Saturday, December 18, 2010

Stop him from coming to Malaysia!

Stop him from coming to Malaysia!

Stop him from coming to Malaysia!

Posted: 18 Dec 2010 10:55 AM PST

This is Mr Bilahari Kausikan, the most senior diplomat at Singapore Foreign Ministry, the guy who badmouthed Malaysia as 'a dangerous country', thanks to Wikileaks.

Come Wednesday Dec 22, he will lead the Republic's delegation to Kuala Lumpur to finalise details of KTM land swap which was agreed by Prime Ministers of both countries recently.

This guy deserves no respect from us, Malaysians. After what he had said and told the Americans, he is more like an enemy to me and many Malaysians (you agree, right?). So, why must we let him in?

Just because the Republic harbors the Israeli Embassy and is so much closer to the Americans than they are to its Asean neighbors, its diplomats like KausiCUNT had breached the diplomatic code of conduct by belittling the Republic's business partners and friends.

Malaysia 'dangerous' decline, according to them, is fuelled by incompetent politicians, Thailand is dogged by corruption and a ''very erratic'' crown prince, Japan is a ''big fat loser'' and India is ''stupid'' (here).

And still, they call themselves diplomats, forgetting that what they had uttered are likely to spark intense political controversy in the region.

Awkwardly, our 'thick skin' negotiators will be expecting him on Wednesday for the talks, looking forward to sitting down with him at the same table, pretending that nothing happened! You like that?

The cables, leaked by WikiLeaks, detail the content of separate meetings between senior US officials and Singapore's foreign affairs chiefs Peter Ho, Bilahari Kausikan and Tommy Koh. The trio, who at the time of the 2008 and 2009 cables occupied some of the most senior positions in Singapore's Foreign Affairs Ministry, all give US officials damning assessments of Malaysia.

According to one cable detailing a meeting in September 2008, Kausikan told US Deputy Secretary of Defence for East Asia David Sedney that ''the situation in neighbouring Malaysia is confused and dangerous'', fuelled by a ''distinct possibility of racial conflict'' that could see ethnic Chinese ''flee'' Malaysia and ''overwhelm'' Singapore.

I believe most of us are angered by such statements. So, what should we do?

My latest Moving Forward column in the Edge: The Need for a Sustainable Transport Policy

Posted: 18 Dec 2010 10:17 AM PST

Recently, I was at the Petaling Jaya City Council waiting to attend a meeting to approve a development project in my constituency. Being the State Assemblyman for Seri Setia which is part of the Kelana Jaya Parliamentary constituency means that I represent a large part of Kelana Jaya, Bandar Sunway all the way to Glenmarie. It is a high-density area, and balancing development while trying to minimise the negative impact on the local residents is very tricky.

I sat next to a traffic consultant who had to make a traffic impact assessment presentation for a different project. We started talking and what began as polite chat developed into a long conversation about traffic, cars and public transport.

In our conversation, both of us agreed on the need to move away from our reliance on cars, shifting to public transport instead.

Thus, while car prices are high and incomes are low, people have no choice but to purchase cars which are deemed a necessity. It does not matter that they have to spend a bigger portion of their incomes servicing their car loans as there is not much choice. As car numbers increase rapidly on our roads, we build more roads and highways to solve the problem. After a few years however as the roads and highways get clogged, the problem repeats itself in a vicious cycle.

In 2006, only 16 percent of the public in Kuala Lumpur used public transport. To solve our traffic woes in the long run, we need to put more emphasis on public transport. This seems straightforward but local councils that approve development projects unfortunately have little power with regards to the provision of public transport. Previously, public transport suffered due to overlapping authorities which created a bureaucratic gridlock.

The Federal Government's decision to form the Land Public Transport Commission is a step in the right decision. So is the much-delayed LRT extension and Greater KL MRT initiative. Unfortunately, while tolled highway proposals were approved one after another, too many public transport proposals have either been scrapped or delayed.

This might stem from the government's desire to protect our national car industry at all costs. The only way out is for the government to give up the protection and skewed investment of our resources allocated to prop up our car industry.

The industry is unsustainable. Creating an entire car industry in a country with a small market faces obvious problems. There have been positive spin-offs from Proton but it is time it is allowed to compete like any other car-company. We have spent so much of our national resources and our consumers are burdened with high taxes and a lack of affordable choices in order to support our car industry. But the result is a lifestyle centred on cars.

All future development proposals should give greater emphasis on public transport aspects, particularly in high-density areas. Busses including bus rapid transit (such as those in Jakarta) can be a lower-cost system to create a more extensive public transport coverage along with LRT and MRT.

The government must be prepared to play an active role in promoting public transport. It is definitely an area where there is little commercial benefit (remember the bailout of Putra and Star LRT operators a few years back?) but enormous economic benefits. Traffic jams not only increase stress but also have an enormous economic cost.

But the public too must play its role. No one likes the increased traffic, yet no one wants LRT routes in their neighbourhoods. The traffic consultant spoke of proposals to create a pedestrian mall in a town in Malaysia, but it failed to get support from shop owners. A not-in-my backyard approach will not help the search for a comprehensive solution.

The conclusion remains that the Federal government needs to bite the bullet and give up its attempt to artificially protect the car industry, provide a more comprehensive public transport system and while the public needs to change its mind set for the country to move forward.

what is politics?

Posted: 18 Dec 2010 10:13 AM PST

it's a sunday – non political/newsy post day. long time i did not post a joke, so today i'm going to post a joke. this is one of the best political jokes that's been around. many of you might have come across it before. nevertheless, good to refresh your mind with it even if you have came across it.

A little boy goes to his dad and asks, "What is politics?"

Dad says, "Well son, let me try to explain it this way: I'm the breadwinner of the family, so let's call me capitalism. Your Mom, she's the administrator of the money, so we'll call her the Government. We're here to take care of your needs, so we'll call you the people. The nanny, we'll consider her the Working Class. And your baby brother, we'll call him the Future. Now, think about that and see if that makes sense,"

So the little boy goes off to bed thinking about what dad had said.

Later that night, he hears his baby brother crying, so he gets up to check on him. He finds that the baby has severely soiled his diaper. So the little boy goes to his parents' room and finds his mother sound asleep. Not wanting to wake her, he goes to the nanny's room. Finding the door locked, he peeks in the keyhole and sees his father in bed with the nanny. He gives up and goes back to bed. The next morning, the little boy says to his father, "Dad, I think I understand the concept of politics now."

