Monday, June 24, 2013

smoke gets in your eyes

smoke gets in your eyes


smoke gets in your eyes

Posted: 24 Jun 2013 09:42 AM PDT

… because it's BAACCCKKKKKKKKKK! the haze!

er…. not only your eyes of course but your mouth, your nose as well IF you don't wear a mask. er… but if you wear a mask, the mask only covers your mouth and nose, so the smoke will still get in your eyes. huh? so i guess if you don't want smoke in your eyes, how? wear sunglasses? or just glasses? of course, it might reduce the smoke get into your eyes but still not completely of course.  oh well, even with mask… or certain kind of mask, you can't really completely stop the smoke particles (esp. the tiny ones) from getting into your nose/mouth and thus your lungs.  read  from says malaysia to find out  for yourself whether masks will really protect you or what kind of mask is better.

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the big news now in our country, malaysia, is the haze, caused by forest burning in indonesia. our neighbour, singapore was first hit bad with over 400 API reading but later on we were shocked when muar town in johor state, hit a skyhigh record of over 700 API! so much so that the town has to be declared emergency. thank god, at the time of writing now, it is very much lower already.

oh no! yesterday, it looks like the haze is blowing north now… to my hometown, where i am now – penang! HELP! it's not that bad yet. the API was about 80 reading in USM area, i notice from this website. do bookmark this website to go back to check API reading of various locations.

actually i'm not sure if i will want to wear a face mask or not. i feel very strange to wear it. well…. i guess maybe this means unless the API is over 100, that is at the danger or risky level, only then i will wear one. what i had heard somewhere (think on tv) was that many people do not want to wear face mask because they are not aware of the health risks. really? well i am aware of the health risks… i just feel funny to wear it.  surgical mask looks ok but then it was said to be not effective. the N95 mask is effective but then it looks awful than the surgical mask; if i feel funny to wear surgical mask, i will feel even more funny to wear N95 mask. hahaha!  maybe the best way is for now wear surgical mask then when the API rise to hazardous level (touch wood! hope not!!), only wear N95 mask. prevention is better than cure! to avoid these health risks…

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ahh…. yes, methink at one time when the haze was very worst… could be in 1997, i did wear the mask before. speaking of which, i found a very good article by john malott, ex US ambassador to malaysia, talking about the haze that happened in 2005.  (please read about it below, if you are not a subscriber to malaysiakini).

btw, as a citizen journalist (CJ), i'm helping to update photos of haze in penang to our CJMY website. we have CJs from other states, and they will be sending photos to CJMY now and then, so do bookmark the website for updates of photos of the haze situation in certain states.

ok, now back to the title of this post – of course some of you will know that it is actually the title of a popular oldies song by the platters. i love the song very much. it was used in one romantic movie… which one, i forgot. another popular oldie is 'all i have to do is dream' – have you heard of it? if you have, then you can relate to this video, a song parody about the haze.

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Haze: The facts you should know
Malaysiakini
Aug. 12, 2005
by John Malott

The haze is back – and with a vengeance. The air quality in Kuala Lumpur today is far worse than it was when I was the United States ambassador in 1997, the last time that KL's beautiful skyline disappeared in the smog for over two months.

Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi's government should be congratulated for lifting the "national security/top secret" embargo on the air pollutant index. But telling the people what the API number is only confirms what everyone's body already knows. All you have to do is look at the air and take a deep, smelly, and unhealthy breath, and you know that something is wrong.

When I read malaysiakini's many articles on the "haze" the past few days, I was surprised that many people say they do not know what to do about the haze or how to protect themselves – even though the haze has returned many times since 1997.

Malaysians have an absolute right to be angry with the Indonesian government, which year after year has allowed its farmers – and more importantly, its timber companies – to take the cheap way out and burn the land, rather than spending the extra time and money that would be required to clear it with machinery and labour, rather than fire.

But being angry at the Indonesians doesn't answer the question of how to protect yourself today.

In 1997 we spent a great amount of time at the US embassy studying the "haze" in order to decide what to do to protect our employees and our families, both American and Malaysian, from a potential health threat. We consulted a number of US government agencies and medical specialists.

I would like to share that knowledge with malaysiakini readers. Obviously, whatever I say might be dated. There might be more up-to-date research. There are others who are far more knowledgeable than I am. But I hope that this will be a start, and that malaysiakini can become a source for practical and accurate information on how Malaysians can protect themselves from the haze.

What is the Malaysian haze?

This is not like the Los Angeles haze, which is related more to ozone and automobile emissions. In the case of Malaysia, we are talking about smoke and particulate matter that comes from the burning forests of Indonesia.

When you breathe, you are inhaling millions and millions of microscopic particles of dust and ash that end up coating your lungs. Over time, it makes your breathing harder. Some people in 1997 said things like, "I am having a hard time breathing. I feel like I am not getting enough oxygen. I tire very easily. It's like the time I had bronchitis – or pneumonia."

Will it cause permanent damage?

For most people, the answer is no. Our bodies have an incredible ability to rejuvenate. Once you breathe clean fresh air again, your lungs will recover. However, if it happens year after year after year, no one knows what the effects will be. That is why it is important for the Indonesian government to take serious action to remedy the situation.

If Malaysians continue to suffer from the haze year after year, there could be long-term medical consequences, such as an increase in lung disease and lung cancer. But no one knows. This has never happened before.

Who is at risk?

As I said, people in a healthy condition will eventually recover once they breathe clean air again. But some people are at greater risk – people whose lungs are weak or not fully developed.

This means small children, especially under three year of age. It means the unborn children of pregnant mothers. It means the elderly, whose lungs are weaker. It means people with asthma or other lung conditions, or people with a heart condition.

What can you do?

When the air quality is bad, stay indoors. Avoid exercise – even indoors, because it makes you breathe more and take in more bad air.

An air-conditioned environment is best, because it is closed to the outside air. Your air-conditioned office is a better place to be than your non-air conditioned house. But don't forget that you might be exposing yourself to bad air during your commute to and from work. If you are in an air-conditioned car, do not let outside air circulate through the vehicle.

Make sure your house is well sealed, so the bad air has a difficult time infiltrating your home.

Buy at least one portable air filter for your home. Seal one room, such as a bedroom or a living room, and run the air filter in there, so there is at least one place in your home where the air is purer. That should be the room where you sleep.

Be sure to drink lots of water and to keep your throat, nose and eyes moisturised. Use eyes drops and a saline solution to moisturise your nose. Otherwise, the particulate matter will make them dry and could cause separate medical problems. If you wear a mask, then for heaven's sake, wash
it regularly and keep it clean.

Do masks help?

Most of the masks that people wear – surgical masks, plasterers' masks, and so on – are of little value. That is because the particulate matter from the fires is so small that it still can infiltrate those cheaper masks and get into your lungs. While those masks can keep out the larger particles, the smaller ones go straight through.

The only masks that are truly effective in keeping out the microscopic particles that can coat your lungs are similar to military gas masks, which are hard to find, and more expensive.

What about spraying water?

Spraying water from the rooftops of Malaysia's high-rises provides 15 minutes of relief, but mostly it wastes water. It is a great photo opportunity for the papers and RTM, but it will not solve the problem. And if the monsoon rains come late, it means that there will be a water shortage, so it is better to save and use the water for better purposes.

Can the fires be put out?

The amount of land on fire in Indonesia is so great that only Mother Nature can extinguish the fires – through the monsoon rains. Fire fighters, cloud seeding, and aerial spraying all can help reduce the fires, but they cannot totally quell them.

There will be good and bad days in KL and elsewhere, but that is not because the fires have been reduced. It is because the winds shift from day to day. Today KL is suffering, but Penang is clear. Next week it could be the reverse – it all depends on the wind and weather conditions.

What is the long-term solution?

Today the skies in Jakarta most probably are blue – for they are below the winds. The awful effects of their inaction are exported northward – to Malaysia and its neighbours. That is why they don't seem to care.

Over the longer term, the only solution is for more pressure on the Indonesia government. But that won't happen this year. For now, my Malaysian friends need to take action to prevent any medical harm to themselves.

Once this threat has passed, when the monsoon rains comes and extinguish the fires, it will be easy to forget – once again – about the cause of the haze and 'move on'. Asean brotherhood and the doctrine of non-interference will take over again.

I hope that does not happen.

Unless the governments of Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand and Brunei – the countries whose people are affected year after year by Indonesia's actions – make a serious, sustained, and concerted effort to deal with the problem, the haze will be back.

——————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————-
JOHN R MALOTT was US ambassador to Malaysia during the Great Southeast Asian Haze in 1997. He is now living in Alexandria, Virginia.

oh no, i won't end my post yet…. not without naming the 8 malaysian linked companies that were  Indonesia has identified to have contributed to the haze situation in the region through its forest burning, here they are:

1.  PT Langgam Inti Hiberida

2.  PT Bumi Rakksa Sejati

3.  PT Tunggal Mitra Plantation

4.  PT Udaya Loh Dinawi

5.  PT Adei Plantation

6.  PT Jatim Jaya Perkasa

7.  PT Multi Gambut Industri

8.  PT Mustika Agro Lestari

Nazri Kantoi Tunjuk Isyarat Lucah Kepada Jurugambar Di Parlimen!

