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Posted: 20 Apr 2013 06:15 AM PDT
Nowhere to hide for Myanmar's Muslims
PHUKET – In a narrow, damp alley at the heart of this bustling tourist hotspot sits a row of tin-roofed shacks. Hidden from view, they house Rohingya Muslims who have fled sectarian bloodshed in neighboring Myanmar.
Described by the United Nations as one of the most persecuted minorities in the world, the Rohingya – including women and children – have been fleeing the country by boat in growing numbers to escape communal rioting, which has killed an estimated 200 people and left tens of thousands homeless.
Although Myanmar has been widely praised for adopting democratic reforms after years of isolation, a recent spate o
ethnic clashes has raised fresh concerns about its stability.
Last month, Buddhist mobs were locked in deadly clashes with Muslims, burning homes and mosques, in the central part of the country. The carnage followed similar sectarian violence between Rakhine Buddhists and Rohingya Muslims in western Myanmar last year.
Denied citizenship by the authorities, the stateless Rohingya – who are categorized by the United Nations as a religious and linguistic minority from western Myanmar but widely viewed inside the country as illegal Bengali migrants – seek sanctuary in neighboring countries.
Some end up in parts of Thailand, including Phuket, which is better known for its sun-drenched beaches and raucous nightlife. Sitting cross-legged on the floor of a shack on the outskirts of Phuket town, Ismail, not his real name, tells a story of suffering and abuse that is a far cry from the carefree domain of the happy holidaymaker.
"I saw my neighbors' house being burnt to the ground," said the 47-year-old fisherman, recalling the gruesome scenes he witnessed during the violence in Rakhine state. "I could find no sign of my neighbors after that. People were being shot and stabbed. I saw a small child being hacked down like a sapling."
The conflict erupted in June amid reports that a young Rakhine Buddhist woman had been raped and murdered by Rohingya men. As retaliatory attacks spiraled out of control, entire villages were razed, leaving an estimated 125,000 people homeless, most of them Rohingya.
A state of emergency was declared, which briefly stemmed the bloodshed, but a fresh wave of violence broke out in October. This time it was not clear what sparked the clashes. Human rights groups have accused the Myanmar security forces of tacitly supporting Rakhine Buddhist outrages against the Rohingya as part of a policy to drive them out of the country.
The bloodletting certainly prompted Ismail to leave. His boat was destroyed in the rioting and he could no longer feed his family, so he decided to find work abroad. Along with 63 others, he boarded a rickety boat that sailed for 12 days, sometimes through storms, before nearing the Thai coast.
Ismail said the Thai navy captured them and sold them to people smugglers who took them by truck to a camp in southern Thailand. "We were stuffed into a small house like cattle. I had no idea where I was or what was going on."
He lived on mouthfuls of rice scooped from a single large bowl he shared with the other captives. They slept in a cramped room next to the only toilet, which was a fetid hole in the ground covered by a sheet, he said. Those were the least of Ismail's worries. The men who were holding him demanded 40,000 baht (US$1,400) as a "fee" for entering Thailand.
"Some days, without any reason, they would grab me, tie my arms and legs and lay me flat on my stomach," he said. "Then, they started hitting me on my back and legs with heated metal rods and rope. After three or four blows I would pass out."
Ismail understood that unless he could produce the money, the beatings would not stop. His captors allowed him to contact a fellow Rohingya living in Phuket, who managed to raise some of the funds. The rest came from his wife, who is still in Myanmar. To save her husband's life, she sold a cow and sent the money to his captors via a shadowy network of brokers who took a cut, Ismail said.
After 24-days in the camp, his ordeal ended and he was sent by bus to Phuket, where he is now living illegally. Down the road from where Ismail lives is a government-run shelter housing children who have recently arrived in Thailand by sea.
"We were on the boat for days without food, we just had a small amount of water to drink," one of the boys told this writer. "The youngest among us is four years old."
Although Thailand has provided temporary protection to Rohingya, the government does not register them as refugees. Instead, it adheres to an official policy of "helping on" boat people to a third destination by providing them with food, water and assistance to continue their perilous journey.
But the Thai Navy has been accused of abuses, like the ones that Ismail describes. These also include shooting at boatloads of Rohingya and selling others to human traffickers. The Thai government has said it will look into the allegations.
The situation for Rohingya heading to Bangladesh and Malaysia is also far from ideal. An estimated 200,000 Rohingya languish in squalid, unofficial camps on the Bangladeshi coast and only around 28,000 of them have been registered as refugees. After violence erupted in Rakhine, Bangladesh turned away boatloads of fleeing Rohingya.
While Malaysia takes in Rohingya who arrive at its shores, the country is not a signatory to the 1951 UN Convention on Refugees. This means asylum seekers are treated as illegal migrants, making it difficult for them to secure formal work.
Back in Myanmar, tens of thousands of displaced Rohingya living in overcrowded and unsanitary camps face food shortages and the threat of disease because the government has restricted the flow of aid, said Human Rights Watch deputy Asia director Phil Robertson.
However, there is little public support for the Rohingya in Myanmar, said Chris Lewa, head of human rights organization the Arakan Project, which specializes in the minority group. "One key reason is religion," she added. "There is a strong anti-Muslim discourse here."
Those simmering tensions bubbled to the surface again last month when an apparent argument between a Muslim gold shop owner and Buddhist customers provided the first spark for deadly clashes in the central city of Meikhtila which killed around 43 and left 12,000 homeless, mostly Muslims.
The latest violence against Muslims, most of whom were not Rohingya, and Buddhists represents a challenge for the nation's democratic reform progress.
"Who will be next?" said Akbar Ahmed, Ibn Khaldun Chair of Islamic Studies at American University in Washington, DC. "This kind of ethnic and religious violence is a slippery slope for a country at such a juncture."
Many of the Rohingya are just the latest of generations who have lived in Myanmar. Ahmed, who researched the group for his book The Thistle and the Drone, said the Rohingya should be granted citizenship. Such a move would bolster Myanmar's democratic "legitimacy", he added.
"Whether they can rise above issues of race and religion to be a united and democratic [Myanmar] will be their first and most important test."
Himaya Quasem, a former reporter for the Sunday Mail, is a Singapore-based journalist.
Posted: 20 Apr 2013 06:11 AM PDT
Toward Understanding Muhammad:
In the aftermath of September 11 when President Bush visited the Islamic Center of Washington DC, both to reassure the Muslims in America and to create public awareness against prejudice, he remarked: "The face of terror is not the true faith of Islam. That's not what Islam is all about. Islam is peace." Of course, Bush is, first and foremost, a politician and therefore his remarks should be taken with a grain of salt – actually, a lot of salt.
