Sunday, December 19, 2010

Norwegian completes Great Wall of China walk

Norwegian completes Great Wall of China walk


Norwegian completes Great Wall of China walk

Posted: 19 Dec 2010 10:13 AM PST

42-year-old Norwegian Robert Loken has became (self proclaimed) the first person in the world to have walked the Ming Dynasty Great Wall from end to end…

Robert Loken Great Wall of China walk

Loken sold his house and quit work to follow his 21 year old dream of walking the Great Wall of China. 601 days after setting off from Jiayuguan in the Gobi desert, he arrived at the Hushan Great Wall on the North-Korean border on December 1, thus accomplished his epic mission. Quite a feat. Congrats.

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Norwegian completes Great Wall of China walk from YeinJee's Asian Blog


Offbeat roundup (December 20, 2010)

Posted: 19 Dec 2010 09:31 AM PST

Giant snowman in PolandOffbeat snippets from various sources…

[1] 24K gold roses in China.

[2] Snow monkeys in Jigokudani.

[3] Tokyo passes bill restricting sales of harmful anime & manga to minors.

[4] Giant snowman in Poland (pic).

[5] Man accidentally shredded $66K, forensic expert reconstructs the cash.

[6] BBC's the decade's top ten new species.

[7] National Geographic Best News Pictures of 2010.

[8] Time Magazine Top 10 Everything of 2010.

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Offbeat roundup (December 20, 2010) from YeinJee's Asian Blog


New Years Eve Countdown...

Posted: 19 Dec 2010 08:16 AM PST

12 Days to year 2011...

What is your new year resolution? Have you had yours? I have mine... New Job New Environment :)
What is your plan for the new years Eve Countdown?

Of cause we are not going to plan our countdown 2011 in the same old place as what we did last year... If you wanna more detail... click here. Anyway, it's a past... Let's hope they have improved for this year countdown. Even though they have improved, i also don't want to go back to that place.

So now where to go for New Years Eve Countdown?... Any suggestion? Hmmm.... one of my friend has suggested we should do our countdown @ Tony Romas in The Curve. Hey, there is a good idea. I'm the regular there. They never let me down so far... I hope they don't let me down eh~


Anyone wanna join the New Years Eve Countdown @ the Curve?


The Glitter Card

Posted: 19 Dec 2010 08:01 AM PST

"Mommy, mommy look at the beautiful glitter card," the little girl said.

"Yes Amanda, it is a beautiful card.

Would you like me to buy it for you?"

Asked her mother. Amanda nodded her head yes.



Amanda didn't know who to send the glitter card to. The stars were shining so bright on the card, it was as if the card was trying to tell her something. Amanda wondered what this special card was trying to say.

It was two days before Christmas when her Uncle Gerard came and visited her.
Amanda showed him her special glitter card and asked him if he knew what the card was trying to tell her.

"Well Amanda, I think this card is very very special and you must decide what to do with it. You can send it to your parents, friends, aunts, uncles or give it away to someone special," said Uncle Gerard.

Amanda didn't want to mail it to anyone or give it away. She wanted to keep it forever. Amanda told her Uncle that she would keep the card until it told
Her what to do.

Her Uncle laughed, patted her head and gave her $5.00.

On Christmas Eve, Amanda went downtown to the toy store. She loved looking in
The windows, and she knew that Santa Claus would be giving her everything she
Had on her Christmas list.

Standing next to Amanda was a mother and child. They were dressed in torn
Clothes that didn't look very warm.

The little girl asked her mommy if Santa Claus would know they were living in
their car and would he bring her a gift this year?

The little girl's mommy had the saddest eyes Amanda ever saw. With a small
Tear falling down her face, the mother told her little girl, she hoped Santa
Claus wouldn't forget them.

Amanda pulled the glitter card out of her pocket, looked at it and then
realized what the special glitter card was telling her.

Amanda reached into her other pocket, took out the $5.00 Uncle Gerard had given her and handed the card and the money to the mother.

Amanda ran all the way home. She was happy she was able to help someone, but
she missed her special glitter card.

Throughout Amanda's life, at Christmas time she always remembered the
"special glittered card" she once had. She had told her children and grandchildren
The story of her special card and how one card and $5.00 helped make a Merry
Christmas for one family.

One cold Christmas Eve, Amanda was sitting alone on a park bench. A girl came
Over to Amanda and asked her why she was crying. Amanda told the little girl
That her husband died two years ago, her children have all moved away and she
Was all alone.

The girl reached into her pocket and pulled out an old tattered card and
Handed it to Amanda saying: "Please take this card. Many many years ago someone
Gave this card and $5.00 to my great-grandmother on Christmas Eve. Great Granny told me it was the best Christmas they ever had."

Amanda was shocked to see it was the card she gave away so many years ago.
She was just about to tell the girl that she was the one who gave the card to
Her great-grandmother, when the girl reached into her other pocket and pulled
Out $5.00.

She handed Amanda the money and said: "Please hold on to this card until you
Find someone 'special' to pass it to."

With that, the girl ran away.

As Amanda was looking at the glittered card, she was shocked to see all the stars start to move. Instead of a group of shining stars, they now were grouped together to form one bright shining star.

Amanda now realized what this card was telling her so many years ago.

Christmas isn't about gifts, toys, parties or pretty clothes.

Christmas is about love and sharing!

Always remember.... Treat others as you wish to be treated....

And remember to share that Star that shines in your heart.......

-Author Unknown-

Note from MWS:

During this festive season, do remember the orphans, the elderly, the handicapped and spread a little love and kindness to those less fortunate than us. God bless you and have a blessed Christmas.


Disabled Cheated By Nature Group - Want Their Money Back

Posted: 19 Dec 2010 07:51 AM PST

PETPOSITIVE NEWSFLASH!
DATELINE: KOTA DAMANSARA COMMUNITY FOREST RESERVE, PETALING JAYA
NON GOVERNMENTAL ORGANISATIONS (NGOs) THAT REPRESENT THE DISABLED AND THE ELDERLY ARE FUMING. THEY ARE CRYING FOUL OVER A SPECIAL FUND THAT WAS MEANT ORIGINALLY FOR HANDICAPPED ACCESS AT THE COMMUNITY FOREST HERE.  HOWEVER, THAT FUND AMOUNTING TO RM30,000 IS NOW BEING USED FOR A NON DISABLED CAUSE.    THE


[Bergambar] Perbezaan Kutub Utara Dan Kutub Selatan

Posted: 19 Dec 2010 08:25 AM PST


Sebahagian di antara anda pasti sudah tahu bahwa penguin hanya ditemui di Kutub Selatan. Jangan harap bertemu burung yang kelihatan cantik itu di kutub utara.

Meskipun serupa, sama-sama daratan di hujung planet bumi yang didominasi ais, kutub utara dan kutub selatan menyimpan banyak perbezaan. Penguin hanya salah satu contoh perbezaan saja.

Wilayah ais Artik di kutub utara pada dasarnya merupakan lautan beku yang dikelilingi daratan yang sering disebut lingkaran Artik (Arctic Circle). Sebaliknya, Antartika di kutub selatan adalah daratan benua dengan wilayah pegunungan dan tasik berselimut ais yang dikelilingi lautan.

Benua Antartika mengandung hampir 90 peratus ais di seluruh dunia. Jika dicairkan, seluruh ais Antartika cukup untuk memenuhi tiga perempat keperluan air minum di seluruh dunia. Maka jangan hairan jika Putera Mohammed Al Faisal dari Saudi Arabia pernah berencana mengangkut 100 juta ton ais dari Antartika ke negaranya.

Benua Antartika jauh lebih dingin daripada Artik sehingga bahkan terdapat lapisan ais di sana yang tidak pernah meleleh sepanjang sejarah. Suhu rata-ratanya -49 derajat Celcius.

Suhu terdingin pernah tercatat pada 21 Julai 1983 sesejuk -89.6 darjah Celcius di Stesyen Vostok, dekat kutub geomagnetik selatan. Sementara Artik memiliki Suhu rata-rata lebih tinggi sekitar -34 derajat Celcius.

Kerana suhu yang lebih hangat ini, terbentuknya lubang ozon di atas kutub utara tidak separah kutub selatan. Sebab, suhu yang lebih hangat menyebabkan pembentukan awan stratosfer yang merusak lapisan ozon lebih sedikit.

Meski demikian, lapisan stratosfer di atas kutub utara mengalami pendinginan dari tahun ke tahun sehingga lubang ozon semakin besar. Mungkin tak akan sebasar lubang ozon di Antartika yang mencapai luas benua Eropah.

Daratan ais yang didominasi lapisan ais tipis di Artik lebih mudah retak saat musim panas tiba. Bahkan, laporan terakhir menyebutkan, ratakan ais telah melanda seluruh bagian Artik ketika tiba musim panas.

Di Antartika retakan lapisan ais melanda wilayah-wilayah tepian saja namun sekali lepas, pulau ais yang mengapung boleh berlayar dari Antartika sampai ke Selandia Baru.

Sampai saat ini, wilayah Kutub Utara masih menjadi rebutan di antara negara-negara kuasa besar. Russia sudah awal-awal mendakwa kekuasaannya di kutub utara dengan menancapkan bendera di dasar perairannya tahun lalu.

Russia sudah menyiapkan eksplorasi gas di Lomonosov Ridge, barisan pergunungan bawah laut pada kedalaman 1920 meter untuk memperoleh 10 juta ton gas.

Tetapi, AS juga tak mau kalah dengan mengirimkan kapal pemecah ais Coast Guard untuk memetakan kembali batas wilayahnya di Alaska sebelum lapisan ais di sana terus menyusut karena pemanasan global. Badan Survei Geologi AS memperkirakan terdapat kandungan minyak di bawah Artik sampai seperempat kandungan minyak dunia.

Meski pun Kutub Selatan dikirakan juga menyimpan minyak terutama di sekitar Laut Ross, kemungkinan di ketika ini sangat kecil. Antartika telah mendapat perlindungan sesuai Perjanjian Antartika yang melarang siapapun melakukan segala bentuk eksplorasi minyak dan menjadikan Antartika kawasan damai serta kajian bersama.

Sepanjang sejarah, Antartika memang tidak pernah dikuasai siapapun dan tidak ada penduduk asli di sana. Kontras sekali dengan wilayah lingkaran Artik yang terdapat beberapa kota berpenduduk seperti Barrow di Alaska, Tromso, Norwegia, serta Muramansk dan Salekhaard, Russia. Di kutub utaralah orang-orang eskimo bermukim.

Selain itu juga, hanya di Artik saja beruang kutub boleh ditemukan secara alami.

Mungkin ini juga alasan paling kuat mengapa penguin yang hanya ditemukan di kutub selatan tidak pernah menggunakan sayapnya untuk terbang.

Hidup di wilayah kekuasaan masing-masing, penguin dan beruang kutub sama-sama makan ikan dan menempati puncak rantai makanan.

Kutub Utara









Kutub Selatan










-adipedia/GB


International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination

Posted: 19 Dec 2010 06:16 AM PST

Sign in Durban that states the beach is for wh...