The father says, "Good son, tell me in your own words what you think politics is all about."

The little boy replies, "Well, while Capitalism is screwing the Working Class, the Government is sound asleep, the People are being ignored and the Future is in deep poo."

Beautiful winter-snow in Japan

Posted: 18 Dec 2010 09:49 AM PST

A beautiful video (photo slides to be precise) of the winter snow in Japan

Video by Hanazakura [Jp], who also made the lovely Autumn Colours video.

Beautiful winter-snow in Japan from YeinJee's Asian Blog

This posting includes an audio/video/photo media file: Download Now

History Of Most Corrupt Politicians - Samy Vellu

Posted: 18 Dec 2010 10:10 AM PST

Samy Vellu was the President of the MIC party, the Indian-based political party in Malaysia. He was also the Works Minister, responsible for most of the public infrastructure and facilities of the country. Favorite pharse in Malay "itu bukan bapak saya punya toll..." in english "That toll does not belong to my father"

His best words for any natural disaster made by man,
"it's god's will i can't do anything about it"

History Of Most Corrupt Politicians - Taib Mahmud

Posted: 18 Dec 2010 10:11 AM PST

Taib Mahmud is the Chief Minister of Sarawak, Malaysia, as post he held for 20+ years. Also known as the Con Man of Sarawak. Owns a few large sarawakian corporations like Naim Cendera and Cahya Mata Sarawak. 

His siblings and relatives are owners of large bumiputra corporations too. Most of them drive luxury cars and own mansions. He is best known for cronism and refuses to answer questions thrown at him by the opposition party regarding his wealth.

Zhang Yuqi on Harper’s Bazaar China

Posted: 18 Dec 2010 09:40 AM PST

Actress Zhang Yuqi is featured on recent issue of Harper's Bazaar magazine. The 24-year-old Chinese star has been brought back to limelight lately due to her ex-boyfriend's shocking marriage with Taiwanese star Barbie Hsu.

Kitty Zhang Yuqi on Harpers Bazaar magazine

Read the full post »

Zhang Yuqi on Harper's Bazaar China from YeinJee's Asian Blog

History Of Most Corrupt Politicians - Najib Abdul Razak

Posted: 18 Dec 2010 10:11 AM PST

1. Made million of ringgit in kick backs when he was education minister, mostly in purchase of computers and construction.

2. Huge kickback in purchase of defence weapon, submarine etc

3. Kick backs in national service programme.

His best confidant and political analyst Razak Baginda was released on bail (never happened in a sane court) for a well planned murder of a innocent young Mongolian woman by using C4 explosives which shouldn't have been reached to any security or police personnel without the approval of highest body of Defence Ministry (which was headed by Najib).

History Of Most Corrupt Politicians - Rafidah Aziz

Posted: 18 Dec 2010 10:12 AM PST

Dato' Seri Rafidah binti Aziz is a Malaysian politician. She was the Minister of International Trade and Industry, a position she has held since 1986-2004. She was also the head of United Malays National Organization's Woman Wing (Wanita UMNO in Malay) and Member of Parliament for the constituency of Kuala Kangsar (since 1986). She has also been the chairman of MATRADE since 1991. She was born in Kuala Kangsar, Perak.

In 2006, she was accused of corruption related to the issuance of Approved Permits (AP) for importing foreign vehicles, by former prime minister Mahathir bin Mohamad in his series of criticisms against the government.
The Grest Brain, Mother of All
AP's in Malaysia...
With links and corruption beyond all comprehension.

<a rel="nofollow" href="">Pakistan-China Friendship Center inaugurates in Islamabad</a>

Posted: 18 Dec 2010 12:00 AM PST

[Bergambar] 10 Tempat Di Dunia Yang Serasa Di Planet Lain - updated

Posted: 18 Dec 2010 09:39 AM PST

Tempat-Tempat Yang Serasa Di Planet Lain

Di beberapa bahagian di atas dunia ini kedapatan tempat-tempat yang unik dan aneh yang jarang ditemui di mana-mana bahagian di atas dunia - hanya di situ. Ia menjadikan kita persis berada di planet lain.

Ia adalah tanda-tanda kebesaran Ilahi yang tidak dapat ditandingi oleh makhlukNya. Ia mengajak kita untuk merenung nikmat Allah yang banyak dan entah bila kita akan dapat menyaksikannya dengan mata kepala sendiri, namun alam siber memungkinkan kita untuk melawatinya secara maya. Inipun sudah merupakan satu nikmat yang tak terhingga dari Dia...

1. Dry Valleys - Antartika

Lembah Kering di Antartika ini memiliki lantai berupa kerikil, dan dikatakan bahawa pemandangan yang anda dapat saksikan di tempat ini tidak jauh jadi pemandangan di Mars. Pemandangan yang luar biasa ini akan anda temukan di Antartika, dan sama sekali tidak mendapat salji, sekaligus merupakan satu-satunya tempat tanpa ais di Antartika. Kdang-kala di dasar lembah ini terdapat danau ais yang tebalnya mencapai beberapa meter. Dan dibawah danau ini, terdapat air yang sangat masin, dan yang lebih ajaib lagi, ternyata di dalam air tersebut ada makhluk hidup yang boleh hidup!

2. Socotra Island - Lautan Hindi

Jika anda berkesempatan mengunjungi pulau ini, anda boleh dengan mudah berbohong bahwa anda baru saja diculik Alien, pemandangan Pulau Socotra yang sudah terpisah dari benua terdekat, benua Afrika selama 6 atau 7 Juta tahun ini, sangat unik. Apalagi di pulau ini terdapat 700 flora spesies flora dan fauna paling jarang ditemui di dunia.

Tapi jangan berharap boleh tinggal, iklim dipulau ini sangat keras, panas, dan kering banget. Pantai di pulau ini banyak sekali terdapat gua, bahkan salah satu gua mencapai panjang 7 km, dan gunung di pulau ini mencapai tinggi 1525 meter, dan bahkan beberapa tanaman usianya mencapai 20 juta tahun.

3.Rio Tinto - Sepanyol

Lombong terbuka Rio Tinto ini menampilkan pemandangan yang luar biasa indah plus aneh, sehingga pemandangan yang ada semakin mirip dengan bulan. Pertumbuhan dari lombong ini tidak hanya memakan gunung dan lembah yang ada, bahkan sampai semua penduduk desa di dekat tambang tersebut harus dipindahkan ke kota terdekat. Air merah di sungai Rio Tinto ini sangat masam dan tinggi kandungan logam beratnya.