The American President was quickly rebuffed even by a number of his compatriots, who vehemently disagreed with the President's diplomatic stance. "… a large number of foreign policy hawks — some of them with advisory roles in the Bush administration — have joined religious conservatives in taking issue with Bush's characterizations. … they say the claim is dishonest and destined to fail." [Conservatives Dispute Bush Portrayal of Islam as Peaceful] A pro-Israel, conservative or neocon, Daniel Pipes, sermonized that since calls for "Death to America" in 1979 in Iran, "… some 600 Americans have been murdered by militant Muslims. And still the U.S. government fails to 'proclaim militant Islam our strategic enemy' but instead goes along with blandishments about 'good Muslims' and 'true Islam' being a religion of peace." [Militant Islam Is Still Enemy No.1]
In contrast to the above two categories of non-Muslim stance, there are two parallel camps within Muslims. One camp on the fringe has no qualms in taking a public position that Islam enjoins fighting and subduing the non-Muslims, and this is a sublime religious duty. They urge the Muslims to take up a combative struggle – armed if necessary – to resist the evil of the "infidels" (kuffar) and to facilitate Islam's victory over others. They cite the example of the Prophet as to how under his leadership the world of the unbelievers was subdued.
Repudiating this group of extremist Muslims, there is the broader Muslim community that finds an echo of their own position in what President Bush said and they would like the world to know that Islam means peace and Islam is peaceful. Period. This group is very much troubled by the hate-mongering and violent posturing of the fringe extremists among Muslims. Thus, they would like to underscore and highlight the essential dimension of Islam, which in their view is peace.
So, is Islam essentially intolerant and violent or is it essentially tolerant or peaceful? The fact of the matter is that in presenting Islam as essentially peaceful or violent, there is a false and an unacceptable reductionism, and trying to cast Islam in such reductionist framework inevitably leads to either misunderstanding or misrepresentation.
A few premises
At the center of this whole debate are three aspects: the Qur'an, the life of the Prophet, and the historical experience of Muslims. But first let me identify a few pertinent premises.
(1) Muslims hold the Qur'an as the ultimate source of divine guidance. Even the Prophet could not have contradicted the Qur'an, let alone anyone else. (2) The Qur'anic verses should not be taken in isolation from other verses or from the Prophetic experience. (3) The Qur'anic verses, commands or otherwise, have different levels of priority; some are general in scope and are to be treated or upheld as norms, while other verses might be contextual, delimited or transitional. (4) Life is an integrated whole, and Islam is a guidance for the whole life in a comprehensive or holistic manner, where a sense or goal of balance is of supreme importance. And (5) life needs to be treated as life, which from the Islamic viewpoint should be understood as based on Fitrah, the innate human nature.
Some historical observations
The history of Muslims, similar to that of many other communities, is not devoid of violence and warfare. There have been almost perpetual wars, conflicts, and the attending violence in the Muslim world. During the Prophetic era in the Madinah period, the Prophet was at war with all those who fought the nascent Muslim community and the Islamic polity. In the post-prophetic era, the conflicts continued on two fronts. The Islamic polity, which from the beginning was on a pluralistic foundation, continued to be drawn to war with other great civilizations and lesser powers of the time. The Islamic polity subsequently also found another front open: internal schism and conflict. Contending powers or blocks had internecine conflicts, in most cases completely de-linked with the spirit, vision, and precepts of Islam.
The transformation from a constitutional, participatory, and accountable form of governance during the period of Rightly-guided Caliphs to its despotic anti-thesis represented a counter-revolution to the revolution ushered in by the Prophet Muhammad. Since this counter-revolution, the establishment persistently purported to preserve the status quo, and oppositions–legitimate or illegitimate, right or wrong, just or unjust–were at the receiving end of persecution and retribution. It is important to note that the political institutions and culture in the Muslim world that evolved subsequently are more rooted in that counter-revolution than in the revolution and legacy of the Prophet.
The division of the world between Dar al-Harb (home of war and conflict) and Dar al-Islam (home of peace and security) was a concoction of the classical Muslim jurists to contend with the problems of their time, but the reality was that on one hand in Dar al-Islam there was no less internal conflicts than external conflicts. Our contemporary generation of self-critical and conscientious Islamic scholars, who are in tune with the challenges of our time, are already reformulating their thoughts and positions, discarding the practically untenable and Islamically unwarranted framework of Dar al-Harb and Dar al-Islam.
Both to pursue the external and internal conflicts, the scriptures (the Qur'an and the Hadith) have been used (more like abused) to support a particular position or agenda. Gradually, the edifice of Islam and Muslims was weakened from within, and when the decadent Muslim society faced confrontation with the rising West, not only the Islamic polity collapsed and got dismembered by the victor West, but also the philosophical, juristic, theological and institutional edifice bared itself in terms of its internal incoherence and confusion.
During the colonial expansion of the West, the Muslim world, like any other colony, was ravaged, humiliated, dismembered and subjugated beyond any recognition, even though the Muslim world has not de-linked itself from the nostalgic memory that once the Islamic polity led the world, politically, militarily as well as knowledge-wise and technologically. Muslims are no less freedom loving than any other segment of humanity. But they are finding themselves subjugated under despotic and brutal regimes that are subservient to, defender of, or dependent on the West. The plight of the people of Palestine, Kashmir, Chechnya and Iraq greatly illustrates the pain and agony of the Muslim world. The overall response to such conditions of course covers the entire spectrum: from rational and non-violent resistance to violent resistance to irrational, fanatical terrorism.
Therefore, if from a cursory reading of the history of Muslims makes people think that this religion is quite violent, the impression can't be dismissed quite so easily, even though drawing conclusions about Islam on the basis of such impressions is simplistic and incorrect at best.
Peace and violence in the Qur'an and the life of the Prophet
All killing, fighting, war and even administration of law and order involve some type of violence. However, the "Wild Wild West" did not earn the United States a reputation for violence; the two World Wars – the most violent and the worst killings in human history – did not earn the West in general and Europe in particular a reputation for violence either. The virtual decimation of the Indian people in the United States did not make the country barbaric or uncivilized. The European colonization that ravaged, exploited and dehumanized various parts of Asia and Africa, including the Muslim world, did not make Europe any less civilized. The Spanish Inquisition and the Crusade did not make Christianity violent and barbaric. Even the organized torching of Muslims in India by a Hindu mob does not make Hinduism a burning example of violence and barbarism. Yet, these days there are people who would like to identify Islam and the Prophet Muhammad as violent or symbol of violence.