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Source: International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination

Adopted and opened for signature and ratification by General Assembly resolution 2106 (XX)
of 21 December 1965
entry into force 4 January 1969, in accordance with Article 19

The States Parties to this Convention,

Considering that the Charter of the United Nations is based on the principles of the dignity and equality inherent in all human beings, and that all Member States have pledged themselves to take joint and separate action, in co-operation with the Organization, for the achievement of one of the purposes of the United Nations which is to promote and encourage universal respect for and observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms for all, without distinction as to race, sex, language or religion,

Considering that the Universal Declaration of Human Rights proclaims that all human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights and that everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set out therein, without distinction of any kind, in particular as to race, colour or national origin,

Considering that all human beings are equal before the law and are entitled to equal protection of the law against any discrimination and against any incitement to discrimination,

Considering that the United Nations has condemned colonialism and all practices of segregation and discrimination associated therewith, in whatever form and wherever they exist, and that the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples of 14 December 1960 (General Assembly resolution 1514 (XV)) has affirmed and solemnly proclaimed the necessity of bringing them to a speedy and unconditional end,

Considering that the United Nations Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination of 20 November 1963 (General Assembly resolution 1904 (XVIII)) solemnly affirms the necessity of speedily eliminating racial discrimination throughout the world in all its forms and manifestations and of securing understanding of and respect for the dignity of the human person,

Convinced that any doctrine of superiority based on racial differentiation is scientifically false, morally condemnable, socially unjust and dangerous, and that there is no justification for racial discrimination, in theory or in practice, anywhere,

Reaffirming that discrimination between human beings on the grounds of race, colour or ethnic origin is an obstacle to friendly and peaceful relations among nations and is capable of disturbing peace and security among peoples and the harmony of persons living side by side even within one and the same State,

Convinced that the existence of racial barriers is repugnant to the ideals of any human society,

Alarmed by manifestations of racial discrimination still in evidence in some areas of the world and by governmental policies based on racial superiority or hatred, such as policies of apartheid, segregation or separation,

Resolved to adopt all necessary measures for speedily eliminating racial discrimination in all its forms and manifestations, and to prevent and combat racist doctrines and practices in order to promote understanding between races and to build an international community free from all forms of racial segregation and racial discrimination,

Bearing in mind the Convention concerning Discrimination in respect of Employment and Occupation adopted by the International Labour Organisation in 1958, and the Convention against Discrimination in Education adopted by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization in 1960,

Desiring to implement the principles embodied in the United Nations Declaration on the Elimination of Al l Forms of Racial Discrimination and to secure the earliest adoption of practical measures to that end,

Have agreed as follows:

PART I
Article 1

1. In this Convention, the term "racial discrimination" shall mean any distinction, exclusion, restriction or preference based on race, colour, descent, or national or ethnic origin which has the purpose or effect of nullifying or impairing the recognition, enjoyment or exercise, on an equal footing, of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural or any other field of public life.

2. This Convention shall not apply to distinctions, exclusions, restrictions or preferences made by a State Party to this Convention between citizens and non-citizens.

3. Nothing in this Convention may be interpreted as affecting in any way the legal provisions of States Parties concerning nationality, citizenship or naturalization, provided that such provisions do not discriminate against any particular nationality.

4. Special measures taken for the sole purpose of securing adequate advancement of certain racial or ethnic groups or individuals requiring such protection as may be necessary in order to ensure such groups or individuals equal enjoyment or exercise of human rights and fundamental freedoms shall not be deemed racial discrimination, provided, however, that such measures do not, as a consequence, lead to the maintenance of separate rights for different racial groups and that they shall not be continued after the objectives for which they were taken have been achieved.

Article 2

1. States Parties condemn racial discrimination and undertake to pursue by all appropriate means and without delay a policy of eliminating racial discrimination in all its forms and promoting understanding among all races, and, to this end: (a) Each State Party undertakes to engage in no act or practice of racial discrimination against persons, groups of persons or institutions and to en sure that all public authorities and public institutions, national and local, shall act in conformity with this obligation;

(b) Each State Party undertakes not to sponsor, defend or support racial discrimination by any persons or organizations;

(c) Each State Party shall take effective measures to review governmental, national and local policies, and to amend, rescind or nullify any laws and regulations which have the effect of creating or perpetuating racial discrimination wherever it exists;

(d) Each State Party shall prohibit and bring to an end, by all appropriate means, including legislation as required by circumstances, racial discrimination by any persons, group or organization;

(e) Each State Party undertakes to encourage, where appropriate, integrationist multiracial organizations and movements and other means of eliminating barriers between races, and to discourage anything which tends to strengthen racial division.
 

2. States Parties shall, when the circumstances so warrant, take, in the social, economic, cultural and other fields, special and concrete measures to ensure the adequate development and protection of certain racial groups or individuals belonging to them, for the purpose of guaranteeing them the full and equal enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms. These measures shall in no case en tail as a con sequence the maintenance of unequal or separate rights for different racial groups after the objectives for which they were taken have been achieved.

Article 3

States Parties particularly condemn racial segregation and apartheid and undertake to prevent, prohibit and eradicate all practices of this nature in territories under their jurisdiction.

Article 4

States Parties condemn all propaganda and all organizations which are based on ideas or theories of superiority of one race or group of persons of one colour or ethnic origin, or which attempt to justify or promote racial hatred and discrimination in any form, and undertake to adopt immediate and positive measures designed to eradicate all incitement to, or acts of, such discrimination and, to this end, with due regard to the principles embodied in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the rights expressly set forth in article 5 of this Convention, inter alia:

(a) Shall declare an offence punishable by law all dissemination of ideas based on racial superiority or hatred, incitement to racial discrimination, as well as all acts of violence or incitement to such acts against any race or group of persons of another colour or ethnic origin, and also the provision of any assistance to racist activities, including the financing thereof;

(b) Shall declare illegal and prohibit organizations, and also organized and all other propaganda activities, which promote and incite racial discrimination, and shall recognize participation in such organizations or activities as an offence punishable by law;

(c) Shall not permit public authorities or public institutions, national or local, to promote or incite racial discrimination.

Article 5

In compliance with the fundamental obligations laid down in article 2 of this Convention, States Parties undertake to prohibit and to eliminate racial discrimination in all its forms and to guarantee the right of everyone, without distinction as to race, colour, or national or ethnic origin, to equality before the law, notably in the enjoyment of the following rights: 

(a) The right to equal treatment before the tribunals and all other organs administering justice;

(b) The right to security of person and protection by the State against violence or bodily harm, whether inflicted by government officials or by any individual group or institution;

(c) Political rights, in particular the right to participate in elections-to vote and to stand for election-on the basis of universal and equal suffrage, to take part in the Government as well as in the conduct of public affairs at any level and to have equal access to public service;

(d) Other civil rights, in particular:

(i) The right to freedom of movement and residence within the border of the State;

(ii) The right to leave any country, including one's own, and to return to one's country;

(iii) The right to nationality;

(iv) The right to marriage and choice of spouse;

(v) The right to own property alone as well as in association with others;

(vi) The right to inherit;

(vii) The right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion;

(viii) The right to freedom of opinion and expression;

(ix) The right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association;

(e) Economic, social and cultural rights, in particular:

(i) The rights to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favourable conditions of work, to protection against unemployment, to equal pay for equal work, to just and favourable remuneration;

(ii) The right to form and join trade unions;

(iii) The right to housing;

(iv) The right to public health, medical care, social security and social services;

(v) The right to education and training;

(vi) The right to equal participation in cultural activities;

(f) The right of access to any place or service intended for use by the general public, such as transport hotels, restaurants, cafes, theatres and parks.

Article 6

States Parties shall assure to everyone within their jurisdiction effective protection and remedies, through the competent national tribunals and other State institutions, against any acts of racial discrimination which violate his human rights and fundamental freedoms contrary to this Convention, as well as the right to seek from such tribunals just and adequate reparation or satisfaction for any damage suffered as a result of such discrimination.

Article 7

States Parties undertake to adopt immediate and effective measures, particularly in the fields of teaching, education, culture and information, with a view to combating prejudices which lead to racial discrimination and to promoting understanding, tolerance and friendship among nations and racial or ethnical groups, as well as to propagating the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the United Nations Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, and this Convention.

PART II
Article 8

1. There shall be established a Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (hereinafter referred to as the Committee) consisting of eighteen experts of high moral standing and acknowledged impartiality elected by States Parties from among their nationals, who shall serve in their personal capacity, consideration being given to equitable geographical distribution and to the representation of the different forms of civilization as well as of the principal legal systems. 

2. The members of the Committee shall be elected by secret ballot from a list of persons nominated by the States Parties. Each State Party may nominate one person from among its own nationals.

3. The initial election shall be held six months after the date of the entry into force of this Convention. At least three months before the date of each election the Secretary-General of the United Nations shall address a letter to the States Parties inviting them to submit their nominations within two months. The Secretary-General shall prepare a list in alphabetical order of all persons thus nominated, indicating the States Parties which have nominated them, and shall submit it to the States Parties.

4. Elections of the members of the Committee shall be held at a meeting of States Parties convened by the Secretary-General at United Nations Headquarters. At that meeting, for which two thirds of the States Parties shall constitute a quorum, the persons elected to the Committee shall be nominees who obtain the largest number of votes and an absolute majority of the votes of the representatives of States Parties present and voting.

5.

(a) The members of the Committee shall be elected for a term of four years. However, the terms of nine of the members elected at the first election shall expire at the end of two years; immediately after the first election the names of these nine members shall be chosen by lot by the Chairman of the Committee;

(b) For the filling of casual vacancies, the State Party whose expert has ceased to function as a member of the Committee shall appoint another expert from among its nationals, subject to the approval of the Committee.

6. States Parties shall be responsible for the expenses of the members of the Committee while they are in performance of Committee duties.

Article 9

1. States Parties undertake to submit to the Secretary-General of the United Nations, for consideration by the Committee, a report on the legislative, judicial, administrative or other measures which they have adopted and which give effect to the provisions of this Convention: (a) within one year after the entry into force of the Convention for the State concerned; and

(b) thereafter every two years and whenever the Committee so requests. The Committee may request further information from the States Parties.

2. The Committee shall report annually, through the Secretary General, to the General Assembly of the United Nations on its activities and may make suggestions and general recommendations based on the examination of the reports and information received from the States Parties. Such suggestions and general recommendations shall be reported to the General Assembly together with comments, if any, from States Parties. 

Article 10

1. The Committee shall adopt its own rules of procedure.

2. The Committee shall elect its officers for a term of two years.

3. The secretariat of the Committee shall be provided by the Secretary General of the United Nations.

4. The meetings of the Committee shall normally be held at United Nations Headquarters.

Article 11

1. If a State Party considers that another State Party is not giving effect to the provisions of this Convention, it may bring the matter to the attention of the Committee. The Committee shall then transmit the communication to the State Party concerned. Within three months, the receiving State shall submit to the Committee written explanations or statements clarifying the matter and the remedy, if any, that may have been taken by that State.

2. If the matter is not adjusted to the satisfaction of both parties, either by bilateral negotiations or by any other procedure open to them, within six months after the receipt by the receiving State of the initial communication, either State shall have the right to refer the matter again to the Committee by notifying the Committee and also the other State.

3. The Committee shall deal with a matter referred to it in accordance with paragraph 2 of this article after it has ascertained that all available domestic remedies have been invoked and exhausted in the case, in conformity with the generally recognized principles of international law. This shall not be the rule where the application of the remedies is unreasonably prolonged.

4. In any matter referred to it, the Committee may call upon the States Parties concerned to supply any other relevant information.

5. When any matter arising out of this article is being considered by the Committee, the States Parties concerned shall be entitled to send a representative to take part in the proceedings of the Committee, without voting rights, while the matter is under consideration.

Article 12

1. (a) After the Committee has obtained and collated all the information it deems necessary, the Chairman shall appoint an ad hoc Conciliation Commission (hereinafter referred to as the Commission) comprising five persons who may or may not be members of the Committee. The members of the Commission shall be appointed with the unanimous consent of the parties to the dispute, and its good offices shall be made available to the States concerned with a view to an amicable solution of the matter on the basis of respect for this Convention;

(b) If the States parties to the dispute fail to reach agreement within three months on all or part of the composition of the Commission, the members of the Commission not agreed upon by the States parties to the dispute shall be elected by secret ballot by a two-thirds majority vote of the Committee from among its own members.

2. The members of the Commission shall serve in their personal capacity. They shall not be nationals of the States parties to the dispute or of a State not Party to this Convention.

