Wednesday, May 8, 2013

BBC: US Raises Concerns; Opposition Calls For Vote Recount

BBC: US Raises Concerns; Opposition Calls For Vote Recount


BBC: US Raises Concerns; Opposition Calls For Vote Recount

Posted: 08 May 2013 11:01 AM PDT

Rally against Malaysia vote outcome http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-22445435

[VIDEO & GAMBAR] 120K Berhimpun: Najib, SPR & BN Tiada Pilihan Kecuali Akui Penipuan PRU13!

Posted: 08 May 2013 11:04 AM PDT


Akhabar online, Malaysiakini menganggarkan 120,000 orang hadir di dalam perhimpunan "Pidato Suara Rakyat Suara Keramat - TOLAK PENIPUAN PRU13" yang diadakan malam tadi, satu perhimpunan terbesar Pakatan Rakyat berbanding perhimpunan-perhimpunan lain mutakhir ini.

Kesesakan lalulintas dari Kelana Jaya sehingga sejauh tol NPE berhampiran Sunway. Menurut Peta Trafik Google, seluruh Petaling Jaya mengalami kesesakan.

Pengarah Strategi PKR Rafizi Ramli yang berucap di pentas memberi amaran kepada Utusan Malaysia supaya tidak memainkan isu perkauman.

Katanya, bukan sahaja orang Cina tetapi Melayu juga menyokong Pakatan.

Suasana bingit dengan sorakan dan tiupan vuvuzela, sambil melaungkan "Najib, tipu", "Ubah".

Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim mengisytiharkan bahawa rakyat Malaysia, sama ada Melayu, Cina, India, Kadazan atau Dayak, mahu pilihan raya yang bebas dan adil.

Beliau turut mengecam tajuk utama Utusan Malaysia semalam "Apa lagi Cina mahu?".

Anwar berkata, setiap rakyat Malaysia, tanpa mengira bangsa, mahu menuntut hak-hak mereka dan mereka mahu BN tumbang.

Ketika ditemui pemberita kemudiannya, Anwar berkata, beliau kagum dengan kehadiran spontan walaupun perhimpunan itu hanya dipanggil pada hari Isnin.

"Saya tidak akan berhenti sehingga kita sampai ke Putrajaya, sehingga kita dedahkan semua (penipuan) dan tuntut Putrajaya untuk rakyat.

"Mereka berhak mendapatkannya kerana kita, Pakatan, menang undi popular," katanya.

Anwar kemudiannya mengumumkan bahawa satu lagi perhimpunan pada hari Sabtu di Pulau Pinang, serta merancang untuk turut mengadakanya di Ipoh pada hari Jumaat.















DILUAR NEGARA


MELBOURNE


SINGAPURA


TAIPEI





Mr Bojangles..

Posted: 08 May 2013 07:10 AM PDT


Extinguishing the artificial conflagaration of racial tension

Posted: 08 May 2013 09:09 AM PDT

Dr M lost it. Najib lost it. Nazri lost it. Palanivel lost it. Chua Soi Lek was the first to lose it. Utusan channels their accusations into seditious rhetoric. I haven't read NST or the Sun or Sinar Harian. I'm sure they will follow suit, together with RTM, TV3, 8TV and NTV9.

Malays of good education  now stand accused of being stupid to have bought into DAP lies that BN is corrupt. Malays of good education now stand accused of being ingrate to BN.

Chinese all across the board now stand accused of being stupid, for buying into DAP lies that if the government changes, the constitutional guarantees for Malays will be dismantled.

What was it that our supposedly enlightened leaders have lost? Certainly not their intellect. What they have lost is civility, a sense of balance, and their personal integrity.

Accusing Malays of good education and all the Chinese of betraying the caretaker ruling coalition is like Pakatan accusing BN for demonising them with falsehood that DAP wants to turn Malaysia into a Christian State and a Republic, or saying that PAS has betrayed Islam by working together with DAP infidels. It's like BN accusing Anwar Ibrahim of being a sodomist, an Israeli agent, a CIA agent, a terrorist leader and a prostitute seeker.

If BN thinks that it is fair game in the political discourse to hit below the belt, how is Pakatan persuading the rakyat to reject BN because they have failed to be transparent, accountable and respect the rule of law even remotely provocative by comparison? If such political discourse constitutes provocation, then what about their despicable attacks on Pakatan? If they claim that there is some truth in those accusations, yet failing to produce any proof, but they can continue their attack; how is that compared with copious amounts of proof that Pakatan shows each time they accuse BN of corruption, nepotism or cronyism?

I doubt that BN does not know that their angry accusations are at best vacuous, without any truth whatsoever behind them. It is simply a desperate behaviour that they are resorting to such measures in order to shake up the public so that they don't focus on firstly the electoral fraud and secondly their aspirations for a better government. While the higher ups only talk about it, their forceful words have impact on the less educated Malays who are beginning to take matters into their own hands. Mat rempits have been seen insulting pedestrians of Chinese descent to "balik Cina" etc. Malaysians must hold the BN government and their grand patron personally responsible should their racist rhetoric lead to any form of spontaneous racial violence. It is obvious that they are ramping up the hate message ahead of May 13 to cow the rakyat into fearful submission. They may even on the pretext of national security arrest the opposition leaders.

You may think that we have not yet descended into Myanmar of yesterday. But is that too difficult to imagine when they have kangaroo courts to charge people on trumped up charges, make sex videos to vilify leaders of great integrity within Pakatan or fail to investigate the masterminds behind those who blew up a foreign national?

Malaysians must stay calm in light of such provocation. If provoked, shoved, pushed, bullied, threatened etc, turn the other cheek. Ours must be a movement born out of love for Malaysia, persistence of our objective, firmness and peaceful.


***

In the meantime, if you haven't been following Kelana Jaya tonight, it's amazing. The whole stadium is filled to the brim, there are many more walking there, reaching there but not being able to get in. The entire PJ is in a happy, festive gridlock. Malaysians of all walks of life show up. If there is an antidote to BN's race-baiting, this picture of a sea of yellow, black and all reformation colours paint a thousand words.

One may be concerned that it is premature to have such an event at a time when emotions are still high. And what would Anwar say that could really be backed up with evidence?

I feel that as a leader, Anwar is channeling the frustration of the people into a movement of "further" change. In having this massive gathering, he is showing to BN especially Utusan, in not so many words, that the lies they concoct about Chinese tsunami is about as barefaced a lie as one can get. He is not asking for violent overthrow of the government. In fact, he is asking for calm, but the kind of steely calm with dynamic action. His is a aggressive-pacifist movement that uses public pressure on BN to force reform. We will be wearing black on Saturday to mourn for a stolen election. There will be rallies all over Malaysia in the weeks ahead, together with gathering of evidence for election petitions over the 30 or so seats suspected to have serious electoral fraud.

I salute Anwar. For Malaysians, who have been saturated with an unending electioneering since 2 years ago. Last Sunday was to have been the climax, and then we can return to the other things we do, a relatively comfortable life. In comparison, Anwar, with his courage and conviction, seems to have endless fighting energy. The fight as it appears, never ends. Only a genuine man passionate about his moral high ground, can sustain this kind of high at all times. I see how exhausted Najib is. Anwar too is tired too, but when he speaks, there is consistency between what he says, how he feels and what he does. With Najib, it seems that he is battling himself, looking tired, lacking conviction and coherence.

It would appear that Anwar is the true leader we may never have as PM. He is telling us not to live by the status quo, shrugging our shoulders and say "what to do"  and accept fate. We must believe that change is possible. But we have to take some risks for change to happen.

For instance, if BN's rant is geared towards cowering Malaysians so near to May 13, do we fall back, or if we are true to our convictions that we are matured and civilised, whether we push ahead with an even bigger rally and negate the lies and the threat? To Anwar, it appears that we should not cower in the face of adversity, as long as ours is a cause which is just and true. To Anwar, it appears that it is better to be transparent, to come out in the open and tell Malaysians what Pakatan wants, and then to fight for it in the open.

In taking a riskier road, he is showing us what it takes to win a fight - you never back down against bullies because if you do, the more they will bully you.. And perhaps this time, he knows BN will blink because this time, the real majority has spoken and rejected them. And contrary to 1969 where there was genuine concern with racial economic divide, such a limitation no longer exist for people to continue to support Pakatan even if a state of emergency is declared and sustained for months on whatever frivolous grounds.

Our struggle for change also need not be violent. We will fight on all fronts - symbolically, public pressure, legal action, and others such as help from the international community etc. As I have said and repeated in my previous articles, if there is a time for participating and volunteerism, it is now.

I'm an actual skeptic. I won't pour my emotional energy into calling for an immediate regime change until evidence shows massive electoral fraud potentially reversing the outcome of the Parliamentary elections. Even then, I half expect the courts will still stand by its political masters.

But I will continue to be an agent for change. I will say "ah well", if on final count, we have to wait until the next general elections to topple BN. In the difficult times ahead as Malaysians press for change, we need to act, but we also need to tamper our expectations. We must develop the ability to accept that not all things will happen our way and look positively that each bit pushing and nudging towards change is a better life for you, me and our next generation not in days, weeks or even months ahead, but years and decades from now. That way, from my experience, we can stay sane in our prolonged noble struggle. It is said that civility is best tested in trying times. Malaysians will have plenty opportunities to develop both steel and civility in the weeks and months ahead. These are stuff that makes a great generation of Malaysians. It's all good.

When a picture speaks a thousand words...