We have already mentioned above that during the post-Prophetic era, there was plenty of conflict and violence that occurred in the name of Islam, yet Islam did not sanction it. Notably, for 13 years of Makkan period, Muslims were strictly forbidden to reciprocate any violence to the persecutors of the Quraish. Many people misunderstand Muhammad because when they compare him with many other religious figureheads, such as Jesus and Buddha, they find a stark and intriguing contrast. Jesus as portrayed in Bible, appears to be an embodiment of unblemished peace and compassion. Buddha appears to be an enlightened soul far removed from the hustle and bustle of life. In both cases, it seems that many find a message of non-violence. On the contrary, Muhammad appears to be quite different. In the limelight of society, he is helping the feuding Arabs make peace during his youth. He is also involved in a social treaty (Hilf al-Fudhul) to form an alliance against any unjust war and killing. He is an accomplished merchant, a family man, forgiving all the adversaries during the conquest of Makkah, except four murderers, mending his own shoes, foot-racing his beloved wife, leading and motivating the believers to stand for justice and give life in fighting, if necessary.
Such a comparison between Muhammad on one hand and Jesus or Buddha on the other is both incorrect and unfair. It is even worse when, to justify their conclusion about Islam and the Prophet, some people try to find verses in the Qur'an or references in Hadith, where the fighting and violence were so prominently, unequivocally, and sternly mentioned.
To better understand this issue, one needs to recognize that Islam does not teach that if anyone's one cheek is slapped, he or she should turn the other cheek. As mentioned in one of the premises above, Islam is based on Fitrah, the innate human nature. As a society, if we all turn our other cheek in the face of violence or open the door to the intruding burglars, or point to our heart to give a killer's gun a more accurate target, it would be simply against human nature and also against any viable, functional, or healthy society. Anyone familiar with the Shaolin temples know that even the Buddhists contributed toward the development of the Martial Arts, as life's need for self protection so dictated.
The Qur'an affirms the universal right of self-defense.
There are times when fighting and violence are indispensable even to seek or maintain peace. People – individuals, groups, and nations – may need to fight for self-defense. Even the so-called modern and civilized nations, who now are hell-bent on branding Islam as barbaric and violent can't shun, discard, and avoid fighting and violence. They can't, because there are times, when war, fighting, and violence are essential means to seek and maintain peace. However, Islam clearly forbids any aggression or committing excesses.
Of course, not all the wars and fighting are for just reasons or to seek/maintain peace. Sometimes, pursuit of a narrow, parochial or unjust interest can be touted as a pursuit of peace, but humanity knows better.
Add to the quest for peace the quest of justice, and one can easily understand the logic and reality of life on one hand and the Islamic guidance/norms and the life of the Prophet on the other. Without justice, peace is an illusion. That is a human reality. Islam urges and emboldens people to never succumb to injustice. Rather, it instills courage and spirit to offer resistance to any social injustice and work collectively, creatively, and capably toward a just society.
This pursuit of justice is not parochial or limited to only Muslims. Rather, Muslims are to uphold and defend justice – by themselves if necessary, but in collaboration with the rest of the humanity if possible – whether the victims and perpetrators are Muslims or non-Muslims. Notably, there are Muslims who are not quite in tune with such universal dimension of justice from the Islamic perspective. Thus, as the decent and fair-minded people would condemn the recent bigoted comment of the Pope Benedict XVI, the attacks by some fringe elements against churches (in Gaza and West Bank) in response must also be unreservedly condemned. CAIR's (Council on American and Islamic Relations, a Muslim civil liberties organization) call on Muslims to help rebuild those churches is exemplary.
As far as violence, yes, there have been wars and killing during the life of the Prophet. He himself led many expeditions, and in many battles he himself fought as well. But that is because LIFE sometime makes such war and fighting necessary and indispensable, as Islam does not teach, encourage or advocate pacifism in the face of injustice. Any war or fighting during the time of the Prophet must be understood within this essential reality of life. That is not so true in the post-Prophetic era, where sometimes non-Muslims as well as Muslims faced violence in the hands of the ruling establishment in the Muslim world. Muslims must acknowledge many such wrongdoings by Muslim rulers throughout history, even though in a comparative sense it was not necessarily any worse than under other religions or ideologies. Indeed, even though it should not be compared to the contemporary standard of human experience, during certain periods of Islamic civilization, non-Muslims, including Jews, found the best protection under Islamic rules and fled persecutions in the Christendom to the Islamic polities.
Now, let us take a look at some verses of the Qur'an. First, consider the following verses:
Or, the favorite verse of Islam-bashers:
Based on these verses, if anyone draws or "wants" to draw the conclusion that Islam is violent and it preaches violence, they would be violating almost all the premises listed earlier in this essay. Islamic guidance is to help people find a balance between life's conflicting priorities. It is not static or predefined, but a dynamic search for an equilibrium. Whether in self-defense, to resist the evil of injustice and oppression, or to struggle toward a more just society, Islam requires its adherents to uphold certain norms and parameters. In the verse quoted above in which Muslims are urged to make ready their "strength to the utmost" of their power, one needs to take into account (a) the context of the entire Chapter, where it deals with treachery, hypocrisy and unilateral abrogation of a treaty that was imposed upon Muslims by their adversaries, and (b) the verse that comes after it.
The importance of this later verse is that peace is the ultimate goal. It ought to be the ideal and norm that a society should seek. Islam insists that its adherents work and incline toward peace.
Those who want to harm Muslims or cause general harm or injustice, Muslims (like any other people) would deal with them to resolve the problems and, if necessary, fight them, as the last resort. However, if the very same people desist and show inclination to peace, Muslims are duty bound to reciprocate for peace. The life and legacy of the Prophet Muhammad were guided by pursuit of justice and peace. Whenever people, Muslims or non-Muslims, take a verse in a fragmented manner, advertently or inadvertently, they commit serious error, or worse. By dubbing Islam violent while it guides us toward a balance in our life, we merely yield to and validate those fanatical and extremist fringes that use or abuse Islam for their extremist angles and agendas.
Peace and justice are amongst the two most important pursuits for humanity and so are those for Islam and Muslims. Islam is meant to guide its adherents toward peace and justice.
Here are some of the verses and the Prophetic narrations (hadith) that should be treated by Muslims as norms, and the humanity should hold them to these norms in accordance with the faith of Muslims in the Qur'an and the Prophet.