3. The Commission shall elect its own Chairman and adopt its own rules of procedure.

4. The meetings of the Commission shall normally be held at United Nations Headquarters or at any other convenient place as determined by the Commission.

5. The secretariat provided in accordance with article 10, paragraph 3, of this Convention shall also service the Commission whenever a dispute among States Parties brings the Commission into being.

6. The States parties to the dispute shall share equally all the expenses of the members of the Commission in accordance with estimates to be provided by the Secretary-General of the United Nations.

7. The Secretary-General shall be empowered to pay the expenses of the members of the Commission, if necessary, before reimbursement by the States parties to the dispute in accordance with paragraph 6 of this article.

8. The information obtained and collated by the Committee shall be made available to the Commission, and the Commission may call upon the States concerned to supply any other relevant information.

Article 13

1. When the Commission has fully considered the matter, it shall prepare and submit to the Chairman of the Committee a report embodying its findings on all questions of fact relevant to the issue between the parties and containing such recommendations as it may think proper for the amicable solution of the dispute.

2. The Chairman of the Committee shall communicate the report of the Commission to each of the States parties to the dispute. These States shall, within three months, inform the Chairman of the Committee whether or not they accept the recommendations contained in the report of the Commission.

3. After the period provided for in paragraph 2 of this article, the Chairman of the Committee shall communicate the report of the Commission and the declarations of the States Parties concerned to the other States Parties to this Convention.

Article 14

1. A State Party may at any time declare that it recognizes the competence of the Committee to receive and consider communications from individuals or groups of individuals within its jurisdiction claiming to be victims of a violation by that State Party of any of the rights set forth in this Convention. No communication shall be received by the Committee if it concerns a State Party which has not made such a declaration.

2. Any State Party which makes a declaration as provided for in paragraph I of this article may establish or indicate a body within its national legal order which shall be competent to receive and consider petitions from individuals and groups of individuals within its jurisdiction who claim to be victims of a violation of any of the rights set forth in this Convention and who have exhausted other available local remedies.

3. A declaration made in accordance with paragraph 1 of this article and the name of any body established or indicated in accordance with paragraph 2 of this article shall be deposited by the State Party concerned with the Secretary-General of the United Nations, who shall transmit copies thereof to the other States Parties. A declaration may be withdrawn at any time by notification to the Secretary-General, but such a withdrawal shall not affect communications pending before the Committee.

4. A register of petitions shall be kept by the body established or indicated in accordance with paragraph 2 of this article, and certified copies of the register shall be filed annually through appropriate channels with the Secretary-General on the understanding that the contents shall not be publicly disclosed.

5. In the event of failure to obtain satisfaction from the body established or indicated in accordance with paragraph 2 of this article, the petitioner shall have the right to communicate the matter to the Committee within six months.

6.

(a) The Committee shall confidentially bring any communication referred to it to the attention of the State Party alleged to be violating any provision of this Convention, but the identity of the individual or groups of individuals concerned shall not be revealed without his or their express consent. The Committee shall not receive anonymous communications;

(b) Within three months, the receiving State shall submit to the Committee written explanations or statements clarifying the matter and the remedy, if any, that may have been taken by that State.

7.

(a) The Committee shall consider communications in the light of all information made available to it by the State Party concerned and by the petitioner. The Committee shall not consider any communication from a petitioner unless it has ascertained that the petitioner has exhausted all available domestic remedies. However, this shall not be the rule where the application of the remedies is unreasonably prolonged;

(b) The Committee shall forward its suggestions and recommendations, if any, to the State Party concerned and to the petitioner.

8. The Committee shall include in its annual report a summary of such communications and, where appropriate, a summary of the explanations and statements of the States Parties concerned and of its own suggestions and recommendations.

9. The Committee shall be competent to exercise the functions provided for in this article only when at least ten States Parties to this Convention are bound by declarations in accordance with paragraph I of this article.

Article 15

1 . Pending the achievement of the objectives of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples, contained in General Assembly resolution 1514 (XV) of 14 December 1960, the provisions of this Convention shall in no way limit the right of petition granted to these peoples by other international instruments or by the United Nations and its specialized agencies.

2.

(a) The Committee established under article 8, paragraph 1, of this Convention shall receive copies of the petitions from, and submit expressions of opinion and recommendations on these petitions to, the bodies of the United Nations which deal with matters directly related to the principles and objectives of this Convention in their consideration of petitions from the inhabitants of Trust and Non-Self-Governing Territories and all other territories to which General Assembly resolution 1514 (XV) applies, relating to matters covered by this Convention which are before these bodies;

(b) The Committee shall receive from the competent bodies of the United Nations copies of the reports concerning the legislative, judicial, administrative or other measures directly related to the principles and objectives of this Convention applied by the administering Powers within the Territories mentioned in subparagraph (a) of this paragraph, and shall express opinions and make recommendations to these bodies.

3. The Committee shall include in its report to the General Assembly a summary of the petitions and reports it has received from United Nations bodies, and the expressions of opinion and recommendations of the Committee relating to the said petitions and reports.

4. The Committee shall request from the Secretary-General of the United Nations all information relevant to the objectives of this Convention and available to him regarding the Territories mentioned in paragraph 2 (a) of this article.

Article 16

The provisions of this Convention concerning the settlement of disputes or complaints shall be applied without prejudice to other procedures for settling disputes or complaints in the field of discrimination laid down in the constituent instruments of, or conventions adopted by, the United Nations and its specialized agencies, and shall not prevent the States Parties from having recourse to other procedures for settling a dispute in accordance with general or special international agreements in force between them.

PART III
Article 17

1. This Convention is open for signature by any State Member of the United Nations or member of any of its specialized agencies, by any State Party to the Statute of the International Court of Justice, and by any other State which has been invited by the General Assembly of the United Nations to become a Party to this Convention.

2. This Convention is subject to ratification. Instruments of ratification shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.

Article 18

1. This Convention shall be open to accession by any State referred to in article 17, paragraph 1, of the Convention. 2. Accession shall be effected by the deposit of an instrument of accession with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.

Article 19

1. This Convention shall enter into force on the thirtieth day after the date of the deposit with the Secretary-General of the United Nations of the twenty-seventh instrument of ratification or instrument of accession.

2. For each State ratifying this Convention or acceding to it after the deposit of the twenty-seventh instrument of ratification or instrument of accession, the Convention shall enter into force on the thirtieth day after the date of the deposit of its own instrument of ratification or instrument of accession.

Article 20

1. The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall receive and circulate to all States which are or may become Parties to this Convention reservations made by States at the time of ratification or accession. Any State which objects to the reservation shall, within a period of ninety days from the date of the said communication, notify the Secretary-General that it does not accept it.

2. A reservation incompatible with the object and purpose of this Convention shall not be permitted, nor shall a reservation the effect of which would inhibit the operation of any of the bodies established by this Convention be allowed. A reservation shall be considered incompatible or inhibitive if at least two thirds of the States Parties to this Convention object to it.

3. Reservations may be withdrawn at any time by notification to this effect addressed to the Secretary-General. Such notification shall take effect on the date on which it is received.

Article 21

A State Party may denounce this Convention by written notification to the Secretary-General of the United Nations. Denunciation shall take effect one year after the date of receipt of the notification by the Secretary General.

Article 22

Any dispute between two or more States Parties with respect to the interpretation or application of this Convention, which is not settled by negotiation or by the procedures expressly provided for in this Convention, shall, at the request of any of the parties to the dispute, be referred to the International Court of Justice for decision, unless the disputants agree to another mode of settlement.

Article 23

1. A request for the revision of this Convention may be made at any time by any State Party by means of a notification in writing addressed to the Secretary-General of the United Nations.

2. The General Assembly of the United Nations shall decide upon the steps, if any, to be taken in respect of such a request.

Article 24

The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall inform all States referred to in article 17, paragraph 1, of this Convention of the following particulars:

(a) Signatures, ratifications and accessions under articles 17 and 18;

(b) The date of entry into force of this Convention under article 19;

(c) Communications and declarations received under articles 14, 20 and 23;

(d) Denunciations under article 21.

Article 25

1. This Convention, of which the Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish texts are equally authentic, shall be deposited in the archives of the United Nations.

2. The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall transmit certified copies of this Convention to all States belonging to any of the categories mentioned in article 17, paragraph 1, of the Convention.

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Hindraf Tuntut PR Beri 15 Kerusi Parlimen

Posted: 19 Dec 2010 06:46 AM PST

HRP kepada Pakatan: Beri kami 15 kerusi parlimen

Hindraf-Parti Hak Asasi Manusia (HRP) telah memberi kata dua kepada Pakatan Rakyat supaya memberi laluan kepada parti kaum India itu bertanding satu lawan satu dengan BN di 15 kerusi parlimen dan 38 kerusi negeri dalam pilihanraya umum akan datang.

Dalam surat yang dihantar hari ini kepada ketua umum PKR Datuk Seri
Anwar Ibrahim, penasihat DAP Lim Kit Siang dan presiden PAS Datuk Seri Hadi Awang, setiausaha agung penaja HRP, P Uthayakumar berkata jika Pakatan tidak memenuhi permintaan parti itu, gabungan itu akan berdepan dengan pertandingan tiga penjuru di kawasan berkenaan.

Sebagai ganjaran tidak bertanding, menjanji sokongan dan menyediakan bantuan jentera kepada HRP, Pakatan akan mendapatkan "sokongan tidak berbelah bagi dan kerjasama di semua 207 kerusi parlimen dan 538 kerusi DUN untuk memenangi semula sokongan pengundi India.

Beliau berkata, pihaknya telah menyokong (Pakatan) dalam pilihanraya umum ke-12, dan sekarang "kami meminta anda membalas budi itu."

Uthayakumar berkata, pihak berharap Pakatan tidak akan meletak calon di kawasan berkenaan sehingga menyebabkan berlakunya pertandingan tinga penjuru "menentang musuh politik bersama kita (Umno-BN).

Dikehendaki: Ijok, Lembah Pantai, Padang Serai

Bercakap dalam satu sidang akhbar di ibupejabat HRP di di Bangsar, Kuala Lumpur, Uthayakumar berkata bahawa kerusi yang dipilih itu mempunyai jumlah besar pengundi India, termasuk kerusi yang kini diwakili wakil rakyat PKR seperti Padang Serai di Kedah, Ipoh di Perak Barat, Kota Raja di Selangor dan Lembah Pantai di Kuala Lumpur.

Mereka juga berminat dengan kerusi parlimen Sungei Siput, Perak, yang
kini diwakili oleh anggota jawatankuasa pusat PSM, Dr D Jeyakumar.

Uthayakumar berkata, 15 aktivis setia Hindraf telah disenarai-pendekkan sebagai calon.

"Mereka telah teruji, telah menjadi sebahagian daripada Hindraf sejak hari pertama, tidak akan melompat ke parti lain dan sama kuat dengan calon PAS," katanya.

Ditanya mengapa HRP memilih untuk tidak menyokong calon Pakatan di kawasan pilihan raya berkenaan, Uthayakumar berkata, ia kerana isu yang dihadapi oleh masyarakat miskin India di situ tidak di bawa ke Parlimen.

Bagaimanapun, HRP tidak menolak kemungkinan bertanding di bawah tiket Pakatan jika mereka gagal mendaftarkannya sebagai parti

politik dengan Pendaftar Pertubuhan (ROS) menjelang pilihan raya umum akan datang.

Uthayakumar berkata, pihaknya telah mengemukakan semua dokumen yang diperlukan oleh ROS pada 25 November.

Menurutnya sama ada didaftar atau tidak, mereka akan bertanding, termasuk sebagai calon Bebas.