4. Klikuk, the Spotted Lake - Kanada

Pada saat musim panas, air di danau ini, berwap dan meninggalkan mineral yang ada mengkristal, dan membentuk berbagai kolam kecil dengan berbagai warna, yang pada umumnya adalah biru dan hijau. Kandungan mineral yang ada dalam air dan lumpur sangat membantu mengurangi rasa sakit, sehingga suku Indian setempat sering menggunakan tempat ini sebagai tempat untuk merawat anggota mereka yang terluka.

5. Salar de Uyuni - Bolivia

Adalah tempat yang mungkin paling indah (sekaligus aneh) di dunia. Daerah dengan padang garam terbesar di dunia, termasuk juga gunung berapi yang aktif, dan dataran geyser, dengan berbagai fatamorgana unik yang membuat anda merasa tinggal di planet lain.

6. Vale da Lua - Brazil

Terjemahan dari nama tempat ini adalah Lembah Bulan, yang merupakan lembah batu yang terkikis air, dan meninggalkan banyak 'kolam renang alami'. Batuan yang ada di lembah ini adalah batuan tertua di dunia, yang dibentuk dari quartz dengan pinggiran berupa kristal.

7. Blood Pond Hot Spring - Jepun

Mata Air Panas Kolam Darah, adalah salah satu 'neraka' di Beppu, Jepun. Sembilan mata air panas alami yang muncul ditempat ini sangat indah, tapi mungkin tidak untuk mandi. 'Neraka kolam darah' ini memiliki air dengan warna merah akibat kandungan besi di dalamnya. Serasa di Mars ya?

8. The Stone Forest - China

Hutan Batu yang dalam bahasa aslinya dibaca Shilin, adalah batuan alami yang dibentuk dari air yang terus menerus menggelegak menerpa permukaan dan mengikis bebatuan yang ada dan meninggalkan bentuk berupa tiang-tiang alami. Daerah ini ternyata dikenal semenjak dinasi Ming dan dianggap sebagai 'Keajaiban Dunia Pertama'

9. The Richat Structure - Mauritania

Permukaan tanah yang luar biasa ini berada di bahagian Barat Daya gurun Sahara, dan disebut sebagai Richat Structure, dan begitu besar (diameternya mencapai 50km) sampai dapat dilihat dari luar angkasa. Bentuk lingkaran yang ada juga masih belum dapat dijelaskan oleh para ilmuwan

10. Eisriesenwelt Ice Caves - Austria

Gua Ais ini berbeza sekali dengan gua biasa. Begitu anda masuk, panahan cahaya yang ada akan membuat anda merasa tidak sedang berada dalam planet ini, tapi sedang menjelajah ke planet lain. Gua Eisriesenwelt ini adalah gua terbesar yang ada dan dapat mencapai panjang 40km. -uniksaja/GB

Piala Suzuki: Malaysia Melangkah Ke Perlawanan Akhir

Posted: 18 Dec 2010 06:18 AM PST

Piala Suzuki: Malaysia mara ke final

KUALA LUMPUR: Malaysia mara ke perlawanan akhir Piala Suzuki AFF selepas 14 tahun apabila mengatasi Vietnam dengan agregat 2-0 pada saingan separuh akhir sebentar tadi.

Kedua-dua pasukan sekadar seri tanpa jaringan pada perlawanan separuh akhir kedua di Stadium My Dinh, Hanoi.

Malaysia menewaskan juara bertahan itu 2-0 pada perlawanan separuh akhir pertama di Stadium Nasional Bukit Jalil, Rabu lalu. -BH

Kalaw-Taungyi: ေတာင္ၾကီးေစ်းေန႔

Posted: 18 Dec 2010 06:04 AM PST

Source_thinzar's blog: Taunggyi Trip 2010 – 5 အပိုင္း၅ – ေတာင္ၾကီးေစ်းေန႔

ေတာင္ၾကီးကို အရမ္းၾကိဳက္တဲ့ အခ်က္ေတြထဲက တစ္ခုကေတာ့ ဟင္းသီးဟင္းရြက္နဲ႔ အသီးအႏွံ ေတာ္ေတာ္ ေပါတာပါဘဲ။ မိုးေႏွာင္းပိုင္း ၾသဂုတ္၊ စက္တင္ဘာေလာက္ ဆိုရင္ ၾသဇာသီး၊ တယ္သီး၊ ေထာပါတ္သီး ေတြ လွိဳင္လွိဳင္ထြက္တဲ့အခ်ိန္ျဖစ္ျပီး ေဆာင္းအကုန္ ေႏြအကူး ကေတာ့ စေတာ္ဘယ္ရီ ေပၚတဲ့အခ်ိန္ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ ေဆာင္းတြင္းျပန္ရင္ လိေမၼာ္သီးေလာက္ဘဲ ရွိျပီး ေႏြအကုန္ မိုးအကူးဆိုရင္ သရက္သီးေလာက္ဘဲ ေပါတာ။ ဒီတစ္ေခါက္ျပန္ေတာ့ ေထာပါတ္သီးနဲ႔ ၾသဇာသီးကို ေန႔တိုင္းလိုလို စားခဲ့တယ္။ တယ္သီးကို ပလတ္စတစ္အိတ္အလုံနဲ႔ခ်ည္၊ ေရအျပည္႔ထည္႔ထားတဲ့ အိုးထဲ ထည္႔ျပီး ၂ပါတ္ေလာက္ ထားလို႔ ရလာတဲ့ တယ္သီး အၾကြပ္သီးဆိုတာလဲ ေတာ္ေတာ္စားေကာင္းတယ္။ ဟင္းသီးဟင္းရြက္ေတြထဲမွာေတာ့ ေရေျပာင္းဖူး နဲ႕ ဆလတ္ရိုးကို ေတာ္ေတာ္ၾကိဳက္တယ္။ 

စူကာသီး (ေဂၚရခါးသီး)၊ ဖရုံသီး၊ စူကာရြက္၊ ေရေျပာင္းဖူး
ေဂၚဖီထုပ္၊ ၾသဇာသီး
ဝယ္လာျဖစ္ခဲ့တာက ေထာပါတ္ေျပာင္း၊ ေရေျပာင္းဖူး၊ ေထာပါတ္ပဲ၊ ေရႊပဲရြက္


ေနၾကာေစ့ေလွာ္၊ တရုတ္ပဲ၊ ပဲပုတ္ေစ့၊ ဖရုံေစ့၊ ေျမပဲဆားေလွာ္၊ စသျဖင့္.. စသျဖင့္..
sour & spice corner: ငရုတ္သီး၊ မွ်စ္ခ်ဥ္၊ ဂ်ဴးျမစ္၊ ခ်ဥ္ေပါင္ရြက္

(ကင္မရာ တကားကားနဲ႔ ေစ်းသြားခဲ့တဲ့ ေစ်းေန႔တစ္ေန႔ကေပါ့။)


Spend on what we ‘need’ and not ‘want’

Posted: 18 Dec 2010 05:52 AM PST

Source_Star: Spend on what we 'need' and not 'want'

I would like to comment on the consumer responsibility that says "spend according to your needs" because, basically, most consumers do not differentiate between their wants and their needs.