Posted: 24 Jun 2013 10:10 AM PDT


Apakah ini contoh terbaik yang ditunjukkan oleh seorang yang bergelar menteri kanan dalam kabinet Najib Razak?

Menunjukkan isyarat tidak senonoh kepada jurugambar yang merakamkan gambarnya di parrlimen hari ini sempena persidangan angkat sumpah ahli-ahli parlimen dan melantik Speaker Dewan Rakyat yang baru.

Dia memegang jawatan Menteri Kementerian Pelancongan dan Kebudayaan.

Sudah pasti isyarat ini bukan molek dan indah untuk tarik pelancung ke negara kita serta jauh sekali bukannya budaya kita.

Betapa sombong, bongkak dan angkuhnya pemimpin UMNO ini.

Tidak tahu nak kata apa lagi... speechless. -omakkau

Ulasan GB

Bagi orang-orang UMNO, video lucah, gambar lucah dan isyarat lucah macam sudah menjadi budaya bagi mereka sehingga kita tertanya-tanya agama apakah orang-orang UMNO ini?

Jika Islam apakah itu akhlak yang diajar oleh Rasulullah saw dan bagaimana tergamaknya mereka memalukan Islam dan umat Islam dengan perbuatan-perbuatan sedemikian di depan mereka yang bukan Islam?

Latest nutty Turkish rumor: "The Israel lobby poisoned Ataturk" - in 1938!

Posted: 24 Jun 2013 06:53 AM PDT

Turkish media is reporting that a journalist named Fatih Tezcan is claiming that the founder of the Turkish republic, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, didn't die from cirrhosis of the liver as has been assumed - but, according to a supposed new autopsy, he was poisoned.

Tezcan is convinced that the only way Ataturk could have been poisoned was through his alleged involvement with Freemasons, who every conspiracy theorist knows is really a Jewish organization.

The motive? Why, because Ataturk was against the establishment of Israel! So the Mossad - before there was a Mossad - decided to get rid of him, because Turkey's opposition to a Jewish state was really, really important in 1938 to Jews.

While the Turkish media reporting this craziness is careful to say "The Israel lobby" killed Ataturk, the Arab media is saying in a more straightforward manner that it was the Jews. Hat tip: EOZ

Lebanon: 12 dead in Lebanon as Sunnis fight with soldiers

Posted: 24 Jun 2013 06:57 AM PDT

To be fair, the Sunnis wanted to fight with Hezbollah but the soldiers got in the way.
BEIRUT, Lebanon (NYT) — Clashes raged on Sunday in the southern Lebanese city of Sidon between the army and the followers of a hard-line Sunni Muslim sheik, paralyzing traffic on a main highway and leaving at least 12 people dead. 
The violence on Sunday, which continued into the night, reflected how deeply the civil war in neighboring Syria has undermined security in Lebanon, many of whose citizens still carry bitter memories of their country's own 15-year civil war. Sidon, a Mediterranean port, is a mostly Sunni city whose population largely sympathizes with the Sunni-led insurgency in Syria. 
The clashes in Sidon pitted the Lebanese Army against the armed followers of Sheik Ahmad al-Assir, who has earned national fame through a series of stunts in the news media and public calls for the disarming of the Shiite group Hezbollah, Lebanon's strongest military force, which has been fighting in Syria on the side of the government of President Bashar al-Assad. Hat tip: Eye On The World 
More...

The Little Country That Could - Celebrities should visit, not boycott, Israel by Deroy Murdock

Posted: 24 Jun 2013 06:30 AM PDT

Alice Walker, author of The Color Purple, has generated headlines lately by urging singer Alicia Keys to avoid "soul danger" and cancel her July 4 concert in Tel Aviv. Keys and other celebrities should ignore Walker and visit Israel. They may be amazed at what they discover. I was fortunate to see Israel for the first time last week, thanks to the America-Israel Friendship League. Five of the eleven journalists on AIFL's fact-finding trip were new here. Keys and other artists likely would find Israel at least as surprising as we did.

First and foremost, Israel's omnipresence in the U.S. media makes it sound like a superpower. But as much as anything, Israel is impressively compact. At just 7,992 square miles, it is slightly larger than Clark County, Nevada (greater Las Vegas), but smaller than New Hampshire. Israel is not just small. It's svelte. At its thinnest point, near Netanya — just north of Tel Aviv — Israel spans just nine miles. The land separating Israel's Mediterranean beaches from its border with the Palestinian Authority covers roughly the same distance as does Manhattan between Battery Park and the Apollo Theater on 125th Street, or Los Angeles from the Santa Monica Pier to the La Brea Tar Pits. Conquer those nine miles, and you chop Israel in two. Given this existential danger, the late foreign minister Abba Eban called this and the rest of Israel's narrow waistline its "Auschwitz boundaries."

Nevertheless, Israel is the little country that could. Within a desert that is hostile in every sense, Israel has become a prosperous nation with a per capita income of $29,512, its Central Bureau of Statistics reports. In 2012, Israel's GDP expanded by 2.7 percent, while America's grew just 2.2 percent. Israel's unemployment rate is 6.9 percent, vs. 7.6 percent in the U.S. This start-up nation has pioneered plenty, including drip irrigation, the computer flash drive, and the PillCam, which lets doctors remotely examine a patient's digestive tract after he has swallowed an aspirin-sized camera. Continue here to the article in full.......

[VIDEO] 26 Aktivis Ditahan Termasuk Chegubard, Adam Adli & "Auntie Bersih"

Posted: 24 Jun 2013 07:03 AM PDT

Seramai 26 aktivis yang mengadakan perhimpunan mendesak pemimpin Suruhanjaya Pilihan Raya (SPR) meletak jawatan ekoran penipuan pilihan raya ditahan polis pagi ini di depan bangunan Parlimen.

Mereka antara 50 aktivis yang disuraikan pagi tadi dari tapak perkhemahan yang didirikan di Padang Merbok selepas himpunan Black 505 Sabtu lalu.

Kumpulan berkenaan mengadakan protes dengan berbaring di atas jalan sejak 10 pagi tadi di satu kawasan jalan utama menuju bangunan Parlimen.

Kumpulan ini terdiri dari gabungan NGO anak muda termasuklah GM13, NGO Royalti, Asalkan Bukan Umno (ABU), Solidariti Mahasiswa Malaysia (SMM) dan Solidariti Anak Muda Malaysia (SAMM).

Suasana bertukar tegang kira-kira sejam kemudian apabila kumpulan tersebut cuba melepasi sekatan 300 anggota polis yang berkawal di pintu pagar Parlimen.

Kumpulan berkenaan bagaimanapun tidak berjaya melepasi sekatan tersebut.

Aktivis siswa, Safwan Anang, Ekhksan Bukhari serta Akram Ahmar kumpulan pertama ditahan polis pada kira-kira 11.10 pagi. Susulan itu, sebilangan lagi peserta menyerah diri kepada polis sebagai tanda solidariti.

Mereka termasuk Pengerusi Solidariti Anak Muda Malaysia (SAMM), Badrul Hisham Shaharin, aktivis siswa Adam Adli dan Annie Ooi Siew Lan atau nama popularnya, 'Untie Bersih' diikuti beberapa yang lain.

Semua yang ditahan dibawa ke Ibu Pejabat Polis Daerah Dang Wangi.

Kira-kira jam 11.50, Ahli Parlimen dari Pakatan Rakyat, Khalid Samad hadir menenangkan peserta himpunan sekaligus menerima memorandum kumpulan terbabit.

Antara tuntutan termasuk mendesak SPR diletakkan di bawah Parlimen, menubuhkan Suruhanjaya Diraja menyiasat peranan SPR dan jabatan pendaftaran negara atas isu yang berbangkit pada PRU lalu.

Selain itu, mereka turut menunut Parlimen membincangkan tentang penipuan dakwat kekal dan perletakan jawatan dan permohonan maaf secara terbuka oleh Pengerusi SPR, Tan Sri Abdul Aziz Yusof.

Dalam ucapannya, Khalid berkata, beliau akan menyerahkan memorandum tersebut kepada pihak berkenaan dan akan turut membangkitkan perkara itu dalam persidangan Parlimen.

Beliau turut meminta agar peserta berkenaan beredar selepas menerima memorandum tersebut.

Sementara itu, Ketua Polis Daerah Dang Wangi, ACP Zainuddin Ahmad mengesahkan 26 orang ditahan dalam perhimpunan tersebut.

Terdahulu, berpuluh-puluh khemah peserta terbabit dimusnahkan pegawai penguatkuasa Dewan Bandaraya Kuala Lumpur (DBKL) di Padang Merbok pada 4.30 pagi tadi. -KD




Harris: Desak Polis Bebas Segera Tahanan


Pengerusi Asalkan Bukan Umno(ABU) Harris Ibrahim mengesa polis membebaskan rakan-rakan mereka yang berhimpun di depan bangunan Parlimen pagi tadi, "Kita akan sediakan guaman dan sekiranya mereka yang ditahan masih belum dilepaskan oleh polis, kita akan mengadakan bantahan di hadapan Balai Polis Jinjang, malam ini," katanya.