Kerusi parlimen yang dituntut bahawa HRP ialah:

1. Padang Serai (Penyandang: PKR-N Gobalakrishnan)
2. Batu Kawan (DAP-P Ramasamy)
3. Sungei Siput (PSM-Dr D Jeyakumar)
4. Ipoh Barat (DAP-N Kulasegaran)
5. Bagan Datoh (Datuk Zahid Hamidi BN-Ahmad)
6. Cameron Highlands (BN-SK Devamany)
7. Hulu Selangor (BN-P Kamalanathan)
8. Kuala Selangor (PAS-Dzulkefy Ahmad)
9. Klang (DAP-Charles Santiago)
10. Kota Raja (PAS-Siti Mariah Mahmud)
11. Rasah (DAP-Anthony Loke)
12. Teluk Kemang (PKR-Kamarul Baharin Abbas)
13. Alor Gajah (BN-Fong Chan Onn)
14. Tebrau (BN-Teng Boon Soon)
15. Lembah Pantai (PKR-Nurul Izzah Anwar)

Malam ini, Uthayakumar juga akan dilancarkan buku kedua yang
ditulisnya ketika 514 hari berada dalam tahanan di bawah Akta Keselamatan Dalam Negeri (ISA).

Berjudul '25 November Hindraf Rally 2007 ", buku setebal 400 halaman itu merupakan catatan peribadinya mengenai peristiwa yang membawa kepada perhimpunan bersejarah yang disertai oleh 30,000 kerana memprotes diskriminasi terhadap kaum India, dan pengalamannya di bawah ISA. -mk


Mayat Lelaki Dibaham Buaya Ditemui Di Tebing Sungai Samarahan

Posted: 19 Dec 2010 05:28 AM PST

Mayat nelayan dibaham buaya ditemui di tebing Sungai Samarahan

KUCHING: Mayat seorang nelayan berusia 66 tahun yang dibaham buaya, telah ditemui hari ini dalam keadaan bercerai-cerai hari ini di tebing Sungai Samarahan, tempat haiwan itu dilihat semalam.

Bahagian perut dan tangan kiri Sidi Samat ditemui pasukan mencari yang terdiri daripada polis, Jabatan Bomba dan Penyelamat, Perbadanan Perhutanan Sarawak dan RELA pada jam 8.45 pagi.

Anak mangsa, Musa berkata ibunya menjadi bimbang selepas warga emas itu tidak pulang-pulang selepas keluar menjala udang awal pagi semalam, kira-kira 25 meter dari rumah mereka.

Sekitar 11 pagi itu, seorang penduduk kampung dilaporkan ternampak kelibat seekor buaya berukuran 18 kaki berhampiran kawasan itu.

Mayat Sidi kemudian dikebumikan di tanah perkuburan Islam Kampung Reban. - BERNAMA


Buaya lambung ayah

KOTA SAMARAHAN: Seorang anak hanya mampu menitiskan air mata apabila melihat dengan mata sendiri ayah kesayangan dilambung seekor buaya sepanjang lima meter selepas dia dilaporkan hilang ketika pergi menjala udang di Sungai Samarahan, pagi semalam.

Sidi Samad, 66, dipercayai dibaham buaya selepas anaknya, Musa Sidi, 38, melihat sendiri reptilia terbabit timbul sebanyak tiga kali di permukaan sungai berkenaan sambil menggigit tubuh mangsa.

"Ketika itu, saya menyeru buaya terbabit supaya 'pulangkan' bapa saya dan reptilia terbabit mula bergerak perlahan menuju ke tebing.

"Saya perasan bapa saya berada di mulut buaya selepas melihat kedua-dua kakinya lalu memanggil buaya berkenaan. Bagaimanapun, buaya itu hanya bergerak separuh dari tempat mula-mula saya nampak sebelum membenamkan badannya ke dasar sungai.

"Selepas itu, saya terus memanggil namun buaya berkenaan terus tidak timbul," katanya ketika ditemui di rumahnya di Kampung Reban, semalam.

Menurutnya, kerja menjala udang di sungai berhadapan rumahnya menjadi kebiasaan sejak beberapa tahun lalu, namun dia tidak menyangka kejadian menimpa ayahnya.

"Ayah saya sering ke sungai berkenaan dan setiap kali terserempak dengan buaya itu, dia akan 'meminta kebenaran' untuk melaluinya," katanya.

Sidi yang juga Imam Masjid Darul Ehsan di kampung berkenaan dikatakan keluar menjala udang di sungai berkenaan bersendirian dengan menaiki perahu kira-kira jam 6.40 pagi.

Sebelum keluar, isterinya, Dayang Salha Awang Sharul, 64, sempat menikmati sarapan pagi bersama mangsa dan kehilangannya mula disedari selepas tidak pulang ke rumah kira-kira jam 10 pagi.

"Kebiasaannya, suami saya akan pulang selewat-lewatnya sejam dari waktu dia turun ke sungai. Tapi, hari ini (semalam) saya risau selepas kelibatnya tidak muncul sehinggalah saya menghubungi Musa untuk meminta bantuan mencari ayahnya.

"Ini kerana, saya dimaklumkan ada individu ternampak suami saya dibaham buaya. Itulah yang menyebabkan saya meminta bantuan daripada anak dan penduduk kampung," katanya yang mendirikan rumah tangga dengan arwah suaminya 45 tahun lalu.

Katanya, pada malam sebelum kejadian, suaminya beriya-iya mengajaknya ke majlis tahlil berikutan terdapat salah seorang penduduk kampung meninggal dunia beberapa hari lalu.

"Suami saya menyuarakan hasrat untuk membawa saya menunaikan umrah April tahun depan. Kami sudah mengumpul duit untuk menunaikan hajatnya," katanya.

Dalam pada itu, ketika usaha mencari dan menyelamat dilakukan, penduduk hanya menemui perahu dipercayai digunakan untuk menjala selain hasil tangkapan iaitu udang.

Sementara itu, Ketua Polis Daerah Serian, Deputi Superintendan Jamali Umi berkata, pihaknya menerima panggilan daripada salah seorang penduduk memaklumkan kejadian itu.

Beliau berkata, susulan itu, polis dengan bantuan Jabatan Bomba dan Penyelamat serta penduduk kampung melancarkan gerakan mencari Sidi namun sehingga jam 7 malam belum ditemui. -hm




Buku: Bumi Manusia - 2

Posted: 19 Dec 2010 02:06 AM PST

Nota kecil dari Facebook: 

 

Bumi Manusia menyedarkanku, bahawa sebab musabab Afrika Selatan menjadi pilihan Belanda untuk membuang banyak pejuang dan penentang penjajahan di Indonesia adalah kerana negara itu juga antara negara yang mereka dijajah, khususnya Cape Town. Sekaligus mewujudkan komuniti Melayu (Cape Malays) disana. 

 

Lalu saya terfikir yang asal muasal Cape Malays adalah dari Indonesia, bukan Malaysia. Ada pandangan? 

 

Jawapan dari saudara Muhammad Jailani, kenalan dari Singapura yang kini sedang menuntut di Universiti Malaya: 

 

Saya fikir, usah terlalu menyempitkan takrifan Melayu itu sendiri. Bangsa Melayu adalah sebuah bangsa yang melampaui batas politik. Jelasnya, Indonesia dan Malaysia itu sendiri merupakan entiti politik. Sebelum 1928 dan 1957 tiada istilah Malaysia mahupun Indonesia. Pastinya juga, Cape Malays juga bertapak di sana jauh sebelum tahun-tahun yang disebutkan di atas. Atas dasar itu, tidak wajar untuk kita katakan mereka itu asal Indonesia atau Malaysia kerana kedua-duanya belum wujud pada waktu tersebut. 

 

Saya bersetuju dengan pandangan ini. Oleh kerana nusanrata Melayu sudah dibelah oleh semangat nasionalisme dan negara bangsa, maka wujudlah Malaysia dan Indonesia. Dan mana Cape Malays itupun sebenanrya merujuk kepada rumpun Melayu, bukannya warga Malaysia. Maka, janganlah kita sangka Cape Malays adalah warga Malaysia SAHAJA. Ayat yang sepatutnya ialah rumpun MELAYU.

 

Dan bagi menambah kefahaman akan letak duduknya isu ini, saya pun rajin mengGoogle dan beberapa pautan berikut boleh membantu menambah ilmu didada. Cuma...

Belanda Impor Budak Indonesia ke Afsel

Ditulis oleh Admin pada tanggal:20/06/2010 di Dapunta Online: Nusantara, Sejarah | 2 Comments |
museum nelson mandela 300x211 Belanda Impor Budak Indonesia ke Afsel
Museum Nelson Mandela/ FOto: scanshop.co.za

Dapunta Online – PENGUNJUNG MUSEUM Nelson Mandela bisa menyaksikan tayangan audio visual mengenai sejarah Afrika Selatan (Afsel) beberapa abad yang lalu. Dalam tayangan tersebut disebut-sebut nama Madagaskar dan Indonesia sebagai "pengimpor" budak ke Afrika Selatan yang dibawa para penjajah Belanda (Belanda). Ketika itu, orang-orang Belanda menjadi penguasa di Afrika Selatan, sebelum akhirnya dikalahkan Inggris pada perang Boer.

Anehnya, sebagian besar orang asli Afrika Selatan tidak mengenal Indonesia. Ketika ditanya, apakah Anda tahu Indonesia? Jawaban mereka beragam, "Malaysia?" atau "Cina", bahkan ada yang mengatakan "Bali". "Indonesia memang harus bekerja keras untuk memperkenalkan diri. Malaysia lebih dikenal di sana dibandingkan dengan Indonesia. Bahkan, Cape Malay sudah 'diklaim' oleh Malaysia. Padahal, tempat tersebut sangat erat kaitannya dengan sejarah Indonesia di Afrika Selatan," kata Ali Hasan, Wakil Direktur Indonesian Trade Promotion Centre (ITPC).

Cape of Good Hope adalah tempat pertama kalinya para budak asal Jawa dan Madagaskar mendarat di Afrika Selatan pada sekitar tahun 1652. Para budak tersebut kemudian dinamai etnis Cape Malay. Namun, karena namanya Malay, maka orang-orang Afrika Selatan lebih mengenal Malaysia dibandingkan dengan Indonesia.

Datangnya para budak dari Indonesia disusul dengan pengasingan Syech Yusuf dari Makassar di Cape Town pada 1694 oleh Belanda semakin meneguhkan posisi Indonesia dalam sejarah Afrika Selatan. Bahkan, Syeh Yusuf, ulama muda dan juga pemimpin tentara Kesultanan Banten, juga merupakan penyebar agama Islam pertama di bagian selatan benua hitam ini. Selain Syeh Yusuf, sebenarnya ada nama lain seperti Abdullah Ibn Qadi Abdussalam asal Tidore.

Belanda sangat khawatir dengan perkembangan Islam di Cape Town, kemudian memindahkan dan mengisolasi Syeh Yusuf ke Zandvliet, di luar Cape Town. Namun, upaya Belanda tersebut gagal dan Islam tetap berkembang pesat di Cape Town.

Kesadaran sebagai orang asal Indonesia sudah dirasakan oleh beberapa orang Afrika Selatan terutama para Muslim. Bahkan, mereka langsung menyatakan mereka juga keturunan Indonesia khususnya Banten. Salah seorangnya adalah Ibrahim Salleh, Kepala Sekolah Muslim Bosmont.

Ibrahim mengakui, memang sebelumnya ada "kesalahpahaman" tentang Malay. Menurut Ibrahim, asumsi orang selama ini Malay sama dengan Malaysia, dan mereka juga diidentikan dengan keturunan Malaysia. "Namun, kami sudah tahu anggapan itu salah," ujarnya.

Ibrahim sendiri tidak mengetahui bagaimana nama tempat tersebut kemudian disebut Cape Malay. "Mungkin karena berasal dari daerah atau kawasan orang-orang Melayu kemudian dinamakan Malay. Sebenarnya pula, para budak tersebut bukan berasal dari etnis Melayu. Para budak disebutkan didatangkan dari Jawa, sedangkan Syeh Yusuf orang Makassar," ujarnya.