Posted: 08 May 2013 08:38 AM PDT

I don't know how is best to describe this cartoon by Sin Chew Daily, depicting Barisan Nasional and Pakatan Rakyat as beggars to the 'Chinese king' (in a larger perspective is the Chinese voters). What's the motive anyway?

However, I understand what's hidden. Do you?

Are we getting more of this?

From House PK blog
 

[LIVE] Pidato Suara Rakyat Suara Keramat - TOLAK PENIPUAN PRU13

Posted: 08 May 2013 09:50 AM PDT


Ribuan rakyat kini sedang berada di Stadium Kelana Jaya untuk mendengar Pidato "Suara Rakyat Suara Keramat - TOLAK PENIPUAN PRU13.

Meskipun hujan membasahi bumi, rakyat tidak lansung berganjak malah semakin ramai yang membanjiri dan memenuhi stadium ketika ini. GB anggarkan tak urang 50,000 yang hadir.




Selamat menonton lintas lansung dari Stadium Kelana Jaya:


Jika tidak muncul video di atas, kena bersabar sebab hari hujan. Atau anda boleh cuba di bawah


Jika dua-dua muncul, tutup (pause) salah satu... Jika dua-dua tak muncul, tutup komputer... :-)

‘Stop blaming one community for BN’s bad performance’

Posted: 08 May 2013 06:09 AM PDT

Malaysian Insider

KUALA LUMPUR, May 8 — Tun Abdullah Ahmad Badawi today demanded a stop to all attempts at racialising last Sunday's polls by blaming a particular community for Barisan Nasional's (BN) poor showing at the ballot boxes. "This is unfair and unhelpful," he said in a statement here. The former prime minister, who stepped down in favour of Datuk Seri Najib Razak in 2009 after he led BN to lose its coveted two-thirds parliamentary majority in Election 2008, agreed that following Sunday's polls results, there was a pressing need for the country to undergo the process of national reconciliation and unity.

He also called on the opposition to accept and respect the election results, despite the fact that they had lost by slim majorities amid claims of fraud and widespread irregularities in the polling process. "Malaysians deserve stability and certainty that can only come with finality and closure from this election," he said in his message to the opposition. "Let us move on in the interest of all Malaysians." The just-concluded Election 2013 saw the ruling BN pact recapture federal power but with an even slimmer majority than in Election 2008, polling only 133 seats to Pakatan Rakyat's 89 in the 222-seat Parliament.

It had been a nail-biting race from start to finish between both powerful pacts and although BN emerged the winner, the vote trend that saw a large majority of the Chinese community backing PR has sparked a mini racial war between those across the political divide. In his first response at the close of the polls, Najib termed the results a "Chinese tsunami", even saying that if not handled carefully, the nation could see days of unrest ahead. He mooted the idea for national reconciliation, saying efforts to unite the country through the introduction of fair and moderate policies were necessary to ensure Malaysia maintains its stability.

But in defiance of the prime minister's words, analysts and opposition leaders disagreed with Najib's reading of the election results, pointing out that PR had won the popular vote by a signficant 51.4 per cent to BN's 48.6 per cent. They said that this showed that it had not merely been a "Chinese tsunami" that caused BN to bleed seat but a massive swing in the urban and middle-class electorate towards the federal opposition. The analysts also said that despite the clear increase in Chinese support for PR, the political tsunami had also swept with it "large numbers of the Malays", many among them forming part of the country's middle- to upper-class voters.

Adding salt to an alreay festering wound, Umno-owned daily Utusan Malaysia published on its front page yesterday an article headlined "Apa lagi Cina mahu? (What else do the Chinese want?)", a phrase which has turned viral in the internet's social sphere. The newspaper came immediately under fire and angry netizens and politicians across the political divide railed against Najib and Umno for allowing the media to run riot with such incendiary headlines.

But despite the criticisms, Najib came to the paper's defence yesterday and even appeared to blame the DAP, claiming the predominantly Chinese opposition party had misled the Chinese into greater racial polarisation by making them think that voting the party would lead to a change of government. "You blamed Utusan but you don't ask about the Chinese papers," Najib told a press conference when asked how is he to achieve national reconciliation if Utusan kept harping on race issues. He did not say what was objectionable in the Chinese-language newspapers.

Joining Najib, former prime minister Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad said he was shocked BN's poor performance in Election 2013, and laid the blame on 'ungrateful' Chinese and 'greedy' Malay voters.

Puppet President U Thein Sein

Posted: 08 May 2013 04:40 AM PDT

ဘေၿပာင္ အဆြဲခံေနရတယ္…


Election Week by Comedy Court

Posted: 08 May 2013 03:31 AM PDT

PAS thanks Chinese for voting in Malay reps

Posted: 08 May 2013 03:28 AM PDT

From Malaysiakini

PAS has expressed its gratitude toward Chinese voters who had voted for Malay Pakatan Rakyat candidates in the recently concluded general election, even if it meant having to vote against a fellow Chinese.

NONEPAS information chief Tuan Ibrahim Tuan Man (left) said that the action of such voters proved that the allegation by Umno that the Chinese has rejected the Malays is only slander.

"The Chinese voters were willing to vote for Malay candidates without any narrow racial sentiments, as claimed by Umno.

"There are tens of parliament and state assembly seats that were contested by Malay candidates against candidates from the Tiong Hua race (Chinese) in mixed constituencies, that were won by the Malay, proving that Chinese voters were willing to reject candidates of their own race," Tuan Ibrahim said in a statement today.


He claimed this could be part of efforts by the mainstream media to create a smokescreen to hide possible cheating in the election and for PM Najib Abdul Razak to secure his position within Umno. Umno, he said, must cease "playing with fire", using the results of the 13th national polls to stoke the flames of the Chinese-versus-Malay sentiment, especially since such action is not based on actual facts.

More Malays in parliamant due to Pakatan wins
 
Meanwhile, in another statement, Pahang PAS information chief Suhaimu Md Saad explained that DAP's big win in the polls did nothing to lessen the number of Malay representation in parliament. He stated in fact, the success of Pakatan's candidates only served to increase that number by seven.

He citing various examples in which Malay Pakatan parliamentary and state candidates from PKR, DAP and PAS were able to defeat BN challengers, including Chinese ones. Among the examples a given are:

  • NONERafizi Ramli (PKR, right) who won against Gary Lim (BN) in Pandan;
  • Dr Siti Mariah Mahmud (PAS) who won against S Murugesan (BN) in Kota Raja;
  • Abdul Khalid Ibrahim (PKR) who won against Tan Kok Eng (BN) in Bandar Tun Razak;
  • Imran Hamid (PKR) who won against Kong Cho Ha (BN) in Lumut;
  • Mohd Ariss Sabri Abdul Aziz (DAP) who won against Hoh Khai Mun (BN) in Raub;
  • Idris Ahmad (PKR) who won against K Parthiban (BN) in Ijok;
  • Tengku Zulpuri Shah Raja Puji (DAP) who won against Chuah Boon Seong (BN) in Mentakab;
  • Mohd Rashid Hasnon (PKR) who won against Wong Mun Hoe (BN) in Pantai Jerejak.
NONEAs to then why then was former Johor Menteri Besar Abdul Ghani Othman able to lose to DAP supremo Lim Kit Siang (left) in Gelang Patah, Johor, Suhaimi said Ghani himself "looked for illness", choosing to contest in a Chinese-majority seat within a constituency that used to be "owned" by MCA.

To further debunk Umno's claim that non-Malays are against the Malays, Suhaimi further cited 13 examples of seats where non-Malay BN candidates won, despite having Malay-majority electorates.

Among the constituencies listes in his statement are - Simpang Renggam (57% Malays), Tanjung Piai (51%), Batu Sapi ( 51%), Gurun (57%) and Kahang (74%).

Bengali Monastry

Posted: 08 May 2013 03:17 AM PDT

Bengali Monastry

ကဲ–ဘာေျပာမွာလဲ–ေျပာ—–မင္းမၾကိဳက္၇င္—-သြားဖ်က္ေလ————————–
Ashin Issariyaဘာသာစံံု လူမ်ိဳးစံု သူငယ္ခ်င္းမ်ား၏ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရး training Camp
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ဒါေရနံေခ်ာင္းကဘုန္းႀကီးေက်ာင္းပံုပါ။
ပဥာတ္ေလာက္နဲ႕ျပႆနာရွာေနသူေတြျမင္ေအာင္လို႕ပါ။
ေရနံေခ်ာင္းၿမိဳ႕၊အိုးဘို-ယာျပင္ရပ္မွာရွိပါတယ္။


Kemenangan Calon Melayu DAP Pecahkan Tembok Perkauman

Posted: 08 May 2013 04:15 AM PDT


Momokan perkauman sempit dan jahat Umno Barisan Nasional (BN) terhadap DAP ternyata bohong apabila tiga calon Melayu DAP memenangi kerusi Dewan Undangan Negeri (Dun) Mentakab dan Parlimen Raub, Pahang dan Bukit Bendera, Pulau Pinang pada Pilihan Raya Umum ke-13.

Tengku Zulpuri Shah Raja Puji memenangi Dun Mentakab apabila mendapat 7,882 undi menewaskan Chuah Boon Seng (MCA-BN) dengan majoriti 1,554 undi.

Datuk Mohd Ariff Sabri Abdul Aziz pula memenangi kerusi Parlimen Raub dengan memperoleh 23,415 undi apabila menewaskan Datuk Hoh Khai Mun (MCA-BN) dengan meajoriti 2,814 undi.

