can detect a man's virginity based on a small dot on the ear has become a minor celebrity in Vietnam, where she is credited with helping to free three convicted rapists from prison.
 
An acupuncturist who claims she can detect a man's virginity based on a small dot on the ear has become a minor celebrity in Vietnam, where she is credited with helping to free three convicted rapists from prison.
Traditional medicine practitioner Pham Thi Hong started lobbying for the men's release, pleading their case all the way to the president, because she believes all three men are virgins and therefore could not be guilty of rape.
"They all had small red spots on the back of their ears," said Hong, 54. "The spots should have disappeared if they had had sex. My many years of experience told me that these men did not have sex before."
Her claims are unusual even for a country where acupuncture and traditional medicine are still common remedies, but Hong's determination to have the case reopened - even threatening to light herself on fire - led to prosecutors re-examining the case. The convictions eventually were suspended due to flaws by initial investigators.
"Thanks to her efforts, investigators revisited the case which otherwise could have been buried," said Nong Thi Hong Ha, a lawyer for one of the freed men.
Hong says she discovered the spot on Nguyen Dinh Kien's ear the first time he visited her for treatment four years ago. He was brought to the hospital from prison, where he was serving a 16-year sentence after being convicted of gang raping a 20-year-old woman in 2000.
After seeing the spot on Kien's ear, Hong believed his insistence that he was innocent. She later examined his two alleged accomplices and began a campaign for their release. Eventually, President Nguyen Minh Triet ordered that the case be re-examined.
Investigators who revisited the case discovered flaws, including the fact that testimonies of witnesses indicating their innocence were not included in the case's files, according to the local Pioneer newspaper. The three men, having served 10 years in jail, were released in January.
Vietnamese newspapers have dedicated profiles to Hong and her virginity test, crediting her with helping to free the men while not expressing any skepticism of her ability. Earlier this week, she went on an online chat on Pioneer newspaper where readers expressed their "great admiration" for her efforts.
She says she was first taught how to determine if a man has ever had sex by feeling their pulse. She later developed the ear-spot method on her own. She says the spot will only disappear after heterosexual intercourse and is not affected by gay sex or masturbation.
"I never thought that one day I would use this method to help the three men prove their innocence," said Hong, while treating a patient in her home on the outskirts of Hanoi.
Her virgin-detecting claims have drawn skepticism from other traditional medicine practitioners, who work with needles, herbs and other methods using centuries-old techniques to manipulate energy, or chi, in the body.
"I have never heard of this method before," said Nguyen Van Hao, 60, an acupuncturist who has practiced for 14 years. "From the medical point of view, it's impossible to determine whether a man has had sex or not by feeling the pulse or examining the red spot on their ears."
Hong, however, said she's convinced her method works after years of testing it on her students.
Hong says her reputation has now prompted other convicted rapists to seek her help in appealing their cases.
"I'm not planning to launch a campaign to clear innocent people who were falsely convicted of rape," she said. "But I'm willing to help people to prove their innocence, if they really are."
Posted on Fri, Jul. 02, 2010 01:39 AM


Apartheid Burmese or Myanmar Medical Professors

Posted: 17 Mar 2009 06:58 AM PDT

Myanmar medical field, under- graduate and post-graduate arena is not meant to be_

  • a cage for zoo animals to look at each other with contempt and disdain
  • nor it is a boxing ring for David and Goliath to spar without any rules,
  • or a place of vengeance or Apartheid to suppress the Kalas or Muslims
  • and polish the balls of people in power or cronies
  • or for corrupted wolves disguised in sheep skin.

I had personally experienced or suffered a lot from many of those bigot Professors during my undergraduate training, especially in the almost all the final exams and few later, as a doctor just because I am a Muslim and had no cables nor connections.

Medical arenas in every country should in fact be a thrashing ground for the nation's best medical harvest where the grain is separated from the chaff, for it has been said that the weeds and wheat shall grow alongside until the harvest and the chips fall one way or the other.

Not only should the relevant authorities, Director General of Medical Education, Rectors, Head of Departments, Professors, Consultants and Lecturers should be ashamed of themselves but every one else in the Government who is in a state of denial that_

  • not only the standard of the medical training programme was compromised
  • but its reputation would be tarnished

                                           if they continue to practice Nepotism, Cronyism, Corruption and Racial and Religious Discrimination or Apartheid.

I need to record that_

  1. Rector Professor U Tun Thin,
  2. Physician Professor Daw Myint Myint Aye ,
  3. Anatomist Prof U Khin Maung Sein,
  4. Surgeon Prof U Khin Maung Gyi

were the best of my teachers/lecturers/bosses I had met.

  1. Dr U Kyaw Myint (now working as the Health Minister),
  2. Dr Maung Maung Wint (later married to the President San Yu's daughter) and
  3. Daw Ma Ma Gyi were also some of my favourite lecturers.