But there is a profound difference between the two. Simply put, if one already has 10 shirts and buys another one because one is attracted to the colour and style of the shirt, we are fulfilling a "want" and not a "need".

Likewise, we can ask ourselves if we really need to constantly change our cars, gadgets or household furnishings if what we already have are still functional?

We cannot blame businesses for subjecting us to persuasive advertisements for it is their prerogative to make profits.

But if we are aware and sure of what we need, as opposed to what we want, we can control our consumeristic tendencies.


Shah Zafar, the last of the Mughal emperors in India

Posted: 18 Dec 2010 05:38 AM PST

Zafar was an accomplished Urdu poet and calligrapher[13]. While he was denied paper and pen in captivity, he was known to have written on the walls of his room with a burnt stick. He wrote the following Ghazal (Video search) as his own epitaph.

Original Urdu Devanagari transliteration Roman transliteration English Translation

لگتا نہیں ہے جی مِرا اُجڑے دیار میں
کس کی بنی ہے عالمِ ناپائیدار میں

بُلبُل کو پاسباں سے نہ صیاد سے گلہ
قسمت میں قید لکھی تھی فصلِ بہار میں

اِن حسرتوں سے کہہ دو کہیں اور جا بسیں
اتنی جگہ کہاں ہے دلِ داغدار میں

اِک شاخِ گل پہ بیٹھ کے بُلبُل ہے شادماں
کانٹے بِچھا دیتے ہیں دلِ لالہ زار میں

عمرِ دراز مانگ کے لائے تھے چار دِن
دو آرزو میں کٹ گئے، دو اِنتظار میں

دِن زندگی کے ختم ہوئے شام ہوگئی
پھیلا کے پائوں سوئیں گے کنج مزار میں

کتنا ہے بدنصیب ظفر دفن کے لئے
دو گز زمین بھی نہ ملی کوئے یار میں


लगता नहीं है जी मेरा उजड़े दयार में
किसकी बनी है अालम-ए-नापायेदार में

बुलबुल को पासबाँ से न सैयाद से गिला
क़िस्मत में क़ैद लिखी थी फ़स्ल-ए-बहार में

इन हसरतों से कह दो कहीं और जा बसें
इतनी जगह कहाँ है दिल-ए-दाग़दार में

इक शाख़-ए-गुल पे बैठ के बुलबुल है शादमाँ
काँटे बिछा दिये हैं दिल-ए-लालाज़ार में

उम्र-ए-दराज़ माँगके लाए थे चार दिन
दो अारज़ू में कट गए, दो इन्तज़ार में

दिन ज़िन्दगी के ख़त्म हुए शाम हो गई
फैला के पाँव सोएँगे कुंज-ए-मज़ार में

कितना है बदनसीब "ज़फ़र″ दफ़्न के लिए
दो गज़ ज़मीन भी न मिली कू-ए-यार में

lagtā nahīń hé jī mérā ūjař'é dayār méń
kiskī banī hé ālam-e-nā-pāyedār méń

būlbūl ko pāsbāń se na saiyyād se gilā
qismet méń qaid likhī tthī fasl-e-bahār méń

kaeh do in hassretoń se kahīń aur jā bas'éń
itnī jageh kahāń hé dil-e-dāGhdār méń

ik shāKh-e-gūl pe baiTh ke būlbūl hé shādmāń
kānTe bichā diye héń dil-e-lālāzār méń

umr-e-darāz māńg ke lāye tthe chār din
do ārzū méń kaT gayé do intezār méń

din zindagī ke Khatm hué shām ho gayī
p'hailā ke pāoń soyeń-ge kūńj-e-mazaar méń

kitnā hé bad-naseeb zafar dafn ke liye
do gaz zamīn bhī na milī kū-e-yār méń

My heart has no repose in this despoiled land
Who has ever felt fulfilled in this futile world?

The nightingale complains about neither the sentinel nor the hunter
Fate had decreed imprisonment during the harvest of spring

Tell these longings to go dwell elsewhere
What space is there for them in this besmirched heart?

Sitting on a branch of flowers, the nightingale rejoices
It has strewn thorns in the garden of my heart

I asked for a long life, I received four days
Two passed in desire, two in waiting.

The days of life are over, evening has fallen
I shall sleep, legs outstretched, in my tomb

How unfortunate is Zafar! For his burial
Not even two yards of land were to be had, in the land of his beloved.[15]

Abu Zafar Sirajuddin Muhammad Bahadur Shah Zafar (Urdu: ابو ظفر سِراجُ الْدین محمد بُہادر شاہ ظفر), also known as Bahadur Shah or Bahadur Shah II (Urdu: بہادر شاہ دوم) (October 1775  – 7 November 1862) was the last of the Mughal emperors in India, as well as the last ruler of the Timurid Dynasty. He was the son of Akbar Shah II and Lalbai, who was a Hindu Rajput. He became the Mughal Emperor upon his father's death on 28 September 1837. Zafar ( Urdu: ظفر ), meaning "victory"[1] was his nom de plume (takhallus) as an Urdu poet. Even in defeat it is traditionally believed that he said[2]

" غازیوں میں بو رھےگی جب تلک ایمان کیتخت لندن تک چلےگی تیغ ھندوستان کی "
" Ghāzioń méń bū rahegi jab talak imān ki; Takht-e-London tak chalegi tégh Hindustan ki "
" As long as there remains the scent of faith in the hearts of our heroes, so long shall the sword of Hindustan flash before the throne of London

As the Indian rebellion of 1857 spread, Sepoy regiments seized Delhi. Seeking a figure that could unite all Indians, Hindu and Muslim alike, most rebelling Indian kings and the Indian regiments accepted Zafar as the Emperor of India.[8], under whom the smaller Indian kingdoms would unite until the British were defeated. Zafar was the least threatening and least ambitious of monarchs, and the legacy of the Mughal Empire was more acceptable a uniting force to most allied kings than the domination of any other Indian kingdom.