Muslims do not and cannot have any problem with adherents of any other faith (be it Christianity, Judaism, Hinduism or even animism) or ideology (communism, capitalism, etc.), unless there is oppression committed by any. Of course, this assumes that Muslims themselves do not engage in practicing any oppression or injustice.
Life – of ALL people — is sanctified and to be a Muslim is to show utmost respect for it. The sanctity of life – of Muslims and of others – was so important in Islam that the Prophet pursued an ingenious strategy of reclaiming Makkah: the entire conquest was virtually bloodless, a kind of feat unheard of in the blood-thirsty tribal Arab society. Furthermore, even for war and conflict, strict guidelines were set not to harm the life and property of any civilian, who are not active party to any hostility or conflict, and women, children, old men, monks, were to be particularly spared.
A person asked, O Prophet of God , whose Islam is excellent or the best (afdal)? He replied: "From whose tongue and hands the people (an-nas: irrespective of Muslims or non-Muslims) are safe." [Musnad-i-Ahmad, #6762; narrated by Abdullah ibn Amr]
The entire life of the Prophet was dedicated to help a conflict-ridden and blood-feuding society of Arabia come to civilization and serve as an illustration of human potential, where people do not give up hope for positive change and are willing to make adequate sacrifice toward establishing a just society for all people. The struggle of the Prophet was not an end point, but rather a reference point for the entire humanity as a source of guidance and inspiration.
Islam motivates people to seek a balance, tempering the extremities in their lives. It instills courage and valor in the weak and oppressed; at the same time, it humbles those who hold power and authority. It emboldens the downtrodden, while holds the oppressors and exploiters accountable. It urges the other-worldly people to take this world seriously and dearly, while it admonishes those who have forgotten about the life hereafter.
Thus, to say that Islam is peaceful does not explain why it also seeks to awaken people to a struggling spirit. And, to say that Islam is violent does not explain why it also emphasizes peace so ardently and embraces peace as the normative-imperative. Even Rabindranath Tagore, a Nobel Laureate in literature from India, recognized this aspect so beautifully in his novel, Gora. Through the words of Gora, the central character of the novel, in a conversation with a meek and abused Muslim, Tagore states: "One who tolerates wrong is also blameworthy, because he endorses wrongdoing in this world. You won't understand me, but remember that religion is not merely being good-natured, pleasant, humble, meek gentleman (bhalo-manushi). It simply emboldens the bad ones. Your Muhammad had understanding of this and that's why he did not propagate the faith merely as pleasant and meek gentleman (bhalomanush)". [pp. 111-112]
The Rebel Poet of Bengal, Kazi Nazrul Islam (nazrul.org) articulated this aspect aptly in his famous rhapsody "Rebel".
In one hand of mine is the tender flute
In explaining this juxtaposition of sword and flute, he explained:
. . To bloom flowers is my religion. Sword may be a burden in my hand, but I have not discarded it. I play flute with the young cattle-herders at dusk; I give Azan at dawn (prayer call of Fajr time) adding my voice to the Muazzin (the prayer caller); I also jump into the battlefield with my unsheathed sword at bright noon. My flute becomes the trumpet of battle.
My music is for the beauty, and the sword is for those monsters that endanger the beauty. [Nazrul Rachonaboli, Vol. 4, 1996, pp. 101-106]
Those who would like to pursue Jesus or Buddha as a model would soon find that puritanical and absolutist peace and acquiescence can't always help us deal with and resolve the harsh reality and nature of life. Those who are absolutist in regard to use of force and violence for collective selfishness or arrogance, be they Muslims or non-Muslims, would find that they would be buried and overcome in history by the collective decency of humanity and human civilization. Muhammad is one such very special personality in human history that successfully balanced the quest of peace and justice. Muslims in history often have badly failed in upholding that quest for balance in the footstep of Muhammad. Yet, during various time in history Muslims also have played exemplary roles in a comparative sense.
Conscientious people have never hesitated to acknowledge this historical reality. As in the context of the Palestinian conflict, Einstein reminded his fellow Jewish people in a speech in 1939:
There could be no greater calamity than a permanent discord between us and the Arab people. … Let us recall that in former times no people lived in greater friendship with us than the ancestors of these Arabs." [see Einstein, Zionism and Israel: Setting the Record Straight]
The contemporary global context of vicious and malicious campaign against Islam and Muslims must not distract Muslims from being composed and dignified in their response on one hand and from being conscientiously self-critical on the other. It is only by valuing and upholding that Prophetic quest for that balance in the pursuit of justice and peace can Muslims overcome their own failures and miseries, and also serve the humanity in the path of God. This is a humanity-oriented quest, where Muslims must uphold the Islamic norm and spirit in pursuit of peace and justice, while building bridges with the rest of the world as part of a common goal.
The author welcomes volunteers who would like to translate this piece into their native language.
This posting includes an audio/video/photo media file: Download Now
Posted: 20 Apr 2013 08:09 AM PDT
Menipu" menjadi halal di dalam UMNO - demikian mafhum kata-kata ulamak muda UMNO tersebut.
Itu sebab mengapa UMNO menggunakan pelbagai kaedah menipu - menipu dengan menggunakan fitnah seperti video seks dan seumpamanya. Bagi mereka itu tidak mengapa kerana ia perang psikologi.
Tidak perlu bukti untuk tuduh orang berzina. Untuk jatuhkan lawan, boleh guna penipuan asalkan orang percaya.
Namun hukum kebenaran dan keadilan akan tetap terlaksana: kemenangan dengan cara penipuan sedemikian tiada keberkatannya. Apatah lagi yang memfitnah kerana si pemfitnah akan tetap terlaknat dari dunia sampai kiamat.
Orang yang memfitnah orang mukmin (yang lelaki) dan mukminah (yang perempuan), kemudian mereka tidak bertaubat, bagi mereka azab jahanam dan neraka yang membakar. Al-Buruj : 10
Posted: 20 Apr 2013 04:52 AM PDT
But if we don't balance that activity with enough rest, our bodies and brain function begin to decline. There are metabolic processes, including those related to learning and memory formation, which only occur during deep sleep. A dangerous factor of sleep deprivation is that the person is losing strength incrementally, and is likely not to notice.
Below are 7 reasons why all humans, men, women, children and elderly, busy or bored, need to take sleep seriously. Think of it like a vitamin. Without it, the body cannot live or function optimally. But by making sleep a priority, hundreds and maybe thousands of systemic functions in your body will be restored to balance, promoting your overall well-being and making you look good.