During our time almost 100% of the Housemen/House Surgeon and MOs or Assistant Surgeons had lost interest in further studies and were seen reading the cartoons, love stories or other fictions and translated books only but not the Medical Books even in the wards. At last I had also give up and used to read "Speak Malay" books even on ward rounds to learn Malay language.  

I was disgusted when the DGME (U Tin Oo) who was a Paediatrician told that they could not allow a Muslim Kala a place even for a local post-graduate training.

Dr Daw Myint Myint Khin, Surgeon Dr Bo Ni, Rector Anatomist U Ba Than (father-in-law of General Ne Win),  Paediatric DGME U Shwe Tin, Physician R. Ba Pe, Anatomist Dr Pe Thaung etc were notorious for their BIGOT APARTHEID ANTI-MUSLIM or hatred of Kalas.

In Anatomy, I had done very well, top of our class in Class Work or Item-exams which were held every two weeks as viva, I got Grade 5 (A) in all except two times where I got Grade 4. In all the Completion tests held after each part teaching e.g. Upper/lower limbs, Head & Neck, CNS, Thorax, abdomen and for the Histology, Embryology, General Anatomy etc I got the best marks in our class. In the Final exam, I got Grade 5 in Paper 1 &2. And also got good marks in practical examinations. But in viva, Dr Prof. M.M. Nyo failed me. Later the news leaked out about his unfair markings_ he stayed in his friend Anatomy Demonstrator Dr Pe Thaung's house.  He was said to have asked his friend Dr Pe Thaung whether to give Grade 5. Dr Pe Thaung advised him with a remark, "Don't give that Kala distinction." So he thought I was bad student and failed me. At the moderation, the board reinstated me with Grade 5 without giving distinction.

I got the sweetest revenge when his son assaulted the teacher and expelled from the school and was banned from enlisting in all the schools in Mandalay.

They came to see me and requested with an almost crying face to plead with my mother-in-law, famous Head Mistress.  We all did not know about them as that case was happened in another school in the other township. I told my mother-in-law about the whole story and appealed on their behalf to accept in her school.

At first, my mother-in-law was angry when she heard about them. However, I persuaded her that if she refused, it is finished in one time. It may be a sweetest revenge if we do good on them and help them without even mentioning back their bad deeds. I am so happy with that revenge that would make them feel guilty till their death. She even needed to plead with the township and division education authorities because Pe Thaung's son was notorious. She had to take personally the responsibility and guarantee. She kept the boy in the hand of strict teacher's classes and took care of him till he passed all the exams in High school.

 

Actually my favourite Professor / Physician / Rector / Politician / MP / Chinese mixed blooded Burmese, U Tun Thin keep on telling me since I was in his ward as a Houseman doctor to go abroad as there was no future in Burma and he was sure that I could pass the MRCP exam with the first attempt.

When I argue that I have not enough practical experience, he told me that not only he knew me as a bright student but also he had seen how I had answered very well at the final MBBS exam including the very tough questions of the notorious Colonel Professor Tin Ohn at the viva interview. I still remember my answer when that Colonel was surprised and query me which monographs I read to be able to answer his questions, "Davidson" the prescribed textbook. When he could not believe, I told him that I had read the latest edition of this book from preface to the last page, including small prints and sub-notes below up to ten times. I even suggested him to read the prescribed textbook as that was the best medical book I had read.

And for the record, my initial aim was a Physician, as I looked up to our smart and clever Professor Daw M M Khin but later found out that she was an anti-Muslim and was personally jealous of most of the bright Medical Students. I decided not to try for the training as a Physician because of the hatred and fear of her anti-Muslim stunt. I even ignored her and tried to pretend as if I had never seen her when I met her in KL at the Myanmar First Secretary's condominium during their Christmas party. Later when I got the news that she was asking about me and was puzzled I could not recognized her, I went to see her and since then, my wife and I try to help her out with all we can. At the first visit, on the way to her house, we were surprised to see her son walking to and fro, on the very busy road divider in-front of the Hospital University KL, counting his numerous rubber bands on the wrists and talking himself. Then only we understand why his mother treated most of the Medical Students and Doctors with animosity, anger and jealousy without giving good lectures to distribute her precious knowledge. But she was good, polite and talk nicely to selective students who were relatives of other Professors, MI Chief General Tin Oo (people called 1 and a half as he was more powerful than No 2 in Ne Win's cabinet) and Chinese mixed blooded people.