When the victory of the British became certain, Zafar took refuge at Humayun's Tomb, in an area that was then at the outskirts of Delhi, and hid there. British forces led by Major William Hodson surrounded the tomb and compelled his surrender on 20 September 1857. The next day British officer William Hodson shot his sons Mirza Mughal, Mirza Khizr Sultan, and grandson Mirza Abu Bakr under his own authority at the Khooni Darwaza (the bloody gate) near Delhi Gate. On hearing the news Zafar reacted with shocked silence while his wife Zeenat Mahal was content as she believed her son was now Zafar's heir.

Numerous male members of his family were killed by British forces, who imprisoned or exiled the surviving members of the Mughal dynasty. After a show trial, Zafar himself was exiled to Rangoon, Burma (now Yangon, Union of Myanmar) in 1858 along with his wife Zeenat Mahal and some of the remaining members of the family. His departure as Emperor marked the end of more than three centuries of Mughal rule in India.

Bahadur Shah died in exile on 7 November 1862. He was buried near the Shwedagon Pagoda in Yangon, at the site that later became known as Bahadur Shah Zafar Dargah.[9] His wife Zeenat Mahal died in 1886.

Source_Wikipedia: Shah Zafar

Pemuda PAS Edar Risalah Protes Kenaikan 4-dalam-1

Posted: 18 Dec 2010 06:00 AM PST

Pemuda PAS edar risalah protes kenaikan 4-dalam-1

PAS memulakan kempen memprotes kenaikan harga 4-dalam-1 dengan mengedar risalah kepada pengunjung gedung membeli-belah di ibu kota lewat petang ini.

Kempen berkenaan dijalankan oleh lebih 10 orang anggota pergerakan pemuda PAS Selangor dan Wilayah Persekutuan di kawasan yang menjadi tumpuan ramai pembeli di sekitar Jalan Masjid India dan Jalan Tuanku Abdul Rahman.

Kempen itu diadakan bagi menuntut kerajaan membatalkan kenaikan harga petrol, diesel, gas dan gula pada 3 Disember lalu.

Risalah berkenaan antara lainnya menyebut "rakyat bantah kerajaan BN kurangkan subsidi dan naikkan harga gas RM1.90 (naik 5 sen), gula RM2.10 (naik 5 sen), minyak ron 95 (naik 5 sen) dan minyak diesel RM 1.80 (naik 5 sen)."

Selain itu, ia turut membangkitkan kesan daripada peningkatan harga barang keperluan berkenaan.

"Apa kesannya? Harga teh tarik naik, tambang bas naik, khidmat kesihatan semakin mahal, yuran sekolah semakin tinggi," kandungan risalah itu dipetik.

Ketua penerangan Pemuda PAS Wilayah Persekutuan Fadhil Osman yang mengetuai program berkenaan berkata, pergerakan itu pada awalnya bercadang untuk mengadakan demonstrasi bagi menyuarakan bantahan berkenaan, tetapi kemudiannya memutuskan untuk menjalankan program mengedar risalah sahaja.

"Cukuplah sekadar kami mengedarkan risalah kerana impak lebih berkesan dapat (melalui) edar risalah dan menyebarkan maklumat terus kepada masyarakat berbanding demonstrasi," kata Fadhil lagi ketika ditemui di situ.

Tambahnya, program itu juga merupakan satu kejayaan apabila kira-kira 2,000 risalah berkenaan berjaya diedarkan dalam program berkenaan.

"Saya rasa kehadiran anggota polis ramai pada hari ini mungkin mereka fikir kita akan adakan demo agaknya. (Tapi) mereka tak ganggu kita edar risalah," katanya lagi dengan berseloroh.

Fadhil berkata demikian ketika mengulas kehadiran kira-kira lebih 10 orang anggota polis yang berkawal di luar perkarangan Kompleks Sogo sejak jam 4.15 petang lagi. -mk

M’sia scores low on migrant worker issues

Posted: 18 Dec 2010 04:46 AM PST

migrant workers - CRC walkSource_MKini: M'sia scores low on migrant worker issues

NGOs today launched a report comparing the migrant worker situation in Hong Kong and Malaysia, that pointed to poor or weak legislation as well as "bad governance" as the root causes of latter's burgeoning issues surrounding foreign worker abuse.
Commemorating International Migrants Day, Tenaganita and Coordination of Action Research on AIDS & Mobility (Caram) released their research report 'Malaysia vs Hong Kong: Employers' Perception and Attitudes Towards Foreign Domestic Workers' today.

The report found "significant differences between the attitudes of Hong Kong and Malaysian employers" towards foreign domestic workers (FDWs), despite, says Vivian Chong from Caram Asia, the circumstances in both countries being largely the same.

It said that "systematic gross violation" of migrant workers' rights arose because in Malaysia they were not recognised as "workers" but as "servants", a term also used in the Employment Act 1955.

"The survey with FDW employers revealed significant opposites between the attitudes of Hong Kong and Malaysian employers towards FDWs. It was found that the average Hong Kong employer viewed and treated their FDWs as employees, while Malaysians were more likely to view them as 'servants/maids', denoting a lower class of workers."

The report noted that the Hong Kong government's commitment to "proper laws, recognition through regulations and effective enforcement of laws" relating to foreign domestic workers translated to "positive perceptions and understanding of FDWs as seen in the Hong Kong employers' feedback".

In contrast Malaysian employers, says the report, "preferred to maintain status quo that has benefited them" and were resistant to laws that protected the rights of FDWs.

Agencies calling the shots?

"The authorities in Hong Kong adopted measures which raised the threshold on FDWs rights and imposed more stringent regulations that were more in line with its own labour laws alongside implementing procedures that eased immigration processes, while the authorities in Malaysia seem to take into consideration some issues raised …but none of the proposals have been translated into regulations and amendments to the labour laws."

It noted that Hong Kong's policies had raised the level of acceptance and awareness among Hong Kong employers of the workers' rights, as opposed to the Malaysian experience.

For example, it found that 47 percent of Hong Kong employers had some knowledge of employment laws which contrasted with Malaysia's 6 percent.