Zairil Khir Johari pula memenangi kerusi Parlimen Bukit Bendera dengan majoriti 12,813 undi apabila mendapat 45,591 undi menewaskan Teh Leong Meng (Gerakan-BN) yang hanya mendapat 12,813 undi.

Biarpun kempen PRU 2013 di Johor dicemari dengan momokan politik perkauman pihak lawan, calon DAP Parlimen Tanjung Piai, Mahdzir Ibrahim mendapat 19,581 undi, peningkatan 8,650 undi berbanding hanya 10,931 pada PRU 2008 lalu.

Kerusi Parlimen Tanjung Piai berjaya dimenangi calon MCA-BN, Datuk Wee Jeck Seng yang mendapat 25,038 undi.

Keputusan memberangsangkan calon Melayu DAP itu membuktikan DAP semakin diterima baik rakyat Malaysia khususnya masyarakat Melayu yang semakin terbuka dan bijak selain momokan perkauman Umno BN tidak berjaya menghalang kemaraan Pakatan Rakyat, khususnya DAP di seluruh negara.

PRU kali ini menyaksikan BN kehilangan tujuh lagi kerusi Parlimen berbanding 140 kerusi yang dimenangi pada PRU 2008 lalu.

TYPE sakmongkol.blogspot.ru

Posted: 08 May 2013 01:26 AM PDT

I smsed and asked Dato' Ariff why his blog is non accessible..I guess he does not know why too.
So for now, everybody can try typing this..sakmongkol.blogspot.ru
Thanks..

ျမတ္ဗုဒၵႏွင့္ အလႅာဟ္ရွင္ျမတ္ကို ပုန္ကန္ႀကသူမ်ား

Posted: 08 May 2013 02:24 AM PDT

Essential Journal Volume-1 NO-41 Dated 5/7/2013

ျမတ္ဗုဒၶ ႏွင့္ အလႅာဟ္အရွင္ျမတ္ကို ပုန္ကန္ၾကသူမ်ား

အရွင္၀ိစိတၱာလကၤာရ (ေရႊစုန္းေခ်ာင္းဆရာေတာ္)