She was the one who refused to give distinction to me in Physiology also. Physiology exams were tough with objective questions with multiple responses. If without knowing just ticked, if right got one mark, if refused to answer or no response, zero but wrong answer would give minus one mark. So out of about 100 students in our class, about FIVE STUDENTS only would get more than 60 marks, which is Grade 3 or pass mark. Those five persons are also not permanent. Always rotating amongst about 15-20 top students. Any way there are usually about 10 students who get more than 50 marks. I always stood first with marks ranging between 70-90%. My average marks in the two years of Physiology exams was 79.9 and I was the only one who got more than 60 average pass marks in the class for that period. My final exam marks in written and practical was also very good and I was the only person called for the distinction. But I start to realize the anti-Muslim attitude of the medical authorities since then.

In the Medicine final, I had done well in theory written papers. I got the Rheumatic Heart disease with pregnancy. I had already prepared that particular condition in advance for the O&G. Even Dr Daw MM Gyi MSc later got MRCP and became Cardiologist who was working/assisting was so impressed that she went and tell others that I, KKG got the distinction. She was later called and scolded by Head of Department Daw MM Khin. In the short case I got the paraplegic patient. I had read well and prepared thoroughly. My favourite lecturer Daw Myint Myint Aye was the best teacher I had met. She not only taught very thoroughly in theories but practically also. No one could find fault if we follow her clinical methods. And newly minted fresh MRCPs, Dr Kyaw Myint (now the Health Minister), Dr Maung Maung Wint (President's son-in-law) and newly graduated MScs Daw MM Gyi had polished us with latest knowledge, facts and methods. So R. Ba Pe could not find fault at my clinical methods and could not question me that I could not answer. When D MMGyi told him I was the distinction candidate he just changed the patient. Then I know that he cannot fail me and is not willing to give me Grade 5.

I do not want to go away from Mandalay, so I chose the surgical carrier. I will write about these in other chapters.

At last, I could not stand the discriminations anymore to remain twisting and turning in a Burma's small goldfish jar anyway. I thought and hope that there is an ocean out of Burma, bigger than Myanmar's coconut shell dome or the dried footprint of a bullock.

I decided to resign from the place where the moon continues to shine in the hollow of the bamboo only.

A frog will jump out of the hot water but will remain till its doom if its heat is gradually turned on.

I decided to jump out of the cooking pot and took the risk of falling into the fire. Actually, I had suffered from the fire of Baptism and is now happy that at least I could safe my children and their descendants from the hell-fire of endless Racial Discriminations back home. Although I realized and accepted that there is discriminations everywhere, which we could not avoid totally but now there is more space to manoeuvre our struggle for their unlimited progress. At least I had successfully taken down the glass ceiling above their heads which will limit their progress. 


The Baker Moments Subang Parade: Enjoy Norwegian quality beverages

Posted: 03 Jul 2010 12:38 AM PDT

The Baker Moments offers Norwegian quality bakery products.
 
If you want to read & relax while sipping a cuppa coffee and eating a sandwich, The Baker Moments is the place to be! There are Time mags, Reader's Digest and daily newspaper for your reading pleasure.

Nice settees are provided for you to surf the Net in comfort. The Internet speed is fast too!

There is also a section for the parents and children. The parents can get to sit down and enjoy their meals without having to worry about the children's safety.

Outlets: IKANO Power Centre - PAVILION - PANTAI Cheras - KLIA - UOA - SUBANG PARADE - SUNWAY GIZA - AEON Bandaraya Melaka


Never failed but instead of becoming a Surgeon or Obstetrician/Gynaecologist just become a General Practitioner

Posted: 08 Mar 2009 10:57 PM PDT

Never failed but instead of becoming a Surgeon

or Obstetrician/Gynaecologist

 just become a General Practitioner

Never failed although instead of becoming a Surgeon or Obstetrician/Gynaecologist just become a General Practitioner.

When I stand at my present condition and looked back my past failures in-spite of my repeated attempts. Now I see them as all of them are blessings in disguised from God/Allah.

If I was allowed to attend MSc Surgery in Burma under General Ne Win or get the MRCOG training in Singapore, UK or get the training earlier in Malaysia, I will be trouble later, that is now.

All those disguised failures now shaped me into a General Practitioner and could continue to enjoy the bountiful Rozis/Rizkis which I never even dream of.

 


 

cert-125

cert-11



Thank You Dr U Tin Oo Director General of Medical Education

Posted: 02 Jul 2010 09:59 PM PDT

Thank You, Dr U Tin Oo, DGME (Director General of Medical Education) for openly telling me that as I am a Kala (Indian or Muslim), you cannot alow me to study for the postgraduate degree. If not I won't resign from the government service, never consider to migrate and would not be in Malaysia.

That is actually a blessing in disguise from Allah.

But before and after me, there are a lot Muslims (or Kalas) were allowed to study the post-gratuate courses. I was just caught at the tail end of Ne Win's era Medical delusion. They shortsightedly thought that there were more than enough doctors and specialists and try to cut down the postdraduate students.



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