Dalam demonstrasi di hadapan Bangunan Parlimen tadi, kira- kira 26 individu ditahan polis termasuk seorang perempuan.

Bantahan yang disertai kira-kira 150 orang lagi mengadakan protes dengan berbaring di atas jalan berkenaan sejak jam 10 pagi ini.

Keadaan bertukar tegang kira-kira sejam kemudian apabila kumpulan tersebut, yang antara lainnya dipimpin aktivis siswa Adam Adli, cuba melepasi sekatan polis yang berkawal di kedudukan kira-kira 800 meter dari pintu pagar Parlimen.

Dalam pada itu, Harris menjelaskan perkhemahan Blackout 505 sebulat suara untuk menghentikan aktiviti perkhemahan di Padang Merbok yang mendesak pimpinan tertinggi Suruhanjaya Pilihan Raya (SPR) meletak jawatan.

Menurut Haris pihaknya dan beberapa pertubuhan NGO yang lain akan membincangkan tindakan seterusnya dalam masa beberapa hari lagi.

Bagaimanapun, tindakan itu tidak bermakna NGO terbabit mengalah dengan pihak berkuasa.

"Pagi tadi kira-kira jam 4.30 pagi, pegawai penguatkuasa Dewan Bandaraya Kuala Lumpur (DBKL) bersama polis bertindak merampas khemah kami.

"Tetapi kami tenang sebab kami sudah sebulat suara untuk menamatkan perkhemahan ini. Kami izinkan mereka mengambil khemah tanpa sebarang tentangan," katanya kepada Tv Selangor ketika ditemui di Padang Merbok.

Semalam DBKL mengarahkan peserta perhimpunan itu menanggalkan khemah mereka kerana tindakan mendirikan khemah di tempat awam, menyalahi Undang-undang Kecil Kerajaan Tempatan (Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur) 1992 iaitu berkumpul tanpa permit dan kesalahan mendirikan khemah mengikut Akta Jalan, Parit dan Bangunan 1974.

Bagaimanapun, peserta masih lagi mendirikan khemah semula sebelum DBKL bertindak merampas kira -kira 50 khemah pagi tadi.
-selangorku

တိုင္းမ္မဂၢဇင္းကို သမၼတ႐ုံး ဘာေၾကာင့္ ကန္႔ကြက္ရလဲ ? ဦးဝီရသူႏွင့္ ၉၆၉ အဖြဲ႕ကို ေထာက္ခံအသိမွတ္ ျပဳ မျပဳ ?

Posted: 24 Jun 2013 05:50 AM PDT

အင္တာဗ်ဴး

တိုင္းမ္မဂၢဇင္းကို သမၼတ႐ုံး ဘာေၾကာင့္ ကန္႔ကြက္ရလဲ ? ဦးဝီရသူႏွင့္ ၉၆၉ အဖြဲ႕ကို ေထာက္ခံအသိမွတ္ ျပဳ မျပဳ ?

သမၼတ၏ ေျပာေရးဆိုခြင့္ရွိသူ ျပန္ၾကားေရး ဒု-ဝန္ၾကီး ဦးရဲထြဋ္ (ဓာတ္ပံု – ဦးရဲထြဋ္ facebook မွ)

၂၀၁၃ ခုႏွစ္ ဇူလိုင္လ ၁ ရက္ေန႕ထုတ္ တိုင္းမဂၢဇင္း Vol 182, No. 1 တြင္ ဦးဝီရသူအား မ်က္ႏွာဖုံးတင္၍ "THE FACE OF BUDDHIST TERROR" ေဆာင္းပါးအား ေဖာ္ျပခဲ့သည္ကို သမၼတ႐ုံးက ကန္႕ကြက္ေၾကာင္း ထုတ္ျပန္ေၾကညာခဲ့သည္။ ယင္းထုတ္ျပန္ေၾကညာခ်က္ကို မည္သည့္အတြက္ ထုတ္ျပန္ရသည္၊ ေၾကညာခ်က္သည္ ဦးဝီရသူႏွင့္ ၉၆၉ အဖြဲ႕ကို ေထာက္ခံအသိမွတ္ ျပဳ မျပဳ၊ တိုင္းမ္မဂၢဇင္းကို ပိတ္ပင္ရန္ ရွိ မရွိတို႕ကို သမၼတ၏ ေျပာေရးဆိုခြင့္ရွိသူ ျပန္ၾကားေရး ဒု-ဝန္ၾကီး ဦးရဲထြဋ္ကို ဧရာဝတီမွ ဆက္သြယ္ေမးျမန္းထားပါသည္။

ေမး- အစိုးရအေနနဲ႔ တိုင္းမ္မဂၢဇင္းကို ဘာေၾကာင့္ကန္႔ကြက္တာလဲဆိုတာ သိခ်င္ပါတယ္။

ေျဖ- က်ေနာ္တို႔ ထုတ္ျပန္ခ်က္မွာလည္း ႐ွင္း႐ွင္းလင္းလင္း ေဖာ္ျပထားပါတယ္။ သူတို႔ရဲ႕ ေရးသားခ်က္ေတြဟာ က်ေနာ္တို႔ ဗုဒၶသာသနာကို ႏိုင္ငံတကာက အထင္အျမင္ လြဲမွားေစႏိုင္ပါတယ္။ လက္႐ွိျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံမွာ ေဆာင္႐ြက္ေနတဲ့ ဘာသာေပါင္းစံုတို႔ၾကား အျပန္အလွန္ယံုၾကည္မႈ တည္ေဆာက္ေနျခင္းကို ထိခိုက္ေစႏုိင္တယ္။ အဲဒါေၾကာင့္ က်ေနာ္တို႔ ကန္႔ကြက္ရတာ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။

ေမး- တိုင္းမ္မဂၢဇင္းကို အစိုးရအေနနဲ႔ကန္႔ကြက္လိုက္ေတာ့ မ်က္ႏွာဖံုးမွာ ေဖာ္ျပခံရတဲ့ ဦး၀ီရသူဘက္ကေနၿပီးေတာ့ ေထာက္ခံရပ္တည္တဲ့ သေဘာမ်ိဳးျဖစ္ေနမလား။

ေျဖ- မဆိုင္ပါဘူးဗ်။ ေရးထားတဲ့ အထဲမွာၾကည့္ရင္ ဦး၀ီရသူဘက္ကေနမဟုတ္ဘဲနဲ႔ ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံမွာ လြတ္လပ္စြာ ယံုၾကည္ကိုးကြယ္ခြင့္႐ွိတယ္။ အေျခခံဥပေဒကလည္း ကာကြယ္ထားတယ္။ ဗုဒၶဘာသာဟာလည္း သိမ္ေမြ႕နက္နဲတဲ့ ႏူးညံတဲ့ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးကို လုပ္တဲ့ဘာသာျဖစ္တယ္။ အခုအခ်ိန္မွာ ပဋိပကၡေတြကို ကာကြယ္ဖို႔အတြက္ အားလံုး ပူးေပါင္းေဆာင္႐ြက္ေနတယ္။ အခုလိုေဆာင္႐ြက္ေနတဲ့ အခ်ိန္မွာ ေရးသားလာတဲ့အတြက္ ကန္႔ကြက္ရတာ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္ဗ်။

ေမး- သမၼတ႐ံုးရဲ႕ ေၾကညာခ်က္က ၉၆၉ က ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းတဲ့သေကၤတ ျဖစ္တယ္ဆိုတာမ်ိဳးေရးထားေတာ့ အစိုးရအေနနဲ႔ ၉၆၉ ကို တရား၀င္ အသိအမွတ္ျပဳလိုက္တာလား။

ေျဖ- စာပိုဒ္ကို ေသခ်ာဖတ္ၾကည့္ရင္ ေတြ႕ပါလိမ့္မယ္။ အဲဒီစာပိုဒ္မွာက က်ေနာ္တို႔က ေျပာတာမဟုတ္ဘူး။ ဟို သံဃာ့အစည္းအေ၀းကေနၿပီးေတာ့မွ ေျပာတယ္လို႔ က်ေနာ္တို႔ ျပန္ကုတ္လုပ္ထားတာပါ။ တိုင္းမ္မဂၢဇင္း မူရင္းေဆာင္းပါးမွာက ၉၆၉ နဲ႔ပတ္သက္လို႔ သူေရးထားတာေတြ႐ွိတယ္။ ဒါေၾကာင့္မိုလို႔ ၉၆၉ အမွတ္တံဆိပ္ကို အလြဲသံုးတဲ့လူ ႐ွိရင္႐ွိမယ္။ သို႔ေသာ္ မူလဆရာေတာ္ေတြကေတာ့ ဒီလိုေျပာထားပါတယ္ဆိုတာကို ျပန္ကုတ္လုပ္ထားတာပါ။ခင္ဗ်ား ေသခ်ာဖတ္ၾကည့္ရင္ ေတြ႕ပါလိမ့္မယ္္။