"Despite their lack of knowledge of the law, around one in five Malaysian employers believed that their national laws protected FDWs, while 53 percent believed that both employers and FDWs were (presumably equally) protected," the report said.

Another "disturbing insight" according to the report, was that more than half (51.2 percent) of Malaysian employers disagreed that the government should punish employers who made their FDWs work for more than eight hours without rest in a day – currently FDWs work 14 hours per day without rest days.

"These views correspond with the public outcry against a Caram Asia-led campaign for one rest day per week in Malaysia since 2007," it said.

In another disturbing revelation, the report found 43 percent disagreed that it was wrong to ask a FDW to perform work other than what they were originally hired for.

'Migrant worker is big business'

At the NGOs' press conference in Kuala Lumpur today to launch the report, the issue of human trafficking and migrant workers abuse also took centrestage.

"We have a large number of undocumented migrant workers (in Malaysia). We are ashamed that Malaysia does not recognise their rights. The problem is we do not have a comprehensive policy on migrant workers," said Tenaganita executive director Irene Fernandez (right).

"Their numbers can be reduced if there is proper governance," she said, adding the situation is a result of "corruption" and "bad governance".

She called for an end to looking at migrant workers as a threat to local security, and to stop punishing the workers rather than their employers and agents, noting that the latter are the root cause of the problem.

"It is clear that (the trafficking of workers) is a form of business. It's clearly a way to make money.'Outsourcing' is also a way to make money," said Fernandez.

"What is saddening is that at every stage (of the process) the MW has to pay for something," she said, pointing to various charges like medical checkups and insurance coverage.

Gov't lacks commitment to change

She questioned the recent requirement of compulsory insurance coverage for migrant workers, asking, "Who are the insurance companies, what is the coverage, who is going to benefit, and where is all the money going to?" she asked.

"It works out to a lot of money. The lack of transparency in this new policy is worrying," she said, adding that previous experience does not bolster confidence in what the government is trying to achieve.

When asked after the event, Fernandez admitted that political will to make the necessary changes to legislation and governance was lacking in the country.

"With the present government, I don't have much confidence that (the situation) will change. That's why there will be a continuation of human trafficking under this present government.

"That's why traffickers can get away with impunity," said Fernandez.

"That's why the Anti-Trafficking Act cannot be just window dressing, a public relations exercise. It needs an overhaul, but is the government ready to do that?"

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Posted: 18 Dec 2010 04:42 AM PST

Source: The United Nations, Migration and development

Throughout human history, migration has been a courageous expression of the individual's will to overcome adversity and to live a better life. Today, globalization, together with advances in communications and transportation, has greatly increased the number of people who have the desire and the capacity to move to other places.

This new era has created challenges and opportunities for societies throughout the world. It also has served to underscore the clear linkage between migration and development, as well as the opportunities it provides for co-development, that is, the concerted improvement of economic and social conditions at both origin and destination.

International migration today

International migrants numbered 191 million in 2005: 115 million lived in developed countries and 75 million in developing countries. Between 1990 and 2005, high-income countries as a whole registered the highest increase in the number of international migrants (41 million).

Three quarters of all migrants lived in just 28 countries in 2005, with one in every five migrants in the world living in the United States of America.

Migrants constitute at least 20 per cent of the population in 41 countries, 31 of which have less than a million inhabitants.

Female migrants constitute nearly half of all migrants worldwide, and they are more numerous than male migrants in developed countries.

Nearly 6 out of every 10 international migrants live in high-income economies, but these include 22 developing countries, including Bahrain, Brunei Darussalam, Kuwait, Qatar, the Republic of Korea, Saudi Arabia, Singapore and the United Arab Emirates.

About a third of the 191 million migrants in the world have moved from one developing country to another, and another third have moved from a developing country to a developed country. That is to say, "South-to-South" migrants are about as numerous as "South-to-North" Migrants with tertiary education constituted just under half of the increase in the number of international migrants aged 25 or over in OECD countries during the 1990s. Nearly 6 out of every 10 highly educated migrants living in OECD countries in 2000 came from developing countries.

Migration and development

The lure of a well-paid job in a wealthy country is a powerful driver of international migration. The attraction has intensified as income differentials among countries continue to grow. This holds true not only regarding the large and growing differentials between high and low-income countries, but also with regard to the more dynamic and the less dynamic developing countries.

Many advanced and dynamic economies need migrant workers to fill jobs that cannot be outsourced and that do not find local workers willing to take them at going wages. Population ageing also underlies this growing demand, as it gives rise to deficits of workers relative to dependants. And as younger generations become better educated, fewer in their ranks are content with low-paid and physically demanding jobs.

Migration may reduce wages or lead to higher unemployment among low-skilled workers in advanced economies, many of whom are themselves migrants who arrived in earlier waves. However, most migrants complement the skills of domestic workers instead of competing with them. By performing tasks that either would go undone or cost more, migrants allow citizens to perform other, more productive and better-paid jobs. They also maintain viable economic activities that, in their absence, would be outsourced. By enlarging the labour force and the pool of consumers and by contributing their entrepreneurial capacities, migrants boost economic growth in receiving countries.

At the point of origin, deeper poverty does not lead automatically to higher migration. The poorest people generally do not have the resources to bear the costs and risks of international migration. International migrants are usually drawn from middle-income households. However, when migrants establish themselves abroad, they help friends and relatives to follow and, in the process, the costs and risks of migration fall, making it possible for poorer people, though not for the poorest, to join the stream. Low-skilled migration has the largest potential to reduce the depth and severity of poverty in communities of origin.

Mounting evidence indicates that international migration is usually positive both for countries of origin and of destination. Its potential benefits are larger than the potential gains from freer international trade, particularly for developing countries.

The United Nations and Migrants

On 4 December 2000, the General Assembly, taking into account the large and increasing number of migrants in the world, proclaimed 18 December International Migrants Day (A/RES/55/93). On that day, in 1990, the Assembly adopted the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families (A/RES/45/158).

Member States, intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations are invited to observe International Migrants Day through the dissemination of information on the human rights and fundamental freedoms of migrants, and through the sharing of experiences and the design of actions to ensure their protection.