Cape Malay yang sekarang ini juga disebut Cape Muslim, sudah menjadi etnis tersendiri di Afrika Selatan. Pada masa apartheid, etnis Cape Malay masuk dalam golongan kulit berwarna (colored), kastanya lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan kulit hitam, tetapi di bawah kulit putih.

Populasi etnis Cape Malay sekarang ini sekitar 166 ribu di Cape Town dan sekitar 10.000 di Johannesburg. Orang-orang Cape Malay juga penentang apartheid, salah seorang pimpinannya adalah Farid Esack.

Karena "kesalahpahaman" kemudian "klaim" Malaysia, Indonesia harus berjuang untuk memperkenalkan diri. "Mengubah persepsi orang sangat sulit, tetapi kami akan terus memperkenalkan Indonesia di Afrika Selatan. Indonesia merupakan bagian dari sejarah Afrika Selatan," ujar Ali Hasan. [*] PR/DPT

Sumber disini

 

Kan! Dah cakap dah!

 

Lain-lain pautan:

  1. Satu

  2. Dua



 


KONVENSYEN PR 2 - UCAPTAMA TG PRESIDEN

Posted: 19 Dec 2010 02:32 AM PST

12 Muharram 1432 H | 19 Disember 2010

"Belum pun kita sempat melaksanakan amanah dengan sempurna, angin yang bertiup kencang di waktu ini telah memberi gambaran bahawa saat dan ketika untuk kita berdepan dengan Pilihanraya Umum ke 13 detiknya semakin hampir. Suasana sebegini dizahirkan oleh pimpinan utama BN bahawa mereka merasakan semakin selesa dan kononnya rakyat akan kembali bersama mereka.

Kepada mereka, marilah kita pertegaskan pada hari ini bahawa kita bukan sahaja komited untuk mempertahankan kerajaan Pakatan Rakyat di empat buah negeri ini, tetapi kita akan bangkit untuk merubah kedudukan percaturan politik yang menjadi dominasi Barisan Nasional selama ini, insya Allah.

Kita juga mencabar pimpinan Barisan Nasional untuk berani turun ke gelanggang secara amanah dan jujur, tanpa bergantung kepada agensi dan institusi kerajaan, tidak memperkudakan media massa serta menaburkan janji kosong pilihanraya yang saban tahun menjadi rasuah mereka kepada rakyat. Marilah kita turun ke gelanggang secara penuh demokrasi, bukannya berpaut kepada demokrasi yang rosak.

Kepada saudara saudari yang hadir dalam konvensyen ini, ingatlah bahawa sekiranya kita ingin mencapai kejayaan yang lebih baik dari pilihan raya umum yang lalu, maka pada ketika dan saat ini kita perlu memperkemaskan jentera pilihan raya, mempersiapkan petugas, merangka strategi berkesan, membaiki kelemahan, dan seterusnya menampilkan calon yang amanah dan jujur kepada rakyat.


Akhirnya, saya ingin mengucapkan tahniah kepada seluruh jawatankuasa konvensyen, pimpinan Pakatan Rakyat, para perwakilan dan pemerhati, dan rakyat yang bersama kita di merata tempat, serta sekalung terima kasih kepada tuan rumah konvensyen yang menjayakan perhimpunan yang bersejarah ini. 
Mudah-mudahan konvensyen kali kedua ini mampu untuk mencapai objektif yang dicita-citakan."

Ucapan penuh di sini


Nama Mazlan & Felda Bergema Di Konvensyen, Calon PRK Tenang?

Posted: 19 Dec 2010 02:15 AM PST

Mazlan Aliman calon PAS di Tenang?

PETALING JAYA: Tinjauan rambang di kalangan penyokong PAS di Labis dan khususnya kawasan dewan undangan negeri Tenang, mereka berpendapat calon PAS yang paling sesuai ialah Mazlan Aliman.

Mazlan merupakan AJK PAS Pusat, ketua penerangan PAS Johor dan Presiden Persatuan Anak Peneroka Felda Kebangsaan (Anak).

Adun Tenang Johor,Datuk Sulaiman Taha, 59 tahun meninggal dunia di Hospital Pakar Puteri pada 17 Disember yang lalu kerana jangkitan kuman dalam darah..

Pada pilihanraya umum 2008, Sulaiman Timbalan Yang Dipertua PAS Labis ketika itu, Mohd Saim Siran.

Seorang penyokong PAS Kampung Redong berkata, "Mazlan paling sesuai kerana di Tenang ada juga kawasan Felda.

"Beliau (MAzlan) yang lebih tahu mengenai Felda. Kita nak tahu sebanyak banyak orang Felda menyokong Anak yang diusahakan oleh Mazlan itu," katanya.

Beliau menambah, ada tiga buah kawasan tanah rancangan Felda di Dun Tenang iaitu Chemplak,Chemplak Barat dan Felda Tenang.

Rakannya, Zulkifli Sarmin pula memberitahu, Mazlan merupakan penggerak PAS Johor yang menonjol ketika ini terutama dengan isu penyelewengan Felda.

"Biarlah isu Felda terus didedahkan kepada pengundi Tenang, biar mereka tahu isu sebenar dalam tanah rancangan itu.

"Kalau pun kita tidak menang dalam pilihanraya ini, sekurangnya kita ada bekalan untuk pilihanraya umum akan datang.

"Sekurang-kurangnya kita tahu isu Felda ini. Kalau mereka sokong, maknanya isu ini boleh digunakan lagi dalam pilihanraya umum akan datang," katanya.

Ditanya adakah pendedahan demi pendedahan mengenai penyelewengan Felda boleh mempengaruhi pengundi peneroka Tenang, Zulkifli berkata, "boleh jika kena caranya."

Katanya, di Tenang masyarakat penoraka hanya mendengar sahaja tetapi belum ada pihak yang mendedahkannya.

"Kalau Mazlan boleh dedahkan, saya percaya masyarakat peneroka Felda akan mengundi PAS apatah lagi kalau calonnya Mazlan sendiri," katanya.

Bagaimanapun, seorang pemimpin Umno Labis menjelaskan isu penyelewengan Felda tidak berkesan untuk digunakan di Tenang.

ini kerana, kataya, tiada sebarang masalah yang dihadapi oleh masyarakat Felda di Tenang.

"Kami tidak pernah mendengar peneroka Felda merungut tidak puas hati…jadi apa isu yang hendak dibawa Mazlan di sini (Tenang)," katanya yang hanya mahu dikenali sebagai Alias. -FMT


Mazlan dan Felda bergema di Dewan Millenium

Isu Felda sekali bergema di persada politik negara apabila Pengerusi Anak, Mazlan Aliman menjadikan peneroka Felda dan anak cucu mereka sebagai pihak yang perlu diperjuangkan.

Apa yang dikatakan oleh Mazlan penting kerana selain mempersiapkan Pakatan Rakyat menghadapi pilihan raya umum, konvensyen kali ini juga perlu mempersiapkan Pakatan Rakyat menghadapi pilihan raya kecil Dun Tenang, Labis, Johor.

Pilihan raya kecil ini perlu diadakan ekoran kematian Adunnya, Datuk Sulaiman Taha baru-baru ini.

Ucapan Mazlan penting kerana di Dun Tenang, lebih 3,000 pengundinya adalah peneroka dan penghuni tiga kawasan Felda di dalam Dun tersebut.

Pelbagai cadangan dikemukakan Mazlan dalam ucapannya kali ini. Ada yang lama dan banyak juga cadangan baru yang dikemukakan beliau.

Yang terbaru adalah cadangan beliau agar sebuah universiti Felda ditubuhkan sebagaimana lain-lain agensi dan badan kerajaan yang mempunyai universiti sendiri termasuklah TNB dan Petronas.

Felda, kata Mazlan, mempunyai kelebihan tersendiri sehingga melayakkannya untuk dibina sebuah universiti. Antaranya mempunyai tanah yang banyak.

"Saya cadang, apa salahnya Felda dibina di bandar pusat Jengka misalnya," kata Mazlan dalam ucapannya itu.

Atas ucapan itulah, nama Mazlan disebut-sebut bakal menjadi calon pilihan Pakatan Rakyat untuk mewakili mereka dalam pilihan raya kecil Tenang tidak lama lagi.

Ketika konvensyen berlangsung, pemimpin utama Pakatan Rakyat mengadakan mesyuarat khas yang jarang-jarang mereka adakan ketika majlis berlangsung.

Mesyuarat yang disertai oleh semua pemimpin PAS, PKR dan DAP dikatakan telah membincangkan beberapa isu penting. Antaranya calon Tenang, kedudukan ketua pembangkang berikutan penggantungan Anwar dan beberapa isu penting lagi.

Nampak jelas, selepas mesyuarat berakhir, wajah mereka berseri-seri tanda kesepakatan dicapai dengan penuh toleransi. Ia diakui sendiri oleh Setiausaha Agung PKR, Saifudin Nasution Ismail yaang ditemui selepas mesyuarat khas itu.

Kata Saifudin, para pemimpin Pakatan akan mengumumkan beberapa perkara penting ketika ucapan penggulungan mereka penting ini.

Tunggulah nanti pengumuman itu. -Zulkifli Sulong (Harakahdaily)




Buku: Bumi Manusia - 1

Posted: 19 Dec 2010 12:50 AM PST

Saya sedang membaca Bumi Manusia. Barulah saya tahu kenapa karya Pramoedya Ananta Toer sering disebut orang. Dan tidak pernah saya membaca sebegini laju bagi segera menamatkannya, sering teringat-ingat malah ada watak-wataknya yang menyerap masuk ke dalam diri. Juga sentiasa pula menggaris bawah kata-kata menarik dan mengGoogle fakta yang memerlukan pemahaman selanjutnya.

Saya berjanji kepada diri sendiri bagi menamatkan tetralogi Buru (Bumi Manusia, Anak Semua Bangsa, Jejak Langka & Rumah Kaca) menjelang Februari 2011.

Sepatah kata dari Bumi Manusia yang sangat saya gemari, hingga saya jadikan ia tanda pengenalan untuk wajah baru blog ini:
Duniaku bukan jabatan, pangkat, gaji dan kecurangan. Duniaku bumi manusia dengan persoalannya 


Ribuan Gagak Serang Pangsapuri Di Melaka

Posted: 19 Dec 2010 04:15 AM PST

Gagak 'serang' pangsapuri

MELAKA: Penghuni di Pangsapuri Kota Laksamana, dekat sini, tertekan sejak beberapa tahun lalu apabila ribuan gagak memenuhi bumbung dan pokok di sekeliling rumah mereka.

Kehadiran burung berkenaan bukan saja mengundang najis yang mencemari permukaan jalan dan kenderaan di kawasan itu, malah penduduk terpaksa berdepan bunyi bising bermula jam 4 pagi.

Penduduk mendakwa usaha dilakukan pihak berkuasa tempatan (PBT) dengan menembak unggas itu sia-sia kerana ia tetap bersarang di situ.

Peniaga, Iskandar Low Abdullah, 43, berkata dia berniaga sejak setahun lalu dan masalah yang paling rumit dihadapi penghuni adalah bunyi burung berkenaan yang terlalu bising.

Katanya, kicauan burung bermula jam 4 pagi mengganggu penduduk terutama bagi yang mempunyai anak kecil.

"Jika bunyi dua burung pada awal pagi bising, inikan pula ratusan ekor. Keadaan ini yang terpaksa dihadapi selama beberapa jam untuk tempoh dua kali dalam sehari iaitu awal pagi dan sebelah petang.

"Jika waktu pagi ia berlarutan sehingga jam 7.30 pagi dan selepas ia beredar kumpulan burung berkenaan kembali kira-kira jam 5.30 petang dan membuat bising sehingga matahari tenggelam," katanya. Iskandar berkata, kehadiran gagak itu selain menimbulkan masalah bising turut menyebabkan kekotoran dengan najisnya yang melekat pada kenderaan yang diletakkan di bawah pokok.