ေမး- ဆိုေတာ့ အစိုးရအေနနဲ႔ ၉၆၉ ကို အသိအမွတ္မျပဳေသးဘူးလို႔ ေျပာခ်င္တာလား။

ေျဖ- က်ေနာ္တို႔က ၉၆၉ တံဆိပ္႐ွိေနတယ္။ ၉၆၉ နဲ႔တံဆိပ္နဲ႔ ပတ္သက္လို႔ ေဆာင္းပါးမွာ ေရးတဲ့ဟာေတြက မူလလူေတြက ကာယကံ႐ွင္ေတြက ေျပာထားတာ တစ္မ်ိဳးျဖစ္တယ္ဆိုတာ က်ေနာ္တို႔ျပန္ေထာက္ျပတာပဲ ႐ွိပါတယ္။

ေမး- အခု ၉၆၉ နဲ႔ ဦး၀ီရသူတို႔ လုပ္ေနတဲ့ မ်ိဳးေစာင့္ ဥပေဒဆိုတာကိုေရာ သိလား။ အစိုးရက ဘယ္လိုသေဘာထားလဲမသိဘူး။

ေျဖ- ဘာမွ မွတ္ခ်က္ေပးစရာ မ႐ိွပါဘူး။ ဒါေတြက တစ္ဦးခ်င္း တစ္ေယာက္ခ်င္းရဲ႕ ႏုိင္ငံသားမ်ားရဲ႕ ရပိုင္ခြင့္အတုိင္းပဲ သူတို႔ရဲ႕သေဘာထားကို သူတို႔ ေဖာ္ထုတ္ေျပာဆိုေနတာပဲေလ။ အမ်ိဳးေစာင့္ဥပေဒတင္ မဟုတ္ဘူး။ လယ္ယာေျမကိစၥနဲ႔ ပတ္သက္လို႔လည္း အဖြဲ႕အစည္းေတြ လူပုဂၢဳိလ္ေတြက ဆႏၵေဖာ္ထုတ္ေနၾကတာလည္း ႐ွိပါတယ္။ က်ေနာ္တို႔က အဲသလိုပဲ သေဘာထားပါတယ္။

ေမး- အစိုးရအေနနဲ႔ ဘာသာေရး လူမ်ိဳးေရး ခြဲျခားႏွိမ့္ခ်မႈေတြကို ဆန္႔က်င္ထိန္းခ်ဳပ္ဖို႔ တားဆီးကာကြယ္ေပးဖို႔ အစီအစဥ္ ႐ွိပါသလား။

ေျဖ- က်ေနာ္တို႔ ဖြဲ႕စည္းပံု အေျခခံဥပေဒ ၃၆၄ မွာ အတိအက် ေဖာ္ျပထားၿပီးၿပီပဲ။ လူမ်ိဳးေရး ဘာသာေရး အၾကမ္းဖက္မႈေတြကို လက္မခံဘူးဆိုတဲ့ အေၾကာင္းေလ။ ဘာသာတရားတုိင္းကိုလည္း လြတ္လပ္စြာ ကိုးကြယ္ခြင့္ ေပးထားတယ္။ က်ေနာ္တို႔က ဖြဲ႕စည္းပံု အေျခခံဥပေဒအတိုင္း ေဆာင္ရြက္ေနတာျဖစ္တဲ့အတြက္ ၿပီးၿပီေပါ့ဗ်ာ။

ေမး- အခုလို အစိုးရအေနနဲ႔ တိုင္းမ္မဂၢဇင္းကို တရား၀င္ကန္႔ကြက္လိုက္ၿပီဆိုေတာ့ ျပည္တြင္းမွာ တရား၀င္ထုတ္ေ၀ခြင့္ ပိတ္ပင္မွာလား။

ေျဖ- က်ေနာ္တို႔က နံပါတ္ ၁ ကေတာ့ ေဆာင္းပါးနဲ႔ ပတ္သက္လို႔ ေျပာတာေပါ့ေနာ္။ ေဆာင္းပါးပါတဲ့ မဂၢဇင္း Issue ကိုေတာ့ သာသနာေရး ၀န္ႀကီး႒ာနရဲ႕ သေဘာထားအျမင္ကိုလဲ ေတာင္းထားပါတယ္။

ေမး- ဒါဆို တိုင္းမ္းမဂၢဇင္းကို ပိတ္သင့္ မပိတ္သင့္ကို သာသနာေရး ၀န္ႀကီး႒ာနရဲ႕ သေဘာထား အႀကံျပဳခ်က္အေပၚမွာ စဥ္းစားမွာေပါ့။

ေျဖ- မွန္ပါတယ္။

ေမး- တိုင္းမဂၢဇင္းကို ကန္႔ကြက္ေၾကာင္း အစိုးရထုတ္ျပန္ခ်က္က အဂၤလိပ္လို႔ ဘာလို႔ မထုတ္တာလဲ။

ေျဖ- ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံရဲ႕ ႐ံုးသံုးဘာသာစကားက ျမန္မာစကားကိုး။

ေမး- ထုတ္ျပန္ခ်က္မွာလည္း ဘာသာအားလံုးကို လြတ္လပ္စြာ ကိုးကြယ္ခြင့္ျပဳတယ္လို႔ ေရးထားပါတယ္။ အဲဒီေတာ့ အစိုးရအေနနဲ႔ အခုျဖစ္ပ်က္ေနတဲ့ ပဋိပကၡေတြမွာ ဘယ္ဘက္မွ မလိုက္ဘဲနဲ႔ ၾကားမွာရပ္တယ္ဆိုတဲ့ အေနအထားမ်ိဳး ျပသႏုိင္ေအာင္ ဘာလုပ္မလဲ။

ေျဖ- သမၼတႀကီးရဲ႕ မိန္႔ခြန္းထဲမွာလဲ အႀကိမ္ႀကိမ္ေျပာၿပီးပါၿပီ။ က်ေနာ္တို႔ ႏုိင္ငံမွာ လြတ္လပ္စြာကိုးကြယ္ခြင့္ ႐ွိပါတယ္။ လူတုိင္းဟာ ဥပေဒနဲ႔အညီ မိမိခ်စ္ခင္ျမတ္ႏိုးတဲ့ ဘာသာတရားကို က်င့္သံုးခြင့္႐ွိတယ္။ ဘာသာကို ကိုးကြယ္ခြင့္႐ွိတယ္။ တျခားဘာသာကိုသြားၿပီးေတာ့ အၾကမ္းဖက္ဆက္ဆံတာမ်ိဳးကိုလည္း က်ေနာ္တို႔က လက္ခံမွာမဟုတ္ပါဘူး။ သမၼတႀကီးလည္း ဒီအေၾကာင္းကို မိန္႔ခြန္းအႀကိမ္ႀကိမ္ ေျပာၿပီးသလို ဖြဲ႕စည္းပံုအေျခခံဥပေဒမွာလည္း ေရးေဖာ္ျပထားၿပီး ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။

ေမး- ဘာသာေရးဆိုတာ ထိလြယ္႐ွလြယ္ေတာ့ ဘယ္လိုအေျခအေနမ်ိဳးမွာ အၾကမ္းဖက္မႈလို႔ သတ္မွတ္ၿပီး ဘယ္လို အေရးယူမလဲဆိုတာ ႐ွင္း႐ွင္းလင္းလင္း ထုတ္ျပန္ဖို႔ ႐ွိပါသလား။

ေျဖ- အခုလို နားလည္မႈ တည္ေဆာက္ေနတဲ့အခ်ိန္မွာ Social မီဒီယာေတြမွာလည္း အျပန္အလွန္ ပုတ္ခတ္ေရးသားေနၾကတယ္။ ဘာပဲေျပာေျပာ Tension ျမင့္သြားႏုိင္တဲ့ အေျခအေနမိုလို႔ ဒီလိုသိမ္ေမြ႕တဲ့ ကိစၥမ်ိဳးကို တစ္ဖက္သတ္မေရးဖို႔ လိုတယ္ဆိုတဲ့အေၾကာင္း ကန္႔ကြက္ရျခင္းျဖစ္ပါတယ္။


လူမ်ိဳးေရး ဘာသာေရး ခြဲျခားဆက္ဆံမႈ အဆုံးသတ္သင့္ၿပီ

Posted: 24 Jun 2013 05:21 AM PDT

လူမ်ိဳးေရး ဘာသာေရး ခြဲျခားဆက္ဆံမႈ အဆုံးသတ္သင့္ၿပီ

ွSource – ဧရာ၀တီ

အရွိန္ရလာခဲ့ၿပီးေသာ ျမန္မာ့ ႏိုင္ငံေရး၊ စီးပြားေရး ျပဳျပင္ေျပာင္းလဲမႈကို လက္ရွိ အႀကီးအက်ယ္ ၿခိမ္းေျခာက္ေနသည္မွာ နက္နက္႐ိႈင္း႐ိႈင္း ဆက္လက္ျဖစ္ေပၚေနဆဲ ျဖစ္ေသာ ဘာသာေရး လူမ်ိဳးေရး ခြဲျခားဆက္ဆံမႈမ်ားပင္ ျဖစ္သည္။