ႏိုင္ငံေရး၊ စီးပြားေရး၊ လူမႈေရးခေလာက္ဆန္မႈတစ္ခုျဖစ္လာတိုင္း လူေတြယုတ္မာစြာခ်ေလ့ရွိေသာ မွတ္ခ်က္ တစ္ခုရွိ၏။
"ဘာသာေရးပဋိပကၡ"ဟူ၍ျဖစ္၏။ အမွန္ေတာ့ ဘာသာတရားတုိင္းသည္ သန္႔စင္မြန္ျမတ္ၾကသည္သာျဖစ္၏။ ညစ္ပတ္စုတ္ပဲ့ၾကသည္မွာ ဘာသာတရားမဟုတ္။ ထုိဘာသာကို ကိုးကြယ္ပါသည္ဟု ေၾကြးေၾကာ္ၿပီး ထုိဘာသာတရား၏ အဆုံးအမကို မလုိက္နာဘဲ ငါ့ေလွငါထုိး ပဲခူးေရာက္ေရာက္ျပဳက်င့္သူမ်ားသာျဖစ္သည္။ ဘာသာ၀င္အခ်င္းခ်င္း ေလာဘ၊ ေဒါသ၊ ေမာဟမ်ား ၿငိမိၾကရာမွ အေကာက္ေကာက္ခ်င္း ခ်ိတ္မိၾက၏။တစ္ဖက္က ေသလုေအာင္ ေကာက္ေနေစကာမူ တစ္ဖက္က ေျဖာင့္ေနလွ်င္ ခ်ိတ္မိစရာအေၾကာင္းမရွိ။ တစ္ဖက္သတ္အကိုက္ခံရလွ်င္ လူကို ေခြးကိုက္သည္ဟု ဆုိရ၏။ ဟုိတစ္ဖက္ႏွင့္ သည္တစ္ဖက္ ႏွစ္ဖက္စလုံးကိုက္ၾကၿပီဆုိလွ်င္ေတာ့ ေခြးေခြးခ်င္းကိုက္သည္ဟု ဆုိရေတာ့သည္။ မိမိတုိ႔သည္ အျခားေသာ လုပ္စရာေတြရွိေနၾကပါ၏။ ႏုိင္ငံေရး၊ လူမႈေရး၊ ပညာေရး၊ စီးပြားေရးေတြလုပ္ရပါမည္။ သားေရးသမီးေရးေတြလည္း လုပ္ရပါဦးမည္။ ရန္ျဖစ္ေန၍ အက်ိဳးမရွိ။ ကုသိုလ္ႏွင့္ အကုသိုလ္ကို ခြဲျခားသိတတ္၏။ ထုိ႔ေၾကာင့္ လူဟုေခၚရျခင္းျဖစ္၏။ ထုိသိမႈသည္ လူသားတစ္ဦးအတြက္ အနည္းဆုံးသိသင့္ေသာ အခ်က္ပဲရွိေသးသည္။ ထုိအခ်က္ကေလးကိုမွ မသိေသးေသာသူမ်ားသည္ လူမဟုတ္ "လု"ေတြသာျဖစ္သည္။ အဘယ္ေၾကာင့္ဆိုေသာ္ ကုိယ့္အလုပ္ကုိယ္လုပ္ ကုိုယ့္ထမင္းကုိယ္ ေအးေအးေဆးေဆးစားေနၾကေသာ အျခားလူမ်ား၏ စိတ္ခ်မ္းသာမႈကို လုယက္ယူေဆာင္သြားတတ္ျခင္းေၾကာင့္ေပတည္း။
ကၽြႏု္ပ္ျပတ္သားစြာ ေျပာလိုက္မည္။
ယေန႔ ကၽြႏု္ပ္တုိ႔လူ႔အဖြဲ႕အစည္း၌ လူတို႔တစ္စတစ္စနည္းပါးလာကာ "လု"တုိ႔ တျဖည္းျဖည္းမ်ားျပားလာေနၿပီ၏။ "လု"တုိ႔သည္ လုယက္ဖုိ႔ေလာက္သာ နားလည္ၾကသည္။ ေအးခ်မ္းသာယာေသာ ေလာကကို ဖ်က္ဆီးဖုိ႔ေလာက္သာ အားထုတ္ေနၾက၏။ ထုိလူမဟုတ္ေသာ လုမ်ားသည္ ဘာသာတုိင္းတြင္ရွိေနသည္။ ဗုဒၶဘာသာထဲ၌လည္း "လု"ေတြရွိ၏။ (ဘုရားခုိးသူ၊ ဘုရားပြဲကန္ထရိုက္ဆြဲသူ၊ သံဃာေတာ္တို႔အား ေစာ္ကားသူ စသည္ျဖင့္….)၊ အစၥလာမ္ဘာသာထဲ၌လည္း "လု"ေတြရွိသည္။ ဟိႏၵဴဘာသာထဲ၌လည္း "လု"ေတြရွိ၏။ ခရစ္ယာန္ဘာသာထဲ၌လည္း "လု"ေတြရွိတတ္ၾကသာျဖစ္ပါ၏။ ထုိ"လု"တုိ႔ ယုတ္မာၾကျခင္းသည္ ဘာသာတရား၏ အျပစ္မဟုတ္ပါ။ ဘာသာတရားတုိ႔သည္ သားသမီး မေကာင္း မိဘေခါင္းဟူေသာ အေနအထား၌သာရွိေနပါ၏။ လူမဆန္ေသာ လုပ္ရပ္တုိ႔ကို လုပ္ေဆာင္ရန္ မည္သည့္ဘာသာက မိန္႔ဆုိပါသနည္း။ မည္သည့္ဘာသာတရားကမွ် မိန္႔ဆုိလိမ့္မည္မဟုတ္ေခ်။ ထုိ႔ေၾကာင့္ သီတဂူဆရာေတာ္ဘုရားက သူ၏ ကမၻာေက်ာ္ကုလသမဂၢမိန္႔ခြန္းတစ္ခု၌ ယခုကဲ့သို႔ဆိုထားေလ၏။
"ဘာသာေရးတုိင္းသည္ လူသားတုိ႔၏ စိတ္ႏွလုံးကို သူ႔နည္းသူ႕ဟန္ျဖင့္ အသီးသီးၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းမႈေပးႏုိင္ၾကၿပီး လူသားတုိ႔၏ စိတ္ႏွလုံးကို ယဥ္ေက်းေစႏုိင္သည္ဟု ကၽြႏု္ပ္တို႔ ယုံၾကည္ေမွ်ာ္လင့္ပါသည္။"
ဟူ၏။ ကၽြႏု္ပ္သည္လည္း သီတဂူဆရာေတာ္ႀကီး နည္းတူ ယုံၾကည္ေမွ်ာ္လင့္ပါသည္။ လက္လွမ္းမီသမွ် ဘာသာတရားမ်ားကို ကၽြႏု္ပ္စြမ္းအားရွိသေလာက္ ေလ့လာခဲ့ၿပီးျဖစ္၏။ မည္သည့္ဘာသာတရားကမွ လူ႔ေလာကကို ဒုကၡေပးၾက၊ ဆူၾကပူၾက ရန္ျဖစ္ၾက၊ တုိက္ခိုက္လုယက္ၾကဟု မေျပာ။ ဗုဒၶဘာသာ၀င္တုိ႔၏ အထြတ္အျမတ္ထားရာ သဗၺညဳတဗုဒၶျမတ္စြာ၏ ေဒသနာ၌ ယခုကဲ့သို႔ရွိ၏။
"မေကာင္းတာ ဘာတစ္ခုမွ မလုပ္နဲ႔ ေရွာင္။
ေကာင္းတာမွန္သမွ် ျပည့္စုံေအာင္လုပ္။
မိမိတုိ႔ စိတ္ကေလးျဖဴေဖြးေအးခ်မ္းေအာင္က်င့္။
ဒီတရားသုံးပါးဟာ ပြင့္ၿပီးသမွ်ဘုရားရွင္တုိင္း၏
အဆုံးအမ သာသနာေတာ္ပါပဲ။ (ၾသ၀ါဒ ပါတိေမာက္)
ျမတ္စြာဘုရားရွင္တုိ႔က ထုိသို႔ေဟာၾကားေတာ္မူၾကေသာ္လည္း အခ်ိဳ႕ေသာ ဗုဒၶဘာသာ၀င္တုိ႔သည္ ထုိေဟာၾကားခ်က္ကို ဂရုမစိုက္ မေကာင္းတာေတြ အကုန္လုပ္ၾက၏။ ေကာင္းတာေတြ ဘာတစ္ခုမွ်မလုပ္။ စိတ္ဓာတ္ကလည္း ညစ္ပတ္စုတ္ပဲ့ ေအာက္တန္းက်ေနလိုက္ေသး၏။ ျမတ္စြာဘုရား၏ စကားကုိ နားမေထာင္ဘဲ ကိုယ္ထင္ရာကုိယ္လုပ္ျခင္းသည္ ျမတ္စြာဘုရားကို ေတာ္လွန္ပုန္ကန္မႈပင္ျဖစ္သည္။ ထိုအမႈသည္ ျမတ္စြာဘုရား၌ တာ၀န္မရွိ။ ေတာ္လွန္ပုန္ကန္သူတို႔၌သာ တာ၀န္ရွိ၏။
၁။ ေျခလွမ္း ၇ လွမ္း အတူတူသြားဖူးလွ်င္ (မိတၱ)မိတ္ေဆြ။
၂။ ၁၂ ရက္ အတူသြား အတူေနဖူးလွ်င္ (သဟာယ) သူငယ္ခ်င္း။
၃။ ၁ လ၊ ၁ လ ခြဲ အတူေနဖူးလွ်င္ (ညာတိ) ေဆြမ်ိဳး။
၄။ ထုိ႔ထက္ၾကာမူ (အတၱသမ) ကိုယ္ႏွင့္ထပ္တူ ႏွစ္ကုိယ့္တစ္စိတ္ပုဂၢိဳလ္။
(ဇာတကပါဠိ၊ ဧကကနိပါတ္၊ ကာဠက႑ိဇာတ္)
ကၽြႏု္ပ္တုိ႔သည္ ထုိစကားကုိလည္း နားမေထာင္ၾက။ ကၽြႏု္ပ္တုိ႔သည္ မိတ္ေဆြ၊ သူငယ္ခ်င္း၊ ေဆြမ်ိဳး၊ ကိုယ္ႏွင့္ ထပ္တူဆုိတာေတြကို စိတ္မ၀င္စား။ ေကာလာဟလေတြကိုသာ စိတ္၀င္စားၿပီး တစ္ဖက္ႏွင့္ တစ္ဖက္ ေဆာ္ၾက၏။ စဥ္းစားမလား ေသမလားဆုိလွ်င္ မစဥ္းစားဘူး ေသမယ္ဆုိေသာ လူစားေတြက မ်ားသည္။ ဒီေကာင္ေတြ အုပ္စုမ်ားလာရင္ ေထာင္ေထာင္လုပ္တယ္။ ျမန္မာျပည္အႏွံ႔ၿမိဳ႕လယ္ေခါင္မွာ သူေဌးဆုိၾကည့္လိုက္ ဒီေကာင္ေတြခ်ည္းပဲ။ ထုိသုိ႔ ဆိုၾက၏။ ေထာင္တာကေတာ့ ပုထုစဥ္မွန္သမွ် မည္သူမဆုိ ေထာင္ၾကသည္သာျဖစ္၏။ ခ်ိဳရွိေသာ သတၱ၀ါက ခ်ိဳေထာင္သည္။ အဆိပ္ရွိေသာ သတၱ၀ါက အဆိပ္အားကုိးႏွင့္ ေထာင္သည္။ လက္နက္ရွိေသာသူက လက္နက္ႏွင့္ေထာင္သည္။ အာဏာရွိေသာ သတၱ၀ါက အာဏာႏွင့္ ေထာင္သည္။ စည္းစိတ္ဥစၥာရွိေသာသူက စည္းစိမ္ဥစၥာႏွင့္ ေထာင္သည္။ ေဆြမ်ိဳးရွိေသာသူက ေဆြမ်ိဳးအားကိုးႏွင့္ ေထာင္သည္။ ေထာင္ေထာင္ ေထာင္ေထာင္ လုပ္ျခင္းသည္ သူေတာ္ေကာင္း အလုပ္မဟုတ္ေခ်။ ဒီေကာင္ေတြၿမိဳ႕လယ္ေခါင္မွာ သူေဌးျဖစ္ျခင္းသည္ ဒီေကာင္ေတြမွာ ပိုက္ဆံရွိ၍ ျဖစ္၏။ ကၽြႏု္ပ္တုိ႔လည္း ပိုက္ဆံရွိလွ်င္ ၿမိဳ႕လယ္ေခါင္မွာ ေန၍ ရသည္သာတည္း။ ထုိအခ်က္ႏွင့္ပတ္သက္၍ စာေရးဆရာသတင္းစာ ဆရာႀကီး လူထုစိန္၀င္းက သူ၏ ရွက္စိတ္၊ ေၾကာက္စိတ္၊ အရိုင္းစိတ္ စာအုပ္၌ ယခုကဲ့သို႔ ေရးထားေလ၏။