7 Reasons to Get An Adequate Dose of Vitamin Z's
1. Sleep is as essential as food.
It's too dangerous to test humans, but lab studies have shown that animals kept awake indefinitely, died in five weeks. Humans deprived of sleep in short-term studies showed a compromised immune system and overall degrade in well-being. Alive and well is always in style. Feed yourself adequately with plenty of shut-eye.
CLICK HERE for the rest of this interesting post.
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Posted: 20 Apr 2013 03:33 AM PDT
ဒီေန ့ မွတ္မွတ္၇၇ အျဖစ္ပ်က္ေလးတခုပါ။
ငါတို ့က အစၥလာမ္ဘာသာ ကိုးကြယ္တဲ ့သူေတြ မတူဘူး။ ဗုဒၵဘာသာကိုးကြယ္တဲ ့ သူေတြထဲမွာလည္း ေကာင္းတဲ ့သူရိွသလို
Posted: 20 Apr 2013 04:30 AM PDT
Penyandang kerusi parlimen P108 Shah Alam Khalid Samad (PAS) yakin pengundi di sini akan membuat pilihan terbaik dan tepat dengan memilihnya sebagai wakil rakyat dalam Pilihan Raya Umum Ke 13 nanti.
Walaupun dikatakan bertanding di kerusi panas dan berdepan saingan sengit daripada lawannya, Datuk Zulkifli Nordin(BN), Khalid optimis pengundi bijak menilai wakil mana yang mampu membawa suara mereka.
"Saya pasti rakyat dan pengundi penggal lepas dapat menilai prinsip dan pencapaian saya selaku ahli parlimen di sini.
"Tidak perlu pula saya bercerita tentang lawan saya, saya yakin rakyat pun sudah tahu dan kenal siapa dia termasuk keperibadiannya yang ekstrimis.
"Rakyat dan pengundi Shah Alam pasti bijak membuat pilihan," tegas beliau yang ditemui sejurus selesai pengumuman calon dibuat di Pusat Penamaan Calon Parlimen Shah Alam di Dewan Besar Tanjung di sini pagi tadi.
Sementara itu, beliau turut membangkitkan isu kedudukan penyokong kedua parti Pakatan Rakyat (PR) dan BN yang ditempatkan secara tidak adil.
Sewaktu pengumuman calon dibacakan, Khalid dilihat membantah dan meminta agar penyokong PR ditempatkan dengan lebih dekat agar mereka dapat mendengar pengumunan dibuat, peluang sama yang dinikmati penyokong BN.
"Mereka (penyokong PR) diletakkan jauh, speaker juga diletakkan jauh daripada mereka, kemudian ada pula diletakkan lori seolah-olah menghalang pemandangan penyokong.
"Sebab itu saya minta agar kedudukan mereka diubah, dan akhirnya setelah dipersetujui mereka dapat juga ke hadapan sedikit berbanding kedudukan asal," protesnya.
Bagaimanapun, proses penamaan calon berjalan lancar dan pihak petugas keselamatan berjaya mengawal.
Pada PRU 12 lalu, Khalid memperolehi 33, 356 undi berbanding lawannya dari BN, Datuk Seri Abdul Aziz Shamsuddin yang cuma mendapat 24, 042 undi, menyaksikan majoriti sebanyak 9,314 undi.
Lawannya pula, Zulkifli yang juga Naib Presiden Pertubuhan Perkasa, pada PRU lalu menang kerusi parlimen Kulim Bandar Bharu, Kedah di atas tiket PKR sebelum menjadi sebagai calon bebas.
Parlimen Shah Alam mempunyai 99, 957 senarai pengundi berdaftar dan 70 peratus daripadanya adalah Melayu.
Posted: 20 Apr 2013 03:28 AM PDT
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သာဓု သာဓု ေခၚေစေသာ္……
Baydar Lamposted toMaungmaung Skw
Posted: 20 Apr 2013 02:47 AM PDT
You do not have to hide dark spots on your face with heavy makeup or subject your delicate skin to harsh chemical peels or laser treatments to remove annoying marks.
Whether they are age-related "liver spots" or stubborn acne and insect bite scars, nature's warehouse holds effective options for removing most dark spots from your face.
For starters, you only need to look in your kitchen or the grocery. Always check with a health professional about face spots that do not respond to simple home remedies.
Lemon Juice Spot Treatment
Roll one lemon on your kitchen counter for a few seconds, applying slight pressure with your hands to release the juice from the membranes.
Read more AT THIS LINK.
Posted: 20 Apr 2013 02:48 AM PDT
အသင့္မွာႏွလံုးသားရွိပါသေလာ…? က႑ ဘာသာျပန္, ေဆာင္းပါး
က်ေနာ္တုိ႔အားလံုး ေျဖၾကားေပးဖုိ႔ ႏွစ္သက္မိတဲ့ ေမးခြန္းေလးတစ္ခု ရွိပါတယ္။
ရွိတာေပါ့လို႔ က်ေနာ္တုိ႔ ေျပာမယ္ဆိုရင္ အဲ့ဒီ ခံစားတတ္တ့ဲ ႏွလံုးသားက ဘယ္မွာလဲ?