ထုိၿခိမ္းေျခာက္မႈမ်ားကို (အေျပာသာ မ်ားၿပီး လက္ေတြ႕မတားဆီးႏိုင္သည့္) ကိုင္တြယ္ ေျဖရွင္းရမည့္သူမွာ ႏုိင္ငံေတာ္ႏွင့္ အစိုးရ သာ ျဖစ္သည္။

ခြဲျခားဆက္ဆံမႈႏွင့္ ပဋိပကၡမ်ား ရပ္တန္႔ေစေရး၊ လူမ်ိဳးစုမ်ားႏွင့္ ယံုၾကည္မႈ ကြဲျပားသူေတြၾကား အျပန္အလွန္ ေလးစားသည္း ခံေစ ေရးတို႔ ဦးတည္ၿပီး သမၼတ ဦးသိန္းစိန္အေနျဖင့္ မိန္႔ခြန္းမ်ား မၾကာခဏ ေျပာဆို႐ံုသာ တတ္ႏိုင္ေသာေၾကာင့္ ႏိုင္ငံေရးအရ ဆႏၵရွိသည္ဆိုႏိုင္ေသာ္ျငား ခိုင္မာေသာ အေရးယူမႈမ်ိဳးအျဖစ္ ႀကိဳးစားအားထုတ္ျခင္းကို မျမင္ရေသး၍ အေျပာသက္သက္သာရွိၿပီး အလုပ္မျဖစ္ေသးဟု ဆိုရေပမည္။

ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္၊ မိတီၳလာ၊ လား႐ိႈးႏွင့္ ဥကံၠၿမိဳကမ်ားတြင္ ျဖစ္ပြားခဲ့ေသာ အၾကမ္းဖက္မႈမ်ားႏွင့္ ပတ္သက္ၿပီး ရဲတပ္ဖြဲ႕က တရားစြဲဆိုႏိုင္ခဲ့႐ံုျဖင့္ အၾကမ္း ဖက္ တိုက္ခိုက္မႈမ်ား ဆက္လက္မျဖစ္ပြားႏိုင္ေတာ့ဟု အာမ မခံႏိုင္ေပ။

တကယ့္ အမွန္တရားမွာ အမုန္းမီးမ်ားကို ေတာက္ေလာင္ေစေသာ လူမ်ိဳးေရး ဘာသာေရး ခြဲျခားကန္႔သတ္မႈမ်ား ေဒသဆိုင္ရာ အမိန္႔ႏွင့္ ႏိုင္ငံေတာ္အဆင့္ ဥပေဒမ်ားတြင္ ေတြ႕ရွိေနရၿပီး ယင္းကို ဆက္လက္က်င့္သုံးေနျခင္းက ျမန္မာ့ေခတ္ေျပာင္းေရးအတြက္ ႀကီးစြာေသာ အဟန္႔အတား ျဖစ္ေနဆဲပင္။ Myanmar Spring ဟု တခ်ိဳ႕က သုံးႏႈန္းေခၚဆုိေနသည့္ ျမန္မာ့ေႏြဦး အေျပာင္းအလဲ သည္ လူမ်ိဳးေရး ဘာသာေရး ပဋိပကၡကို ဖန္တီးေပးေနေသာ ေသြးသံရဲရဲႏွင့္ အေျပာင္းအလဲမ်ိဳး မျဖစ္သင့္ေပ။

ဥပမာ ရခိုင္ျပည္ေျမာက္ဖ်ားတြင္ ေနထိုင္သူ မြတ္စလင္မ်ား ကေလး ၂ ေယာက္သာယူရန္ အမိန္႔ႏွင့္"ေသြး"ကို အေျခခံသည့္"လူၿမိဳ မွ လူမ်ိဳးျပဳတ္မည္"ဟု လူမ်ိဳးေရး ခြဲျခားကန္႔သတ္ထားေသာ ၁၉၈၂ ခုႏွစ္ ႏိုင္ငံသားျဖစ္ပိုင္ခြင့္ဥပေဒတို႔သည္ ဘာသာကြဲလူမ်ိဳးစုမ်ားႏွင့္ ျပန္လည္ရင္ၾကားေစ့မည့္ ႏိုင္ငံေတာ္သစ္ ျပန္လည္တည္ေဆာက္ေရးႏွင့္ ႏုိင္ငံတကာ သံတမန္ေရး ဇာတ္ခံုတြင္ ျမန္မာတို႔ ျပန္လည္ ဝင္ဆန္႔ေရးတို႔အတြက္ ေနာက္ျပန္ဆြဲေနသည္။

အေၾကာင္းမွာ ယင္းခြဲျခားကန္႔သတ္ထားမႈေၾကာင့္ ခရစ္ယာန္၊ မြတ္စလင္၊ ဟိႏၵဴ၊ နတ္ကိုးကြယ္သူ ဘာသာကြဲမ်ားႏွင့္ ေသြးေႏွာသည့္ ႏိုင္ငံသား လူမ်ိဳးစုမ်ားအတြက္ ႏိုင္ငံသားအခြင့္အေရး တန္းတူညီမွ်မႈ မရွိျဖစ္ျခင္း၊ ထိပ္ပိုင္း အာဏာပိုင္တာဝန္ႏွင့္ ရာထူးမ်ား မခန္႔အပ္ျခင္းတို႔ ႏွစ္ေပါင္းမ်ားစြာ ႀကံဳေတြ႕ခဲ့ရၿပီး ယင္းကို မဖ်က္သိမ္းႏိုင္ပါက ေနျပည္ေတာ္အစိုးရအေနျဖင့္ လတ္တေလာ ႀကိဳးပမ္းေနေသာ တိုင္းရင္းသားလူမ်ိဳးစုမ်ားႏွင့္ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရး တည္ေဆာက္ေရးသည္လည္း ေရရွည္ခံမည္မဟုတ္ေပ။

ထို႔အျပင္ ယင္းခြဲျခားကန္႔သတ္မႈ ဥပေဒမ်ားကို လက္တလုံးျခား ေရွာင္လိုသူတို႔ကလည္း လုပ္ပိုင္ခြင့္အာဏာကို ခ်ဳပ္ကိုင္ထားသူတို႔ကို မလႊဲမေရွာင္သာ လာဘ္ထိုးရေသာေၾကာင့္ အက်င့္ပ်က္ျခစားမႈမ်ား က်ယ္ျပန္႔လာေစသည္။ အဆိုးဆုံးမွာ ထိုသို႔ ခြဲျခားႏွိမ္ခ်ေသာ အစဥ္အလာမ်ားကို အခြင့္ေကာင္းယူ အေၾကာင္းျပကာ ဘာသာေရး လူမ်ိဳးေရး အဓိက႐ုဏ္းမ်ားထံ ဦးတည္သည့္ အမုန္းမ်ိဳးေစ့မ်ား ပ်ိဳးျခင္းႏွင့္ ပဋိပကၡ အျမင့္ဆုံး အေနအထားတြင္ လူသတ္ျခင္း၊ မီး႐ိႈ႕ျခင္း အစရွိေသာ ရာဇဝတ္မႈ က်ဴးလြန္ျခင္းမ်ားကိုပင္ တရားမွ်တေၾကာင္း မ်က္စိမွိတ္ ယုံၾကည္သည္အထိ စိတ္ဓာတ္ေရးရာ ခြၽတ္ၿခံဳက်လာေစျခင္းတို႔ ျဖစ္သည္။

ထုိအ႐ုပ္ဆိုး အက်ည္းတန္ ျဖစ္ရပ္မ်ားကို ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းသည့္ ဗုဒၶဘာသာ၀င္ အမ်ားစု ေနထိုင္ေသာ ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံ၌ ျဖစ္ေပၚေနသည္မွာ အံၾသ စရာျဖစ္ၿပီး ထို လုပ္ရပ္မ်ားကို (ေနာက္ကြယ္က ႀကိဳးကိုင္ဖန္တီးသူမ်ား အပါအ၀င္)တားဆီးႏုိင္စြမ္း ရွိသည့္ အာဏာပိုင္မ်ားက လက္ပိုက္ၾကည့္ေနျခင္းသည္လည္း ေမးခြန္းထုတ္စရာ ျဖစ္ေနသည္။ တရား ဥပေဒ စိုးမိုးေရးဟု တဖက္က ေအာ္ေနၿပီး တရား ဥပေဒမဲ့ေစရန္ မင္းမဲ့ စ႐ိုက္မ်ားကို ဖန္တီး လႈံ႔ေဆာ္ေနသူမ်ားမွာ မည္သူေတြနည္းဟုလည္း ေမးခြန္း ထုတ္ရေတာ့မည္။