" စစ္မျဖစ္မီေခတ္နဲ႔ စစ္ၿပီးကာလမ်ားမွာ လူငယ္ပညာတတ္မ်ားရဲ႕ အဓိကရည္မွန္းခ်က္က အစိုးရ၀န္ထမ္း အရာရွိလုပ္ဖုိ႔သာျဖစ္သည္။ (၇)တန္း၊ (၈)တန္းေလာက္သာ ေအာင္တဲ့သူမ်ားကလည္း ေျမတုိင္းစာေရး ေလာက္၊ ေတာေခါင္းေလာက္ေတာ့ ေမွ်ာ္မွန္းၾကတယ္။ စီးပြားေရးလုပ္ဖုိ႔ စိတ္မ၀င္စားၾကဘူး။ အေရာင္းအ၀ယ္အလုပ္ကုိ ေအာက္တန္းက်တယ္လုိ႔ ယူဆၾကတယ္။ အဲဒါေၾကာင့္ ေရွးေခတ္စီးပြားေရးနယ္ပယ္အသီးသီးမွာ တရုတ္ကုလားေတြသာ အမ်ားဆုံးလုပ္ကိုင္ၾကတယ္။ သူတုိ႔တေတြကေတာ့ သူတုိ႔ႏုိင္ငံရဲ႕ အငတ္ေဘးဆိုးႀကီးေတြက ထြက္ေျပးေရာက္ရွိ လာၾကၿပီး။ အ၀တ္တစ္ထည္ကိုယ္တစ္ခုနဲ႔ ႀကံဳရာက်ပန္း လုပ္ကိုင္စားေသာက္ ေနထိုင္ၾကရတာျဖစ္ေလေတာ့ ဘယ္အလုပ္မ်ိဳးကုိမွွ ေအာက္က်တယ္လုိ႔ သေဘာမထားၾကဘူးေလ။ (လူထုစိန္၀င္း – ရွက္စိတ္၊ ေၾကာက္စိတ္၊ အရိုင္းစိတ္ စာမ်က္ႏွာ – ၂၃)
ေရွးေခတ္လူသားေတြ စီးပြားေရး၊ အေရာင္းအ၀ယ္လုပ္ရတာ ေအာက္တန္းက်တယ္လု႔ိယူဆၿပီး မလုပ္ခဲ့ၾကတဲ့အတြက္ ၿမိဳ႕လယ္ေခါင္က ဗမာအိမ္ေတြ ၿမဳိ႕ျပင္ေရာက္ခဲ့ၾကရတာျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ ေရာင္းခ်ေျပာင္းေရႊ႕သြားသူ ေႏွာင္းေခတ္လူသားေတြမွာလည္း ဒါေလးကို ဒီလိုမွ မေရာင္းရင္ အဆင္မေျပလို႔သာ ေရာင္းခ်သြားရတာျဖစ္တယ္ – ဟု ဆရာလူထုစိန္၀င္းႏွင့္ စကားေျပာျဖစ္ခဲ့စဥ္ကလည္း နားေထာင္ခဲ့ရဖူး၏။။ ကၽြႏု္ပ္လည္း ပိုက္ဆံရွိလွ်င္ ထရိတ္ဒါးမွာ တစ္သက္လုံး အခန္းငွားၿပီး စာေရးေန၍ ရသည္ပင္ျဖစ္၏။
အစၥလာမ္တို႔အထြတ္အျမတ္ထား လိုက္နာက်င့္သုံးၾကရေသာ က်မ္းေတာ္ျမတ္ကုရ္အာန္၌ ေအာက္ပါအတုိင္း မိန္႔ဆိုထားခ်က္မ်ားရွိ၏။
က်မ္းေတာ္ျမတ္ကုရ္အာန္သည္ အစ – မွ – အဆုံးတုိင္ ကရုဏာခ်ည္းသာတည္း။ (က်မ္းအဖြင့္)
အၾကင္သူသည္ လူအမ်ားအေပၚ၀ယ္ သနားၾကင္နာမႈကင္းမဲ့၏။ ထုိသူအား အလႅာဟ္ရွင္ျမတ္ကလည္း သနားၾကင္နာေတာ္မူမည္မဟုတ္။ (ကုရ္အာန္ ပထမတြဲ – စာမ်က္ႏွာ ၂၂)
အၾကင္သူတစ္ေယာက္သည္ အလႅာဟ္အရွင္ျမတ္အား ယုံၾကည္၏။ ဆြလာတ္ျပဳ၏။ သုိ႔ရာတြင္ သတၱ၀ါမ်ားအား မကူညီမရိုင္းပင္း မေပးလွဴ မေကၽြးေမြးပါလွ်င္ ထုိသူသည္ သူေတာ္စင္အစစ္အမွန္ျဖစ္ႏုိင္မည္မဟုတ္ေခ်။
ကုရ္အာန္က်မ္းျမတ္၏ ေျမာက္မ်ားစြာေသာ ပါဒမ်ားတြင္ အလွဴဒါန၏ အက်ိဳးကို ေဖာ္ျပထားသည္။ (ပထမတြဲ – စာမ်က္ႏွာ – ၉)
ထုိကုရ္အာန္က်မ္းျမတ္၏ သြန္သင္ဆုံးမခ်က္မ်ားသည္ မေကာင္းပါသေလာ။ ေကာင္သည္သာျဖစ္၏။ အစၥလာမ္အစစ္သည္ ကုရ္အာန္က်မ္းျမတ္ႏွင့္အညီ ေနထုိင္က်င့္သုံးရန္တာ၀န္ရွိ၏။ ကုရ္အာန္က်မ္းျမတ္က အစအဆုံးကရုဏာျပ႒ာန္းသည္။ အစၥလာမ္ဘာသာ၀င္ေတြက က်မ္းျမတ္ႏွင့္ ဆန္႔က်င္ကာ ကရုဏာကင္းေသာ အလုပ္မ်ားကို လုပ္သည္ဟုဆုိလွ်င္ သဘာ၀မက်။ ထုိသူမ်ားသည္လည္း အလႅာဟ္အရွင္ျမတ္ကို ေတာ္လွန္ပုန္ကန္ ၾကသူမ်ားျဖစ္၏။ ထုိသူမ်ားကို အလႅာဟ္အရွင္ျမတ္က သနားမည္မဟုတ္။ ကရုဏာမရွိေသာသူမ်ားကို ဘယ္သူမွ သနားလိမ့္မည္မဟုတ္။ ကၽြႏ္ုပ္လည္းမသနား။ မသနားသည့္အျပင္ ဖေနာင့္ႏွင့္ေတာင္ ေပါက္ခ်င္ေသးသည္။
အစၥလာမ္သည္ အစၥလာမ္ဘာသာ၀င္ကုိမွသာ ကူညီေကာင္းသည္မဟုတ္။ အျခားေသာ ဘာသာ၀င္ လူသားမ်ားကိုလည္း လွဴဒါန္းေကာင္း ကူညီေကာင္းသည္သာျဖစ္၏။ ကုရ္အာန္က်မ္းကို တကယ္တတ္သိသူမ်ားႏွင့္ ေဆြးေႏြးၿပီးမွ သည္အခ်က္ကို ကၽြႏ္ုပ္ထည့္ေရးျခင္းျဖစ္သည္။ စာမ်က္ႏွာေပါင္း (၃၀၈၈)မ်က္ႏွာရွိေသာ ကုရ္အာန္က်မ္းကုိ ကၽြႏု္ပ္ေလ့လာၿပီးျဖစ္သည္။ အစၥလာမ္ဘာသာသည္ ကုရ္အာန္က်မ္းေတာ္ျမတ္၏ သြန္သင္ဆုံးမခ်က္အရ ဘယ္လူမ်ိဳး ဘယ္ဘာသာ၀င္ကိုမွ မတရားေစာ္ကားပုိင္ခြင့္မရွိ။ သို႔ေသာ္လည္း အခ်ိဳ႕ေသာ အစၥလာမ္ဘာသာ၀င္တုိ႔သည္ သေဘာထား တင္းမာၾက၏။ ကုရ္အာန္ က်မ္းျမတ္အတုိင္း မလိုက္နာ။
"အလႅာဟ္အရွင္ျမတ္သည္ မႏုႆလူသားတုိ႔ကို တစ္ခါတစ္ရံ ဒုကၡေပး၍ စမ္းသပ္ေတာ္မူ၏။ တစ္ခါတစ္ရံ ခ်မ္းသာေပး၍ စမ္းသပ္ောတ္မူ၏။" ( ၂၁ း ၃၅)
ထုိအခ်က္ကိုလည္း ေလးေလးနက္နက္ မေတြးေခၚမေမွ်ာ္ျမင္ မက်င့္သုံးၾက။ ဗုဒၶဘာသာ၌ ခႏၱီပါရမီ ခႏၱီမဂၤလာ စသည္ျဖင့္ ေဟာေတာ္မူသကဲ့သို႔ ကုရ္အာန္က်မ္း၌ ခႏၱီတရားကို အထူးတလည္ ထိန္းသိမ္းေစာင့္ေရွာက္ရမည့္အေၾကာင္း အရာ အမ်ားအျပားေတြ႕ရ၏။ သို႔ေသာ္ တကယ္တမ္းလိုက္နာက်င့္သုံးေသာ အစၥလာမ္ကား နည္းလွ၏။ ငါ့လူမ်ိဳး မထိနဲ႔ ခ်ထည့္လိုက္မယ္ ဟူေသာ သူက မ်ားလွေခ်၏။ အစၥလာမ္ဘာသာသည္ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးကုိ အထူးလိုလားေသာ ဘာသာျဖစ္သည္။ သို႔ေသာ္လည္း အခ်ိဳ႕ေသာ အစြန္းေရာက္ၿပီး သေဘာထားတင္းမားသူမ်ားက မိမိတုိ႔ဘာသာတရားသိကၡာက်ေစမည့္ အလုပ္ေနၾကေလ၏။ ထပ္ေျပာမည္။ ထုိသူမ်ားသည္ အလႅာဟ္အရွင္ျမတ္ႏွင့္ က်မ္းေတာ္ျမတ္ကုရ္အာန္ကို ေတာ္လွန္ပုန္ကန္ေသာ အစၥလာမ္အေယာင္ေဆာင္ လူယုတ္မာမ်ားျဖစ္ၾက၏။
ဤသုိ႔ျဖင့္ ျမတ္ဗုဒၶကို ေတာ္လွန္ပုန္ကန္သူမ်ားႏွင့္ အလႅာဟ္အရွင္ျမတ္ကို ေတာ္လွန္ပုန္ကန္သူမ်ား၊ ပဋိပကၡျဖစ္ၾက၏။ လူခ်င္းျဖစ္ေသာ ပဋိပကၡ၌ ဘယ္ဘုရားကမွ ၀င္၍ ေျမွာက္ေပးေတာ္မူျခင္း မရွိခဲ့ေပ။ ထုိ႔ေၾကာင့္ ဘာသာေရး ပဋိပကၡဟု မေခၚသင့္ မေခၚထုိက္။ ႏုိင္ငံေတာ္သမၼတဦးသိန္းစိန္ကုိယ္တုိင္ကလည္း ဒါဟာ သာမန္ပုဂၢလိက အျငင္းပြားမႈ သာမန္မႈခင္း တစ္ခုသာဟုဆုိထားေပ၏။ ဘယ့္ႏွယ္ေၾကာင့္ အမႈႀကီးေအာင္ ဘာသာတရားကို ဆြဲထည့္ၿပီး ဘာသာေရးပဋိပကၡဆိုခ်င္ၾကပါသနည္း။ ဘာသာတရားေတြကို သိကၡာမခ်ၾကပါႏွင့္ ဟု ေျပာခ်င္သည္။ ဆက္လက္၍ ပဋိပကၡမ်ားျဖစ္ပြားပါလွ်င္ ႏိုင္ငံေတာ္ႏွင့္ျပည္သူအတြက္ အက်ိဳးမဲ့ရန္အေၾကာင္းသာရွိ၏။ ေခြးေဟာင္တုိင္းထ ၾကည့္သူကဲ့သို႔ ေကာလဟလေတြကို ယုံၿပီး လူလူခ်င္းေဆာ္ၾကပါလွ်င္ ေလာက၌ လူဟူ၍ ၾကည့္စရာက်န္ေတာ့မည္ မဟုတ္ေခ်။ ကၽြႏ္ုပ္တုိ႔ ေသာက္က်င့္ေတြကို ျပင္ၾကဖုိ႔လုိၿပီ။ ဤေဆာင္းပါးကို ျမတ္ဗုဒၶ၏ စကားတစ္ခြန္းႏွင့္ အဆုံးသတ္လိုက္သည္။
ကလေဟာ ၀ိနာသမူလေမ၀ ေဟာတိ။
ခိုက္ရန္ေဒါသျဖစ္ျခင္းသည္ ပ်က္စီးျခင္း၏ အေၾကာင္းျဖစ္၏။
၀ိ၀ါဒေကေသာ တၱိဘာေ၀ါနာမ နတၳိ။
အခ်င္းခ်င္း အညီညြတ္ေသာ ေနရာ၌ စိတ္ခ်မ္းသာစရာမရွိ။
(ဆင္းရဲကင္းကြာ ခ်မ္းသာၾကပါေစ …)
ေရႊစုန္းေခ်ာင္းဆရာေတာ္
အရွင္၀ိစိတၱာလကၤာရ