အကယ္၍ က်ေနာ္တုိ႔ ေျပာမယ္။ အဲ့ဒီျဖစ္ပ်က္မႈေတြေၾကာင့္ သူတို႔မိသားစုမ်ားနဲ႔အတူ ထပ္တူထပ္မွ် ခံစားရပါတယ္။ ေၾကကြဲရပါတယ္။ က်ေနာ္တို႕ရဲ႕ ႏွလံုးေတြ တစ္စစီျဖစ္မတတ္ ခံစားရပါတယ္။ ဒါဆိုရင္ က်ေနာ္တုိ႔ လိမ္ညာေနတဲ့သူေတြပဲ ျဖစ္လိမ့္မယ္။ က်ေနာ္တို႔ရဲ႕ ဝမ္းနည္းေၾကကြဲမႈ႕ဟာ အလဟသ အခ်ည္းအႏွီးပါပဲ။ မွန္ကန္တဲ့စကားတစ္ခုကို နားဆင္ဖို႔၊ ျဖစ္ရပ္မွန္တစ္ခုကို သိရွိဖုိ႔ ဒီေဆာင္းပါးေလးကို ဆက္လက္ဖတ္ရႈ႕လိုက္ပါဦးလား။
အေျဖကေတာ့ အားလံုး အိပ္စက္ေနၾကပါတယ္။ လမ္းေပ်ာက္လို႔ ေပ်ာက္မွန္းမသိ ေရာက္မိေရာက္ရာ ေလွ်ာက္ေနၾကပါတယ္။
(ကၽြန္ေတာ္တုိ႕ ႏိုင္ငံအတြက္မ်ား ေရးထားသလား ထင္မွတ္ရတယ္)
အိုညီေနာင္… ဒါေတြအားလံုးရဲ႕… အခု ျဖစ္ပ်က္ေနတာေတြအားလံုးရဲ႕ အေၾကာင္းခံဟာ ေခါင္းေဆာင္ေတြ၊ အုပ္ခ်ဳပ္သူ လူတန္းစား ျဖစ္တယ္လို႔ မထင္လိုက္ပါနဲ႔။ အဓိက တရားခံဟာ က်ေနာ္နဲ႔ ညီေနာင္တို႔ပဲ ျဖစ္တယ္။ ဒါက ဘယ္လိုပါလိမ့္လို႔ ေမးခြန္းေမးဦးမလား? က်ေနာ္ နမူနာအျဖစ္ ေျပာျပမယ္။
`အင္န္နာလစ္လာဟိ ဝအင္န္နာ အိလိုင္းဟိ ရာဂ်ိအူးန္´
က်ေနာ္တို႔ ညီအစ္ကိုေတြရဲ႕ သားသမီးေတြက ဒုကၡနဲ႔မ်က္ရည္ေတြစီးက်ၿပီး အိုအရွင္္ ကၽြန္ေတာ္တို႔ေတြကို ကာဖရ္ေတြအေပၚ ေအာင္ျမင္မႈရေစရန္ ကူညီေတာ္မူပါလို႔ ေတာင္းဆုျပဳေနၾကတယ္။
က်ေနာ္တို႔ သားသမီးေတြက ေဟာလီးဝုဒ္ မင္းသားမင္းသမီးေတြရဲ႕ အတုယူေနတယ္။ ေဘာလီးဝုဒ္ မင္းသား မင္းသမီးေတြအတိုင္း ေနထိုင္ၾကတယ္။
တေနရာမွာ လူငယ္တခ်ိဳ႕က အိုေမြးျမဴဖန္ဆင္းေတာ္မူေသာအရွင္ ကၽြန္ေတာ္တုိ႔ အရွင့္သာသနာ ကြန္႔ျမဴးေရးလမ္းစဥ္မွာ ေသေသ၊ ရွင္ရွင္ ၾကိဳးပမ္းဖို႔အသင့္ပါပဲလို႔ ကတိကဝတ္ ေပးေနၾကတယ္။ ေနာက္တစ္ေနရာ လူတစ္စုက ဘုန္းဘုန္းကယ္ပါ၊ ဦးပုဇင္းကယ္ပါ လုပ္ေနတယ္။
ဟိုမွာ အဲ့ဒီဘုန္းၾကီးရဲ႕ရန္ျပဳတိုက္ခိုက္ ေစာ္ကားေနျခင္းကို ဘယ္လိုကာကြယ္ရမလဲ ေမးခြန္းထုတ္ေနတယ္။ က်ေနာ္တို႔ကေတာ့ သန္းခ်ီတဲ့အျမတ္ ဘယ္သူရသြားႏိုင္လဲဆိုတာကို ေျပာဆိုေနၾကတယ္။
ဟိုမွာ နာက်င္မႈ႕ေၾကာင့္ အားး အားးး ေအာ္ေနတယ္။ က်ေနာ္တို႔ကေတာ့ ေဘာလံုးပြဲရႈံးလို႔၊ စီးပြားေရးမွာ အျမတ္အစြန္းနည္းလို႔ တကၽြတ္ကၽြတ္ တအားးအားးး ေအာ္ေနၾကတယ္။
အိုညီေနာင္… က်ေနာ္တုိ႔ ေအာ္ေနၾကတယ္။ အလႅာဟ္အရွင္ျမတ္ရဲ႕ အကူညီဘယ္ေတာ့လာမလဲ။ ဘယ္ေတာ့လာမလဲဆိုျပီး။ က်ေနာ္တုိ႔ အထက္မွာ တင္ျပတဲ့ ပံုစံအတုိင္းရွိေနမွေတာ့ အလႅာဟ္ရဲ႕ အကူအညီ ဘယ္ေတာ့လာမလဲ?
ျမင့္ျမတ္ေတာ္မူေသာ အလႅာဟ္အရွင္ျမတ္က အမိန္႔ရွိထားတယ္။ အို အီမာန္သက္ဝင္ယံုၾကည္သူအေပါင္းတို႔ အကယ္၍ အသင္တုိ႔သည္ ငါအရွင္ျမတ္၏ သာသနာအတြက္လည္းေကာင္း၊ တမန္ေတာ္ျမတ္ PBUH အားလည္းေကာင္း ကူညီၾကပါလွ်င္ ငါအရွင္ျမတ္သည္လည္း အသင္တုိ႔အား ကူညီေတာ္မူမည္။ ယွဥ္ၿပိဳင္ရာတြင္လည္း အသင္တို႔၏ ေျခမ်ားအား ၾကံ႕ၾကံ႕ခိုင္ ျမဲျမံေစမည္။
ျမင့္ျမတ္ေတာ္မူေသာ အလႅာဟ္အရွင္ျမတ္က မိမိကတိကို ဖ်က္ေနတာလား?