ယေန႔ ေခတ္မီဖြံ႕ၿဖိဳးတိုးတက္ေသာ ဂလိုဘယ္လိုက္ေဇးရွင္း ေခတ္ႀကီးတြင္ ပြင့္လင္းျမင္သာၿပီး ေကာင္းမြန္ေသာ အုပ္ခ်ဳပ္ေရးကို ထူေထာင္လိုပါလွ်င္ ဘာသာေရး လူမ်ိဳးေရး ခြဲျခားကန္႔သတ္မႈကို အစိုးရက ဆန္႔က်င္တိုက္ဖ်က္ရမည္။ ဘာသာေရး လူမ်ိဳးေရး ခြဲျခား ႏွိမ္ခ်မႈကို ၂၁ ရာစု ယဥ္ေက်းေသာ လူ႔ေဘာင္အဖြဲ႕အစည္းတြင္ ေနရာမေပးသင့္ေတာ့။

ယခု အရွိန္ရေနသည္ဟု ဆုိႏုိင္ေသာ ျပဳျပင္ေျပာင္းလဲ မႈတခ်ိဳ႕သည္ ႏိုင္ငံ့ေကာင္းက်ိဳးအတြက္ အေကာင္းဆုံး စဥ္းစားေတြးေခၚေျမာ္ျမင္မႈႏွင့္ အေကာင္းဆုံး တာဝန္ထမ္းရြက္ျခင္းတို႔ကို ဘာသာ လူမ်ိဳးမေရြး ႏိုင္ငံသားတို႔ထံမွ လိုလိုလားလား တက္တက္ႂကြႂကြ ပါဝင္ေဆာင္ ရြက္မႈကို ေဖာ္ေဆာင္ ဖန္တီးေပးသင့္သည္။

သို႔မွသာ တန္းတူညီမွ်မႈႏွင့္ လူ႔ဂုဏ္သိကၡာျပည့္ဝေစျခင္းျဖင့္ ႏိုင္ငံသားတဦးခ်င္းစီသည္ ႏိုင္ငံအေပၚ ခ်စ္ခင္ျမတ္ႏိုးစိတ္ အစစ္အမွန္ျဖင့္ သစၥာေစာင့္သိကာ ႏိုင္ငံႏွင့္ ႏိုင္ငံသားတို႔အက်ိဳး လိုလိုလားလား ထမ္းပိုးခ်င္ေပလိမ့္မည္။

ႏိုင္ငံေတာ္အစိုးရ အေနျဖင့္ အမုန္းတရား ဝါဒျဖန္႔ခ်ိမႈ မွန္သမွ်ကို ထိေရာက္စြာ အေရးယူၿပီး အၾကမ္းဖက္မႈမ်ား ျဖစ္ပြားလာပါက လည္း လံုၿခံဳေရးတာဝန္ရွိသူမ်ားက ထိထိေရာက္ေရာက္ ခ်ဳပ္ကိုင္ႏွိမ္နင္းျခင္းျဖင့္ အျပစ္မဲ့၊ လက္နက္မဲ့ ျပည္သူမ်ားကို ကာကြယ္ ေပး ရမည္။ အၾကမ္းဖက္မႈ ျဖစ္ပြားၿပီးလွ်င္လည္း တရားခံမ်ားကို ေဖာ္ထုတ္ကာ ထိေရာက္စြာ အျပစ္ေပး အေရးယူၿပီး အၾကမ္းဖက္ ခံရ သူတို႔၏ ခုခံပိုင္ခြင့္ကုိ ဥပေဒအရ အက်ိဳးခံစားခြင့္ ေပးရန္လိုသည္။

ထိုသို႔ ႏိုင္ငံသားတို႔ကို အကာအကြယ္ေပးမွသာ ယခု တိုင္းျပည္ စီးပြားေရး တံခါးအဖြင့္တြင္ ဝင္ေရာက္လာမည့္ ျပည္ပ က ၎တို႔၏ ရင္းႏွီးျမႇဳပ္ႏွံမႈႏွင့္ ရပိုင္ခြင့္ကို အကာအကြယ္ ေပးႏိုင္လိမ့္မည္ဟု ယံုၾကည္သက္ဝင္လာေပမည္။

သို႔ေသာ္ ဇြန္လ ၅ ရက္မွ ၇ ရက္ထိ ေနျပည္ေတာ္တြင္ က်င္းပခဲ့သည့္ ကမၻာ့ စီးပြားေရး ဖိုရမ္ ေနာက္ဆက္တြဲ ႏုိင္ငံေရး၊ စီးပြားေရး ဖြံ႕ၿဖိဳးမႈ အလားအလာေကာင္းမ်ားကို သမၼတဦးသိန္းစိန္ အစိုးရက ထိထိေရာက္ေရာက္ႏွင့္ အက်ိဳးရွိရွိ စီမံေဆာင္ရြက္ႏိုင္မည့္ပံု မေပၚေသးေၾကာင္း ေတြ႕ျမင္ေနရသည္။ ။


引人遐思及神秘的艺术中心

Posted: 24 Jun 2013 05:39 AM PDT

光华言论版
25-6-2013

引人遐思及神秘的艺术中心


黄汉伟
槟州立法议员兼槟州博物馆主席


最近,我去了一趟西澳。澳州人在整个南太平洋是享有最理想的文艺公共空间。在西澳首府柏斯(Perth) 铁道中心旁是柏斯的文化中心(Perth Cultural Centre). 这文化中心是集合了西澳画廊,西澳博物馆,图书馆及表演厅。这些建筑物有各自风格,全都在可徒步范围。柏斯的孩子们是很幸福的,所享有的文化资源丰富。周末,搭一趟近距离的火车就可直达市中心文化中心,可周游四个文艺公共空间。澳州其他大城市如墨尔本及布里斯本都是有集中的文化中心规画。

我也走访了费利曼图(Fremantle)这个近柏斯的海港城市。这个天鹅河畔的城市保有良好的历史建筑和历史地标。我对于费利曼图艺术中心 (Fremantle Arts Centre) 有深刻的印象。它是1864年由犯人使用当地的石灰岩建造,充作精神病院。1973年改成艺术中心。一所精神病院充作艺术中心,这是令人遐思,这建筑物本身就是令人神往,有很多联想空间。

费利曼图艺术中心与墨尔本国立维多利亚画廊(National Gallery of Victoria) 简称NGV 是拥有不同格局。NGV 空间大, 是广阔无比的展览空间。有些画作之巨须坐在二十五尺外的椅子上才可观得全貌。

费利曼图艺术中心拥有很多小小的房间。它是精神病患者的住宿房间。房间外是长长的走廊。我走在走廊时,脑海里涌现当年住宿该处的患者敲门的画象,医生及护士脚步声音。这是这所艺术中心美丽之处. 我参观时展览主题为"Mad About You" (为你发狂)。这时该馆成立四十周年的纪念展。

画家须有幻想力而精神病患者应过度幻想而患病。艺术史上著名的画家梵谷后期陷于精神病,割了自己的耳朵,但留下了色采丰富及著名的画作如<<向日葵>>及<<星夜>>。同样的槟州州立画廊副主席陈志宽医生专治精神科,其在医院诊所内外也有其本身的画作。

槟州文艺公共空间有待扩大是不争的事实。华盖街槟州博物馆创馆于1965年,前身是大英义校。槟州画廊于1994年设立于大会堂。长达数十年我们只有一间州立博物馆及一间州立画廊。我于2009年被委为槟州博物馆主席后,有一个平台给我发挥我的文艺细胞。我推动了增加分馆了工作。我与团队说服了市政局及全体市议员于2010年签下了30年租约,以每月五千令吉的租金租下了中路57号。2012年博物馆的办公室正式入驻中路57号。间中我们办了数个历史及艺术展包括了孙中山历史展,四十年代槟州音乐史展。 

中路57号本身就是个历史故事。它的前身是妇产医院。超过六十岁的槟岛人可查看报生纸,如写着Macalister Road 即是在中路57号妇产医院诞生。它有很多间的小房间,这些都是产妇待生的房间。它有长长的走廊。由于是方便产妇上下楼梯,楼梯的阶级斜度比较低。后园还有一个空阔的空间及一个废置的太平间。它见证了无数生死,不只曾为妇产医院,二战日军军用医院,红十字会,圣约翰及非政府组织活动及救灾中心。最近巫统大厦避雷针堕落事件中,中路57号也适时适地中成了指挥中心。

我漫步在费利曼图艺术中心的花园内思考。柏斯四合一的文化中心及墨尔本国立维多利亚画廊的格局是遥不可及。但我们可达至费利曼图艺术中心的高度。定期办展览,出版刊物,花园里的花草就是艺术品,壁画,装置艺术,为学生办艺术班,花园里办音乐会,艺术家驻馆。

去年槟州政府破天荒拨了一笔基金50万分三年来购置本地画家画作以充作永久收藏展览品。这是槟州画廊历史中一个亮点。

槟州政府在拟提升大会堂。我们应该善用这提升计划以扩大文艺空间,把我们的表演厅及画廊设备提升。一旦文艺硬体提升了,文艺人士就会相应的加强软体了。 

西澳人是爱护古迹。他们保留了拥有160年历史的费利曼图监狱,它后来列入了联合国古迹名单里,迎来了欲探险的游客们。

相对的我国中央政府在处理关闭半山芭监狱及双溪毛糯麻疯病院时,保留史迹的工作做得太少及不足够。

一所有故事的建筑物只要规画得当,是能持续发光发亮。

Buddhists and government in Myanmar cannot accept the truth reported in Time Magazine

Posted: 24 Jun 2013 05:25 AM PDT

Time magazine 'Buddhist Terror' headline irks Myanmar

This illustration picture taken on June 24, 2013 in Bangkok shows a man reading a copy of the July 1 issue of Time magazine carrying a picture of controversial Myanmar monk Wirathu on its cover. -AFP This illustration picture taken on June 24, 2013 in Bangkok shows a man reading a copy of the July 1 issue of Time magazine carrying a picture of controversial Myanmar monk Wirathu on its cover. -AFP

YANGON: Myanmar has reacted angrily to a Time magazine cover story on a prominent radical monk accused of fuelling anti-Muslim violence, accompanied by the headline "The Face of Buddhist Terror".