"Najis burung ini bukan saja mengotorkan, tetapi juga merosakkan permukaannya walau di mana kenderaan diletakkan. Jika tidak kena banyak, tetap ada sedikit pada bahagian badan kenderaan.

"Keadaan ini meresahkan pemilik kenderaan kerana perlu kerap mencucinya bagi mengelak warna cat kereta rosak," katanya.

Iskandar berkata, sebelum ini ada usaha dilakukan PBT dengan kerjasama Ikatan Relawan Rakyat (Rela) melakukan operasi menembak gagak di situ, namun ia berkesan sementara waktu kerana burung berkenaan datang semula selepas tiada lagi bunyi tembakan senjata api.

Menurutnya, pihaknya bimbang kemungkinan wabak penyakit seperti selesema burung melanda dan menjangkiti penduduk, sekali gus meminta PBT mencantas pokok bagi mengurangkan dahan tempat burung bersarang.

"Pokok sedia ada pun terlalu rimbun dan ini menjadikan burung bertambah banyak di kawasan berkenaan," katanya.

Penduduk, Pang Yow Chong, 41, berkata burung berkenaan mengganggu kehidupan dan keselesaan mereka kerana ia turut membongkar sampah dan masuk ke dalam rumah untuk mencari sisa makanan.

"Saya amat berharap masalah ini diselesaikan segera kerana jumlah burung berkenaan bukan sedikit, tetapi banyak dan tidak pernah berkurangan sejak beberapa tahun lalu.

"Keadaan ini mengganggu kami selagi tiada usaha dilakukan untuk menyelesaikannya," katanya. -hm


Shahrir Samad Ramal PRU13 Suku Kedua 2011 Atau Tahun Selepasnya

Posted: 19 Dec 2010 03:27 AM PST

PRU-13 Pada Suku Kedua Tahun Depan Atau Tahun Selepas Itu, Ramal Shahrir

JOHOR BAHARU, 19 Dis (Bernama) -- Pilihan raya umum (PRU) ke-13 diramal diadakan pada suku kedua tahun depan atau tahun selepas itu, menurut ramalan veteran Umno Datuk Shahrir Samad.

Anggota Parlimen Johor Bahru itu berkata pilihan raya umum tidak akan diadakan pada Mac tahun depan seperti yang dijangkakan oleh parti pembangkang.

Beliau berpendapat bahawa Perdana Menteri Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak masih mahu melihat lebih banyak hasil diperoleh daripada semua dasar yang diperkenalkan sejak menjawat jawatan pada 3 April tahun lepas.

"Jadi, pilihan raya tidak akan diadakan secepat mungkin, mungkin akan diadakan pada akhir 2011 atau selepas itu," katanya kepada pemberita selepas melancarkan program kesedaran kesihatan di Kampung Sulaiman Menteri di sini Ahad.

Shahrir berkata Pakatan Pembangkang hendaklah menumpukan perhatian untuk memberikan khidmat kepada rakyat dan bukan terlalu tertumpu pada pilihan raya umum.

Shahrir yang juga ketua Umno bahagian Johor Bahru berkata setakat ini pembangkang lebih berminat pada pilihan raya.


Mengenai kekecohan oleh anggota Pakatan Pembangkang di Parlimen ekoran empat anggota parlimennya digantung daripada menghadiri sidang Dewan Rakyat itu, beliau berkata insiden itu nampaknya telah dirancang.

"Saya rasa anggota Parlimen Pakatan tahu peraturan Parlimen tetapi mereka pilih untuk mengabaikannya untuk meraih perhatian politik remeh temeh," sambil menyifatkan ia satu taktik yang penuh dengan kekeliruan.

Empat anggota Parlimen pembangkang yang digantung kehadiran selama enam bulan ialah Ketua Pembangkang Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim yang juga Anggota Parlimen Permatang Pauh, Azmin Ali (Gombak), Karpal Singh (Bukit Gelugor) dan R.Sivarasa (Subang).

Mengenai pilihan raya kecil Dewan Undangan Negeri (DUN) Tenang, Shahrir berkata jentera pilihan raya Barisan Nasional (BN) hendaklah menerangkan isu-isu sementara bekerja untuk mengekalkan keyakinan rakat dalam parti campurannya.

Adalah terlalu awal untuk meramalkan hasil keputusan pilihan raya kecil itu tetapi jentera pilihan raya BN hendaklah bekerja keras bagi memastikan kemenangang.

Pilihan raya kecil itu akan diadakan berikutan kematian wakil rakyatnya daripada BN Datuk Sulaiman Taha, 59 pada Jumaat lepas akibat jangkitan kuman dalam darah dan penyakit kencing manis di Hospital Pakar Ampang Puteri, Kuala Lumpur.-- BERNAMA


Nama Mazlan & Felda Bergema Di Konvensyen, Calon PRK Tenang?

Posted: 19 Dec 2010 02:17 AM PST

Mazlan Aliman calon PAS di Tenang?

PETALING JAYA: Tinjauan rambang di kalangan penyokong PAS di Labis dan khususnya kawasan dewan undangan negeri Tenang, mereka berpendapat calon PAS yang paling sesuai ialah Mazlan Aliman.

Mazlan merupakan AJK PAS Pusat, ketua penerangan PAS Johor dan Presiden Persatuan Anak Peneroka Felda Kebangsaan (Anak).

Adun Tenang Johor,Datuk Sulaiman Taha, 59 tahun meninggal dunia di Hospital Pakar Puteri pada 17 Disember yang lalu kerana jangkitan kuman dalam darah..

Pada pilihanraya umum 2008, Sulaiman Timbalan Yang Dipertua PAS Labis ketika itu, Mohd Saim Siran.

Seorang penyokong PAS Kampung Redong berkata, "Mazlan paling sesuai kerana di Tenang ada juga kawasan Felda.

"Beliau (MAzlan) yang lebih tahu mengenai Felda. Kita nak tahu sebanyak banyak orang Felda menyokong Anak yang diusahakan oleh Mazlan itu," katanya.

Beliau menambah, ada tiga buah kawasan tanah rancangan Felda di Dun Tenang iaitu Chemplak,Chemplak Barat dan Felda Tenang.

Rakannya, Zulkifli Sarmin pula memberitahu, Mazlan merupakan penggerak PAS Johor yang menonjol ketika ini terutama dengan isu penyelewengan Felda.

"Biarlah isu Felda terus didedahkan kepada pengundi Tenang, biar mereka tahu isu sebenar dalam tanah rancangan itu.

"Kalau pun kita tidak menang dalam pilihanraya ini, sekurangnya kita ada bekalan untuk pilihanraya umum akan datang.

"Sekurang-kurangnya kita tahu isu Felda ini. Kalau mereka sokong, maknanya isu ini boleh digunakan lagi dalam pilihanraya umum akan datang," katanya.

Ditanya adakah pendedahan demi pendedahan mengenai penyelewengan Felda boleh mempengaruhi pengundi peneroka Tenang, Zulkifli berkata, "boleh jika kena caranya."

Katanya, di Tenang masyarakat penoraka hanya mendengar sahaja tetapi belum ada pihak yang mendedahkannya.

"Kalau Mazlan boleh dedahkan, saya percaya masyarakat peneroka Felda akan mengundi PAS apatah lagi kalau calonnya Mazlan sendiri," katanya.

Bagaimanapun, seorang pemimpin Umno Labis menjelaskan isu penyelewengan Felda tidak berkesan untuk digunakan di Tenang.

ini kerana, kataya, tiada sebarang masalah yang dihadapi oleh masyarakat Felda di Tenang.

"Kami tidak pernah mendengar peneroka Felda merungut tidak puas hati…jadi apa isu yang hendak dibawa Mazlan di sini (Tenang)," katanya yang hanya mahu dikenali sebagai Alias. -FMT


Mazlan dan Felda bergema di Dewan Millenium

Isu Felda sekali bergema di persada politik negara apabila Pengerusi Anak, Mazlan Aliman menjadikan peneroka Felda dan anak cucu mereka sebagai pihak yang perlu diperjuangkan.

Apa yang dikatakan oleh Mazlan penting kerana selain mempersiapkan Pakatan Rakyat menghadapi pilihan raya umum, konvensyen kali ini juga perlu mempersiapkan Pakatan Rakyat menghadapi pilihan raya kecil Dun Tenang, Labis, Johor.

Pilihan raya kecil ini perlu diadakan ekoran kematian Adunnya, Datuk Sulaiman Taha baru-baru ini.

Ucapan Mazlan penting kerana di Dun Tenang, lebih 3,000 pengundinya adalah peneroka dan penghuni tiga kawasan Felda di dalam Dun tersebut.

Pelbagai cadangan dikemukakan Mazlan dalam ucapannya kali ini. Ada yang lama dan banyak juga cadangan baru yang dikemukakan beliau.

Yang terbaru adalah cadangan beliau agar sebuah universiti Felda ditubuhkan sebagaimana lain-lain agensi dan badan kerajaan yang mempunyai universiti sendiri termasuklah TNB dan Petronas.

Felda, kata Mazlan, mempunyai kelebihan tersendiri sehingga melayakkannya untuk dibina sebuah universiti. Antaranya mempunyai tanah yang banyak.

"Saya cadang, apa salahnya Felda dibina di bandar pusat Jengka misalnya," kata Mazlan dalam ucapannya itu.

Atas ucapan itulah, nama Mazlan disebut-sebut bakal menjadi calon pilihan Pakatan Rakyat untuk mewakili mereka dalam pilihan raya kecil Tenang tidak lama lagi.

Ketika konvensyen berlangsung, pemimpin utama Pakatan Rakyat mengadakan mesyuarat khas yang jarang-jarang mereka adakan ketika majlis berlangsung.

Mesyuarat yang disertai oleh semua pemimpin PAS, PKR dan DAP dikatakan telah membincangkan beberapa isu penting. Antaranya calon Tenang, kedudukan ketua pembangkang berikutan penggantungan Anwar dan beberapa isu penting lagi.

Nampak jelas, selepas mesyuarat berakhir, wajah mereka berseri-seri tanda kesepakatan dicapai dengan penuh toleransi. Ia diakui sendiri oleh Setiausaha Agung PKR, Saifudin Nasution Ismail yaang ditemui selepas mesyuarat khas itu.

Kata Saifudin, para pemimpin Pakatan akan mengumumkan beberapa perkara penting ketika ucapan penggulungan mereka penting ini.

Tunggulah nanti pengumuman itu. -Zulkifli Sulong (Harakahdaily)




Declaration on the Rights of Persons Belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic Minorities

Posted: 19 Dec 2010 01:30 AM PST

Declaration on the Rights of Persons Belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic Minorities

Adopted by General Assembly resolution 47/135 of 18 December 1992The General Assembly ,

Reaffirming that one of the basic aims of the United Nations, as proclaimed in the Charter, is to promote and encourage respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all, without distinction as to race, sex, language or religion,

Reaffirming faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal rights of men and women and of nations large and small,

Desiring to promote the realization of the principles contained in the Charter, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Intolerance and of Discrimination Based on Religion or Belief, and the Convention on the Rights of the Child, as well as other relevant international instruments that have been adopted at the universal or regional level and those concluded between individual States Members of the United Nations,

Inspired by the provisions of article 27 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights concerning the rights of persons belonging to ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities,

Considering that the promotion and protection of the rights of persons belonging to national or ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities contribute to the political and social stability of States in which they live,

Emphasizing that the constant promotion and realization of the rights of persons belonging to national or ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities, as an integral part of the development of society as a whole and within a democratic framework based on the rule of law, would contribute to the strengthening of friendship and cooperation among peoples and States,

Considering that the United Nations has an important role to play regarding the protection of minorities,

Bearing in mind the work done so far within the United Nations system, in particular by the Commission on Human Rights, the Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities and the bodies established pursuant to the International Covenants on Human Rights and other relevant international human rights instruments in promoting and protecting the rights of persons belonging to national or ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities,

Taking into account the important work which is done by intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations in protecting minorities and in promoting and protecting the rights of persons belonging to national or ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities,

Recognizing the need to ensure even more effective implementation of international human rights instruments with regard to the rights of persons belonging to national or ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities,

Proclaims this Declaration on the Rights of Persons Belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic Minorities:

Article 1

1. States shall protect the existence and the national or ethnic, cultural, religious and linguistic identity of minorities within their respective territories and shall encourage conditions for the promotion of that identity.