ေကာင္းျပီ… က်ေနာ္ေျပာတာကို ေထာက္ခံဖို႔ထက္ မိမိကိုယ္မိမိ သံုးသပ္ၾကည့္ရေအာင္ ညီေနာင္ကို ကၽြန္ေတာ္ကေတာ့ ေမးလိုက္ၿပီေနာ္။
ဒီလို ေမးခြန္းမ်ားစြာ ရွိေနပါဦးမယ္။ အခ်ဳပ္အားျဖင့္ ညီေနာင့္ကို ေမးခ်င္တာက…
ညီေနာင္ မွတ္သားထားပါ။ ေနာက္ဆံုးတန္းမွာ ေနရျခင္းကို ေက်နပ္ႏွစ္သက္သူဟာ ဂုဏ္ယူဖြယ္ရာ အရာေတြကို မရရွိဖူး။
အင္န္ရွာအလႅာဟ္ ကဗ်ာေလးကိုလည္း ဆက္လက္ မွ်ေဝေပးသြားပါဦးမည္…..။
မွတ္ခ်က္။ ။ ဒီေဆာင္းပါးေလးက ဆြိဳင္ဒြလ္ဖဝါအစ္ဒ္ ဆိုက္မွာ မတ္စ္ဂ်ိေဒအက္စြာ (ဗိုင္သြလ္မုကဒၵတ္စ္ေက်ာင္းေတာ္)နဲ႔ ပါလစၥတိုင္းႏိုင္ငံသား မြတ္စ္လင္မ္မ်ားအတြက္ ခံစားျပီး ေရးသားထားတဲ့ အရဗီေဆာင္းပါးေလးပဲ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ တိုက္ဆိုင္မႈေတြ အမ်ားၾကီး ရွိေနတဲ့အတြက္ နားလည္ရလြယ္လြယ္နဲ႔ ျမင္သာထင္သာရွိေအာင္ က်ေနာ္တုိ႔ အလင္းမ်က္၀န္း ဝိုင္းေတာ္သူ၊ ၀ိုင္းေတာ္သားမ်ားအားလံုးကို ျပန္လည္မွ်ေဝေပးျခင္းပဲ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။
ေပးပို႔သူ >> ဘရွီရြလႅာဟ္ ဖာရိုကီ (mm olama)
အလင္းမ်က္၀န္းမီဒီယာသို႔ ဆက္သြယ္ရန္ အီးေမလ္ firstname.lastname@example.org
Posted: 20 Apr 2013 02:20 AM PDT
ဒီဗြီဒီယိုကေတာ့ ၂၀၁၃ ခုႏွစ္၊ မတ္လအတြင္းက မိတၳီလာၿမိဳ႕မွာ ျဖစ္ပြားခဲ့တဲ့ မြတ္စလင္မ္မ်ားအေပၚ အၾကမ္းဖက္သတ္ျဖတ္မႈ မွတ္တမ္းတစ္ခုပါ။
မိတၳီလာၿမိဳ႕၊ မဂၤလာေဇယ်ံဳရပ္ကြက္အနီး ကန္ေဘာင္ေပၚတြင္ အစၥလာမ္ဘာသာ၀င္မ်ားအား ဓားရွည္၊ တုတ္ အစရွိတဲ့ လက္နက္ေတြနဲ႔ ရက္စက္စြာ ရိုက္ႏွက္ သတ္ျဖတ္ၿပီးေနာက္ မေသမရွင္ျဖစ္ေနသည့္ လူမ်ားအား အရွင္လတ္လတ္ ရက္စက္စြာ မီးရိႈ႕ သတ္ျဖတ္ေနပံုပဲ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။
ေသဆံုးခဲ့သူမ်ားထဲတြင္ အသက္ (၁၀)ႏွစ္ေက်ာ္အရြယ္ ကုရ္အာန္ အာဂံုေဆာင္ ဟာဖီးဇ္မ်ား၊ အာလင္မ္ေက်ာင္းသားမ်ားစြာလဲ အသက္ေပး ရွဟီးဒ္ လုပ္ခံခဲ့ရပါတယ္။
ဗြီဒီယုိမွာ ၾကားေနရတဲ့ အသံမ်ားကေတာ့ မီးေလာင္ဒဏ္ေၾကာင့္ လႈပ္ရွားေနသူတစ္ဦးကို ကန္ထုတ္ၿပီး လွိမ့္၍ က်သြားစဥ္ အစၥလာမ္ဘာသာ၀င္မ်ားအား ညစ္ညမ္းစြာ ဆဲဆိုလိုက္တဲ့အသံပဲ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။
ျမင္ကြင္းေရွ႕မွ အနီေရာင္မ်ားနဲ႔ျမင္ေနရသူမ်ားဟာ ဗုဒၶဘာသာေခါင္းေဆာင္ ဘုန္းေတာ္ႀကီးမ်ားျဖစ္ၿပီး ေနာက္လိုက္ ဗုဒၶဘာသာတစ္ဦးျဖစ္သူက (အက်ႌအ၀ါေရာင္ျဖင့္ ေက်ာေပးထားသူ) မီးရိႈ႕၍ တြန္းခ်လိုက္စဥ္ မီးေလာင္ေနဆဲ မြတ္စလင္မ္မွာ လွိမ့္၍ ဘုန္းေတာ္ႀကီးမ်ားဆီသို႔ က်သြားျခင္း ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။
ဆက္လက္၍လည္း စုေစာင္းရရွိထားသမွ်အား တင္ျပေပးသြားပါအံုးမည္။
Posted: 20 Apr 2013 02:08 AM PDT
20 April 2013
N21 Sg Acheh: Pertembungan Berasaskan Politik Nilai
Selesai penamaan calon, menandakan bermulanya persaingan sebenar menambat hati pengundi di seluruh negara menjelang Pilihanraya Umum ke-13. Dalam masa kurang dari 15 hari, akan berlaku 'pertempuran' politik di semua peringkat dengan pelbagai pendekatan.
Namun untuk pertembungan di N21 Sg Acheh menyaksikan che'GuBard memilih persaingan yang berasaskan politik baru - Politik Nilai.
Selain daripada manifesto yang dibentang di peringkat nasional, setiap calon yang bertanding khususnya di Sg Acheh juga wajar membentang tawaran terbaik di peringkat setempat dan ia harus dibandingkan antara satu sama lain. Justeru itu, che'GuBard secara rasmi menjemput calon yang bertanding di Sg Acheh dipertemukan dalam sebuah wacana debat.
Cabaran debat ini merupakan wadah terbaik bagi menjelaskan kepada pengundi tempatan apakah peranan dan komitmen setiap calon sekiranya terpilih menjadi wakil rakyat. Lebih penting, justifikasi arah tuju DUN Sg Acheh perlu diberi penekanan dan ditonjolkan di atas pentas yang sama. Akhirnya pengundi di Sg Acheh mendapat input kepentingan setempat untuk dijadikan pedoman sebelum membuat pilihan pada 5 Mei 2013.
Di kesempatan ini juga, che'GuBard perkenalkan 10 janji manifesto untuk Sg Acheh;
Akhir sekali, che'Gubard menyeru kepada semua calon agar memilih pendekatan sihat dalam menjalankan kempen pilihanraya dan tidak menjadikan serangan peribadi sebagai senjata. che'GuBard yakin dan percaya bahawa kini tiba masanya untuk setiap calon mencerminkan kematangan dalam berpolitik dengan menjadikan politik nilai sebagai rencah sajian rakyat khususnya pengundi di Sg Acheh.