Social media users in the former junta-ruled nation also voiced dismay at the US magazine's July front page, which shows a photograph of controversial Mandalay monk Wirathu, whose anti-Muslim remarks have come under scrutiny following a wave of deadly religious violence.

The Time report "creates a misunderstanding of Buddhism which has existed for thousands of years and is the religion of the majority of our citizens," said a statement posted on the presidential office website late Sunday.

"The government is currently striving with religious leaders, political parties, media and the people to rid Myanmar of unwanted conflicts," it said, adding that the issue of religion should be handled respectfully by the media.

In a sign of the strength of feeling, one online petition started over the weekend to condemn the magazine had collected almost 40,000 names by Monday. The use of the words "Buddhist" and "Terror" upset all followers of the faith, which is peaceful "and not for terrorists," a message accompanying the petition said.

Eye-witnesses to violence which flared in March in central Myanmar said people dressed in monks' robes were involved in the unrest, which left scores dead, mainly Muslims.

Radical monks have led a campaign to shun shops owned by Muslims. Wirathu has also called for a law to restrict marriages between Buddhist women and men of other faiths.

Senior monks, however, have accused foreign media of one-sided reporting of the Buddhist-Muslim conflict.

Facebook users accused Time of deepening divisions and defaming Myanmar's main religion.

"Insulting the monk Wirathu, a son of Buddha, is the same as insulting Buddhism," said one post by Wai Phyo.

"What Wirathu is doing now is to protect our own nationality and religion," the Facebook user wrote, urging the magazine to apologise.

"Obviously this writer doesn't understand Myanmar and Buddhism well," another post said.

Several episodes of religious fighting have exposed deep rifts in the Buddhist-majority country and cast a shadow over widely praised political reforms since military rule ended two years ago.

In March at least 44 people were killed in sectarian strife in central Myanmar with thousands of homes set ablaze.

Communal unrest last year in the western state of Rakhine left about 200 people dead and up to 140,000 displaced, mainly Rohingya Muslims. -AFP

 


Haze - Take Green Beans! Serious!

Posted: 24 Jun 2013 05:15 AM PDT

It's hazy days again and during such times, I think of my dear departed friend, Una.

During those days in 1997 when the haze was in town, she used to make green bean soup for me as I was expecting Nicholas then. Most devotedly, her green bean soup would be slow-cooked with little sugar. Then, she told me that green beans had the highest level of antioxidants compared to other foods. She would drive to my place and leave a big pot of green bean soup. Great was her capacity to love her friends and how all of us love and miss her dearly. I believe she left a bit of herself in us when she left us in 2011 for our lives have never been the same again.

Today, I decided to check the veracity of her claims so that I can share evidence to convince you all to take it.

Check the following links:

Link No 1  

Link No 3

Link No 3: Chicago Tribune 
Take care and please drink plenty of water. Your mask - don't leave home without it!

Another victim of Sedition Act's skewed enforcement by Terrence Netto

Posted: 24 Jun 2013 04:22 AM PDT

From Malaysiakini

COMMENT The decision to hold PAS vice-president Husam Musa under remand to facilitate investigations into his alleged breach of the Sedition Act 1948 is another instance of the government's penchant for selective prosecution. Husam was arrested by federal police in Ampang last Saturday while he was on his way to the 'Black 505' gathering in Padang Merbok. The Kelantan state assembly representative was taken by police to Kota Baru where a day later, at the state police headquarters temporarily converted into a magistrate's court, he was charged under the Sedition Act for a statement he was supposed to have made about martyrdom.

The prosecution's request for a two-day remand order was granted. It is unusual to hold people suspected to have committed sedition in remand. Investigations can proceed without the suspects' presence on the premises. The decision to hold Husam in remand has less to do with investigatory than with intimidating intent. After all, he was supposed to have aired the view that if an attendee at the 'Black 505' in Padang Merbok expires as a result of exertions on behalf of the cause of highlighting electoral fraud, the person would gain martyrdom. In recent months, Perkasa chief Ibrahim Ali has made more incendiary statements but the former MP of Pasir Mas - he was defeated in the constituency by his PAS opponent in Election 2013 - has only been called in for questioning, and not charged.

This and other instances where government-favouring controversialists, like former MP for Kulim-Bandar Baru, Zulkifli Noordin, and the former Selangor PAS chief and state executive councillor, Hasan Ali, have enjoyed considerable leeway when it came to venting their manias and obsessions. The authorities have not minded their recurrent bursts of incendiary pronouncement which raises questions about the authorities' evenhandedness when it comes to pressing charges against - largely oppositionists - under the Sedition Act. Husam is only the latest oppositionist to come under the gavel of a skewed enforcement of the Sedition Act. In Husam's case, there may be latent reasons for this selective prosecutorial behaviour.

Casualty of a power play

The assemblyperson for Salor has been a casualty of a power play within Kelantan PAS which saw the former state executive councillor excluded from new Menteri Besar Ahmad Yakob's state cabinet line-up. Husam's exclusion came as a surprise. It was attributed to the Kelantan sultan's alleged displeasure towards the man arising from a perceived act of lese majeste in the past. Husam, who was the linchpin of former MB Nik Aziz Nik Mat's state cabinet, discounted this story of ruler displeasure as being responsible for his exclusion from Ahmad Yakob's cabinet. Matters were headed for some kind of reconciliatory resolution where it was suggested that Husam would be given a role as a state economic adviser. It is not clear why this move did not eventuate, whether due to a lack of will on the part of the administration or to a disinclination on the part of Husam to accept the post.

Suffice the next instance of the simmering controversy flaring up to a boil was when Husam criticised PAS leaders who failed to turn up at the staging of a 'Black 505' rally at Ketereh in Kelantan on June 12.

NONEHusam suggested that absentees among the PAS leadership cohort for Kelantan and Terengganu at the Ketereh event were taking an Umno-like stance on the question of fraud having marred Election 2013.

This was a provocative thing to say, given that some quarters of PAS, especially from its ulama wing, have publicly voiced the view that the party accepted the results of Election 2013 as a fait accompli.

This stance is in contrast with the wing in PAS, composed mainly of professionals, which looks askance at the results, contending that the exercise was so marred by fraud to warrant the resignation of the people in charge of the Election Commission. Husam, the defeated PAS candidate for the federal seat of Putrajaya, belongs in the group that holds the EC as irredeemably tainted and in need of an overhaul in leadership. The 'Black 505' gathering, 15 lead-up events held until last Saturday's culminating convergence at Padang Merbok, was supposed to be an expression of PAS' solidarity with those in Pakatan Rakyat who feel that the results in Election 2013 were morally marred.

The authorities' decision to prosecute Husam for sedition is being viewed through the prism of the power play in Kelantan PAS and Husam's stance on electoral fraud.


TERENCE NETTO has been a journalist for four decades. He likes the occupation because it puts him in contact with the eminent without being under the necessity to admire them.

2 Apache Helicopters Engage a platoon of taliban fighters!

Posted: 24 Jun 2013 04:21 AM PDT

Syria: 'I saw rebels execute my boy for no more than a joke’, yes another Camel Jockey country going from the Toliet into the Septic Tank

Posted: 24 Jun 2013 04:17 AM PDT

Mohammed Katta's mother witnessed the execution of her son in three stages. She was upstairs at home when she first heard the shouting. The people of the neighbourhood were yelling that "they have brought back the kid", so she rushed out of her apartmen "I went out on my balcony," Nadia Umm Fuad said. "I said to his father, they are going to shoot your son! Come! Come! Come! I was on the stairs when I heard the first shot. I was at the door when I heard the second shot. 