Yangon Muslims face risk of genocide

Posted: 08 May 2013 01:49 AM PDT

Yangon Muslims face risk of genocide

National Democratic Party for Development of Myanmar SG Naeem: National Democratic Party for Development of Myanmar SG Naeem: "We are concerned that what has been taking place in Arakan may spread to Yangon"

ANKARA – If violence aimed at Rohingya and other Muslims spreads to other regions, then 10 million Muslims would be under threat, said Muhammed Naeem, chairman of Foreign Relations Department and 2nd Secretary General of National Democratic Party for Development of Myanmar.

Naeem told the AA reporter on the phone that Buddhist monks were very influential throughout Myanmar and they had a voice in many social events. Naeem who lives in Yangon in lower Myanmar said they faced attacks in the villages of Yangon almost every day.

"We face the risk of genocide. We are concerned that what has been done to the the Muslims in Arakan may spread to Yangon. More than ten percent of Myanmar's population is Muslim. There are Muslims in every region of Myanmar. At least 10 million Muslims live in Mynmar. The government can solve the problems if they want. However they are trying to denationalize us. They claim that we came to the country illegally from Bangladesh," said Naeem.

Stating that they had been under pressure for a long time, Naeem said they did not want an armed struggle and they were open to peace negotiations.

Speaking to the AA reporter, Said Demir, the Coordinator of Myanmar for The Foundation for Human Rights, Freedoms and Humanitarian Relief (IHH), said that each Muslim in the region thought that they would be the next to get killed.

"If violence spreads to Yangon, it means genocide. I believe it would spread. The government tolerates all the violence. Those who massacre innocent people are not punished. Mosques, shops are torched. Buddhists have become more and more aggressive as they are not punished," said Demir.

Eyup Ural who is in charge of IHH Myanmar Desk said China and US were the two actors in the region, adding that they did not put any effort to end violence.

"International community remains silent. There is no obstacle in front of the genocide to grow bigger and bigger," Ural added.

Reporting by Ali Ozturk

Tuesday, May 07, 2013


Harta Negara bukan Harta Bapak Kita

Posted: 08 May 2013 12:25 AM PDT

Bagi sebuah negara membangun yang mencapai kemerdekaan kira-kira 55 tahun dahulu, kejayaan Malaysia menjalankan pilihan raya tanpa gagal setiap 4 atau 5 tahun sekali boleh dibanggakan. Jiran kita Thailand, yang tidak pernah dijajah, mengalami beberapa siri kudeta (rampasan kuasa oleh pihak tentera). Malah, Korea Selatan juga pernah mengalami tempoh sukar mereka. Meskipun ketika Pilihan Raya Umum ke-3 berlaku sedikit ketegangan sehingga Parlimen terpaksa digantung dan kuasa diserahkan kepada Majlis Gerakan Negara (Mageran), namun setelah situasi kian pulih pada tahun 1971, kuasa diserahkan semula kepada Parlimen – ini antara kejayaan besar negara, memulangkan kembali kuasa kepada rakyat.

PRU13

Di sebalik kejayaan ini, perjalanan pilihan raya di Malaysia menerima sejumlah kritikan yang besar. Demokrasi adalah hak rakyat untuk menaik dan menurunkan sesebuah kerajaan dan jelas di Malaysia – diperingkat kerajaan pusat, kita hanya berjaya menaikkan kerajaan yang sama, namun belum lagi berjaya menggantikannya, apatah lagi menggilirkannya. Bagi sebuah parti yang memerintah selama lebih 50 tahun, UMNO-Barisan Nasional sebenarnya layak memegang rekod dunia – antara parti paling lama memerintah melalui jalan 'demokrasi' di dunia. Sebagai rekod, Parti Indian National Congress di India yang memerintah semenjak India merdeka pada tahun 1947, hanya berjaya bertahan selama 48 tahun manakala Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) di Jepun, yang memerintah (hampir secara berterusan) semenjak 1955 telah diturunkan oleh rakyatnya pada tahun 2009. Dunia telah menyaksikan perubahan, tetapi tidak di Malaysia. Kerajaan yang lebih lama memerintah daripada UMNO adalah kerajaan komunis di Korea Utara dan China.


Parti yang terlalu lama memerintah bukanlah pertanda demokrasi yang sihat. Buat sekian lama, analisa klasik kejayaan UMNO-Barisan Nasional ini dirumuskan melalui penguasaan mereka terhadap tiga elemen utama; money, media and machinery (wang, media massa, dan jentera kerajaan). Resepi kejayaan yang bukan rahsia. Ramai pemerhati politik menyifatkan manipulasi UMNO-Barisan Nasional ini sebagai bentuk salahguna kuasa, malangnya, oleh kerana telah lebih 50 tahun kecurangan ini berjalan, rakyat seakan tidak mempedulikannya.

Sudahkah kita lupa bagaimana media melaporkan pada 2009, Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin, Timbalan Perdana Menteri, terselamat daripada nahas apabila helikopter Nuri milik TUDM yang dinaikinya terpaksa membuat pendaratan cemas di Tuaran disebabkan cuaca buruk? Namun, yang tidak diberikan perhatian adalah Muhyiddin menaiki helikopter Nuri milik TUDM tersebut untuk ke Lapangan Terbang Antarabangsa Kota Kinabalu setelah selesai merasmikan Persidangan Perwakilan Umno Bahagian Kudat. Pada petang hari yang sama, Muhyiddin dijadual akan merasmikan pula Persidangan Perwakilan Umno Bahagian Penampang. Meskipun berita ini dilaporkan oleh media, tidak ramai yang melihat ini sebagai suatu kesalahan menggunakan harta kerajaan untuk tujuan parti. Beliau ke Sabah atas kapasiti Timbalan Presiden Umno, bukan Timbalan Perdana Menteri, dan bukan atas tugas rasmi kerajaan.

Baiklah, mungkin kisah 2009 terlalu jauh untuk dikenang kembali, sempena kempen PRU13 ini, mari kita fokuskan perbincangan ini kepada peranan kerajaan sementara (interim government atau caretaker government). Istilah ini merujuk kepada kerajaan sementara yang berperanan menjalankan tanggungjawab dan urusan harian pemerintahan setelah parlimen dibubarkan, sementara kerajaan baru ditubuhkan. Oleh kerana mandat kerajaan lama telah habis, kerajaan sedia ada hanya bertindak sebagai caretaker dan tidak boleh menggubal, mengumumkan apa-apa dasar, projek serta menjalinkan apa-apa perjanjian dengan mana-mana pihak. Alasannya mudah, tempoh mereka berkuasa telah habis dan kini mereka hanya rakyat biasa sebagaimana kita.

Namun begitu, hal ini seakan tidak pernah cuba difahami oleh parti pemerintah, khasnya yang telah berkuasa lebih 50 tahun sehingga garis pemisah antara parti dan kerajaan hampir tiada. Sebagai contoh, UMNO-Barisan Nasional tanpa rasa bersalah menggunakan saluran televisyen kerajaan, Radio Televisyen Malaysia (RTM) untuk menyiarkan secara langsung manifesto mereka! Seolah-oleh mereka masih lagi kerajaan. Malah, jika alasannya untuk menyampaikan maklumat kepada umum, mengapa parti politik lain tidak dibenarkan melakukan perkara yang sama? Malah, Menteri Penerangan, Komunikasi dan Kebudayaan, Datuk Seri Rais Yatim, dengan penuh 'cool', menawarkan 10 minit kepada parti politik lainnya untuk berkempen di televisyen nasional! Sedangkan tidak ada sekatan yang sama kepada UMNO-Barisan Nasional. Lebih daripada itu, Najib Razak, Presiden UMNO-Barisan Nasional masih lagi berkempen di seluruh negara sebagai Perdana Menteri dan baru-baru ini tanpa rasa setitik berdosa pun, Najib Razak mengumumkan peruntukan bernilai RM3.8 juta untuk diagihkan kepada 10 pertubuhan kaum Sikh. Jika bukan salahguna kuasa, lalu apakah namanya perbuatan ini?

Sebagai kerajaan sementara, UMNO-Barisan Nasional juga dilarang menggunakan jentera kerajaan untuk tujuan berkempen. Larangan ini jelas kerana tugas kakitangan kerajaan yang dibiayai oleh duit cukai rakyat, adalah untuk berkhidmat kepada rakyat, untuk negara, bukan untuk mana-mana parti politik. Mereka seharusnya dilihat neutral. Namun, bukanlah suatu rahsia yang menggemparkan apabila kebanyakkan petugas parti adalah kakitangan KEMAS, Jabatan Penerangan, dan JASA. Malah, salah seorang sahabat penulis yang bekerja di RTM dengan penuh naif meletakkan gambar dia dan rakan-rakan sekerjanya di facebook beserta caption; jentera kempen Barisan Nasional!