Calon Pakatan Rakyat (PR)
Posted: 20 Apr 2013 02:01 AM PDT
အို..ကၽြႏု္ပ္တုိ႔၏ ခ၀ပ္ကုိးကြယ္အရာ တစ္ပါးတည္းေသာ အရွင္ျမတ္….
ကၽြႏု္ပ္ ကို အသံုးက်ေစေတာ္မူပါ။
'အမုန္း' တို႔ရွိေသာ ေနရာတြင္ 'အခ်စ္' ကို စိုက္ပ်ိဳးပါရေစ။
'နာက်င္မႈ' တို႔ ရွိေသာ ေနရာတြင္ 'ခြင့္လႊတ္မႈ' ကို စိုက္ပ်ိဳး ပါရေစ။
'သံသယ' တို႔ရွိေသာ ေနရာတြင္ 'ယံုၾကည္မႈ' ကို စိုက္ပ်ဳိးပါရေစ။
'စိတ္ဓာတ္' မ်ား ပ်က္ျပားေသာေနရာတြင္ 'ေမွ်ာ္လင့္ခ်က္' ကိုစိုက္ပိ်ဳးပါရေစ။
'အေမွာင္' တို႔ေနရာ တြင္ 'အလင္းေရာင္' ကိုစိုက္ပ်ဳိးပါရေစ။
'ေၾကကြဲမႈ' တို႔ေနရာ တြင္' ေပ်ာ္ရႊင္မႈ ' ကို စိုက္ပ်ိဳးပါရေစ။
အို …. အရွင္ျမတ္ ကၽြႏု္ပ္ကို အသံုးက်ေစေတာ္မူပါ။ ။ အာမီးန္….
(အရင္တုန္းက တင္ထားတဲ့ စေတးတပ္ေလးတခုပါ…. )
FB of Khin Myo
The English version of the prayer reads as follows:
Lord, make me an instrument of your peace,
Where there is hatred, let me sow love;
Where there is injury, pardon;
Where there is doubt, faith;
Where there is despair, hope;
Where there is darkness, light;
Where there is sadness, joy.
O Divine Master,
grant that I may not so much seek to be consoled, as to console;
to be understood, as to understand;
to be loved, as to love.
For it is in giving that we receive.
It is in pardoning that we are pardoned,
and it is in dying that we are born to Eternal Life.
Amen. From Wikipedia
Posted: 20 Apr 2013 01:14 AM PDT
From the National
Outlook: Islam." So reads the personal webpage of Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, who ravaged Boston this week, along with his now-deceased brother and fellow jihadist, Tamerlan — namesake of a 14th-century Muslim warrior whose campaigns through Asia Minor are legendary for their brutalization of non-Muslims.Brutalizing our own non-Muslim country has been the principal objective of jihadists for the last 20 years. This week marks a new and chilling chapter: the introduction on our shores of the tactics the self-styled mujahideen have used to great, gory effect for the past decade in Afghanistan and Iraq.
At a point in the race timed to achieve maximum carnage, the Tsarnaev brothers bombed the Boston Marathon with improvised explosive devices. IEDs are small but potent homemade bombs — crude explosives and unforgiving shrapnel encased in easily portable pressure cookers. The bombs are simple to make. They won't kill thousands or even hundreds of people like hijacked planes or heavy chemical explosives will. But that's not the objective. The goal is to instill terror into the flow of everyday life. IEDs are made for "soft" targets. They are easily camouflaged amid the traffic, the everyday debris, and the eight-year-old boys frolicking as they wait for Dad to cross the finish line.
Willful blindness remains the order of the day, as it has since the World Trade Center was bombed in 1993. It is freely conceded that, when the identities and thus the motivation of the Marathon terrorists were not known, it would have been irresponsible to dismiss any radical ideology as, potentially, the instigator. But in our politically correct, up-is-down culture, to suggest "Outlook: Islam" was unthinkable. So the most likely scenario — namely, that jihadists who have been at war with us for two decades had, yet again, attacked innocent civilians — became the least likely scenario in the minds of media pundits. Instead, they brazenly prayed (to Gaia, I'm sure) for white conservative culprits with Tea Party hats and Rush 24/7 subscriptions. As our Kevin D. Williamson quipped, the "literal Caucasians" they got were not quite what they had in mind.
To listen to the commentary was to assume that the jihad's nimble post-9/11 shift from heavy bombs and airliner missiles to IEDs had never happened. Prior to 2009, much agitprop was made over the thousands of American troops killed and maimed by IEDs in Iraq — they signified, the Left told us, that George Bush had brought al-Qaeda to previously jihad-free Baghdad. So did IEDs at the Marathon mean the same jihad had now come to Boston? Perish the thought. Surely the Marathon bombing was the work of either the right-wing extremists Janet Napolitano has beenwarning us about since 2009, or those notoriously violent Catholics and Evangelicals that today's Army equates with Hamas and Hezbollah.
But no: It was in fact the jihad that stubbornly refuses to be wished away. It will have to be defeated. It was never a molehill we were exaggerating into Mohammed's mountain. After 1,400 years of aggression, we can safely say it is not anytime soon going to evolve into the ballyhooed "internal struggle for personal betterment" — not for the tens of millions of Muslims for whom Islamic supremacism is, quite simply, Islam.
So will we be roused to meet the challenge? Doesn't seem like it. On Friday morning, the damning and utterly predictable details began pouring in the second the jihadists were identified — "Outlook: Islam"; a YouTube playlist called "Terrorists" that included the ditty, "I will dedicate my life to jihad"; a wife who abruptly converted to Islam and began dressing in what a neighbor called "the Islamic style"; an apparent reverence for the notorious sharia jurist Sheikh Feiz Mohammed. Yet the media commentary, even if it grudgingly mentions these things, internalizes none of them. "How shocking it is," we've repeatedly heard, "that the brothers Tsarnaev want to mass-murder Americans. After all, they're Chechen Muslims, and the Chechens' beef is with the Russians, not us."
Good grief. It is the Uighurs all over again. You'll recall the Uighurs — they were a group of Turkic-speaking jihadists from the Xinjiang region of China, detained at Guantanamo Bay because they trained in Afghanistan with an al-Qaeda-affiliated terrorist organization (the East Turkistan Islamic Movement). At least some of them fought against American forces. Nevertheless, we released them. Stroking its bloated chin, our government rationalized that they could not be enemy combatants because they weren't our enemies — their beef was really with China, right? After all, Islam is a Religion of Peace and we're very nice people, so why should we assume they might have a problem with us?
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