"I saw the third shot. I was shouting, 'That's haram, forbidden! Stop! Stop! You are killing a child.' But they just gave me a dirty look and got into their car. As they went, they drove over my son's arm, as he lay there dying." Mohammed was 14 when he was killed, earlier this month, prompting international condemnation. He has become a symbol of the fears many Syrians have for the future of a country where jihadists are vying with the regime for control. Continue reading here in The Telegraph

Happy Warrior by Mark Steyn

Posted: 24 Jun 2013 04:16 AM PDT

Acceptance, Silence, and Submission


The other day, Arnoud van Doorn, the producer of Wilders's anti-Islamic film Fitna, announced that he'd converted to Islam — or "accepted Islam," as they say — and made a pilgrimage to Medina to repent and ask for Allah's forgiveness. There's a lot of it about. Tony Blair's sister-in-law has converted. So has Gitmo guard Terry Holdbrooks, who was touched by the way the detainees "wake up each day and smile," and Katherine Russell, the "all-American girl" from Rhode Island who married Tamerlan Tsarnaev and whose parents were "very supportive" of their daughter's decision to "accept Islam" and retreat beneath the veil and stayed "very supportive" right up until their son-in-law blew up the Boston Marathon. The two men who butchered Royal Fusilier Lee Rigby on the streets of London were also converts, British-born sons of Nigerian Christians. Captured by the cameras with, literally, blood on their hands, they reminded me of another convert, the British comedian Omar Brooks...

 

 

Salafists lynch Shiites in Egypt, drag leader's body through the street

Posted: 24 Jun 2013 04:15 AM PDT

From Al Ahram:
An angry mob led by Salafist sheikhs torched and attacked houses of Shias in the small village of Zawyat Abu Muslam in Giza governorate Sunday afternoon, killing four citizens including a prominent shia figure. Not less than 3000 angry locals attacked houses of Shias in the village Sunday afternoon after weeks of incitement by Salafist preachers, according to eyewitnesses.
Five houses were set on fire during the attack. Police are evacuating the rest of Shiite homes in the village. "For three weeks the Salafist sheikhs in the village have been attacking the Shias and accusing them of being infidels and spreading debauchery," Hazem Barakat, an eyewitness and photojournalist, told Ahram Online.

Barakat, who reported the incident live on Twitter, took photos and videos showing one of the Shias began dragged in the street after being beaten. "I saw several Shias stabbed several times while they were being dragged in some sort of public lynching," said Barakat. At least four have been killed according to the head of the Giza security directorate. According to eyewitnesses, there are not less than 30 badly injured Shias who have been transferred to hospital.

The death toll included 66-year-old Hassan Shehata, a prominent Shia figure who was jailed twice under former Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak for "contempt of religion." The police force came late according to eyewitnesses and did nothing to stop the attack and public lynching. "They were just watching the public lynching like anyone else and did not stop anything," said Barakat.
The Shiites and Sunnis are on the verge of civil war in Lebanon and Egypt and already there to an extent in Syria.  If only those damn Israelis would stop building houses for their families in Judea and Samaria, there would be peace. Hat tip: EOZ

Mexican Converts to Islam, Slaughters Infidel Parents

Posted: 24 Jun 2013 06:35 AM PDT

A relative to the victims writes:


His parents were from Acapulco. Their names were Noemi Chavez Garcia and Aurelio Jacinto Vargas. They were returning from San Cristobal, Chiapas to visit their son and to help him out with money, but instead of being grateful, he grabbed a kitchen knife and slit his dad's throat, killing him. His mother tried to escape into the streets, but the killer caught up with her and slit her throat open too, dragging her lifeless body back to her dead husband where he tried to decapitate them. Witnesses saw him murdering people and called the authorities. They promptly arrested the killer and found his dead parents in his room with a book of Koran next to them. The reason I know this is because the victims were my uncle and aunt, whom I've known since I was a child. Everyone in my family is taking it really hard. It's a horrible tragedy for us all.
 
 Read the whole piece here....

Workplace Accident: Syrian jihadists blown up by their own bomb while bleating a celebratory song

Posted: 24 Jun 2013 04:11 AM PDT


Celebrating Syrian Insurgents are taken by surprise when a bomb they had been preparing explodes in the middle of a gathering. The number of casualties is not known but it appears as if the explosion caused significant damage considering it took place in the proximity of so many terrorists.

Headline of the day: "Across the Middle East, hatreds between Sunnis, Shiites are becoming more virulent"

Posted: 24 Jun 2013 04:10 AM PDT

CAIRO (AP) — It's not hard to find stereotypes, caricatures and outright bigotry when talk in the Middle East turns to the tensions between Islam's two main sects. Shiites are described as devious, power-hungry corruptors of Islam. Sunnis are called extremist, intolerant oppressors.

Hatreds between the two are now more virulent than ever in the Arab world because of Syria's civil war. On Sunday, officials said four Shiites in a village west of Cairo were beaten to death by Sunnis in a sectarian clash unusual for Egypt.

Hard-line clerics and politicians on both sides in the region have added fuel, depicting the fight as essentially a war of survival for their sect. More...
 Hat tip: Eye On The World

Why Najib's deafening silence on child conversion? By P Ramakrishnan

Posted: 24 Jun 2013 04:05 AM PDT

From Malaysiakini

COMMENT This is what former de facto Law Minister Nazri Aziz once said: "A spouse who converts into Islam has to also fulfil his or her marital responsibilities according to civil marriage laws." A lot has been said that Islam is a just religion, a religion of peace and compassion. All this is true. In keeping with the virtues and values of Islam, Islamic adherents are under a solemn obligation to give meaning to this by what they do and practise. In other words, the Islamic faithful cannot be indifferent to the fate of someone who is of a different religion. They cannot deny the rights of these people nor can they be dismissive of the suffering when one Islamic faithful leaves his former family in the lurch after converting.

As a human being, he is expected to provide for his wife and children notwithstanding his embrace of Islam. If he fails to discharge this responsibility that is expected of him, should Islam embrace him? Should a man who betrays the trust of a family and abdicates his responsibility be welcome into Islam? Should such people be allowed to bring disrepute to the religion? Unfortunately this is what is too often happening today. Secretly, the man converts, and all hell breaks loose for the family. He is not bothered. He compounds the misery of his wife by unilaterally converting his children to Islam. He shatters the life of a mother; and claims refuge in Islam. There is a moral question here.

One would expect religious authorities to guide him in the path of righteousness before he is allowed to convert. He should be advised to exemplify Islamic virtues by displaying compassion and discharging his responsibility to his family before he can find a place in Islam. The religious authorities contribute to the family break-up when they convert his children without the knowledge or consent of their mother. By so doing, they add to the suffering of the helpless mother. Is this fair?

Lost in translation?


In a recent case, it is reported that a husband abandoned his wife from Jelebu in February last year without providing for her welfare, and converted to Islam. In April this year, very quietly and without the knowledge of his wife, he converted both his children aged five and eight. These children were not born Muslims. Is it right to convert minors who have no knowledge of Islam? Having been brought up in the Hindu faith, how do they reconcile their conversion to Islam?

It is wrong for Negeri Sembilan State Islamic Affairs Department director Johani Hassan to insist that "when one parent embraces Islam, the children can be automatically converted. … The law does not say that we need the consent of both parents before we can convert their children." The Federal Court might have erred when it ruled that the word "parent" in the constitution meant a singular person and therefore a single parent could convert the child. But the phrase "consent of the parent" could not have meant that. If that was the intention of the framers of the Constitution, they would have expressed the intention as "consent of either parent".

This contention must be correct. Malaysian Bar president Christopher Leong had pointed out that "Article 160 of the federal constitution explains the rules of interpretation. … It is stated that words importing the masculine gender include females and words in the singular includes plural and vice versa." How this important point could have been overlooked is a mystery to me. According to Mr Leong, "Until 2002, the Bahasa Malaysia version, as published by the government printers, translated 'parent' as 'ibu bapa'. However, in the 2002 edition of the translated Federal Constitution, the word 'parent' was translated as 'ibu atau bapa'," he added. For the word "ibu bapa" to be changed to "ibu atau bapa" would require an amendment to the federal constitution. But from what can be ascertained, there was no such amendment. The original intention of the constitution must remain unaltered.

That is crystal clear. The Malaysian Bar must move to have the Federal Court decision reviewed. Otherwise, a great injustice will be perpetuated.

PM's deafening silence

In this unpleasant and worrying controversy, why is the cabinet not speaking up especially when a decision was made in April 2009? It was then decided that children of parents where one of them opts to convert must continue to be raised in the common religion at the time of marriage. Minister in the Prime Minister's Department at that time, Nazri, said it was decided in the Cabinet meeting that a spouse who has converted into Islam would also have to fulfil his or her marital responsibilities according to civil marriage laws.

"Religion should not be used as a tool to escape (marital) responsibilities. Conversion is not a ground for the automatic dissolution of a marriage," he said at a press conference at Parliament building on Thursday (23 April 2009). "The children should be brought up in the common religion. For the spouse who intends to convert into Islam, he or she would also have to come clean," he said.

This is a fair and just cabinet decision. Why is the BN government not enforcing this decision?

Why is the prime minister allowing this unnecessary controversy to drag on? Our nation should not be embroiled in this issue.

Please speak up, Mr Prime Minister.


P RAMAKRISHNAN is the former president of Aliran and now serves on the Aliran executive committee.

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