2. States shall adopt appropriate legislative and other measures to achieve those ends.

Article 2

1. Persons belonging to national or ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities (hereinafter referred to as persons belonging to minorities) have the right to enjoy their own culture, to profess and practise their own religion, and to use their own language, in private and in public, freely and without interference or any form of discrimination.

2. Persons belonging to minorities have the right to participate effectively in cultural, religious, social, economic and public life.

3. Persons belonging to minorities have the right to participate effectively in decisions on the national and, where appropriate, regional level concerning the minority to which they belong or the regions in which they live, in a manner not incompatible with national legislation.

4. Persons belonging to minorities have the right to establish and maintain their own associations.

5. Persons belonging to minorities have the right to establish and maintain, without any discrimination, free and peaceful contacts with other members of their group and with persons belonging to other minorities, as well as contacts across frontiers with citizens of other States to whom they are related by national or ethnic, religious or linguistic ties.

Article 3

1. Persons belonging to minorities may exercise their rights, including those set forth in the present Declaration, individually as well as in community with other members of their group, without any discrimination.

2. No disadvantage shall result for any person belonging to a minority as the consequence of the exercise or non-exercise of the rights set forth in the present Declaration.

Article 4

1. States shall take measures where required to ensure that persons belonging to minorities may exercise fully and effectively all their human rights and fundamental freedoms without any discrimination and in full equality before the law.

2. States shall take measures to create favourable conditions to enable persons belonging to minorities to express their characteristics and to develop their culture, language, religion, traditions and customs, except where specific practices are in violation of national law and contrary to international standards.

3. States should take appropriate measures so that, wherever possible, persons belonging to minorities may have adequate opportunities to learn their mother tongue or to have instruction in their mother tongue.

4. States should, where appropriate, take measures in the field of education, in order to encourage knowledge of the history, traditions, language and culture of the minorities existing within their territory. Persons belonging to minorities should have adequate opportunities to gain knowledge of the society as a whole.

5. States should consider appropriate measures so that persons belonging to minorities may participate fully in the economic progress and development in their country.

Article 5

1.  National policies and programmes shall be planned and implemented with due regard for the legitimate interests of persons belonging to minorities.

2. Programmes of cooperation and assistance among States should be planned and implemented with due regard for the legitimate interests of persons belonging to minorities.

Article 6

States should cooperate on questions relating to persons belonging to minorities, inter alia , exchanging information and experiences, in order to promote mutual understanding and confidence.

Article 7

States should cooperate in order to promote respect for the rights set forth in the present Declaration.

Article 8

1. Nothing in the present Declaration shall prevent the fulfilment of international obligations of States in relation to persons belonging to minorities. In particular, States shall fulfil in good faith the obligations and commitments they have assumed under international treaties and agreements to which they are parties.

2. The exercise of the rights set forth in the present Declaration shall not prejudice the enjoyment by all persons of universally recognized human rights and fundamental freedoms.

3. Measures taken by States to ensure the effective enjoyment of the rights set forth in the present Declaration shall not prima facie be considered contrary to the principle of equality contained in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

4. Nothing in the present Declaration may be construed as permitting any activity contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations, including sovereign equality, territorial integrity and political independence of States.

Article 9

The specialized agencies and other organizations of the United Nations system shall contribute to the full realization of the rights and principles set forth in the present Declaration, within their respective fields of competence.

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Minority rights

Posted: 19 Dec 2010 12:52 AM PST

Minority Rights Group logo

Image via Wikipedia

Source: Minority rights From Wikipedia

The term Minority Rights embodies two separate concepts: first, normal individual rights as applied to members of racial, ethnic, class, religious, linguistic or sexual minorities, and second, collective rights accorded to minority groups. The term may also apply simply to individual rights of anyone who is not part of a majority decision.

Civil rights movements often seek to ensure that individual rights are not denied on the basis of membership in a minority group.

There are many political bodies which also feature minority group rights. This might be seen in affirmative action quotas, or in guaranteed minority representation in a consociational state.

Minority Rights in National and International Law

The first minority rights were created by revolutionary Parliament of Hungary in 1849. Minority rights, as applying to ethnic, religious or linguistic minorities and indigenous peoples, are an integral part of international human rights law. Like children's rights, women's rights and refugee rights, minority rights are a legal framework designed to ensure that a specific group which is in a vulnerable, disadvantaged or marginalised position in society, is able to achieve equality and is protected from persecution. The first post-war international treaty to protect minorities, designed to protect them from the greatest threat to their existence, was the U.N. Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide.

Subsequent human rights standards that codify minority rights include the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (Article 27), the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Persons Belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic Minorities, two Council of Europe treaties (the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities and the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages, and the OSCE Copenhagen Document of 1990.

Minority rights cover protection of existence, protection from discrimination and persecution, protection and promotion of identity, and participation in political life. For the rights of LGBT, The Yogyakarta Principles have been approved by the United Nations Human Rights Council and for the rights of persons with disabilities, the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities was adopted by United Nations General Assembly.

To protect minority rights, many countries have specific laws and/or commissions or ombudsman institutions (for example the Hungarian Parliamentary Commissioner for National and Ethnic Minorities Rights).[1]

While initially, the United Nations treated indigenous peoples as a sub-category of minorities, there is an expanding body of international law specifically devoted to them, in particular Convention 169 of the International Labour Organization and the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (adopted 14 September 2007).

Attempts to codify the rights of sexual minorities in international human rights law have met with strong opposition from a number of member states of the United Nations.

National Minorities in the Law of the EC/EU

The direct role of the European Union (and also the Law of the EU/EC ) in the area of protection of national minorities is still very limited (likewise the general protection of human rights). The EU has relied on general international law and a European regional system of international law (based on the Council of Europe, OSCE etc.). and in a case of necessity accepted their norms. But the "de-economisation of European integration", which started in 1990s is changing this situation. The political relevance of national minorities´ protection is very high. Now (2009) although a protection of the national minorities has not become a generally accepted legally binding principle of the EU, in several legal acts issues of national minorities are mentioned. In external relations protection of national minorities became one of the main criteria for cooperation with the EU or accession.[2]

The individual: the smallest minority on earth

Ayn Rand, philosopher of Objectivism asserted that a group, as such, has no rights. A man can neither acquire new rights by joining a group nor lose the rights which he does possess. The principle of individual rights is the only moral base of all groups or associations. She maintained that since only an individual man can possess rights, the expression "individual rights" is a redundancy, but the expression "collective rights" is a contradiction in terms. Individual rights are not subject to a public vote; a majority has no right to vote away the rights of a minority; the political function of rights is precisely to protect minorities from oppression by majorities (and the smallest minority on earth is the individual).[3]

See also

External links

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Ucapan Konvensyen PR

Posted: 19 Dec 2010 12:49 AM PST

Ucapan Konvensyen Pakatan 2010

Oleh Nurul Izzah Anwar, 19 Disember 2010

Bismillahhir Rahmannir Rahim

Assalamualaikum wbt dan Salam Sejahtera.

Terima kasih Tuan Pengerusi,

Yang saya Hormati lagi DiSayangi,
Presiden Parti Keadilan Rakyat, Datuk  Seri Dr Wan Azizah Wan Ismail,
Ketua Umum Parti Keadilan Rakyat, YB Dato' Seri Anwar Ibrahim,

Presiden Parti Islam SeMalaysia,YB Dato Seri Haji Abdul Hadi Awang

Pemimpin Parlimen DAP, YB Sdr Lim Kit Siang

Yang saya Kagumi lagi Kasihi,

Rakan-rakan Pakatan Rakyat semua.

Sidang Perwakilan sekalian,

Perjuangan Politik Memenuhi Amanah Rakyat

Mengapakah kita datang dari seluruh pelusuk Negara berkumpul pada hari ini?

Kita berkumpul pada hari ini, di sini, di Kepala Batas, di konvensyen ini, adalah sebagai penyambung tekad dan penyaksian iltizam kita untuk terus berjuang kerana Rakyat dan untuk Rakyat.

Kita berkumpul pada hari ini untuk mengeratkan tali persaudaraan satu perjuangan menghadapi satu cabaran dan memenuhi satu impian di dalam satu Pakatan demi Kesejahteraan Rakyat, Kemakmuran Negara, Keluhuran Perlembagaan dan Kedaulatan Demokrasi.

Kita berkumpul hari ini untuk membawa Politik Harapan dan Pembebasan (Politics of Hope and Liberation) Pakatan Rakyat untuk menewaskan Politik Ketakutan dan Kehancuran (Politics of Fear and Destruction) Barisan Nasional.

Kita berkumpul hari ini untuk membina Malaysia yang lebih Baik untuk semua Rakyat (a Better Malaysia for all Malaysians) berpaksikan ketuanan atau keluhuran perlembagaan.

Inilah seruan rakyat yang disahut Pakatan…iaitu sebuah Pakatan Rakyat!

Sidang Perwakilan sekalian,

Kita Tahu…Kita Nampak…dan Kita Bersyukur bahawa……..

Negara Kaya dengan Sumber Alam…bijih, minyak, gas, galian, balak dan bermacam lagi.

Negera Kaya dengan Rakyat yang berkerja keras dan ikhlas mencari sesuap nasi.

Negara Kaya dengan sejarah gemilang pengorbanan dan usaha Rakyat memerdekakan Tanahair.

Walaupun Negara Kaya, yang bertambah kaya adalah  Kroni BN.

Siapa pula yang  miskin dan terus dimiskinkan?

Rakyat yang bertambah Miskin!

Rakyat Miskin, Kroni BN Kaya

Rakyat Miskin Ekonomi, dibeban dengan kos sara hidup yang meningkat dan gaji yang semakin rendah kuasa membeli. Subsidi Rakyat cepat dipotong dapat kononnya jimat RM1.2 bil kononnya manakala subsidi kepada kroni melebihi RM23 bil , subsidi kroni BN bukan saja lambat dipotong walaupun digantikan pula dengan sumber kekayaan projek lain.

Rakyat Miskin Pendidikan, dibeban hutang PTPTN yang sepatutnya boleh ditukar kepada biasiswa penuh yang merangsang terus ekonomi rakyat dan dapat dibiayai daripada 30% keuntungan tahunan Petronas dan program kuota-dalam-kuota dimana 30% ekuiti bumiputera sediada patut dijual di atas nilai par-value kepada sebuah Tabung Pendidikan Rakyat.

Rakyat Miskin Pendidikan bilamana kita dapati bahawa program PINTAR yang dikelolakan bukan oleh Kementerian Pelajaran tetapi oleh isteri perdana menteri akan menawarkan pendidikan sekolah menengah dimana pelajar bukan sahaja dapat menduduki peperiksaan SPM tetapi juga peperiksaan antarabangsa seperti SAT. Pelajar tersebut belajar dua bahasa asing. Pelajar tersebut diberikan kokurikulum berkualiti tinggi. Mengapakah program PINTAR ini tidak menjadi program asas pendidikan menengah untuk semua rakyat Malaysia bukan segilintir elit?