The 132 Member States that participated in the High-level Dialogue on International Migration and Development, conducted by the General Assembly on 14 and 15 September 2006, reaffirmed a number of key messages. First, they underscored that international migration was a growing phenomenon and that it could make a positive contribution to development in countries of origin and countries of destination provided it was supported by the right policies. Secondly, they emphasized that respect for the fundamental rights and freedoms of all migrants was essential to reap the benefits of international migration. Thirdly, they recognized the importance of strengthening international cooperation on international migration bilaterally, regionally and globally.

Although the High-level Dialogue stressed that international migration could contribute to development, it recognized that international migration was not a substitute for development. All too often, migrants were compelled to seek employment abroad because of poverty, conflict or violations of human rights. Peace and security, good governance, the rule of law and the provision of decent work in countries of origin ensured that people migrated out of choice instead of necessity. International migration needed to be an integral part of the development agenda and should be part of national development strategies.

Following the High-level Dialogue, the Government of Belgium launched a process to establish the Global Forum on Migration and Development as a voluntary, non-binding and informal consultative process, led by and open to all States Members of the United Nations and observers. By providing a venue for Governments to address issues related to international migration and development in a systematic and comprehensive way, the Global Forum brings together Government expertise from all regions, promotes dialogue, cooperation and partnerships, and fosters practical and action-oriented outcomes at the national, regional and global levels.

Since the 2006 High-level Dialogue on International Migration and Development, intergovernmental cooperation in the area of migration has increased markedly. Various regional intergovernmental groups and consultative processes have been focusing increasingly on the development dimensions of international migration, although they have done so in different ways and with different perspectives. The need to understand better the issues raised by international migration in relation to development, to exchange experience and know-how, and to build common positions has propelled more countries to join regional groups and some regional groups to cooperate with each other. It seems that the High-level Dialogue served as a catalyst to generate considerable activity in this area.

International Migrants Day

Posted: 18 Dec 2010 04:36 AM PST

Stamp from Deutsche Post AG from 1998, 50th an...

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Source: International Migrants Day 18 December

"I urge the very many States that have yet to do so to ratify the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Their Families. I also call on parties to the Convention to step up their efforts to help realize the rights guaranteed in the Convention. The irregular situation of many international migrants should not deprive them either of their humanity or their rights. Together, let us reaffirm the fundamental principle of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights: 'all human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights' ".

Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon
Message for International Migrants Day
18 December 2010

Timorese internally displaced persons being relocated from Jardim Bordia to the district of Ermera with transportation from the International Organisation for Migration (IOM), which provided the vehicle seen here. UN Photo/Martine Perr On 4 December 2000, the UN General Assembly, taking into account the large and increasing number of migrants in the world, proclaimed 18 December as International Migrants Day. On 18 December 1990, the General Assembly had adopted the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families.

UN Member States and intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations are invited to observe International Migrants Day through the dissemination of information on the human rights and fundamental freedoms of migrants, and through the sharing of experiences and the design of actions to ensure their protection.

The 132 Member States that participated in the General Assembly's High-level Dialogue on International Migration and Development on 14-15 September 2006 reaffirmed a number of key messages. First, they underscored that international migration was a growing phenomenon and that it could make a positive contribution to development in countries of origin and countries of destination provided it was supported by the right policies. Secondly, they emphasized that respect for the fundamental rights and freedoms of all migrants was essential to reap the benefits of international migration. Thirdly, they recognized the importance of strengthening international cooperation on international migration bilaterally, regionally and globally.


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Ramai Pasangan Bercerai, Program Realiti Mari Menari Punya Pasal

Posted: 18 Dec 2010 04:32 AM PST

Tekanan, konflik bawa padah Oleh Nor Raihan Abu Bakar dan Rossalynn Ismail

SATU demi satu rumah tangga pasangan program realiti tari-menari popular menuju kehancuran. Ketika pasangan pertama mengumumkan perceraian mereka selepas musim pertama, kita terkejut kerana mereka kelihatan begitu bahagia, mesra dan intim seperti mana dipamerkan dalam gerakan tarian mereka.

Apabila pasangan kedua dan ketiga mengumumkan perkara sama, kita mula simpati dan tidak faham mengapa ia perlu terjadi kepada pasangan program ini. Namun, selepas pasangan selanjutnya mengumumkan berita kehancuran rumah tangga mereka, kita mula terdetik bahawa ada sesuatu yang tidak kena dengan program realiti berkenaan.

Namun, tidak ada sesiapa peduli untuk menyelidiki atau bersuara mengenai kemusykilan ini. Stesen televisyen ghairah mempromosi rancangan itu sementara masyarakat Melayu tanpa berfikir dan melulu memberi sambutan hangat kepada program berkenaan sehingga menjadikannya sebuah program realiti popular.

Beberapa hari lalu, kita sekali lagi dikejutkan dengan berita perpisahan pasangan penari program berkenaan. Harian Metro menggunakan perkataan 'badi' untuk menggambarkan akibat yang menimpa peserta yang pernah menyertai program ini. Sehingga hari ini tujuh pasangan peserta program berkenaan berpisah kerana dikatakan tidak wujud lagi persefahaman.

Fenomena di seluruh dunia menunjukkan program televisyen berbentuk realiti sentiasa mendapat tempat di hati penonton. Program tanpa skrip yang menonjolkan kehidupan sebenar perjalanan seseorang dalam mencapai kemenangan dan menerima ganjaran wang tunai secara pintas ini begitu digemari. Ia begitu dekat di hati penonton memandangkan penonton dijemput untuk turut serta melalui undian SMS.

Dalam program ini pasangan peserta yang tidak pandai menari dan sesetengah tidak pernah menari diberi tugasan untuk pelbagai jenis tarian untuk mencapai kemenangan. Kemenangan menjanjikan ganjaran kewangan ini bukan saja menjadi milik mereka, tetapi akan disumbangkan kepada badan kebajikan terpilih.

Sebagai nilai tambah untuk program realiti tarian ini, peserta merupakan pasangan artis atau selebriti yang sudah mempunyai peminat dan pengikut tersendiri.

Hakikat program ini tidak jauh berbeza dengan program realiti popular seperti Survivor, Big Brother atau The Amazing Race. Program seumpama ini meletakkan peserta dalam keterpaksaan.

Dalam program tari-menari ini peserta telah diletakkan dalam 'tekanan yang sangat tinggi' dan berada dalam satu 'konflik'. Tekanan dan konflik ini berlaku kerana pesertanya diperlukan untuk melakukan gerak-geri tarian yang sempurna dan hebat umpama penari profesional. Walaupun mereka ini pada dasarnya mahu dan rela untuk berbuat demikian, hakikatnya mereka tidak mampu dan melawan fitrah jiwa mereka sendiri.