Selain itu, Menteri yang sama juga mempertahankan tindakan UMNO-Barisan Nasional menggunakan khidmat Jabatan Penerangan dalam acara anjuran parti itu, seperti yang dikesan dalam satu majlis di Kuala Lumpur, pada bulan April lalu. Salahguna kuasa secara terang-terangan ini tidak seharusnya berlaku jika kita memahami tugas dan fungsi kerajaan serta perbezaannya dengan parti politik yang memerintah. Namun kelihatannya, di negara ini, secara sistematik, terdapat usaha untuk menggambarkan bahawa UMNO-Barisan Nasional adalah kerajaan dan kerajaan adalah UMNO-Barisan Nasional.

Syukurlah, kelihatannya salah guna kuasa ini tidak dituruti oleh kerajaan sementara di Selangor dan Pulau Pinang. Kedua-dua kerajaan sementara negeri ini telah memulangkan semula kenderaan rasmi yang diperuntukan kepada mereka sebagai kakitangan kerajaan. Maka, dalam tempoh berkempen ini,  Saudara Lim Guan Eng dan Saudara Khalid Ibrahim beserta barisan bekas EXCO mereka akan menggunakan kenderaan parti atau kenderaan peribadi masing-masing. Ini adalah usaha yang jika dilihat melalui lensa UMNO-Barisan Nasional adalah remeh. Namun, ini menunjukkan bahawa Pakatan Rakyat mempunyai iltizam menghormati harta kerajaan. Kepada sesiapa pun, tidak kira parti politik apa pun, besar harapan penulis agar mereka memahami bahawa harta negara, bukan harta bapak kita.

Accept defeat, Anwar!

Posted: 08 May 2013 12:23 AM PDT

Whether there were flaws or not during the just concluded 13th general election, it was a good start to a 'clean and free' election in the country; and with due respect Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim, please accept the decision of the voters!

No point taking to the streets again inciting the rakyat to reject Barisan Nasional government or asking the international community to condemn Malaysia's electoral system when the Election Commission had done the best to fulfill what you and Bersih demanded.

Or, would you prefer a fresh national poll?

Be a true gentleman, be a good Opposition Leader and take your team on the right and proper function as a constructive opposition rather than mocking at each and very policy the government introduced.

The rally you planned for tonight at the Kelana Jaya stadium is declared illegal by the police, and whoever attends it will be deemed as breaking the law. So, please reconsider the repercussion before the rakyat themselves avow their detest at your politics.
PETALING JAYA (May 8, 2013): Police said it will be illegal for PKR to go ahead with its planned rally at the Kelana Jaya stadium here tonight.
Petaling Jaya police chief ACP Arjunaidi Mohammed said at noon that the political party had failed to adhere to the 10-day notice-to-police rule under the Peaceful Assembly Act.
"The organisers came over to meet us today to inform us of the rally but we advised them to call off the rally and postpone it to another day in order to comply with the law." he told theSun when contacted.
He said police will act in accordance to provisions under the Peaceful Assembly Act if the rally organisers went ahead with the gathering at 8.30pm today.
When asked if the organisers had agreed to postpone the rally as advised by police, Arjunaidi said, "That will need to be verified with them, they did not inform us."
As of 2pm, there were no statements from the organisers of any change of date of the gathering and it is learnt that the rally is expected to be held as planned.
Majority of Malaysians have picked Barisan Nasional to lead the country. How could you, Lim Kit Siang, Karpal, Hadi and others made pre-election judgement that BN could only win through vote rigging and fraud? Had Pakatan won it, will you be dead sure no cheatings were involved?

What would satisfy you? Getting the prime minister post?
While there are flaws and irregularities in the conduct of the recently concluded 13th general election, we should accept it - even if it is only partially free and unfair - as the starting point for reforms.
"I am too afraid to say if the flaws affected the results.
"But I personally believe that we should accept the result, it is credible as of now... partially free and not fair. If we don't, where do we go from there?" asked Institute for Democracy and Economic Affairs (Ideas) CEO Wan Saiful Wan Jan.
Speaking to reporters in Putrajaya today, Wan Saiful advised everyone to accept the GE13 results which are as close to credible as it is going to get, but then put their energy and effort not in anger, but towards reforming the system.
The rakyat have had enough of dirty political bickering as it interrupts their daily momentum. They are scared of any post-election backlash by Pakatan, Bersih and other anti-BN groups to the extent that there are already rumors about possible riot and violent demonstration nationwide.

Is this what you actually want to see?

You didn't lose completely as Pakatan handed out the worst 'defeat' ever in its history. In politics, we win some we lose some. If Pakatan is not satisfied with the polling process, there are channels to contest it but not by taking people to demonstrate.

Unless you and your team do have the intention to run down the country, you may proceed!

Bukankah UMNO Pernah Menyatakan Mereka Tidak Perlu Undi Cina & India?

Posted: 08 May 2013 02:06 AM PDT


Parti Perkauman Umno yang melaungkan 1Malaysia pernah menyatakan mereka tidak memerlukan undi dari orang Cina dan orang India dalam pilihanraya 2013 dan akan datang.

Kata Ketua UMNO Bhagian Titiitwangsa, Datuk Johari Bin Abdul Ghani: "Umno tidak perlu sokongan orang Cina dan India......"

Dan kini apabila kaum Cina dan Inda benar-benar tidak menyokong BN, mengapa pemimpin-pemimpin UMNO merapu dan meroyan? engapa akhbar-akhbar seperti Utusan dan Kosmo tiba-tiba jadi berang tak tentu pasal? Bukankah orang-orang kamu juga dahulu yang angkuh dan sombong menyatakan kamu-kamu tidak lafi memerlukan sokongan kaum bukan-Melayu?

Bukan kamu juga yang selama ini memainkan isu perkauman sempit dengan menyokong sepenuhnya perjuangan PERKASA yang dengan sebabnya kaum bukan-Melayu menjadi begitu skeptikal dengan kaum Melayu dan kini kamu terjerit-jerit dan terpekik terlolong macam orang kena sawan memaki hamun mereka lantaran tidak lagi bersama kamu? Sedangkan kamu telah memaki hamun mereka sejak sebelum pilihanraya bermula lagi?

Malah di sepanjang kempen PRU13, UMNO menimbulkan sentiment anti-Cina terutama DAP dengan begitu hebat di selruh negara. Maka itu tidakkah sewajarnya kaum Cina menolak kamu yang tidak pernah tahu hidup di dalam keadaan harmoni?

Kamu dapat apa yang kamu inginkan!


Where are the Muslims in ASEAN, OIC and around the world when International Buddhists are ganging up against Muslims of Myanmar?

Posted: 07 May 2013 11:02 PM PDT

Where are the Muslims in ASEAN, OIC and around the world ?
Where is the Muslim Brotherhood spirit and support?
We can understand the greedy, selfish and corrupt Muslim Leaders but where are the good Muslim people with Islamic spirit?
They seemed to close their eyes or looking away from the plights of Muslims in Myanmar.

I hope that the Muslim people especially from Malaysia, Pakistan and Bangladesh suffering from ELECTION FEVER would wake-up and support the Muslims of Myanmar suffering under the Buddhist's violence and Atrocities.

Where are the Muslims in ASEAN, OIC and around the world when Buddhists are ganging up against Muslims of Myanmar? Read here @ The Buddhist world must rally around Burma (Myanmar)
Posted on May 6th, 2013

Shenali Waduge

 The roots of the world's troubles lead to Britain

Colonial apologists are unlikely to agree but in looking deeper to understand the dynamics that continue to rip continents, regions and nations apart, it is the policies adopted by the British in all of the nations they conquered and ruled that are to be blamed. Myanmar is no exception. Its land was demarcated to the advantage of the British, it flooded Burma with foreign labor giving rise to the question of citizenship and controversy surrounds deaths of Burma's leader Gen. Aung Sun (father of Aun Sui ki) as in the case of Congo's martyr Patrice Lumumba and UN chief Dag Hammerskjold and probably many more foreign leaders. Now using media at its disposal and organizations that work to uphold the interest of the West, the entire agenda revolves round in blaming nations for the troubles the British created and the demands to re-enter these countries to create the second-phase of troubles. In all cases since Britain has escaped accountability for its crimes against humanity an International Truth Commission must be established to bring to light these sordid truths.

Scenario faced by Third World

The ancient bastions are falling, countries are being broken up or separated, people are coerced into treating friends as foes and arms are generously supplied to ensure a handful profit, cultures and ancient religions are being dehumanized all in pursuit of the re-entry of those that inflicted barbaric rule under colonial presence. The neo-colonials are returning to haunt the nations they plundered – Burma is the next stop and Buddhists of the world cannot remain silent to Burma's plight. The Buddhist world must rally round Burma unequivocally.

Burma's history goes back to the 2nd century B.C. with the earliest inhabitants – the Pyu who were all followers of Buddhism. The Burmese resisted efforts by British, Dutch and Portuguese traders to establish posts along the Bay of Bengal since 1612 resulting in 3 Anglo-Burmese wars first of which was in 1824.

Burma was annexed to India in 1886 creating a separate colony in 1937 with the Burma Act. In separating India from Burma the British did as they have done in all of its other territories – creating administrative boundaries that would "create" future troubles.

Burma's case was no different.

Thus the Chin, Kachins and Naga tribes were divided between the two nations of India and Burma (Chin Hills Regulation). This was made clear when in 1941, Sir Robert Reid declared "they (the Chin, Kachin and Naga) are not Indian in any sense of the word, neither in origin nor in outlook, and it is a historical accident that they have been taken into an Indian province". Nevertheless, dividing of these people has created political tensions between Indian and Burmese Governments. Even at Independence the British did not define India's and Burma's boundary and the 872mile boundary was only marked on 10 March 1967.