Rakyat Miskin Perpaduan, diadu dombakan dengan api perkauman dan ditakut-takutkan sekarang dengan fahaman 'pluralisme keagamaan' yang sengaja diputar belitkan untuk mengelirukan rakyat.

Tetapi…..yang paling menyedihkan adalah Rakyat Miskin Demokrasi.

Rakyat Miskin Demokrasi kerana selama 53 tahun kita merdeka, 50 tahun sehingga sekarang kita masih dibawah perisytiharan darurat. Musuh-musuh Negara sudah lama tewas. Siapa pula yang dianggap BN sebagai musuh Negara sekarang? Komunis? Teroris? Ekstremis? Atau Rakyat?

Rakyat Miskin Demokrasi kerana masih wujud undang-undang anti-demokratik seperti ISA, AUKU dan PPPA. Undang-undang ini untuk selamatkan dan lindungi siapa? Barisan Nasional? Umno? Kroni? Atau Rakyat?

Rakyat Miskin Demokrasi kerana Proses Pilihanraya kita tidak telus dan tidak BERSIH. Proses Pilihanraya yang berat sebelah untuk mengekalkan kuasa siapa? Barisan Nasional? Umno? Kroni? Atau Rakyat?

Rakyat Miskin Demokrasi kerana tiga hari yang lalu Parlimen dicemari dan dinodai dengan jenayah proses keadilan yang kejam lagi brutal ala-Zimbabwe, ala-Korea Utara untuk menghukum tanpa bicara dengan penggantungan empat wira ahli parlimen Pakatan Rakyat yang mendedahkan penipuan dan subahat kerajaan Barisan Nasional mengenai peranan APCO. Siapakah yang Parlimen wakili dan lindungi? APCO? Atau Rakyat?

Sidang Perwakilan sekalian,

Akta Pemulihan Demokrasi Cabaran Pakatan Kepada BN

Kita Cadangkan…. Kita Canangkan…..Kita Cabar Barisan Nasional untuk kembalikan hak dan maruah rakyat yang merdeka dengan menerima huluran tangan dwi-partisan dimana Pakatan Rakyat bersedia untuk bersama-sama Barisan Nasional didalam membentangkan AKTA PEMULIHAN DEMOKRASI dengan memanggil sidang tergempar parlimen 30 hari dari sekarang.

Akta ini adalah tanda keikhlasan Pakatan Rakyat untuk menyelamatkan Negara dari ambang kehancuran.

Akta ini adalah tanda kesungguhan Pakatan Rakyat untuk bertindak dengan penuh hikmah demi kesejahteraan rakyat.

Akta ini adalah tanda Politik Kejujuran serta Politik Harapan dan Pembebasan yang menjadi hak rakyat untuk menilai perbezaan Pakatan Rakyat daripada Barisan Nasional.

Dan apabila Akta ini diluluskan dan rakyat masih juga memilih Barisan Nasional sebagai kerajaan, maka Pakatan Rakyat akan menerima pilihan rakyat dengan tangan dan hati terbuka kerana kita yakin, kita patuh dan kita setia kepada kehendak rakyat semua.

Saya wujud kepada:

DEKLARASI KEMPEN MEMORANDUM SATU JUTA TANDATANGAN RAKYAT MENYOKONG PEMBENTANGAN DWI-PARTISAN AKTA PEMULIHAN DEMOKRASI KEPADA DYMM YANG DI PERTUAN AGONG MALAYSIA

AKTA INI berasaskan 6 perkara pokok seperti berikut:

  • Membatalkan semua Pengisytiharan Darurat;
  • Memansuhkan semua undang-undang Anti-Demokratik;
  • Menunaikan Perjanjian Kemasukan Sabah dan Sarawak kedalam Malaysia;
  • Menjaminkan Ketelusan Pilihan Raya Umum;
  • Mengembalikan Pilihan Raya Kerajaan Tempatan;
  • Mewujudkan Kebebasan Media;

Oleh Yang Demikian, Pakatan Rakyat akan melancarkan KEMPEN MEMORANDUM SATU JUTA TANDATANGAN RAKYAT MENYOKONG PEMBENTANGAN DWI-PARTISAN AKTA PEMULIHAN DEMOKRASI KEPADA DYMM YANG DI PERTUAN AGONG MALAYSIA demi Agama, Bangsa dan Negara.

Sidang Perwakilan sekalian,

Mari kita turun ke padang untuk memberitahu rakyat dan menjemput rakyat meneliti  tawaran dwi-partisan Akta ini.

Akta ini menjadi penyambung kepada Dasar Bersama Pakatan Rakyat yang mengandungi 131 perkara tindakan yang dimana sebahagiannya telah diambil, ditiru dan digunakan oleh Barisan Nasional seperti gaji minimum pekerja, bantuan dana hilang pekerjaan, cuti bersalin 90 hari, dan tindakan afirmatif berdasarkan keperluan dan bukan perkauman, serta penangguhan GST.

Saya ulang, kita mampu menghasilkan dasar-dasar pro-rakyat, mampu memimpin 4 kerajaan negeri dengan tenang, berkesan, berhikmah, berhemat walaupun menghadapi sekatan dan sabotaj bertubi-tubi.

Akta ini adalah garis pemisah politik diantara Pakatan Rakyat dan Barisan Nasional.

Akta ini adalah sumbangan ikhlas dan berani Pakatan Rakyat kepada Barisan Nasional.

Akta ini adalah penentu siapakah sebenar pejuang dan penderhaka kepada rakyat?

Pejuang Rakyat berani memulihkan demokrasi, manakala Penderhaka Rakyat  terus merosakkan demokrasi.

Hipokrasi demokrasi Barisan Nasional akan terbukti kepada bukan sahaja rakyat malah kepada seluruh dunia seandainya tawaran dwi-partisan Akta Pemulihan Demokrasi ini:

DiTolak, DiPerkecilkan, DiPersendakan DiPutar Belitkan BN.

Tetapi kita yakin bahawa BN akan menyahut tawaran ini kerana bukankah janji Perdana Menteri bahawa 'Rakyat DiDahulukan'?

Kita tunggu dan lihat samada janji hanya tinggal janji.

Sidang Perwakilan sekalian,

Thomas Jefferson pernah berkata:

Apabila Rakyat Takut kepada Kerajaan, ini adalah satu kezaliman;

Tetapi apabila Kerajaan Takut kepada Rakyat, ini adalah  kemerdekaan."

Siapa Takut Hilang Kuasa kerana akan Hilang Harta?

Jawapannya Barisan Nasional!

Siapa pula Tidak Takut Berjuang untuk Kembalikan Kuasa Rakyat?

Jawapannya Pakatan Rakyat!

Dengarlah dan ketahuilah bahawa walaupun Barisan Nasional mungkin nampak tersusun, teratur, kuat, gagah, kaya, berkuasa dan tidak dapat dikalahkan;

Tetapi yakinlah dan percayalah bahawa BARISAN NASIONAL tidak miliki SATU PERKARA…SATU PERKARA yang menjadi kekuatan PAKATAN RAKYAT iaitu KEBENARAN.

Kebenaran akan tetap hancurkan Kebatilan.

Kebenaran akan tetap kalahkan Kebatilan.

Kebenaran akan tetap atasi Kebatilan.

Sidang Perwakilan sekalian,

Barisan Nasional Merancang tetapi Allah lebih baik Merancang.

Berani kerana Benar.

Ayuh kita Maju Bersama dengan kibaran Panji-Panji Kebenaran!

Kebenaran untuk Rakyat!

Kebenaran demi Rakyat!

Kebenaran dari Pakatan Rakyat!

Sekian.


Going Mental :-)

Posted: 19 Dec 2010 12:45 AM PST

A group of psychiatrists were attending a convention. Four of them decided to leave, and walked out together. One said to the other three, "People are always coming to us with their guilt and fears, but we have no one that we can go to when we have problems." The others agreed.

Then one said, "Since we are all professionals, why don't we take some time right now to hear each other out?"

The other three agreed.

The first then confessed, "I have an uncontrollable desire to kill my patients."

The second psychiatrist said, "I love expensive things and so I find ways to cheat my patients out of their money whenever I can so I can buy the things I want."

The third followed with, "I'm involved with selling drugs and often get my patients to sell them for me."

The fourth psychiatrist then confessed, "I know I'm not supposed to, but no matter how hard I try, I can't keep a secret..."

Joke No. 2

Fixing an ailment
In Ireland there is a mental institution that every year picks two of it's most reformed patients and questions them. If they get the questions right they are free to leave. This year the two lucky patients were Patty and Mike. They were called down to the office and left there by the orderly. They were told to wait as the doctor got their files. The doctor came out and motioned for Patty to come in for her questioning.

When Patty came into the office, she was instructed to sit in the seat across from the doctor. "Patty, you know the tradition of this institution so I imagine you know why you are here. You will be asked two questions, and if you get them right, you will be free to go. Do you understand all that you have been told?" said the doctor with a rather sly grin. Patty nodded, and the doctor began to question her.

The first question was this: "Patty, if I was to poke out one of your eyes, what would happen?" "I would be half blind of course," Patty answered without much thought. "What would happen if I poked out the other eye?" "I would be completely blind," said Patty knowing that she had just gotten her freedom. The doctor then sent her outside while he drew up the paperwork and accessed Mike's files.

When Patty got into the waiting room however, she told Mike what the questions would be and what the correct answers were. The doctor calls in Mike and he followed the same procedure that he had with Patty. "Mike, the first question is what would happen if I cut off your ear?" "I would be blind in one eye," he said remembering what he had been told.

This received a perplexed look from the doctor but he just simply asks the other question so that he could figure out what the man was thinking. "Mike, what would happen if I cut off your other ear?" "I would be completely blind," he answered with a smile as if he knew he had passed.

But then the doctor asked him what his reasoning was, and he said flatly, "Me hat would fall down over me eyes."

_________________________

Psychiatrist phone
Hello. Welcome to the Psychiatric Hotline

If you are obsessive-compulsive, please press 1 repeatedly.

If you are co-dependent, please ask someone to press 2.

If you have multiple personalities, please press 3, 4, 5, and 6.

If you are paranoid-delusional, we know who you are and what you want. Just stay on the line so we can trace the call.

If you are schizophrenic, listen carefully and a little voice will tell you which number to press.

If you are manic-depressive, it doesn't matter which number you press. No one will answer.

If you are anxious, just start pressing numbers at random.

If you are phobic, don't press anything.

If you are anal retentive, please hold.
_________________

A funny version of medical terms

Acute: Opposite of an ugly

Artery: The study of paintings

Bacteria: Back door of a cafeteria

Barium: What doctors do to dead patients

Benign: What you are after you're eight.

Bowel: Letter like A,E,I,O, or U

Cat scan: Searching for a kitty

Cauterize: Made eye contact with her

Cesarean Section: Neighborhood in Rome

Colic: A sheep dog

Concussion: A prisoner's sofa

Congenital: To be friendly

D & C: Where the White House is

Dilate: To live too long

Enema: Not a friend

Fester: Quicker

Fibula: A small lie

GI series: A soldier ball game

Hangnail: A coat hook

Impotent: Distinguished, well known

Jaundice: To include in a group

Kinesthetics: Relationships among relatives

Labor pain: Getting hurt at work

Leper: A wild cat

Malaria: Shopping place

Medical staff: A doctor's cane

Morbid: A higher bid

Nitrates: Cheaper than day rates

Node: Was aware of

Outpatient: A person who fainted

Pelvis: A cousin of Elvis

Post-operative: A letter carrier

Recovery room: A place used for upholstery work.

Rectum: It almost killed him

Rheumatic: Amorous

Secretion: Hiding something

Seizure: A Roman emperor

Serology: Study of English Knighthood

Tablet: A small table

Terminal illness: Getting sick at the airport

Tumor: More than one

Urine: Opposite of you're out

Varicose: Nearby

Vein: Conceited



*Posted for humor with no intention to insult anyone. Have a lovely evening!


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