Perlu diingat, menari dan tarian adalah satu bentuk seni halus. Seorang penari melakukan gerak-geri tarian sebagai medium untuk mereka meluahkan perasaan, cara mereka untuk mengekspresi diri. Dari segi psikologi, mereka menari disebabkan 'intrinsic motivation' iaitu untuk mencari kepuasan diri.

Apa yang berlaku kepada penari program realiti berkenaan pula ialah mereka menari, melakukan pelbagai gerakan tarian semata-mata kerana 'extrinsic motivation' iaitu untuk mendapatkan ganjaran di akhir rancangan. Mungkin benar mereka berbuat demikian untuk membantu badan kebajikan, tetapi ia motivasi luaran. Motivasi ini meletakkan mereka dalam keterpaksaan dan konflik tanpa sedar.

Selain itu, peserta program ini juga menerima tekanan daripada jurulatih mereka. Dalam program ini, bukan saja pesertanya, malah jurulatih tarian juga akan menerima ganjaran jika berjaya melahirkan juara. Keadaan yang mendesak ini menyebabkan jurulatih sentiasa menekan peserta untuk melakukan gerakan tari profesional dan sempurna.

Dalam masa seminggu, peserta dilatih tubi dan didesak untuk mencapai kesempurnaan dalam tarian. Tidak sedikit tekanan dihadapi peserta daripada pengadil. Walau bagaimana pun, peserta menganggap diri mereka profesional dan mempunyai minda terbuka, namun sebagai manusia perasaan tersentuh dan terhiris ketika menerima kritikan di hadapan ramai.

Harapan dan undian SMS daripada penonton menambahkan lagi tekanan kepada peserta program ini. Mereka sentiasa perlu melakukan tarian sempurna untuk memastikan undian berterusan. Sebagai selebriti yang menjadi idola dan ikutan peminat, pasti mereka mahu kelihatan hebat dan sempurna.

Situasi ini telah meletakkan mereka dalam 'extreme stress'. Satu tekanan yang sebenarnya tidak perlu dan tidak sepatutnya mereka hadapi. Mereka seolah-olah dilontarkan dengan pelbagai tekanan secara tiba-tiba dan tidak semena-mena.

Menurut Sigmund Freud, personaliti manusia terdiri daripada tiga struktur iaitu 'id', 'ego' dan 'superego'. 'Id' berada dalam keadaan luar sedar. 'Id' menyimpan kehendak primitif dan 'instinct' yang tersembunyi dalam diri seseorang. Walau bagaimanapun, kadang kala, 'id' akan terkeluar dan terdedah walaupun bukan dengan kehendak kita. Dalam perkataan lain, 'id' selalunya tersembunyi dalam diri kita.

'Ego' pula bertanggungjawab untuk mewajarkan dan mengawal 'id' sementara 'superego' bertindak dengan prinsip moral dan etika. Dalam bahasa lebih mudah, 'id' boleh dikatakan sebagai nafsu, 'ego' pula akal sementara 'superego' adalah kepercayaan atau keimanan.

Dalam konteks program realiti ini, peserta telah diberikan satu tekanan untuk mencapai kejuaraan. Mereka sanggup melakukan apa saja bagi memastikan kemenangan masing-masing. Tekanan ini menyebabkan 'ego' dan 'superego' tidak lagi berperanan. 'Id' mahukan kemenangan dan 'id' melakukan apa saja untuk memastikan kemenangan.

Ini diterjemahkan apabila pasangan penari ini meluahkan perasaan marah, tidak puas hati dan sakit hati terhadap pasangan masing-masing tanpa toleransi dan ihsan. Dalam satu program yang berkonsep sama baru-baru ini, si suami secara selamba mengutuk dan menceritakan kelemahan isterinya di hadapan kamera!

Kebanyakan pasangan peserta program adalah pasangan suami isteri yang masih muda dan baru saja melayari alam perkahwinan. Pasangan muda ini masih lagi dalam proses mengenali hati budi dan masih dengan harapan yang manis terhadap alam perkahwinan.

Namun pertengkaran dan pertelingkahan mereka untuk mencapai kesempurnaan gerak tari ini telah mendedahkan rupa sebenar pasangan masing-masing. 'Id' yang terdedah telah menonjolkan kelakuan, tingkah laku dan emosi sebenar pasangan masing-masing. Keadaan ini tentunya mengundang rasa keliru, sedih dan kecewa sehingga mereka tidak mahu menerima personaliti sedemikian lantas terjadilah perpisahan.

Adalah sangat malang bahawa pasangan penari program ini terpaksa memasuki episod yang menyedihkan dan tidak perlu dalam hubungan mereka. Dalam perkahwinan, tidak pernah ada isu kecil. Setiap tutur kata, setiap gerak dan langkah mempunyai kesan besar. Sejak dari awal, mereka sebenarnya tidak patut bertengkar atas perkara tidak ada kaitan langsung dengan rumah tangga mereka.

Dulu, kita tidak pernah terfikir bahawa akan wujud satu program televisyen di luar lingkungan norma dan budaya masyarakat kita. Kita tidak pernah terfikir akan adanya program dengan persembahan yang kurang tertib - melompat dan meloncat di kalangan pelakunya.

Selama ini, kita mungkin tidak pernah membayangkan akan dihidangkan dan menikmati program televisyen dengan episod suami dan isteri marah memarahi, kutuk mengutuk dan aib mengaibkan antara satu sama lain!

Mungkin inilah yang dikatakan realiti sebuah program realiti. Namun, harus diingat program realiti tidak mendukung prinsip realiti sebenar kerana ia sering dimodifikasi dengan elemen sensasi serta konflik untuk memancing penonton dan iklan. Pesertanya sering diletakkan dalam situasi 'eksotik' dan 'luar biasa' yang kemudian dirakamkan penerbit 'off screen' dan sekali lagi dimanipulasi melalui suntingan dan teknik.

Program realiti bukan benar-benar realiti. Realiti sebenar ialah apabila seseorang bernikah, suami dan isteri menjadi satu bahagian. Pernikahan bagaikan pakaian kepada mereka. Fungsi pakaian menutup aurat. Ini bererti suami dan isteri harus menutup aib pasangan.

* Penulis adalah pensyarah Fakulti Komunikasi dan Pengajian Media UiTM Melaka.

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