Then there is the 220km dividing Burma and Bangladesh. The Chittagong Hill Tracts (hereafter CHT), an area of 13,295 square kilometers, is the south eastern part of Bangladesh, bordering the Arakan and Chin States of Burma, and Tripura and Mizoram States of India – originally this was no so. The British annexed the CHT area in 1860 and created an autonomous administrative district known as "The Chittagong Hill Tracts" within the undivided British Bengal. British enacted the Regulation 1 of the 1900 Act in order to protect the Jumma people from economic exploitation of non indigenous people. The majority of Jummas in the CHT are Buddhists. When the independent state of Bangladesh was created in 1971 the Mukti Bahini (Bangladesh liberation) force began to attack the Jummas. In the late 1970s President Zia sponsored migration of Muslim Bangladeshi settlers into the CHT. This programme was not made public but sponsored migration is now acknowledged resulting in Bangladeshi Muslims making up 1/3 of the CHT population.

Al-Rabita, a Saudi government funded NGO, is the main Islamic missionary organisation rooted in Wahhbism which is active in the region, backed by the military, it is entrusted with the Islamisation of the region. In 1986, within a period of eight months 54 Buddhist temples have been destroyed and 22 Hindu temples were burnt down by the Bangladesh military. Since 1980s through 1990s there have been 13 major massacres all targeting Jummas. That is because the Chittagong Hill Tracts were once under Burma's topography until Britain decided to change that to its advantage under calculated annexations. Fears have foundations.

Similar historical "accidents" created by the British are many.

It was the British that brought Muslims as labor from India (Bangladesh) to Burma and it was on this ground that the Burmese deny citizenship to Rohingyas who cannot show ancestry before 1823 as there were no reference to Rohingyas in the census. The Rohingyas are linguistically related to the Indo-Aryan peoples of India and Bangladesh (as opposed to the mainly Sino-Tibetan languages of Burma).

Moreover, the term Rohingyas cannot be found in any historical source in any language before the 1950s. The 500,000 Muslims in Burma in 1921 more than half were Indian Muslims. The Indian incursions to Burma were all encouraged by Britain with the purpose intent of creating discord. Riots did result in 1930 because British firms were employing Indians in Burma. Then in 1938 still under British rule was the anti-Muslim riots because of the favoritism which led to a campaign called Burma for Burmese Only. Now the argument is – if the British brought these Rohingyas into Burma to create dissent it is Britain that must provide citizenship to all these Rohingyas in Britain for making their life hell as well as for Burma too. It is time Britain owned up to all its dirty tricks through centuries of manipulations. Why do the mainstream media and international human rights organizations refrain from making these realities known?

A hallmark of British rule throughout its colonies was selective economic prosperity that has inculcated a breed of colonial servants ever ready to function as sepoys (servants of a foreign occupier working against indigenous people). There are many citizens of post-independent colonies particularly in the Indian sub – continent who mentally prefer to live under white rule still and explains why they are directly and indirectly involved in destabilizing operations promoted and funded by the West, and publicly advocate re- colonization efforts by the latter.

It comes as no surprise that both Western nations and USA based Christian evangelical  organizations continue to supply funds and arms to various ethnic groups e.g. Karen tribes and Middle Eastern oil rich nations e.g. Saudi Arabia, support Rohingya Muslims in Arakan State in a variety of ways making these nations virtually ungovernable. Just like how CIA funds the American Society for a Free Asia that gives arms, military training, financial assistance and even air support to Tibet dissidents and training in the US. Can we blame China's caution when declassified US documents reveal that millions of US public funds have been given to Dalai Lama personally through the National Endowment for Democracy (NED). Similarly, Burma's opposition is supported through the US embassy in Yangon and assistance given through the Centre for Applied Non-Violence Action and Strategies that prides itself in overthrowing popular independent governments of non – aligned states.

Burma can pride itself as the only nation that refused to be subservient and servile to its colonial master when it refused to become a member of the British Commonwealth in 1947 as well as refuse economic handouts by World Bank – the response to this was to use the international media to subject Burma to a dirty game of denigration, shaming and demonizing the country's leaders and depicting nothing but brutality and the marketing of the slogan "democracy" – we saw the democracy that the West gave Iraq, Libya, Kosovo and Egypt! The angst against Aung San Suu Kyi is her proximity and close relations with the British and other former colonial countries, including USA, and her image as an embodiment of unashamed subservience to foreign corporate commands when Burma has been battling to be the master of its own country. When President Obama made his first overseas trip to Burma and called Aung San Suu Kyi his "personal hero" there is little left for others to imagine where Burma will head and in which direction, and it is unlikely to be any different to India under Sonia Gandhi, the uncrowned (Italian born) empress of India.

It is amidst these controversies that speculation has been raised by the BBC investigation itself as to the complicity of Britain in the murder of Gen. Aung San, father of Aung San Suu Kyi in view of the close links between the convicted assassins, the chief Conspirator U Saw (leading Burmese politician and protégé of British colonial authorities), and British officials who engineered a raid on the Burmese Army Ordnance Depot in Rangoon, and then handed over the weapons stolen i.e. Sten Guns and ammunition, to the would be assassins. This has been established by research conducted by BBC on declassified information released by the British Government.  How many other conspiracy theories are there involving the West in the deaths of Third World leaders – this means the killers are still at large or have died without being held to account for their crimes and an International Tribunal on Truth and Justice must be established to unearth the evidence and reveal the truth.

http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLA808B2DDEBBCFEE7

It is distressing to note of the role of the international news media i.e. Western news agencies and press, and their unabashed agents in the local media scene, being engaged in deliberate distortion, fabrication and slanting  of news stories and incidents taking place in third world countries with a view to advancing the interests of Western imperial agendas. This gives a totally wrong picture to the readers and creates further tensions amongst communities.

Not many people are actually aware that Rohingyas are originally from Bangladesh and it is the Bangladeshi Government that must take responsibility of them. However, the manner in which the British purposely carried Muslim labor into Burma to change the demographics of the country requires that Britain take sole responsibility. If Rohingyas are unhappy in Burma in view of the Burmese not wishing to accept them as indigenous people, then it is up to the British Government to admit their wrongs, apologise to the Burmese Govt. and people, and then offer Rohingiyas scope for immigration to the UK.

Far above all these remedies what is long overdue is the need for an International Truth Commission that would bring to light all of the dirty tricks and calculated manipulations committed in British colonies by the British East India Company and later by the British Colonial authorities and to finally award redress and compensation including an apology for the atrocities that resulted and continue to take place as a result.

In the current context, Sri Lanka as a fellow Theravada Buddhist nation needs to stand by Burma together hand in hand in its hour of need and must give leadership to rally all other Buddhist nations and Buddhist communities to offer their support for a nation that is soon targeted for either regime change or balkanization in view of Burma's border links to China. The collapse of Buddhist Burma may trigger a domino effect in what is left of the remaining Buddhist nations in Asia.

In times of trouble not long ago, Sri Lanka was in need of friends and we knew the difficulties that friends had to come to our aid – we should not cower any longer.

http://www.lankaweb.com/news/items/2013/05/06/the-buddhist-world-must-rally-around-burma-myanmar/


PAS Tak Tuntut Jawatan MB Selangor, Ramai Mahu Khalid Kekal

Posted: 07 May 2013 11:26 PM PDT


Pas Pusat tidak akan menuntut jawatan Menteri Besar Selangor walaupun Pas Selangor mempunyai kelebihan satu kerusi berbanding PKR di Selangor dalam Pilihan Raya Umum ke13 (PRU13) baru-baru ini.

Setiausaha Agung Pas, Datuk Mustafa Ali berkata, demi semangat setia kawan dalam Pakatan Rakyat (PR) bersama PKR dan DAP, Tan Sri Abdul Khalid Ibrahim akan kekal sebagai Menteri Besar Selangor.

"Kita (Pas) tidak pernah tuntut, tidak pernah bercadang, tidak berhasrat pun ke arah itu. Kita sudah putuskan untuk kekalkan yang sedia ada (Abdul Khalid). Tunggulah dalam masa seminggu ini akan diumumkan," katanya ketika dihubungi Sinar Harian.

Semalam, Sinar Harian menyiarkan laporan siapakah bakal memegang jawatan Menteri Besar Selangor memandangkan ketiga-tiga parti mempunyai jumlah kerusi hampir sama, iaitu Pas dan DAP sebanyak 15 kerusi manakala PKR 14 kerusi.

Pengerusi PR Selangor, Tan Sri Abdul Khalid Ibrahim berkata, bakal Menteri Besar Selangor akan diumumkan minggu depan selepas pucuk pimpinan tertinggi PR memutuskannya, individu itu akan mendapat perkenan Sultan Selangor, Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah.

Pemilihan kini tertumpu kepada calon Pas dan calon Melayu-Islam PKR kerana calon DAP tidak tersenarai memandangkan syarat status quo calon menteri besar mesti terdiri daripada calon Melayu-Islam dan mendapat perkenan Sultan.

Walaupun keputusannya akan diumum minggu depan tetapi beberapa nama mula disebut-sebut menggantikan Abdul Khalid, antaranya Abd Rani Osman, Iskandar Abd Samad, Dr Ahmad Yunus Hairi, Sallehen Mukhyi dan Mohd Shafie Ngah.


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